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respect to each month of service before September 1941 as a station employee whose duties consisted of or included the carrying of passengers' hand baggage and otherwise assisting passingers at passenger stations and whose remuneration for service of the employer was, in whole or in substantial part, in the forms of tips, shall be the monthly average of the compensation paid to him as a station employee in his months of service in the period September 1940-August 1941: Provided, however, That where service in the period 1924-1931 in the one case, or in the period September 1940-August 1941 in the other case, is, in the judgment of the Board, insufficient to constitute. a fair and equitable basis for determining the amount of compensation paid or attributable as paid to him in each month of service before 1937, or September 1941, respectively, the Board shall determine the amount of such compensation for each such month in such manner as in its judgment shall be fair and equitable. In computing the monthly compensation, no part of any month's compensation in excess of $300 for any month before July 1, 1954, or in excess of $350 for any month after June 30, 1954, and before June 1, 1959, or in excess of $400 for any month after May 31, 1959, and before November 1, 1963, or in excess of $450 for any month after October 31, 1963, and before October 1, 1965, or in excess of (i) $450, or (ii) an amount equal to one-twelfth of the current maximum annual taxable "wages” as defined in section 3121 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, whichever is greater, for any month after September 30, 1965, shall be recognized. If the employee earned compensation in service after June 30, 1937, and after the last day of the calendar year in which he attained age sixty-five, such compensation and service shall be disregarded in computing the monthly compensation if the result of taking such compensation into account in such computation would be to diminish his annuity. If the "monthly compensation" computed under this subsection is not a multiple of $1, it shall be rounded to the next lower multiple of $1. Where an employee claims credit for months of service rendered within two years prior to his retirement from the service of an employer, with respect to which the employer's return pursuant to section 8 of this Act has not been entered on the records of the Board before the employee's annuity could otherwise be certified for payment, the Board may, in its discretion (subject to subsequent adjustment at the request of the employee) include such months in the computation of the annuity without further verification and may consider the compensation for such months to be the average of the compensation for months in the last period for which the employer has filed a return of the compensation of such employee and such return has been entered on the records of the Board.

[(d) The annuity of an individual who shall have been an employee representative shall be determined in the same manner and with the same effect as if the employee organization by which he shall have been employed were an employer.

[(e) In the case of an individual having a current connection with the railroad industry, the minimum annuity payable shall, before any reduction pursuant to section 2(a)(3), be whichever of the following is the least: (1) $5.35 multiplied by the number of his years of serv. ice; or (2) $89.35; or (3) 118 per centum of his monthly compensation: Provided, however, That if for any month in which an annuity accrues

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and is payable under this Act the annuity to which an employee is entitled under this Act (or would have been entitled except for a reduction pursuant to section 2(a) 3 or a joint and survivor election), together with his or her spouse's annuity, if any, or the total of survivor annuities under this Act deriving from the same employee, is less than the total amount, or the additional amount, plus 10 per centum of the total amount which would have been payable to all persons for such month under the Social Security Act if such employee's services as an employee after December 31, 1936, were included in the term "employment" as defined in that Act and quarters of coverage were determined in accordance with section 5(1) (4) of this Act, such annuity or annuities shall be increased proportionately to such total amount, or such additional amount, plus 10 per centum of such total amount : Provided further, That if an annuity accrues to an individual for a part of a month, the amount payable for such part of a month under the preceding proviso shall be one-thirtieth of the amount payable under the provision for an entire month, multiplied by the number of days in such part of a month.

