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claim for benefits is based upon such examination or statement, the Board shall deduct from any sickness or maternity benefits payable to the employee pursuant to such claim such amount as, in the judgment of the Board, is a fair and reasonable charge for such examination or execution of such statement.

"(0) Benefits payable to an employee with respect to days of sickness shall be payable regardless of the liability of any person to pay damages for such infirmity. The Board shall be entitled to reimbursement from any sum or damages paid or payable to such employee or other person through suit, compromise, settlement, judgment, or otherwise on account of any liability (other than a liability under a health, sickness, accident, or similar insurance policy) based upon such infirmity, to the extent that it will have paid or will pay benefits for days of sickness resulting from such infirmity. Upon notice to the person against whom such right or claim exists or is asserted, the Board shall have a lien upon such right or claim, any judgment obtained thereunder, and any sum or damages paid under such right or claim, to the extent of the amount to which the Board is entitled by way of reimbursement.

“(p) The Board may, after hearing, disqualify any person from executing statements of sickness who, the Board finds, (i) will have solicited, or will have employed another to solicit, for himself or for another the execution of any such statement, or (ii) will have made false or misleading statements to the Board, to any employer, or to any employee, in connection with the awarding of any benefits under this Act, or (iii) will have failed to submit medical reports and records required by the Board under this Act, or will have failed to submit any other reports, records, or information required by the Board in connection with the administration of this Act or any other Act heretofore or hereafter administered by the Board, or (iv) will have engaged in any malpractice or other professional misconduct. No fees or charges of any kind shall accrue to any such person from the Board after his disqualification.

"(q) The Board shall engage in and conduct research projects, investigations, and studies with respect to the cause, care, and prevention of, and benefits for, accidents and disabilities and other subjects deemed by the Board to be related thereto, and shall recommend legislation deemed advisable in the light of such research projects, investigations, and studies."

Sec. 324. Subsection 13 (b) is amended by inserting after “1939," in the first, second, and third sentences thereof, "and for the payment of sickness and maternity benefits for sickness or for maternity periods after June 30, 1947,”, “or to sickness or maternity benefits under a sickness or maternity law of any State with respect to sickness or to maternity periods occurring after June 30, 1947,", and "or of State sickness or maternity laws after June 30, 1947”, respectively.

DIVISION IV SEC. 401. Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the provisions thereof shall become effective upon approval.

SEC. 402. Section 306 shall become effective on July 1, 1946, and sections 203, 205, 206, 207, 210, 211, 213, and 318 shall become effective on January 1, 1947.

The amendments to section 1532 of the Internal Revenue Code made by sections 1 and 3 (e) and (f) shall be eliective only with respect to services rendered after December 31, 1946. The amendments made by section 3 (a), (b), (c), and (d) shall take effect January 1, 1947. Sections 1500, 1510, and 1520 of the Internal Revenue Code as in effect on December 31, 1946, shall remain in full force and effect on and after January 1, 1947, with respect to any remuneration which constitutes compensation under the law as in effect on December 31, 1946, to which such sections as amended by this Act are not applicable.

SEC. 403. Sections 301, 302, 303, 304, 305 (except for the revision of the table which shall be effective on the date of enactment of this Act), 307, 308, 309, and 310 shall become effective on July 1, 1947.

SEC. 404. Except as hereinafter provided, the rights of persons to whom pensions or annuities were awarded before the date of approval of this Act shall continue to be governed by the provisions of law applicable thereto prior to the approval of this Act. In the award of annuities or increases in annuities after the date of approval of this Act on applications on which no award or a partial award has been made prior to said date, service prior to 1937 (and the compensation therefor) shall be credited only if such service is creditable under the amendments made by section 201. No annuity or increase in annuity so awarded crediting such service shall begin to accrue prior to the date of approval of this Act.

Sec. 405. The election of a joint and survivor annuity made before the date of approval of this Act by an individual to whom an annuity accrues before January 1, 1947, shall be given effect as though the provisions of law under which the election was made had continued to be operative unless no annuity was awarded to such individual prior to the date of approval of this Act and, within one year after the approval of this Act, he revokes the election in such form and manner as the Board may prescribe. Such election by an individual to whom no annuity accrues before January 1, 1947, shall also be given such effect if the individual, before January 1, 1948, reaffirms the election in such form and manner as the Board may prescribe.

SEC. 406. Payments upon death as provided in sections 5 of the Railroad Retirement Acts of 1935 and 1937, other than survivor annuities pursuant to an election, shall be made only with respect to deaths occurring before January 1, 1947.

