Rural Transition in Azerbaijan

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Lexington Books, Feb 15, 2010 - Political Science - 187 pages
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In 1995D96 the President of Azerbaijan, Heydar Alieyev, launched a program of agrarian reforms that caused a sweeping and irreversible shift from Soviet-style collective agriculture to individual farming in his country. These reforms led to an impressive recovery and substantial productivity improvements in agriculture. The agrarian transition in Azerbaijan contrasts with that in Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan, where land privatization has been accompanied by policies encouraging the persistence of large corporate farms and where agricultural recovery has been much less impressive. For this reason Azerbaijan is today viewed as one of the few examples of successful land reform in the former Soviet Union. The impact of the Aliyev agrarian reforms went far beyond the recovery of agricultural production. The new policies had a significant impact on rural poverty and they were instrumental in increasing the incomes of Azerbaijan's large rural population, which relies on agriculture for a substantial part of the family budget. To understand the successes and limitations of land reform, Rural Transition in Azerbaijan evaluates the record of rural reforms, focusing on policy change, farm level performance, and the impact of reforms on rural incomes and rural family well-being-issues that today are at the core of the agenda in many international organizations.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Country and the People
7
A 40Year Perspective
25
Chapter 03 The Design and Implementationof Land Reform
63
Transition to Individual Farming and Sector Recovery
87
Rural Incomes and Poverty
103
Looking Beyond Agrarian Reform in Azerbaijan
131
Statistical Annex
151
References
177
Index
183
About the Authors
187
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Zvi Lerman is professor and Sir Henry dOAvigdor Goldsmid Chair in Agricultural Economics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is author of Agriculture in Transition: Land Policies and Evolving Farm Structures in Post-Soviet Countries. David J. Sedik is Chief of the Policy Assistance Branch responsible for the development of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN field program, rendering agricultural policy advice to member countries, and assembling country information in the Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia.