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claimed for months of service within two years prior to the death of the employee who rendered such service, with respect to which the employer's return pursuant to section 8 of this Act has not been entered on the records of the Board before a benefit under this section could otherwise be certified for payment, the Board may, in its discretion (subject to subsequent adjustment at the request of the survivor) include the compensation for such months in the computation of the benefit without further verification and may consider the compensation for such months to be the average of the compensation for months in the last period for which the employer has filed a return of the compensation of such employee.

[With respect to an employee who will have been awarded a retirement annuity, the term “compensation" shall, for the purposes of this paragraph, mean the compensation on which such annuity will have been based. [(10) The term “basic amount" shall mean

[(i) for an employee who will have been partially insured, or completely insured solely by virtue of paragraph (7)(i) or (7) (ii), or both: the sum of (A) 52.4 per centum of his average monthly remuneration, up to and including $75; plus (B) 12.8 per centum of such average monthly remuneration exceeding $75 and up to and including (i) $150, or (ii) an amount equal to one-twelfth of the current maximum annual taxable "wages” as defined in section 3121 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1951, whichever is greater, plus (C) 1 per centum of the sum of (A) plus (B) multiplied by the number of years after 1950 in each of which the compensation, wages, or both, paid to him will have been equal to $200 or more plus, for the years after 1936 and before 1951, a number of years determined in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Board; if the basic amount thus computed is less than $18.14, it shall be increased to $18.14;

[(ii) for an employee who will have been completely insured solely by virtue of paragraph (7) (iii); the sum of 52.4 per centum of his monthly compensation if an annuity will have been payable to him, or, if a pension will have been payable to him, 52.4 per centum of the average monthly earnings on which such pension was computed, up to and including $75, plus 12.8 per centum of such compensation or earnings exceeding $75 and up to and including $300. If the average monthly earnings on which a pension payable to him was computed are not ascertainable from the records in the possession of the Board, the amount computed under this subdivision shall be $43.15, except that if the pension payable to him was less than $32.37, such amount shall be four-thirds of the amount of the pension or $17.26, whichever is greater. The term "monthly compensation" shall, for the purposes of this subdivision, mean the monthly compensation used in computing the annuity;

[(iii) for an employee who will have been completely insured under paragraph (7) (iii) and either (7)(i) or (7)(ii); the higher of the two amounts computed in accordance with subdivisions (i) and (ii).

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(m) The amount of an individual's annuity calculated under the preceding provisions of this section (except an annuity in the amount determined under the proviso in subsection (a) or (b)) shall (before any reduction on account of age) be increased in the amount of 82.5 per centum in the case of a widow, widower, or parent and 75 per centum in the case of a child of the increase shown in the table in section 3(a) (2) on the same line on which the range of monthly compensation includes an amount equal to the average monthly wage determined for the purposes of section 3(e) (except that for cases involving earnings before 1951 and for cases on the Board's rolls on the enactment date of the 1967 amendments to the Railroad Retirement Act, an amount equal to the highest average monthly wage that can be found on the same line of the table in section 215(a) of the Social Security Act as is the primary insurance amount recorded in the records of the Railroad Retirement Board shall be used, and if such an average monthly wage cannot be determined, the employee's monthly compensation on which his annuity was computed shall be used; and in the case of a pensioner, his monthly compensation shall be deemed to be the earnings which are used to compute his basic amount): Provided, however, That the increase shall (before any reduction on account of age) be reduced by 17.3 per centum of any benefit under title II of the Social Security Act to which the individual is entitled (disregarding for the purpose of this and the following proviso any increase in such benefit based on recomputations other than for the correction of errors after the first adjustment and any increases derived from legislation enacted after the Social Security Amendments of 1967): And provided further, That the amount computed under this subsection shall (before any reduction on account of age) not be less than $5, or, in the case of an individual entitled to benefits under title II of the Social Security Act, such amount shall not be less than $5 minus 5.8 per centum of the lesser of the social security benefit to which such individual is entitled or the benefit computed under the preceding provisions of this section."

[(n) The annuity computed under the preceding provisions of this section shall be increased by 15 per centum but not by more than $25. If the individual entitled to such annuity is also entitled to a benefit for the same month under title II of the Social Security Act, there shall be offset against the increase herein provided for any amount by which such individual's social security benefit was increased by the Social Security Amendments of 1969, but in no case shall such offset operate to reduce the increase below $5.

[(0) The annuity computed under the preceding provisions of this section shall be increased by 10 per centum.

[(p) A survivor's annuity computed under the preceding provisions of this section (except an annuity in the amount determined under the proviso in subsection (a) or (b)) shall (before any reduction on account of age) be increased by 20 per centum.

[(q) A survivor's annuity computed under the preceding provisions of this section shall be increased in an amount determined by the method of computing increases set forth in subsection (a) (6) of ser. tion 3: Prorided, however, That in computing such an amount for an

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individual entitled to an annuity under subsection 5 (a) (2), the 90.75 per centum figure appearing in the third paragraph of section 3(e) of this Act shall be deemed to be 82.5 per centum.

[PENSION'S TO INDIVIDUALS ON PENSION OR GRATUITY ROLLS OF EMPLOYERS

[SEC. 6. (a) Beginning July 1, 1937, each individual then on the pension or gratunity roll of an employer by reason of his employment, who was on such roll on March 1, 1937, shall be paid on July 1, 1937, and on the 1st day of each calendar month thereafter during his life, a pension at the same rate as the pension or gratuity granted to him by the employer without diminution by reason of a general reduction or readjustment made subsequent to December 31, 1930, and applicable to pensioners of the employer: Provided, horrerer. That no pension payable under this section shall exceed $120 monthly: ind provided further, That no individual on the pension or gratuity roll of an employer not conducting the principal part of its business in the United States shall be paid a pension under this section unless, in the judgment of the Board, he was, on March 1, 1937, carried on the pension or gratuity roll as a United States pensioner.

