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eveling sentence. At the request of the Board, the Secretary shall sell at the market price such obligations in the accounts (other than special obligations issued erclusively to the accounts) as the Board designates. The Board shall from time to time request the Secretary to redeem such special obligations issued exclusively to the accounts as the Board designates and upon such request the Secretary shall redeem such obligations at par plus accrued interest. All requests of the Board to the Secretary, provided for in this subsection, shall be mandatory upon the Secretary. It shall be the duty of the Board to determine at all times what proportion of the accounts shall be invested in other than special obligations issued to the accounts and further to determine which of such obligations available to the accounts consistent with the foregoing requirements will provide the greatest rate of return on the funds invested.
(f) The Board is hereby authorized and directed to select two actuaries, one from recommendations made by representatives of employees and the other from recommendations made by representatives of employers as defined in paragraph (i) oj section 1(a)(1) of this Act. These actuaries, along with a third who shall be designated by the Secretary of the Treasury, shall be known as the Actuarial Advisory Committee with respect to the Railroad Retirement Account. The actuaries so selected shall hold membership in the American Academy of Actuaries and shall be qualified in the evaluation of pension plans : Provided, however, That these requirements shall not apply to any actuary who served a as member of the Committee prior to January 1, 1975. The Committee shall examine the actuarial reports and estimates made by the Board and shall have authority to recommend to the Board such changes in actuarial methods as they may deem necessary. The compensation of the members of the Committee, exclusive of the member designated by the Secretary, shall be fixed by the Board on a per diem basis.
(9) The Board shall include in its annual report a statement of the status and the operations of the Railroad Retirement and Railroad Retirement Supplemental Accounts. At intervals not longer than three years the Board shall make an estimate of the liabilities created by this Act and shall include such estimate in its annual report.
PRIVATE PENSIONS Sec. 16. Nothing in this Act shall be taken as restricting or discouraging payment by employers to retired employees of pensions or gratuities in addition to the annuities paid to such employees under this Act, nor shall this Act be taken as terminating any trust heretofore created for the payment of such pensions or gratuities. The annuity, except a supplemental annuity under section 2(b), of an individual shall not be reduced on account of any pension or gratuity paid by an employer to such individual.
PREE TRANSPORTATION Sec. 17. It shall not be unlawful for carriers by railroad subject to this Act to furnish free transportation to indiriduals receiving annuities under this Act in the same manner as such transportation is fur. nished to employees in their service.
CREDITING SERVICE UNDER THE SOCIAL SECURITY ACT Sec. 18. (1) Except as provided in subdivision (2), the term "employment” as defined in section 210 of the Social Security Act shall not include service performed by an individual as an employee as defined in section 1(b) of this Act.
(2) For the purpose of determining (i) monthly insurance benefits under the Social Security Act to an employee who will have completed less than ten years of service and to others deriving from him or her during his or her life and (ii) monthly insurance benefits and lump-sum death benefits under such Act with respect to the death of an employee who (A) will hare completed less than ten years of sercice or (B) will have completed ten or more years of service but will not have had a current connection with the railroad industry at the time of his death, and for the purposes of section 203 of that Act, section 210(a)(9) of the Social Security Act and subdivision (1) of this subsection shall not operate to exclude from "employment" under the Social Security Act service which would otherwise be included in such "employment” but for such sections. For such purpose, compensation paid in a calendar year shall, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, be presumed to have been paid in equal proportions with respect to all months in the year in which the employee will have been in sere. ice as an employee. In the application of the Social Security Act parsuant to this subdivision to service as an employee, all service as defined in section 1(d) of this Act shall be deemed to have been performed within the United States.
AUTOMATIC BENEFIT ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENT ADJUSTMENTS Sec. 19. (a) If title II of the Social Security Act is amended at any time after December 31, 1974, to reduce the eligibility requirements for old-age insurance benefits, disability insurance benefits, wife's insurance benefits payable to a wife, husband's insurance benefits, child's insurance benefits payable to a child of a deceased individual, widow's insurance benefits payable to a widow, widower's insurance benefits, mother's insurance benefits payable to a widou, or parent's insurance bene fits, such reduced eligibility requirements shall be applicable, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Board, to individuals, 8pouses, or surrivors, as the case may be, under section 2 of this Act to the extent that such reduced eligibility requirements would provide such indiriduals, spouses, or surrirors irith entitlement to annuities under such section 2 to which they would not be entitled except for such reduced eligibility requirements: Provided. houerer, That no annuity shall be paid to any person pursuant to the provisions of this subsection if that person does not satisfy an eligibility requirement imposed by section 2 of this Act of a kind not imposed by the Social Security Act on December 31, 1974, or an eligibility requirement imposed by the Social Security Act on December 31, 1974, but which iras not reduced by the amendment to that Act: Provided further, That the annuity amounts to ichich such individuals, spouses, or survirors will be entitled under this Act by reason of the provisions of
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this subsection shall be only such amounts as are determined under the provisions of section 3(a), 4(a), or 4(f), respectively, of this Act.
(6) If title II of the Social Security Act is amended at any time after December 31, 1974, to provide monthly insurance benefits under that Act to a class of beneficiaries not entitled to such benefits thereunder prior to January 1, 1975, every person who is a member of such class of beneficiaries shall be entitled to annuities under section 2 of this Act, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Board, in an amount equal to the amount of the monthly insurance benefit to which such person would have been entitled under the Social Security Act if service as an employee after December 31, 1936, had been included in the term "employment” as defined in that Act.
