A Tri-Generational Study of Language Choice and Shift in Port Harcourt
This book is intended as a textbook for advanced undergraduate or graduate students in the field of bilingualism and language choice. It reports on a sociolinguistic study of the language choice patterns of the minority Ikwerre ethnic group of Port Harcourt City, Nigeria. Further, it aims primarily to present a systematic and coherent account of the extent and patterning of Ikwerre-NPE bilingualism within the Ikwerre community, focusing on: the means by which people in this community deploy two different codes in their day-to-day communicative interactions and the social and attitudinal motivations for language choice at both the group and individual level. To satisfy these objectives this study has taken into account the pre-existing linguistic, socio-economic and macro-sociological distinctiveness of the Ikwerre community. Thus, it has investigated prevailing local attitudes towards Ikwerre and NPE by incorporating matched guise tests to deepen our understanding of the processes of language choice and shift operating in the community. This was done to demonstrate that contemporary local linguistic attitudes working together with personal network ties would offer fuller and more adequate explanations of why members of the Port Harcourt Ikwerre community select either Ikwerre and/or NPE in their normal every day interactions. From the observations and findings made in this study I propose an account of the language choice patterns attested in my Port Harcourt Ikwerre community data that is based on establishing a broad typology which can be directly related to the bilingualism continuum. This framework should be equally applicable to similar bilingual settings around the world, which, like Port Harcourt, have experienced rapid metropolitan growth as a result of radical socio-economic change in their recent history. Finally, it is my hope that in the course of reading this book the reader can come to a place where their understanding and appreciation of the effects of languages in contact in non-Western communities is enriched with the illustrative material in this book.
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76 speakers African age-mates analysis Auer baby snake Batibo bilingual Cambridge CH IP IP chapter code-switching cohort communities of practice contacts conversation correlations diglossia discussion domain Eckert ethnic group example exchange networks family members female speakers fieldwork Fishman Further grandparents Gumperz Harcourt Ikwerre community Igbo Igbo language Ikwerre and NPE Ikwerre language Ikwerre monolinguals Ikwerre society Ikwerre-dominant Ikwerreland implicational scales indicate indigenous individual informants instance interactive networks interlocutors investigate IP IP IP language attitudes language choice patterns language proficiency scores language shift level of education Li Wei linguistic linguistic behaviours male speakers Males Females markedness matched guise test Milroy multilingual Myers-Scotton Nigeria non-family members non-Ikwerre NPE scale NPE-dominant older speakers organisation parents participant observation personal network Pidgin pikin Poplack Port Harcourt Ikwerre relationship Sebba significant social network sociolinguistic speak NPE structure switching Table talk traditional types University Press variables variation younger speakers
Page 5 - The president faces the daunting task of rebuilding a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, the OBASANJO administration must defuse longstanding ethnic and religious tensions, if it is to build a sound foundation for economic growth and political stability. Despite some irregularities, the April 2003 elections marked the first civilian transfer of power in Nigeria's history.
Page 1 - The regional background of the theme and its characters and (B) the sociolinguistic contexts. (B) here brings into focus the sociolinguistic significance of dialects and foreign language use in the literature of any language. As stated by Fasold, Not only do people use language to share their thoughts and feelings with other people, they exploit the subtle and not so subtle aspects of language to reveal and define their social relationships with the people they are talking to, with people who can...