[(b) No individual covered by this section who was on July 1, 1937, eligible for an annuity under this Act or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935, based in whole or in part on service rendered prior to January 1, 1937, shall receive a pension payment under this section subsequent to the payment due on October 1, 1937, or due on the 1st day of the month in which the application for an annuity of such individual has been awarded and certified by the Board, whichever of the two dates is earlier. The annuity claims of such individuals who receive pension payments under this section shall be adjudicated in the same manner and with the same effect as if no pension payments had been made: Provided, however, That no such individual shall be entitled to receive both a pension under this section and an annuity under this Act or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935, and in the event pension payments have been made to any such individual in any month in which such individual is entitled to an annuity under this Act or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935, the difference between the amounts paid as pensions and the amounts due as annuities shall be adjusted in accordance with such rules and regulations as the Board may deem just and reasonable.

[(c) The pension paid under this section shall not be considered to be in substitution for that part of the pension or gratuity from the employer which is in excess of a pension or gratuity at the rate of $120 a month.

[Sec. 7. Nothing in this Act or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935 shall be taken as restricting or discouraging payment by employers to retired employees of pensions or gratuities in addition to the annuities or pensions paid to such employees under such Acts, nor shall such Acts be taken as terminating any trust heretofore created for the payment of such pensions or gratuities.

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[COCLUSIVENESS OF RETURNS OF COMPENSATION AND OF FAILURE TO MAKE

RETURNS OF COMPENSATION [SEC. 8. Employers shall file with the Board, in such manner and form and at such times as the Board by rules and regulations may prescribe, returns of compensation of employees, and, if the Board shall so require, shall furnish employees with statements of their compensa• tion as reported to the Board. The Board's record of the compensation so returned shall be conclusive as to the amount of compensation paid to an employee during each period covered by the return, and the fact that the Board's records show that no return was made of the compensation claimed to have been paid to an employee during a particular period shall be taken as conclusive that no compensation was paid to such employee during that period, unless the error in the amount of compensation returned in the one case, or the failure to make return of the compensation in the other case, is called to the attention of the Board within four years after the last date on which return of the compensation was required to be made."

[ERRONEOUS PAYMENTS [SEC. 9. (a) If the Board finds that at any time more than the correct amount of annuities, pensions, or death benefits has been paid to any individual under this Act or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935 or a payment has been made to an individual not entitled thereto (including payments made prior to July 1, 1940), recovery by adjustments in subsequent payments to which such individual or, on the basis of the same compensation, any other individual, is entitled under this Act or any other Act administered by the Board may, except as otherwise provided in this section, be made under regulations prescribed by the Board. If the individual to whom more than the correct amount has been paid dies before recovery is completed, recovery may be made by set-off or adjustments, under regulations prescribed by the Board, in subsequent payments due, under this Act or any other Act administered by the Board, to the estate, designee, next of kin, legal representative, or surviving spouse of such individual, with respect to the employment of such individual.

[(b) Adjustments under this section may be made either by deductions from subsequent payments or, with respect to payments which are to be made during a lifetime or lifetimes, by subtracting the total amount of annuities, pensions, or death benefits paid in excess of the proper amount from the actuarial value, as determined by the Board, of such payments to be made during a lifetime or lifetimes and recertifying such payments on the basis of the reduced actuarial value. In the latter case, recovery shall be deemed to have been completed upon such recertification.

[(c) There shall be no recovery in any case in which more than the correct amount of annuities, pensions, or death benefits under this Act or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935 has been paid to an individual 133

or payment has been made to an individual not entitled thereto (including payments made prior to July 1, 1940) who, in the judgment of the Board, is without fault when, in the judgment of the Board, recovery would be contrary to the purpose of the Acts or would be against equity or good conscience.

[(d) No certifying or disbursing officer shall be held liable for any amount certified or paid by him in good faith to any person where the recovery of such amount is waived under subsection (c) of this section or has been begun but cannot be completed under subsection (a) of this section.

[RETIREMENT BOARD

[Personnel [Sec. 10. (a) There is hereby established as an independent agency in the executive branch of the Government a Railroad Retirement Board, to be composed of three members appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Each member shall hold office for a term of five years, except that any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of the term and the terms of office of the members first taking office after the enactment date shall expire, as designated by the President, one at the end of two years, one at the end of three years, and one at the end of four years after the enactment date. One member shall be appointed from recommendations made by representatives of the employees and one member shall be appointed from recommendations made by representatives of carriers, in both cases as the President shall direct, so as to provide representation on the Board satisfactory to the largest number, respectively, of employees and carriers concerned. One member, who shall be the chairman of the Board, shall be appointed initially for a term of two years without recommendation by either carriers or employees and shall not be in the employment of or be pecuniarily or otherwise interested in any employer or organization of employees. Vacancies in the Board shall not impair the powers or affect the duties of the Board or of the remaining members of the Board, of whom a majority of those in office shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. Upon the expiration of his term of office a member shall continue to serve until his successor is appointed and shall have qualified.

[Duties

[(b) 1. The Board shall have and exercise the duties and powers necessary to administer this Act and the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935. The Board shall take such steps as may be necessary to enforce such Acts and make awards and certify payments. Decisions by the Board upon issues of law and fact relating to pensions, annuities, or death benefits shall not be subject to review by any other administrative or accounting officer, agent, or employee of the United States.

[2. If the Board finds that an applicant is entitled to an annuity under the provisions of this Act or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935 then the Board shall make an award fixing the amount of the

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