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1959

ENTERED according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight,

BY HENRY G. LANGLEY, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for Northern District of California.

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PAGE 43.-Last line, for J. P. Whye read W. P. Whyte.
PAGE 51.-Note-For Army read Navy.
PAGE 54.-Inspector Custom-House-For R. A. Thompson, Jr., read R. H. Thompson.
PAGE 58.-Post-Office Department-For John Mason read John Marron.
PACE 58.-Post-Office Department-Salary of J. D. Fry, Special Agent: for $3,000 read $5,000.
PAGE 63.-Clerk Supreme Court U. S.-For William F. Carroll read William T. Carroll.
PAGE 113.-Note-Amount allowed by Board of Examiners : for $793,377 read $792, 121.
Page 114.- Population of New Hampshire-For 829,666 read 329,666.
PAGE 174-Librarian State Library-For Brice Husband read Bruce Husband.
PAGE 176- Librarian Sacramento Library Association-for S. V. Vreeland read S. B. Freeland.
PAGE 246.-Marin County-Number swine : for 400 read 2,400.

per The printing of the present volume of the STATE REGISTER was commenced August 10th, 1858. For the changes and alterations that have taken place during the progress of the work through the press, and up to the date of publication, December 15th, 1858, see Addenda, page 413.

COMMERCIAL STEAX PRINTING ESTABLISHYENT,

Nos. 127 and 129 Sansome Street,

PREFAOE.

In presenting to the public the second volume of the CALIFORNIA STATE REGISTER, the editor deems it only necessary to refer to the plan and character of the work, confident that the usefulness of such a compilation, if prepared with the ability and industry that many competent judges have ascribed to this, will insure for its support a patronage sufficient to secure its regular appearance hereafter. The following extract from the “Salutatory" of the first volume, is sufficient to explain the objects sought to be attained by the publication of the REGISTER:

“The plan of the REGISTER will be to embrace in each volume full and reliable statistics, concerning each branch of the resources of the State, and a complete exhibit of the finances thereof, including the different county and municipal organizations, carefully prepared and arranged, from information obtained through official or other reliable sources. The Agricultural, the Mining, the Commercial, the Mechanical and the Manufacturing interests, shall each receive such attention as will best illustrate their character, importance and extent. The REGISTER will also contain such data connected with the operations of the different departments of Government—Federal and State, as will be consistent with its general plan, together with the names of the officers in charge thereof, and such reference to the history and progress of the different States as may prove attractive to its pages."

How far the editor has fulfilled the promises contained in the above, can be better determined by an examiuation of the work itself, than by any evidence in his favor that could be presented here.

The material from which the present volume of the REGISTER has been compiled, was obtained from official or other reliable sources. Since the announcement of the work, in May last, nearly two thousand communications have been addressed to gentlemen in every section of the State, including the officers of the Federal, State and Municipal governments, and to those engaged in developing the resources of the State. In this manner and by the cooperation of numerous correspondents, a large amount of data was obtained, which, together with what the editor himself has been able to procure, directly, have formed the basis of the present compilation.

An examination of the present volume of the REGISTER will show that it possesses superior claims over its predecessor. In its compilation, the editor has not only aimed to make more complete the information contained in the first volume, but he has also endeavored to make such improvements in its arrangement, and such additions to its general plan, as would still further increase the usefulness of the work and make it a valuable manual of reference to every resident of the State. The list of the officers and the data of operations of the different branches of Government, Federal and State, have been prepared with care and will be found very complete and reliable. The abstract of the general laws of the State, one of the new features of the present volume, is a useful source of information for every resident of the State. In the department of the Resources of California, a reliable abstract is presented of the progress and present condition of the different branches of our home industry, together with a variety of useful facts connected therewith. With this brief explanation, the editor again submits the "results of his labors to the attention and consideration of the public, and only asks that indulgence for any defects existing therein, that is reasonable upon due appreciation of the numerous difficulties usually attendant at the commencement of similar undertakings.”