[For the purposes of the first proviso in the first paragraph of this subsection, (i) completely and partially insured individuals shall be deemed to be fully and currently insured, respectively; (ii) individuals entitled to insurance annuities under subsections (a) (1) and (d) of section 5 of this Act shall be deemed to have attained age 62 (the provisions of this clause shall not apply to individuals who, though entitled to insurance annunities under section 5 (a) (1) of this Act, were entitled to an annuity under section 5(a) (2) of this Act for the month before the month in which they attained age 60); (iii) individuals entitled to insurance annuities under section 5(a) (2) of this Act shall be deemed to be entitled to insurance benefits under section 202(e) or (f) of the Social Security Act on the basis of disability; (iv) individuals entitled to insurance annuities under section 5(c) of this Act on the basis of disability shall be deemed to be entitled to insurance benefits under section 202(d) of the Social Security Act on the basis of disability; (v) women entitled to spouses' annuities pursuant to elections made under section 2(h) of this Act shall be deemed to be entitled to wives' insurance benefits determined under section 202(q) of the Social Security Act; (vi) individuals not entitled to an annuity under section 2 or 5 of this Act shall not be included in the computation under such first proviso except a spouse who could qualify for an annuity under section 2 (e) or (h) of this Act if the employee from whom the spouse's annuity under this Act would derive had attained age sixty-five, and such employee's children who meet the definition as such contained in section 216(e) of the Social Security Act; (vii) after an annuity has been certified for payment and such first proviso was inapplicable after allowing for any waiting period under section 223(c) (2) of the Social Security Act, and after having considered the inclusion of all persons who were then eligible for inclusion in the computation under such first proviso, or was then applicable but later became inapplicable, any recertification in such annuity under such first proviso shall not take into account individuals not entitled to an annuity under section 2 or 5 of this Act except a spouse who could qualify for an annuity under section 2(h) of this Act when she attains 106

age sixty-two if the employee from whom the spouse's annuity would derive had attained age sixty-five, and who was married to such employee at the time he applied for the employee annuity: (viii) in computing the amount to be paid under such first proviso, the only benefits under title II of the Social Security Act which shall be considered shall be those to which the individuals included in the computation are entitled; (ix) the average monthly wage for an employee during his lifetime shall include (A) only his wages and self-employment income creditable under the Social Security Act through the later of December 31, 1971, or December 31 of the year preceding the year in which his annuity began to accrue, and (B) his compensation up to the date his annuity began to accrue; and (x) in computing the average monthly wage in clause (ix) above, section 215(b) (2) (C) (ii) of the Social Security Act shall, solely for the purpose of including compensation up to the date the employee's annuity began to accrue, be deemed to read as follows: "the year succeeding the year in which he died or retired” and, for the purposes of this subsection, any possible deductions under subsections (g) and (h) (2) of section 203 of the Social Security Act shall be disregarded.

[Notwithstanding the provisions of section 202(q) of the Social Security Act, the amount determined under the proviso in the first paragraph of this subsection for a widow or widower who is or has been entitled to an annuity under section 5(a) (2) of this Act, shall be equal to 90.75 percent of the primary insurance amount (reduced in accordance with section 203(a) of the Social Security Act) of the employee as determined under this subsection, and the amount so determined shall be reduced by three-tenths of 1 per centum for each month the annuity would be subject to a reduction under section 5(a) (2) of this Act (adjusted upon attainment of age 60 in the same manner as an annuity under section 5 (a) (1) of this Act which, before attainment of age 60, had been payable under section 5(a) (2) of this Act); and the amount so determined shall be reduced by the amount of any benefit under title II of the Social Security Act to which she or he is entitled.

[In cases where an annuity under this Act is not payable under the first proviso in the first paragraph of this subsection on the date of enactment of the Social Security Amendments of 1967, the primary insurance amount used in determining the applicability of such proviso shall, except in cases where the employee died before 1939, be derived after deeming the indivdual on whose service and compensation the annuity is based (i) to have become entitled to social security benefits, or (ii) to have died without being entitled to such benefits, after the date of the enactment of the Social Security Amendments of 1967. For this purpose, the provision of section 215(b) (3) of the Social Security Act that the employee must have reached age 65 (62 in the case of a woman) after 1960 shall be disregarded and there shall be substituted for the nine-year period prescribed in section 215(d) (1) (B)(i) of the Social Security Act, the number of years elapsing after 1936 and up to the year of death if the employee died before 1946.

[For the purposes of this subsection, the Board shall have the same authority to letermine a “period of disability" within the meaning of section 216(i) of the Social Security Act, with respect to any employee who will have filed application there for and (i) have completed ten