(c) If section 226 or title XVIII of the Social Security Act is amended at any time after December 31, 1974, to reduce the conditions of entitlement to, or to expand the nature of, the benefits payable thereunder, or if health care benefits in addition to, or in lieu of, the benefits payable under such section 226 or such title XVIII are provided by any provision of law which becomes effective at any time after December 31, 1974, such reductions in the conditions of entitlement to benefits, such expanded benefits, or such additional, or substituted, health care benefits shall be available to every employee (as defined in this Act), and those deriving from him, in the same manner, and to the same extent, as if his service as an employee after December 31, 1936, had been included in the term "employment” as defined in the Social Security Act. The Board shall have the same authority, in accordance with regulations prescribed by it, to determine the rights of employees who will have completed ten years of service, and of those deriving from such employees, to benefits provided by reason of the provisions of this subsection as the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare has with respect to individuals insured under the Social Security Act.
(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this section.
(1) No annuity or other benefit shall be payable to any person on the basis of the compensation and years of service of an individual by reason of the provisions of subsection (a), (6), or (c) of this section if, and to the extent that, such annuity or other benefit would duplicate a benefit payable to such person on the basis of such compensation and years of service under a provision of the Social Security Act, or any other Act of Congress, which becomes effective after December 31, 1974.
(2) No annuity shall be payable to a person by reason of subsection (a) or (b) of this section unless the individual upon whose compensation and years of service such annuity would be based will have (A) completed ten years of service, and (B) in the case of a survivor, had a current connection with the railroad industry at the time of his death.
(3) If the Social Security Act is amended after December 31, 1974, to remove any, or all, restriction on the receipt of more than one monthly insurance benefit thereunder, annuity amounts provided a person under section 3(h), 4(e), or 4(h) of this Act, or under section 204(a)(3), 204(a) (4), 206(a)(3) or 207 (3) of title II of this Act, shall be reduced (but not below zero) by the
amount of any annuity provided such person under this Act by reason of such amendment.
(4) If and to the extent that an annuity or other benefit payable to a person by reason of the provisions of subsection (a), (6), or (c) of this section duplicates an annuity or other benefit then payable to such person under other provisions of this Act, such annuity or other benefit then payable under other provisions of this Act shall be reduced (but not below zero) by the amount of the annuity or other benefit payable by reason of subsection (a), (b),or (c).
Sec. 20. If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, should be held invalid, the remainder of such Act, or the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby.
Sec. 21. This Act may be cited as the “Railroad Retirement Act of
1971. 27. This An
SOCIAL SECURITY ACT
Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Benefit Payments
OLD-AGE INSURANCE BENEFITS
Sec. 202. (a) ***
Entitlement to Survivor Benefits Under Railroad Retirement Act
(1) If any person would be entitled, upon filing application therefor to an annuity under section (5] 2 of the Railroad Retirement Act of  1974, or to a lump-sum payment under [subsection (f) (1) of such section] section 6(b) of such Act, with respect to the death of an employee (as defined in such Act) no lump-sum death payment, and no monthly benefit for the month in which such employee died or for any month thereafter, shall be paid under this section to any person on the basis of the wages and self-employment income of such employee.
no employee on section Gump-sun
EVIDENCE, PROCEDURE, AND CERTIFICATION FOR PAYMENT
Sec. 205. (a) ...
(i) Upon final decision of the Secretary, or upon final judgment of any court of competent jurisdiction, that any person is entitled to any nament or payments under this title, the Secretary shall certify to
ury De Ptice, shall (except airs of sery
the Managing Trustee the name and address of the person so entitled to receive such payment or payments, the amount of such payment or payments, and the time at which such payment or payments should be made, and the Managing Trustee, through the Fiscal Service of the Treasury Department, and prior to any action thereon by the General Accounting Office, shall make payment in accordance with the certification of the Secretary (except that in the case of (A) an individual who will have completed ten years of service creditable under the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974, (B) the wife or husband of such an individual, (C) any survivor of such an individual if such survivor is entitled, or could upon application become entitled, to an annuity under section 2 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974, and (D) any other person entitled to benefits under section 202 of this Act on the basis of the wages and selfemployment income of such an individual (except a survivor of such an individual where such individual did not have a current connection
cith the railroad industry, as defined in the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974, at the time of his death), such certification shall be made to the Railroad Retirement Board which shall provide for such payment or payments to such person on behalf of the Managing Trustee in accordance with the provisions of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974): Provided, That where a review of the Secretary's decision is or may be sought under subsection (g) the Secretary may withhold certification of payment pending such review. The Managing Trustee shall not be held personally liable for any payment or payments made in accordance with a certification by the Secretary.
Crediting of Compensation Under the Railroad Retirement Act
(0)(1) If there is no person who would be entitled, upon application therefor, to an annuity under section 2 of the Railroad Retirement Act of (1937)1974, or to a lump-sum payment under [subsection (f) (1) of such section) section 6(6) of such Act, with respect to the death of an employee (as defined in such Act), then, notwithstanding section 210(a) (9) of this Act, compensation (as defined in such Railroad Retirement Act, but excluding compensation attributable as having been paid during any month on account of military service creditable under section  3(i) of such Act if wages are deemed to have been paid to such employee during such month under subsection (a) or (e) of section 217 of this Act) of such employee shall constitute remuneration for employment for purposes of determining (A) entitlement to and the amount of any lump-sum death payment under this title on the basis of such employee's wages and self-employment income and (B) entitlement to and the amount of any monthly benefit under this title, for the month in which such employee died or for any month thereafter, on the basis of such wages and self-employment income. For such purposes, compensation (as so defined) paid in a calendar year shall, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, be presumed to have been paid in equal proportions with respect to all months in the year in which the employee rendered services for such compensation.