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EDUCATION COMMISSION OF THE STATES
INTERSTATE MIGRANT EDUCATION TASK FORCE
INTERIM REPORT NO. ONE
PRELIMINARY FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
My interest in migrant education stems back to the time when, as a young
I was a mi grant worker in Arizona, Idaho, Montana and Oregon.
educator, judge and public official, I have seen the problems of migrants
in education, law, employment, health and other areas.
The Interstate Migrant Education Task Force offers us an opportunity to
is the product of our meetings and much thought on the part of one of the
best groups of people I have ever worked with.
Our task force has a commit
ment to positive and productive change in the educational system that will
increase the educational opportunities for the children of migrant workers.
These recommendations are not the last word on probable solutions to very
difficult problems, but are a first step in a long journey that we hope will
improve the chances of migrant children to enjoy health and happiness.
William D. Ford
Arnold N. Munoz
Jones Osborn State Senator Phoenix, Arizona
on Postsecondary Education Michigan
Ruben E. Hinojosa
Mary Alice Kendall
John W. Porter Superintendent of Public
Instruction Lansing, Michigan
Overview and Summary of Recommendations
The Interstate Migrant Education Project is a cooperative effort between
the Education Commission of the States (ECS) and the states of Arizona,
California, Michigan, New York, Texas and Washington. Arkansas and Florida
joined the project during its second year in January 1977.
One of the
primary aims of the project is to develop methods whereby interstate and
interagency cooperation can provide educational and other services to migrant
workers and their families.
To achieve the goal of interstate and inter
agency cooperation, ECS appointed a task force chaired by The Honorable
Raul H. Castro, Governor of Arizona, composed of members of Congress, state
legislatures, state boards of education, chief state school officers, busi
ness, industry and other pertinent service agencies to develop sound and
feasible recommendations for the federal, state and local levels of govern
The Interstate Migrant Education Task Force has determined the critical
issue to be the improvement of the education system as well as social and
health services to meet the unique needs of children of migrant workers
and their families. Improvements in education must be made for children
whose lives are characterized by poor general health, lower than average
scholastic achievement, low family income and much mobility.
The improvements regarded as necessary by the task force fall within the
following three general categories:
*Improved cooperation amongst state education agencies in the
* Improved cooperation amongst federal, state and local agencies
that serve migrant families and children.
Pending completion of one or more of our recommendations, the task force
has been using the USOE definition of migrant, which is:
who have moved from one school district to another in the same state or
to one in another state for the purpose of finding temporary or seasonal
employment in one or more agricultural activities
means any activity related to crop production, including but not limited
to soil preparation and storage, curing, canning and freezing of cultivated
(USOE Title I Migrant Branch Proposed Rules, July 1975). The
definition was amended in 1974 to include children of migrant fishermen
Recommendations to the U.S. Office of Education (Migrant Education) and Other Federal Agencies Involved in Migrant Programs
Formulation of specific interrelated regulations for migrant programs
Assure that migrant education funds are focused on the concerns and specific needs identified by the agencies.
Assure equal access to services on an interstate basis for all
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