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years of service or (ii) have been awarded an annuity, as the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare would have to determine such a period under such section 216(i) if the employee met the requirements of clauses (A) and (B) of paragraph (3) of such section, considering for purposes of such determination that all his service as an employee after 1936 constitutes "employment” within the meaning of title II of the Social Security Act and determining his quarters of coverage for such purposes by presuming his compensation in a calendar year to have been paid in equal proportions with respect to all months in which he will have been in service as an employee in such calendar year: Provided, That an application for an annuity filed with the Board on the basis of disability shall be deemed to be an application to determine such a period of disability, and such an application filed with the Board on or before the date of the enactment of this paragraph shall, for purposes of this subsection and section 216(i) (4) of the Social Security Act, be deemed filed after December 1954 and before July 1958: Prorided further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Board shall have the authority to make such determination on the basis of the records in its possession or evidence otherwise obtained by it, and a determination by the Board with respect to any employee concerning such a "period of disability” shall be deemed a final decision of the Board determining the rights of persons under this Act for purposes of section 11 of this Act. An application filed with the Board pursuant to this paragraph shall be (leemed filed as of the same date also with the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare for the purpose of determining a "period of disability" under section 216(i) of the Social Security Act.

[(f) (1) Annuities under section 2(a) which will have become due an individual but will not have been paid at the time of such individual's death shall be payable to the person, if any, who is determined by the Board to be such individual's widow or widower and to have been living with such individual at the time of such individual's death and who will not have died before receiving payments of such annuities. If there be no such widow or widower, such annuities shall be payable to any person or persons, equitably entitled thereto, to the extent and in the proportions that he or they shall have paid the expenses of burial of such individual, and to the extent that he or they will not have been reimbursed under section 5(f) (1) for having paid such expenses. If there be no person or persons so entitled, or if the total of such annuities exceeds the amount payable under this paragraph to such person or persons, such total, or the remainder thereof, as the case may be, shall be paid to the children, grandchildren, parents, or brothers and sisters of the deceased individual in the same manner as if such unpaid annuities were a lump sum payable under section 5(f) (2).

[(2) Insurance annuities under section 5 which will have become dne a survivor of an employee but will not have been paid at the time of such survivor's death shall be payable to the person, if any, who is (letermined by the Board to be such employee's widow or widower and to have been living with such employee at the time of the employee's death and who will not have died before receiving payment of such anmuities. If there be no such widow or widower, such annu

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ities shall be payable to the children, grandchildren, parents, or brothers and sisters of the deceased employee in the same manner as if such unpaid annuities were a lump sum payable under section 5(f) (2).

[(3) Annuities under section 2(e) which will have become due a spouse of an individual but which will not have been paid at the time of such spouse's death shall be payable to the individual from whose employment such spouse's annuity derived and who will not have died before receiving payment of such annuities. If there be no such individual, such annuities shall be paid as provided in the last two sentences of paragraph (1) of this subsection as if such annuities were annuities due under section 2(a) to an individual but unpaid at the time of such individual's death.

[(4) Applications for accrued and unpaid annuities provided for in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of this subsection shall be filed prior to the expiration of two years after the death of the person to whom such annuities were originally due.

[(5) For the purposes of this subsection and paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 5(f) of this Act, a widow or widower of an individual shall be deemed to have been living with the individual at the time of the individual's death if the applicable conditions set forth in section 216(h) (2) or (3) of the Social Security Act, as in effect before 1957, are fulfilled.

[(6) If there is no person to whom all or any part of the annuity payments described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) can be made, such payments or part thereof shall escheat to the credit of the Railroad Retirement Account.

[(g) No annuity shall accrue with respect to the calendar month in which an annuitant dies. In cases where an individual entitled to an annuity under this Act disappears, no annuity shall accrue to him or to his spouse as such with respect to any month until and unless such individual is shown, by evidence satisfactory to the Board, to have continued in life throughout such month. Where an annuity would accrue for months under section 2(a) for such individual, and under section 2(e) for such individual's spouse, had he been shown to be alive during such months, he shall be deemed, for the purposes of benefits under section 5, to have died in the month in which he disappeared and to have been completely insured : Provided, however,

That if he is later determined to have been alive during any of such months, recovery of any benefits paid on the basis of his compensation under section 5 for the months in which he was not known to be alive, minus the total of the amounts that would have been paid as a spouse's annuity during such months (treating the application for a widow's annuity as an application for a spouse's annuity), shall be made in accordance with the provisions of section 9.

[(h) If an annuity is less than $5, it may, in the discretion of the Board, be paid quarterly or in a lump sum equal to its commuted value as determined by the Board.

[(i) If the amount of any annuity computed under this section (other than the proviso of subsection (e)), under section 2 (other than a spouse's annuity payable in the maximum amount), and under section 5, does not, after any adjustment, end in a digit denoting 5 cents, it

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