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88 STAT. 1334 in clause (B) or (C) of such paragraph (iii), (D) the last day of the month preceding (i) the month during no part of which he or she is a full-time student or (ii) the month in which he or she attains age 22, and does not meet the qualifications set forth in clause (A) or (C) of such paragraph (iii), or (E) the last day of the second month following the month in which he or she ceases to be disabled for purposes of such paragraph (iii) and does not meet the qualifications set forth in clause (A) or (B) of such paragraph (iii), whichever first occurs. A child whose entitlement to an annuity under paragraph (iii) of section 2(d)(1) terminated by reason of clause (E) of this subdivision because he or she ceased to be disabled and who again becomes disabled as provided in clause (C) of such paragraph (iii), may become reentitled to an annuity on the basis of such disability upon his or her application for such reentitlement. A child whose entitlement to an annuity under paragraph (iii) of section 2(d) (1) terminated with the month preceding the month in which he or she attained age 18, or with a subsequent month, may again become entitled to such an annuity (providing no event to disqualify the child has occurred) beginning with the first month thereafter in which he or she meets the qualifications set forth in clause (B) or (C) of such paragraph (iii), if he or she has filed an application for such reentitlement.

“(8) The entitleinent of a parent of a deceased employee to an annuity under paragraph (iv) of section 2(d) (1) shall end on the : last day of the month preceding the month in which (A) such parent

dies or (B) such parent remarries after the employee's death, whichever first occurs.

"LUMP-SUM PAYMENTS E “Sec. 6. (a) (1) Annuities under section 2(a) (1) and supplemental 45 USC 231e. " annuities under section 2(b) which will have become due an individ

ual but will not have been paid at the time of such individual's death shall be payable to the person, if any, who is determined by the Board to be such individual's widow or widower and to have been living with such individual at the time of such individual's death and who will not have died before receiving payment of such annuities. If there be no such widow or widower, such annuities shall be payable to any person or persons, equitably entitled thereto, to the extent and in the proportions that he or they shall have paid the expenses of burial of such individual, and to the extent that he or they will not have been reimbursed under subsection (b) of this section for having paid such expenses. If there be no person or persons so entitled, or if the total of such annuities exceeds the amount payable under this subdivision to such person or persons, such total, or the remainder thereof, as the case may be, shall be paid to the children, grandchildren, parents, or brothers and sisters of the deceased individual in the same manner as if such annui. ties were a lump sum payable under subsection (c)(1) of this section.

“(2) Annuities under section 2(d) which will have become due a survivor of an employee but will not have been paid at the time of such survivor's death shall be payable to the person, if any, who is determined by the Board to be such employee's widow or widower and to have been living with such employee at the time of the employee's death and who will not have died before receiving payment of such annuities. If there be no such widow or widower, such annuities shall be payable to the children, grandchildren, parents, or brothers and sisters of the deceased employee in the same manner as if such unpaid annuities were a lump sum payable under subsection (c)(1) of this section.

(3) Annuities under section 2(c) which will have become due a spouse of an individual but which will not have been paid at the time

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of such spouse's death shall be payable to the individual from whose employment such annuities derived and who will not have died before receiving payment of such annuities. If there be no such individual, such annuities shall be paid as provided in the last two sentences of subdivision (1) of this subsection as if such annuities were annuities due to an individual but unpaid at the time of such individual's death.

“(4) Applications for accrued and unpaid annuities provided for in the preceding subdivisions of this subsection shall be filed prior to the expiration of two years after the death of the person to whom such annuities were originally due.

“(5) If there is no person to whom all or any part of the payments described in subdivision (1), (2), or (3) can be made, such payment or part thereof shall escheat to the credit of the Railroad Retirement Account.

“(6) For the purposes of this subsection and subsection (c) of this section, a widow or widower of an individual shall be deemed to have been living with the individual at the time of the individual's death if the applicable conditions set forth ir section 216(h) (2) or (3) of the Social Security Act, as in effect before 1957, are fulfilled.

(7) In determining for purposes of this subsection and subsections (c) and (d) of this section whether an applicant is the widow, widower, child, or parent of an employee as claimed, the rules set forth in section 216(h) of the Social Security Act shall be applied. In determining for purposes of this subsection and subsections (c) and (d) of this section whether an applicant is the grandchild, brother, or sister of an employee as claimed, the Board shall apply such law as would be applied in determining the devolution of intestate personal property by the courts of the State in which such employee was domiciled at the time of his death, or if such employee was not so domiciled in any State, by the courts of the District of Columbia. Applicants who according to such law would have the same status relative to taking personal property as a grandchild, brother, or sister shall be deemed such.

“(b) (1) Upon the death of an individual who will have completed ten years of service prior to January 1, 1975, and will have had a current connection with the railroad industry at the time of his death, a lump-sum payment shall be made in accordance with the provisions of section 5 (f) (1) of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 as in effect on December 31, 1974, in an amount, if any, which would have been payable under such section 5(f) (1) on the basis of (A) the individual's compensation after December 31, 1936, and prior to January 1, 1975, and (B) the individual's wages (as defined in section 209 of the Social Security Act) prior to January 1, 1975. Any lump sum payable under this subdivision shall be in an amount computed as if the individual had died on January 1, 1975.

