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And calm'd his wrath with goodly temperance.
There all within full rich arayd he found,
With blood of guiltlesse babes, and innocents trew,
ashes over it was strowed new.
And there beside of marble stone was built
With cruell malice and strong tyranny:
Whose blessed sprites, from underneath the stone,
And with great griefe were often heard to grone; 'That hardest heart would bleede to hear their piteous mone.
1 Empeach, hinder.
XXXV. 6. With blood, &c.] Spenser has been supposed by some to allude here to the persecutions of the Protestants under Queen Mary.
XXXVI. 2. - An altare, &c.] "I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God." - REV. vi. 9.
Through every rowme he sought, and everie bowr;
That fast was lockt; but key found not at all
Through which he sent his voyce, and lowd did call
Therewith an hollow, dreary, murmuring voyce
For now three moones have changed thrice their hew,
O welcome, thou, that doest of death bring tydings trew!
Which when that Champion heard, with percing point
1 Pight, placed.
3 Stound, moment.
4 Forlore, forlorn.
That wofull Thrall.] The Red-cross Knight.
But all a deepe descent, as dark as hell,
That breathed ever forth a filthie banefull smell.
But neither darkenesse fowle, nor filthy bands,
He found the meanes that Prisoner up to reare;
His pined corse, him scarse to light could beare;
His sad dull eies, deepe sunck in hollow pits,
His raw bone armes, whose mighty brawned bowrs 3
Whom when his Lady saw, to him she ran
1 Drere, wretchedness.
2 Better bits, proper
3 Bours, muscles.
XL. 3. Entire affection, &c.] This beautiful line has become one of those commonplaces in literature, which a small portion only of those who quote can trace to their source.
Who earst in flowres of freshest youth was clad.
And this misseeming hew your manly lookes doth marre ?
"But welcome now, my Lord, in wele or woe;
"Faire Lady," then said that victorious Knight,
This daies ensample hath this lesson deare
2 Tho, then.
1 Earst, before.
3 Wreakes, vengeance.
XLIII. 6. Good growes of evils priefe.] Good grows out of the proof or experience of evil.
XLIV. 4. for delight
Breeds delight.] Warton proposes to substitute dislike this line.
Henceforth, Sir Knight, take to you wonted strength, And maister these mishaps with patient might:
Loe, where your foe lies stretcht in monstrous length; And loe, that wicked Woman in your sight, The roote of all your care and wretched plight, Now in your powre, to let her live, or die." "To doe her die," quoth Una, "were despight, And shame t' avenge so weake an enimy; But spoile her of her scarlot robe, and let her fly."
So, as she bad, that Witch they disaraid,
That her misshaped parts did them appall;
loathly, wrinckled hag, ill favoured, old, Whose secret filth good manners biddeth not be told.
Her crafty head was altogether bald,
Was overgrowne with scurfe and filthy scald;
So scabby was, that would have loathd all womankind.
1 Tire and call, attire and covering of the head. 2 Feld, fallen.