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To native crowne and kingdom late ygoe1; Where she enioyes sure peace for evermore, As wetherbeaten ship arryv'd on happie shore.
Him therefore now the obiect of his spight
Still, as he went, he craftie stales did lay,
To weete what course he takes, and how he fares;
To ketch him at a vauntage in his snares,
By tryall of his former harmes and cares,
The fish, that once was caught, new bayt wil hardly byte.
Nath'lesse th' Enchaunter would not spare his payne, In hope to win occasion to his will;
Which when he long awaited had in vayne,
1 Late ygoe, lately.
2 Food, feud.
3 Kend, knew.
4 Stales, baits, devices.
5 Spyals, spies.
6 Weete, know.
III. 9. For hardly could, &c.] As the knight had been already injured by him, he would be on his guard, and make it more difficult to do him any hurt a second time.
He chaungd his mynd from one to other ill:
His carriage was full comely and upright;
That cheard his friendes, and did his foes amate1:
And mickle worship in his native land;
And knighthood tooke of good Sir Huons hand,
Him als 2 accompanyd upon the way
A comely Palmer, clad in black attyre,
Of rypest yeares, and heares all hoarie gray,
1 Amate, daunt.
3 Stire, support.
VI. 8.- Sir Huons hand.] This is Sir Huon of Bourdeaux, the hero of one of the romances of chivalry, bearing his name. He is represented as having been a great favorite of Oberon, the Fairy King. See the abstract of this romance in Dunlop's History of Fiction. The adventures of Sir Huon form the subject of Wieland's beautiful poem of Oberon, known to the English reader by Mr. Sotheby's translation.
VII. 2.—A comely Palmer.] Upton conjectures that Sir Guyon represents the Earl of Essex, and the "comely Palmer," Dr. Whitgift, Spenser's tutor. As to the latter, it is as difficult to disprove as to prove; but the "demure and temperate" Guyon can hardly find his prototype in the fervid and impetuous Essex. The Palmer is a type of reason or reflection.
Least his long way his aged limbes should tire:
And ever with slow pace the Knight did lead, Who taught his trampling steed with equall steps to tread.
Such whenas Archimago them did view,
He weened1 well to worke some uncouth wyle:
He stayd his steed for humble misers 3 sake, And badd tell on the tenor of his playnt: Who feigning then in every limb to quake Through inward feare, and seeming pale and faynt, With piteous mone his percing speach gan paynt; "Deare Lady! how shall I declare thy cace, Whom late I left in languorous constraynt? Would God! thyselfe now present were in place To tell this ruefull tale: Thy sight could win thee grace:
"Or rather would, O! would it so had chaunst,
1 Weened, determined.
4 Languorous, sad.
VIII. 3.- Eftsoones, untwisting, &c.] Abandoning his former plan of treachery, he began to form a new one against Sir Guyon.
When that lewd rybauld, with vyle lust advaunst,1
To spoyle her dainty corps,3 so faire and sheene *
With living eye more fayre was never seene
Witnes, ye heavens, whom she in vaine to helpe did call!
"How may it be," sayd then the Knight halfe wroth, "That Knight should knighthood ever so have shent 5?" "None but that saw," quoth he, "would weene for troth, How shamefully that Mayd he did torment: Her looser golden lockes he rudely rent,
And drew her on the ground; and his sharpe sword
And threatned death with many a bloodie word;
"And lives he yet," said he," that wrought this act?
"He lives," quoth he, "and boasteth of the fact, Ne yet hath any Knight his courage crackt." "Where may that treachour then," sayd he, " be found, Or by what meanes may I his footing tract?"
CC as sure as hound
"That shall I shew," said he, The stricken deare doth chaleng
by the bleeding wound."
He stayd not lenger talke, but with fierce yre
1 Adraunst, impelled.
2 Cleene, pure.
3 Corps, body.
4 Sheene, bright.
5 Shent, disgraced.
6 Weene for troth, take for truth.
7 Treachour, traitor.
8 Chaleng, distinguish.
And zealous haste away is quickly gone
To seeke that Knight, where him that crafty Squyre
And her faire face with teares was fowly blubbered.
The Knight, approching nigh, thus to her said;
Which when she heard, as 3 in despightfull wise
And offred hope of comfort did despise;
Her golden lockes most cruelly she rent,
1 Bedight, dressed or adorned.
3 As, as if.
4 Despightfull, angry.
XIII. 5.-A gentle Lady, &c.] This is Duessa, who reappears from book I. canto VIII.