SEC. 407. An individual to whom an annuity accrued prior to January 1, 1947, and who would as of the date of initial accrual have been entitled to an annuity in a greater amount by reason of the amendments made by section 201, 202, 205, or 210 had such amendments been in effect at the date of initial accrual (or, in the case of a survivor annuity, at the date of initial accrual of the annuity from which it derives), shall, without further application therefor other than a statement of any service claimed under section 202, be awarded an annuity in such greater amount beginning as of the date the applicable amendment shall have become operative:Provided, however, That, in such award service before 1937 (and the compensation therefor) shall not be credited if such service would not be creditable upon application of all the amendments made by this Act. In determinations made pursuant to this section any individual to whom an annuity

based on not less than five years of service accrues before January 1, 1947, shall be deemed to have a "current connection with the railroad industry”. If an annuity increased pursuant to this section is a joint and survivor annuity, the increase shall be in the same form, the actuarial value being computed as of the date the increase begins, unless on that date there is no spouse living for whom the election was made, in which case the increase shall be awarded on a single life basis. If the increase herein provided effects a survivor annuity only, the increase shall be so determined as to bear the same ratio to the survivor annuity, as the increase in the basic annuity would bear to such basic annuity, if the employee annuitant were living and had made no joint and survivor election.

SEC. 408. No annuities accruing after the month in which this Act is approved shall be reduced under section 2 (a) 3 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 to compensate for an annuity terminated by recovery from disability.

Sec. 409. In the application of section 6 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 with respect to persons who were not employers before the enactment of section 1 of this Act, the dates January 1, 1946, and January 1, 1947, shall be substituted for March 1, 1937, and July 1, 1937, respectively.

Approved July 31, 1946.



(Public-No. 72275th Congress)

(H. R. 10127)

AN ACT To regulate interstate commerce by establishing an unemployment insurance

system for individuals employed by certain employers engaged in interstate commerce, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,


SECTION 1. For the purposes of this Act, except when used in amending the provisions of other Acts

(a) The term "employer” means any carrier (as defined in subsection (b) of this section), and any company which is directly or indirectly owned or controlled by one or more such carriers or under common control therewith, and which operates any equipment or facility or performs any service (except trucking service, casual service, and the casual operation of equipment or facilities) in connection with the transportation of passengers or property by railroad, or the receipt, delivery, elevation, transfer in transit, refrigeration or icing, storage, or handling of property transported by railroad, and any receiver, trustee, or other individual or body, judicial or otherwise, when in the possession of the property or operating all or any part of the business of any such employer: Provided, however, That the term "employershall not include any street, interurban, or suburban electric railway, unless such railway is operating as a part of a general steam-railroad system of transportation, but shall not exclude any part of the general steam-railroad system of transportation now or hereafter operated by any other motive power. The Interstate Commerce Commission is hereby authorized and directed upon request of the Board, or upon complaint of any party interested, to determine after hearing whether any line operated by electric power falls within the terms of this proviso. The term "employer" shall also include railroad associations, traffic associations, tariff bureaus, demurrage bureaus, weighing and inspection bureaus, collection agencies, and other associations, bureaus, agencies, or organizations controlled and maintained wholly or principally by two or more employers as hereinbefore defined and engaged in the performance of services in connection with or incidental to railroad transportation; and railway labor organizations, national in scope, which have been or may be organized in accordance with the provisions of the Railway Labor Act, and their State and National legislative committees and their general committees and their insurance departments and their local lodges and divisions, established pursuant to the constitution and bylaws of such organizations.

(b) The term “carrier” means an express company, sleeping-car company, or carrier by railroad, subject to part 1 of the Interstate Commerce Act.

(c) The term "company” includes corporations, associations, and joint-stock companies.

(d) The term "employee" (except when used in phrases establishing a different meaning) means any individual who is or has been (i) in the service of one or more employers for compensation, or (ii) an employee representative. The term "employee" shall include an employee of a local lodge or division defined as an employer in section 1 (a) only if he was in the service of a carrier on or after August 29, 1935. The term "employee" includes an officer of an employer.

Ân individual is in the service of an employer whether his service is rendered within or without the United States if he is subject to the continuing authority of the employer to supervise and direct the manner of rendition of his service, which service he renders for compensation: Provided, however, That an individual shall be deemed to be in the service of an employer not conducting the principal part of its business in the United States only when he is rendering service to it in the United States.

(e) The term "employee representative” means any officer or official representative of a railway labor organization other than a labor organization included in the term employer as defined in section 1 (a) who before or after August 29, 1935, was in the service of an employer as defined in section 1 (a) and who is duly authorized and designated to represent employees in accordance with the Railway Labor Act, and any individual who is regularly assigned to or regularly employed by such officer or official representative in connection with the duties of his office.

(f) The term "part-time worker" means any employee whose contract of hire (i) provides for regular employment for less than the normal number of hours per day, or less than the normal number of days per month, or both, prevailing for the class of service which he renders to one or more employers, and (ii) does not provide that he shall be continuously subject to call for service for the normal number of hours per day and the normal number of days per month prevailing for the class of service which he renders.

(g) The term "employment” means service performed as an employee.

(h) The term "half-month” means a period of any fifteen consecutive days; but, with respect to any individual no day shall be included in more than one half-month.

(i) The term “compensation" means any form of money, remuneration, including pay for time lost but excluding tips, payable for services rendered as an employee to one or more employers, or as an employee representative: Provided, however, That in computing the compensation payable to any employee with respect to any calendar month, no part of any compensation in excess of $300 shall be recognized

(i) The term "remuneration" means pay for services for hire, including pay for time lost, and tips, but pay for time lost shall be

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