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(b) No person (as defined in the Carriers Taxing Act of 1987) shall be entitled, by reason of the provisions of this Act, to a refund of, or relief from liability for, any income or excise taxes paid or accrued, pursuant to the provisions of the Carriers Taxing Act of 1937 or subchapter B of chapter 9 of the Internal Revenue Code, prior to the date of the enactment of this Act by reason of employ. ment in the service of any carrier by railroad subject to part I of the Interstate Commerce Act, but any individual who has been employed in such service of any carrier by railroad subject to part I of the Interstate Commerce Act as is excluded by the amendments made by this Act from coverage under the Carriers Taxing Act of 1937 and subchapter B of chapter 9 of the Internal Revenue Code, and who has paid income taxes under the provisions of such Act or subchapter, and any carrier by railroad subject to part I of the Interstate Commerce Act which has paid excise taxes under the provisions of the Carriers Taxing Act of 1937 or subchapter B of chapter 9 of the Internal Revenue Code, may, upon making proper application therefor to the Bureau of Internal Revenue, have the amount of taxes so paid applied in reduction of such tax liability with respect to employment, as may, by reason of the amendments made by this Act, accrue against them under the provisions of title VIII of the Social Security Act or the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (subchapter A of chapter 9 of the Internal Revenue Code).

(c) Nothing contained in this Act shall operate (1) to affect any annuity, pension, or death benefit granted under the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935 or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, prior to the date of enactment of this Act, or (2) to include any of the services on the basis of which any such annuity or pension was granted, as employment within the meaning of section 210 (b) of the Social Security Act or section 209 (b) of such Act, as amended. In any case in which a death benefit alone has been granted, the amount of such death benefit attributable to services, coverage of which is affected by this Act, shall be deemed to have been paid to the deceased under section 204 of the Social Security Act in effect prior to January 1, 1940, and deductions shall be made from any insurance benefit or benefits payable under the Social Security Act, as amended, with respect to wages paid to an individual for such services until such deductions total the amount of such death benefit attributable to such services.

(d) Nothing contained in this Act shall operate to affect the benefit rights of any individual under the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act for any day of unemployment (as defined in section 1 (k) of such Act) occurring prior to the date of enactment of this Act.

SEO. 5. Any application for payment filed with the Railroad Retirement Board prior to, or within sixty days after, the enactment of this Act shall, under such regulations as the Social Security Board may prescribe, be deemed to be an application filed with the Social Security Board by such individual or by any person claiming any payment with respect to the wages of such individual, under any provision of section 202 of the Social Security Act, as amended.

Sec. 6. Nothing contained in this Act, nor the action of Congress in adopting it, shall be taken or considered as affecting the question

of what carriers, companies, or individuals, other than those in this Act specifically provided for, are included in or excluded from the provisions of the various laws to which this Act is an amendment.

SEC. 7. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1605 (b) of the Internal Revenue Code, no interest shall, during the period February 1, 1940, to the eighty-ninth day after the date of anactment of this Act, inclusive, accrue by reason of delinquency in the payment of the tax imposed by section 1600 with respect to services affected by this Act performed during the period July 1, 1939, to December 31, 1939, inclusive, with respect to which services amounts have been paid as contributions under the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act prior to the date of enactment of this Act.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1601 (a) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code, the credit allowable under section 1601 (a) against the tax imposed by section 1600 for the calendar year 1939 shall not be disallowed or reduced by reason of the payment into a State unemployment fund after January 31, 1940, of contributions with respect to services affected by this Act performed during the period July 1, 1939, to December 31, 1939, inclusive, with respect to which services amounts have been paid as contributions under the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act prior to the date of enactment of this Act: Provided, That this subsection shall be applicable only if the contributions with respect to such services are paid into the State unemployment fund before the ninetieth day after the date of enactment of this Acte

Approved, August 13, 1940.

. (Extract from).
[PUBLIC--No. 801—76TH CONGRESS)
[CHAPTER 757—30 SESSION]

(H. R. 10413]

AN ACT To provide revenue, and for other purposes. Part II—Crediting Military Service for Annuity Purposes

Under the Railroad Retirement Acts SEC. 625. The Act entitled "An Act to amend an Act entitled 'An Act to establish a retirement system for employees of carriers subject to the Interstate Commerce Act, and for other purposes', approved August 29, 1935," approved June 24, 1937 (50 Stat. 307), is hereby amended by inserting after section 3 the following new section:

“MILITARY SERVICE

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“SEC. 3A. (a) For the purposes of determining eligibility for an annuity and computing an annuity, including a minimum annuity, there shall also be included in an individual's years of service, within the limitations hereinafter provided in this section, voluntary or involuntary military service of an individual prior to January 1, 1937, within or without the United States during any war service period: Provided, however, That such military service shall be included only subject to and in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of section 3, in the same manner as though military service were service rendered as an employee: Provided further, That an individual who entered military service prior to a war service period shall not be regarded as having been in military service in a war service period with respect to any part of the period for which he entered such military service.