"(2) Upon the death of an individual who will not have completed ten years of service prior to January 1, 1975, but who (i) will have completed ten years of service at the time of his death, (ii) will have had a current connection with the railroad industry at the time of his death, and (iii) will have died leaving no widow, widower, child, or parent who would on proper application therefor be entitled to receive an annuity under section 2(d) of this Act for the month in which such death occurred, a lump-sum death payment shall be made in accordance with the provisions of section 202(i) of the Social Security Act in an amount equal to the amount which would have been payable under such section 202(i) if such individual's service as an employee after December 31, 1936, were included in the term 'employment as defined in that Act. If a lump sum would be payable to a widow or widower under this subdivision except for the fact that a survivor will have been entitled to receive an annuity for the month

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88 STAT. 1336

in which the individual will have died, but within one year after the individual's death there will not have accrued to survivors of the individual, by reason of his death, annuities which, after all deductions pursuant to sections 2(g) and 2(h) of this Act, are equal to Ante, p. 1312 such lump sum, a payment equal to the amount by which such lump sum exceeds such annuities so accrued after such deductions shall then nevertheless be made under this subdivision to the widow or widower to whom a lump sum would have been payable under this subdivision except for the fact that a monthly benefit under section 2(d) of this Act was payable for the month in which the individual died, if such widow or widower will not have died before receiving payment of such lump sum.

"(c)(1) Whenever it shall appear, with respect to the death of an employee, that no benefits, or no further benefits (other than benefits payable to a widow, widower, or parent under either this Act or the Social Security Act upon attaining the age of eligibility therefor 42 USC 1305. at a future date) will be payable under this Act or under the Social Security Act, a lump sum in an amount computed under subdivision (2) of this subsection shall be paid to such person or persons as the deceased employee may have designated by a writing filed with the Board prior to his or her death, or if there be no designation, to the following person (or, if more than one, in equal shares to the persons) whose relationship to the deceased employee will have been determined by the Board and who will not have died before receiving payment of the lump sum provided for in this subdivision

“(i) the widow or widower of the deceased employee who was living with such employee at the time of such employee's death; or

"(ii) if there be no such widow or widower, to any child or children of such employee; or

“(iii) if there be no such widow, widower, or child, to any grandchild or grandchildren of such employee; or

"(iv) if there be no such widow, widower, child, or grandchild, to any parent or parents of such employee; or

“(v) if there be no such widow, widower, child, grandchild, or parent, to any brother or sister of such employee; or

"(vi) if there be no such widow, widower, child, grandchild, parent, brother, or sister, to the estate of such employee: Provided, however, That if the employee is survived by a widow, widower, or parent who may upon attaining the age of eligibility be entitled to benefits under this Act or under the Social Security Act, such lump sum shall not be paid unless such widow, widower, or parent makes and files with the Board an irrevocable election, in such form as the Board may prescribe, to have such lump sum be paid in lieu of all benefits to which such' widow, widower, or parent might otherwise become entitled under this Act on the basis of the deceased employee's compensation and years of service or under the Social Security Act on the basis of the deceased employee's wages from (A) employment with an employer as defined in section 1(a) of this Act or (B) service as an employee representative as defined in section 1(c) of this Act. Any election made and filed by a widow, widower, or parent pursuant to this subdivision shall be legally effective according

to its terms.

“(2) The lump sum provided under subdivision (1) of this subsection shall be in an amount equal to (A) the sum of 4 per centum of the deceased employee's compensation paid after December 31, 1936, and prior to January 1, 1947, plus 7 per centum of such employee's compensation paid after December 31, 1946, and before January 1,

1959, plus 716 per centum of such employee's compensation paid after - December 31, 1958, and before January 1, 1962, plus 8 per centum of

88 STAT. 1337

such employee's compensation paid after December 31, 1961, and before January 1, 1966, plus an amount equal to the total of all employee taxes payable by such employee after December 31, 1965,

and before January 1, 1975, under the provisions of section 3201 of 26 USC 3201. the Railroad Retirement Tax Act (excluding, for this purpose, the

amount of the employee tax attributable to that portion of the tax rate 26 USC 3101. derived from section 3101 (b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954),

plus one-half of 1 per centum of the compensation on which such taxes were payable, deeming the compensation attributable to creditable military service after June 30, 1963, and before January 1, 1975, to

be taxable compensation, and one-half of the taxes payable by an 26 USC 3211. employee representative under section 3211 of the Railroad Retirement

Tax Act to be employee taxes under section 3201 of such Act, minus (B) the sum of all benefits paid to such employee, and to others deriving from such employee, during his or her life, or to others by rea

son of his or her death, under this Act, the Railroad Retirement Act 45 USC 228a. of 1937, or the Social Security Act (excluding, for this purpose, payPost, p. 1338. ments to providers of services under section 7(d) of this Act or section 45 USC 22892. 21 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, any amounts by which

that portion of the annuities provided the employee under section 3(a) Ante, pp. 1319, of this Act or his spouse under section 4(a) of this Act were increased 1327.