The thanks of the editor are respectfully tendered to the officers of State and the heads of departments, Federal and State, to the different county officers, and to his numerous contributors and correspondents throughout the State, for important and valuable information. He would express his obligations particularly to Hon. F. Forman, Hon. A. J. Moulder, G. W. Whitman, Esq., B. F. Washington, Esq., T. J. Henley, Esq., C. L. Weller, Esq., Charles Forman, Esq., A. A. Sargent, Esq., A. B. Paul, Esq., J. S. Skinner, M. D., J. J. Warner, Esq, H. H. Moore and C. Ferguson, Esqs. To H. Gibbons, M. D., for his valuable series of meteorological tables on the climate of San Francisco, and to Thomas M. Logan, M. D., of Sacramento, for an important article on the climatology of California. He would also again express his thanks to Messrs. Valentine & Co., to whom the typographical department was intrusted and to whom the work is much indebted for the exceedingly attractive appearance which it presents.

The editor of the STATE REGISTER bereby invites the correspondence of those who may be friendly disposed towards the enterprise in which he is engaged. Their correspondence shall at all times receive his most respectful attention, and any suggestions which they may deem it necessary to make, relative to this or future volumes of the work, will be promptly considered. Communications to be addressed “Editor of the STATE REGISTER, San Francisco, Cal.” The REGISTER for 1860 will be issued early in January of that year, if sufficient encouragement be extended to the present work to warrant its publication.

SAN FRANCISCO, December 15, 1858.

CONTENTS.

85 Department of Public Instruction 88

Assembly-Post-Office address of

Board of Examiners.....

89

Members

86 Board of Examiners, War Claims 89

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PART IV.

STATISTICS - FINANCES, PUBLIC LANDS, ETC.

1. Finances of the U. S...........

103 Census of Children and Apportion-

Public Debt...........

105

ment of Scbool Fund.................. 129

2. Finances of California.................... 105 6. Public Lands and Operations of the

Taxation and Revenue

............... 105

United States Surveyor-General's

Indebtedness of the State........... 107

Office, Californin ..................... 130

War Debt..........

107 7. Indian Department.................... 133

Bonds and Interest thereon..... 108 Population..........

133

Receipts and Expenditures.. 108

Reservations..

134

Real and Personal Property........ 109 8. U. S. Branch Mint.......

136

Receipts into State Treasury ....... 110 Law regulating Operations, Etc... 136

Expenditures, State Treasury...... 111 Operations, 1854-1858..

136

Finances of the several Counties.. 112 Deposits of Gold and Silver......... 136

Finances of Incorporated Cities... 113 Coinage of Gold and Silver......... 137

Aggregate of State, County and

Table of Foreign Coins............... 138

Municipal Debt........................ 113 9. U. S. Coast Survey ......

139

Shipments of Treasure............... 113 10. Light-House Establishment... 139

Population of States, State Debts, 11. War Department......

147

Etc......

114

Department of the Pacific.... 147

Duties received at San Francisco... 114 Military Posts and the Commands

Receipts, etc., of Customs............ 115

thereat........

147

Valuation of Imports.......

Fortifications of San Francisco

Shipments of California Produce.. 116

Harbor.........

147

Exports of California Produce ..... 116 Military System of the State........ 147

Tunnage of the Port of San Fran- 12. Navy Department..........

149

cisco ....

117

Naval Establishment of Pacific

Prices of Flour and Grain... 118

Coast.....

149

Tunnage of the principal Cities... 118 Vessels of War of U. S. Navy...... 150

3. Population of California................. 119 13. Post-Office Department......

152

Census and Vote of 1852, and Vote

Mail Service and Operations in

of 1856....

120

California ........

152

Population of U. S., 1790–1850...... 121 Rates of Postage to Foreign Coun-

Slaves in U.S., 1790–1850............ 121

tries............

152

Arrivals of Passengers, 1849–1857 122 Law and Regulations................. 153

Comparative View of Arrivals and 14. Overland Mails.....

157

Departures, 1852–1857.............. 122 15. Prison System of the State.......... 158

4. Religious Denominations in State... 123 16. Hospitals........

158

5. School System of the State....... 123

System of the State..

158

School Lands, Revenue, Etc........ 123 Insane Asylum.......

158

University Lands....

U.S. Marine Hospital.

............ 160

School Lands, Townships, Etc...... 124 17. Railroads.

160

Schools and Organization thereof. 125 Sacramento Valley Railroad ........ 160

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