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Accusing fortune, and too cruell fate,

Which plonged had faire Lady in so wretched state.


Then, turning to his Palmer, said; “Old syre,
Behold the ymage of mortalitie,

And feeble nature cloth'd with fleshly tyre1!
When raging Passion with fierce tyranny
Robs Reason of her dew regalitie,

And makes it servaunt to her basest part;

The strong it weakens with infirmitie,

And with bold furie armes the weakest hart:

The strong through pleasure soonest falles, the weake through smart."


"But Temperaunce," said he, "with golden squire'
Betwixt them both can measure out a meane;
Nether to melt in pleasures whott 3 desyre,
Nor frye in hartlesse griefe and dolefull tene *:
Thrise happy man, who fares them both atweene!
But sith 5 this wretched woman overcome

Of anguish, rather then of crime, hath bene,
Reserve her cause to her eternall doome;

And, in the meane, vouchsafe her honorable toombe."


"Palmer," quoth he, "death is an equall doome To good and bad, the common In of rest;

1 Tyre, dress.

Squire, square or rule. 3 Whott, hot.

4 Tene, sorrow.

5 Sith, since.

In the meane, meanwhile.

LVIII. 4.- Frye.] This does not seem to be the word required here, to oppose the sentiment in the former line.

LVIII. 5.- Fares them both atweene.] Goes between them both.

But after death the tryall is to come,

When best shall bee to them that lived best:
But both alike, when death hath both supprest,
Religious reverence doth burial teene 1 ;
Which whoso wants, wants so much of his rest:
For all so great shame after death I weene,
As selfe to dyen bad, unburied bad to beene.


So both agree their bodies to engrave2:
The great earthes wombe they open to the sky,
And with sad cypresse seemely it embrave3;
Then, covering with a clod their closed eye,
They lay therein their corses tenderly,
And bid them sleepe in everlasting peace.
But, ere they did their utmost obsequy,
Sir Guyon more affection to increace,


Bynempt a sacred vow, which none should ay releace.


The dead Knights sword out of his sheath he drew,
With which he cutt a lock of all their heare,

Which medling with their blood and earth he threw
Into the grave, and gan devoutly sweare;
"Such and such evil God on Guyon reare,

And worse and worse, young Orphane, be thy payne,
If I, or thou, dew vengeaunce doe forbeare,

Till guiltie blood her guerdon doe obtayne!” —
So, shedding many teares, they closd the earth agayne.


1 Teene,
2 Engrave, bury.
3 Embrave, adorn.

4 Bynempt, pronounced.

5 Medling, mingling.

LIX. 8. For all, &c.] For I think it as great a calamity to remain after death dishonorably unburied, as to die dishonorably.


Babes bloody handes may not be clensd.
The Face of Golden Meane:

Her sisters, Two Extremities,
Strive her to banish cleane.


THUS when Sir Guyon with his faithfull Guyde
Had with dew rites and dolorous lament

The end of their sad tragedie uptyde,1

The litle Babe up in his armes he hent 2 ;
Who with sweet pleasaunce, and bold blandishment,

Gan smyle on them, that rather ought to weepe,

As carelesse of his woe, or innocent

Of that was doen; that ruth 3 emperced deepe [steepe: In that Knightes hart, and wordes with bitter teares did


"Ah! lucklesse Babe, borne under cruell starre,
And in dead parents balefull ashes bred,
Full little weenest thou what sorrowes are
Left thee for porcion of thy livelyhed;
Poore Orphane! in the wide world scattered,
As budding braunch rent from the native tree,
And throwen forth, till it be withered!
Such is the state of men! Thus enter we
Into this life with woe, and end with miseree!"


1 Uptide, accomplished. 2 Hent, took.

3 Ruth, pity.


Then, soft himselfe inclyning on his knee
Downe to that well, did in the water weene1
(So love does loath disdainefull nicitee)
His guiltie handes from bloody gore to cleene:
He washt them oft and oft, yet nought they beene
For all his washing cleaner: Still he strove;
Yet still the litle hands were bloody seene:
The which him into great amaz'ment drove,
And into diverse doubt his wavering wonder clove.


He wist not whether blott of fowle offence
Might not be purgd with water nor with bath;
Or that High God, in lieu of innocence,
Imprinted had that token of His wrath,
To shew how sore bloodguiltinesse He hat'th;

Or that the charme and veneme, which they dronck,
Their blood with secret filth infected hath,

Being diffused through the senceless tronck

That, through the great contagion, direful deadly stonck.


Whom thus at gaze the Palmer gan to bord 2 With goodly reason, and thus fayre bespake; "Ye bene right hard amated,3 gratious Lord,

1 Weene, propose or attempt.

3 Amated, perplexed.

2 Bord, address.

III. 3. So love, &c.] "Entire affection hateth nicer hands.".

Book I. canto VIII. stanza XL.

III. 4. — His guillie handes, &c.] Guiltie is perhaps a mistake for

guiltlesse; or it may mean "guilty,"

as wearing the stain or hue of


IV. 3.- In lieu of innocence.] Church conjectures that Spenser wrote love, instead of lieu.

And of your ignorance great merveill make,
Whiles cause not well conceived ye mistake.
But know, that secret vertues are infusd
In every fountaine, and in everie lake,
Which, who hath skill them rightly to have chusd,
To proofe of passing wonders hath full often usd :


"Of those, some were so from their sourse indewd
By great dame Nature, from whose fruitfull pap
Their welheads spring, and are with moisture deawd;
Which feeds each living plant with liquid sap,

And filles with flowres fayre Floraes painted lap:
But other some, by guifte of later grace,

Or by good prayers, or by other hap,

Had vertue pourd into their waters bace,

And thenceforth were renowmd, and sought from place to



"Such is this well, wrought by occasion straunge,
Which to her nymph befell. Upon a day,
As she the woodes with bow and shaftes did raunge,
The hartlesse hynd and roebucke to dismay,
Dan Faunus chaunst to meet her by the way,
And, kindling fire at her faire-burning eye,
Inflamed was to follow beauties chace,
And chaced her, that fast from him did fly;
As hynd from her, so she fled from her enimy.

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"At last, when fayling breath began to faint,

1 Hartlesse, timid.

VII. 2. Her nymph.] As Diana has not been mentioned as yet, "her" must mean "Nature's."

VII. 7.- Chace.] This rhyme requires a different word, and this is probably a mistake. Ray has been suggested as its substitute.

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