by reason of the employee's wages and self-employment income

derived from employment and self-employment under the Social Secu42 USC 1305. rity Act, that portion of the annuities provided the employee under

section 3(h) of this Act or his spouse under section 4(e) of this Act,
and so much of the benefits paid to the employee and to others deriv-
ing from him or her under the Social Security Act during his or her
lifetime as would have been payable under that Act if such employee
had not rendered service as an employee as defined in section 1(b) of
this Act). In computing compensation for purposes of this subdivision
there shall be excluded compensation in excess of $300 for any month
before July 1, 1954; compensation in excess of $350 for any month
after June 30, 1954, and before June 1, 1959; compensation in excess
of $400 for any month after May 31, 1959, and before November 1,
1963; compensation in excess of $450 for any month after October 31,
1963, and before October 1, 1965; and compensation in excess of (i)
$450 or (ii) an amount equal to one-twelfth of the current maximum

annual taxable 'wages' as defined in section 3121 of the Internal Reve26 USC 3121. nue Code of 1954, whichever is greater, for any month after Septem

ber 30, 1965.

“(d)(1) Every individual who will have completed ten years of service at the time of his retirement or death, but does not meet the qualifications for an annuity amount determined under the provisions of section 3(h) (1) or 3(h) (2) of this Act, shall, at the time his annuity under section 2(a) (1) begins to accrue, be entitled to a lump sum in the amount provided under subdivision (2) of this subsection. If an individual otherwise eligible for a lump sum under this section

dies before he becomes entitled to an annuity under section 2(a) (1) of Ante, p. 1312. this Act, or before he receives payment of such lump sum, such lump

sum shall be payable to the person, if any, who is determined by the Board to be such individual's widow or widower and who will not have died before receiving payment of such lump sum. If there be no such widow or widower, such lump sum shall be payable to the children, grandchildren, parents, brothers and sisters, or the estate of the deceased individual in the same manner as if such lump sum were a lump sum payable under subsection (c)(1) of this section.

“(2) The lump sum provided under subdivision (1) of this subsection shall be in an amount equal to the sum of (A) 1.5 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for any calendar 88 STAT. 1338 year after 1950 and before 1954 as is in excess of $3,600, plus (B) 2 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for any calendar year after 1953 and before 1957 as is in excess of $4,200, plus (C) 2.25 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for any calendar year after 1956 and before 1959 as is in excess of $4,200, plus (D) 2.5 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for the calendar year 1939 as is in excess of $4,800, plus (E) 3 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for each of the calendar years 1960 and 1961 as is in excess of $4,800, plus (F) 3.125 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for the calendar year 1962 as is in excess of $4,800, plus (G) 3.625 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for any calendar year after 1962 and before 1966 as is in excess of $5,400, plus (H) 4.2 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for the calendar year 1966 as is in excess of $6,600, plus (I) 4.4 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for the calendar year 1967 as is in excess of $6,600, plus (J) 3.8 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for the calendar year 1968 as is in excess of $7,800, plus (K) 1.2 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for each of the calendar years 1969 and 1970 as is in excess of $7,800, plus (L) 4.6 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for the calendar year 1971 as is in excess of $7,800, plus (M) 4.6 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for the

calendar year 1972 as is in excess of $9,000, plus (N) 4.85 per centum I of so much of such individual's combined earnings for the calendar

year 1973 as is in excess of $10,800, plus (0) 4.95 per centum of so much of such individual's combined earnings for the calendar year 1974 as is in excess of $13,200. For purposes of this subsection, the term 'combined earnings shall include compensation' as defined in

section 1(h) of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, 'wages' as defined 45 USC 228a. i in section 209 of the Social Security Act, and 'self-employment' 42 USC 409, income as defined in section 211(b) of the Social Security Act.

42 USC 411.

"POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE BOARD “Sec. 7. (a) This Act shall be administered by the Railroad Retire- 45 USC 231f. ment Board established by the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 as an independent agency in the executive branch of the Government and composed of three members appointed by the President, by and with Membership the advice and consent of the Senate. Each member shall hold. office Term of office, for a term of five years, except that any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of the term and any member holding office pursuant to appointment under the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 when this Act becomes effective shall hold office until the term for which he was appointed under such Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 expires. One member shall be appointed from recommendations made by representatives of the employees and one member shall be appointed from recommendations made by representatives of employers as defined in paragraph (i) of section 1(a)(1) of this Act, in both cases as the President Ante, p. 1305. shall direct, so as to provide representation on the Board satisfactory to the largest number, respectively, of employees and employers concerned. One member, who shall be the chairman of the Board, shall be appointed without recommendation by either employers or employees and shall not be in the employment of or be pecuniarily or otherwise interested in any employer or organization of employees. Vacancies Vacancies, in the Board shall not impair the powers or affect the duties of the

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