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My interest in migrant education stems back to the time when, as a young


I was a mi grant worker in Arizona, Idaho, Montana and Oregon.

As an

educator, judge and public official, I have seen the problems of migrants

in education, law, employment, health and other areas.

The Interstate Migrant Education Task Force offers us an opportunity to

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is the product of our meetings and much thought on the part of one of the

best groups of people I have ever worked with.

Our task force has a commit

ment to positive and productive change in the educational system that will

increase the educational opportunities for the children of migrant workers.

These recommendations are not the last word on probable solutions to very

difficult problems, but are a first step in a long journey that we hope will

improve the chances of migrant children to enjoy health and happiness.

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William D. Ford
Congressman, and Chairman,

Arnold N. Munoz
Deputy Director
Government and Community Relations
Sacramento, California

Jones Osborn State Senator Phoenix, Arizona

Steve Pajcic
State Representative
Jacksonville, Florida

John Perry
State Senator
Rochester, New York

House Subcommittee

on Postsecondary Education Michigan

Ruben E. Hinojosa
Texas State Board of Education
Mercedes, Texas

Nelson Hopper
Manpower Services Division
New York State Department of Labor
Albany, New York

Mary Alice Kendall
New York Board of Regents
Rochester, New York

John W. Porter Superintendent of Public

Instruction Lansing, Michigan

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Overview and Summary of Recommendations

The Interstate Migrant Education Project is a cooperative effort between

the Education Commission of the States (ECS) and the states of Arizona,

California, Michigan, New York, Texas and Washington. Arkansas and Florida

joined the project during its second year in January 1977.

One of the

primary aims of the project is to develop methods whereby interstate and

interagency cooperation can provide educational and other services to migrant

workers and their families.

To achieve the goal of interstate and inter

agency cooperation, ECS appointed a task force chaired by The Honorable

Raul H. Castro, Governor of Arizona, composed of members of Congress, state

legislatures, state boards of education, chief state school officers, busi

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ness, industry and other pertinent service agencies to develop sound and

feasible recommendations for the federal, state and local levels of govern


The Interstate Migrant Education Task Force has determined the critical

issue to be the improvement of the education system as well as social and

health services to meet the unique needs of children of migrant workers

and their families. Improvements in education must be made for children

whose lives are characterized by poor general health, lower than average

scholastic achievement, low family income and much mobility.

The improvements regarded as necessary by the task force fall within the

following three general categories:

*Improved cooperation amongst state education agencies in the
administration, planning, implementation, staffing, monitoring
and evaluation of Title I (Migrant Program) of the federal
Elementary/Secondary Education Act.

* Improved cooperation amongst federal, state and local agencies

that serve migrant families and children.
* Improved cooperation between the state education agency and
local school districts in the enrollment of migrant students
in terms of planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation
of Title I migrant education programs.

Pending completion of one or more of our recommendations, the task force

has been using the USOE definition of migrant, which is:

"Those persons

who have moved from one school district to another in the same state or

to one in another state for the purpose of finding temporary or seasonal

employment in one or more agricultural activities

Agricultural activity

means any activity related to crop production, including but not limited

to soil preparation and storage, curing, canning and freezing of cultivated


(USOE Title I Migrant Branch Proposed Rules, July 1975). The

definition was amended in 1974 to include children of migrant fishermen

as well.


Recommendations to the U.S. Office of Education (Migrant Education) and Other Federal Agencies Involved in Migrant Programs



Formulation of specific interrelated regulations for migrant programs
and services.
Standardization of the definition of migrant workers and eligibility
by the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare in conjunc-
tion with the Department of Labor, the Public Health Service and
the Office of Child Development (Headstart and Indian/Migrant
Division), Department of Social Welfare Medical Services, through
Title XIX of the Social Security Act, EPSDT.


Assure that migrant education funds are focused on the concerns and specific needs identified by the agencies.


Assure equal access to services on an interstate basis for all
federally supported programs; i.e., education, social services,
Title XIX, Title XX, labor, etc.

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