“(b) For the purpose of this section and section 202, as amended, an individual shall be deemed to have been in 'military service' when commissioned or enrolled in the active service of the land or naval forces of the United States and until resignation or discharge therefrom; and the service of any individual in any reserve component of the land or naval forces of the United States who was ordered to

(38)

active duty in any such force for a period of thirty days or less shall be deemed to have been active service in such force during such period.

“(c) For the purpose of this section and section 202, as amended, a 'war service period' shall mean (1) any war period, or (2) with respect to any particular individual, any period during which such individual (i) having been in military service at the end of a war period, was required to continue in military service, or (ii) was required by any Act of Congress, any regulaton promulgated, order issued, or proclamation made, in pursuance of such Act, to enter and continue in military service.

“(d) For the purpose of this section and section 202, as amended, a 'war period' shall be deemed to have begun on whichever of the following dates is the earliest: (1) the date on which the Congress of the United States declared war; or (2) the date as of which the Congress of the United States declared that a state of war has existed; or (3) the date on which war was declared by one or more foreign states against the United States; or (4) the date on which any part of the United States or any territory under its jurisdiction was invaded or attacked by any armed force of one or more foreign states; or (5) the date on which the United States engaged in armed hostilities for the purpose of preserving the Union or of maintaining in any State of the Union a republican form of government.

“(e) For the purpose of this section and section 202, as amended, a 'war period' shall be deemed to have ended on the date on which hostilities ceased.

“(f) Military service shall not be included in the years of service of an individual unless, in the calendar year in which his military service in a war service period began, or in the calendar year next preceding such calendar year, he rendered service for compensation to an employer, or to a person service to which is otherwise creditable under this Act, or lost time as an employee for which he received remuneration, or was serving as an employee representative.

(g) A calendar month in which an individual was in military serv. ice which may be included in the individual's years of service or service period, as the case may be, shall be counted as a month of service: Provided, however, That no calendar month shall be counted as more than one month of service.

“(h) In determining the monthly compensation for computing an annuity, military service and any remuneration therefor shall be disregarded.

“(i) In the event military service is or has been used as the basis or as a partial basis for a pension, disability compensation, or any other gratuitous benefits payable on a periodic basis under any other Act of Congress, any annuity under this Act or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935, which is based in part on such military service and is with respect to a calendar month for all or part of which such pension or

other benefit is also payable, shall be reduced with respect to that month by the proportion which the number of years of service by which such military service increases the years of service, or the servico period, as the case may be, bears to the total years of service, or by the aggregate amount of such pension or other benefit with respect to that month, whichever would result in the smaller reduction.

“(j) Any department or agency of the United States maintaining records of military service, at the request of the Board, shall certify to the Board, with respect to any individual, the number of months of military service which such department or agency finds the individual to have had during any period or periods with respect to which the Board's request is made, the date and manner of entry into such military service, and the conditions under which such service was continued. Any department or agency of the United States which is authorized to make awards of pensions, disability compensation, or any other gratuitous benefits or allowances payable, on a periodic basis or otherwise, under any other Act of Congress on the basis of military service, at the request of the Board, shall certify to the Board, with respect to any individual, the calendar months for all or part of which any such pension, compensation, benefit, or allowance is payable to, or with respect to, the individual, the amounts of any such pension, compensation, benefit, or allowance, and the military service on which such pension, compensation, benefit, or allowance is based. Any certification made pursuant to the provisions of this subsection shall be conclusive on the Board: Provided, That if evidence inconsistent with any such certification is submitted, and the claim is in the course of adjudication or is otherwise open for such evidence, the Board shall refer such evidence to the department or agency which made the original certification and such department or agency shall make such recertification as in its judgment the evidence warrants. Such recertification, and any subsequent recertification, shall be conclusive, made in the same manner, and subject to the same conditions as an original certification.

“(k) In the event that an individual was, on or before the date of enactment of the Second Revenue Act of 1940, denied an annuity but could have been granted an annuity under the provisions of this Act or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935 had military service been included in his years of service or service period, as the case may be, no annuity shall be payable with respect to such individual, or with respect to his death, by reason of the provisions of this section, unless such individual files a new application with the Board. In determining the earliest date upon which an annuity can begin to accrue for such an individual in accordance with the provisions of section 2, the filing date of the application shall be the date on which such new application is filed.

“(1) An individual who, on or before the date of enactment of the Second Revenue Act of 1940, was awarded an annuity under the provisions of this Act or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1935, but whose annuity would have been increased if his military service had been included in his years of service or service period, as the case may be, may, notwithstanding the previous award of an annuity, make application (in such manner and form as may be prescribed by the Board) for an increase in such annuity based on his military

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