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88 STAT. 1329

shall be reduced until the sum of the amounts specified in clauses (A)
and (B) of this subsection equals the amount determined under clauses
(A) and (B) of section 3(f) (1) or until such amount under subsection
(b) is reduced to zero, whichever occurs first. If, after such amount
under subsection (b) is reduced to zero, the sum of the remaining
amounts specified in clauses (A) and (B) of this subsection still
exceeds the amount determined under clauses (A) and (B) of section
3(f) (1), the supplemental annuity of the individual first, and then,
if necessary, the annuity amount of the individual computed under
subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 3 as of the date on which
the individual's annuity under section 2(a) (1) began to accrue, shall
be reduced until the amounts specified in clauses (A) and (B) of this
subsection equals the amount determined under clauses (A) and (B)
of section 3(f) (1) or until such supplemental annuity and such
annuity amount are reduced to zero, whichever occurs first. Notwith-
standing the preceding provisions of this subsection, the provisions
of this subsection shall not operate to reduce the total of the amounts
specified in clauses (A) and (B) of this subsection below $1,200.

"(d) That portion of the annuity of the spouse of an individual
as is determined under subsections (b) and (c) of this section shall
be increased by the same percentage, or percentages, as the individual's
annuity is, or has been, increased pursuant to the provisions of section
3(g) of this Act.

*(e) (1) The amount of the annuity of the spouse of an individual determined under subsections (a) and (b) of this section, if (A) such individual will have (i) rendered service as an employee to an employer, or as an employee representative, during the calendar year 1974, or (ii) had a current connection with the railroad industry on December 31, 1974, or at the time his annuity under section 2(a) (1) of this Act began to accrue, or (iii) completed twenty-five years of service prior to January 1, 1975, and (B) such individual will have completeu ten years of service prior to January 1, 1975, and such spouse will have been permanently insured under the Social Security Act on December 31, 1974, shall be increased by an amount equal to the smaller of (C) the primary insurance amount to which such spouse would have been entitled, upon attaining age 65, under the provisions of the Social Security Act as in effect on December 31, 1974, on the basis of her or his wages and self-employment income derived from employment and self-employment under that Act prior to January 1, 1975, or (D) the wife's or husband's insurance benefit to which such spouse would have been entitled, upon attaining age 65, under the provisions of the Social Security Act as in effect on December 31, 1974, if such individual's service as an employee after December 31, 1936, and prior to January 1, 1975, were included in the term 'employment' as defined in that Act, if such individual had no wages or self-employment income under the Act other than wages derived from such service as an employee, and if such spouse were entitled to no other benefit under that Act: Provided, however, That the increase under the provisions of this subdivision shall not be less than 50 per centum of the portion of the annuity, if any, of such individual determined under the provi. sions of section 3(h) (1) of this Act prior to any increases under the provisions of section 3(h) (5) of this Act.

“(2) The amount of the annuity of the spouse of an individual determined under subsections (a) and (b) of this section, if (A) such individual will not have met the conditions set forth in subclause (i), (ii), or (iii) of clause (A) of subdivision (1) of this subsection, but (B) such individual will have completed ten years of service prior to January 1, 1975, and such spouse will have been permanently insured under the Social Security Act as of December 31 of the calendar

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88 STAT.1330 year prior to 1975 in which such individual last rendered service as an

employee, shall be increased by an amount equal to the smaller of 3 (C) the primary insurance amount to which such spouse would have

been entitled, upon attaining age 65, under the provisions of the Social È Security Act as in effect on December 31, 1974, on the basis of his 42 USC 1305.

or her wages and self-employment income derived from employment E and self-employment under that Act as of December 31 of the calenE dar year prior to 1975 in which such individual last rendered service

as an employee or (D) the wife's or husband's insurance benefit to I which such spouse would have been entitled, upon attaining age 65,

under the provisions of the Social Security Act as in effect on Decem-
ber 31, 1974, if such individual's service as an employee after Decem-
ber 31, 1936, and prior to January 1, 1975, were included in the term
'employment' as defined in that Act, if such individual had no wages
or self-employment income under that Act other than wages derived
from such service as an employee, and if such spouse were entitled to
no other benefit under that Act: Provided, however, That the increase

under the provisions of this subdivision shall not be less than 50 per di centum of the portion of the annuity, if any, of such individual deterEmined under the provisions of section 3(h) (2) of this Act prior to any

increases under the provisions of section 3(h) (5) of this Act.

(3) The amount of the annuity of the spouse of an individual determined under subsections (a) and (b) of this section, if (A) such individual is entitled to an amount determined under the provisions of section 3(h)(1) or 3(h) (2) of this Act and (B) such spouse is not entitled to an amount determined under the provisions of subdivision

(1) or (2) of this subsection, shall be increased by an amount equal Fi to 50 per centum of the portion of the annuity of such individual deter

mined under the provisions of section 3(h) (1) 0) 3(h) (2) of this Act prior to any increases under the provisions of section 3 (h) (5) of this Act.

“(4) The amount determined under the provisions of subdivision (1), (2), or (3) of this subsection shall be increased by the same percentage or percentages, as wife's and husband's insurance benefits under section 202 of the Social Security Act are increased, or would 42 USC 402. have been increased had there been no general benefit increases under the Social Security Act, pursuant to the automatic cost-of-living provisions of section 215(i) of that Act, during the period from January 42 USC 415. 1, 1975, to the date on which the individual's annuity under section 2(a) (1) of this Act began to accrue.

“(f) (1) The annuity of a survivor of a deceased employee under section 2(d) of this Act shall be in an amount equal to the amount (before any deductions on account of work) of the widow's insurance benefit, widower's insurance benefit, mother's insurance benefit, parent's insurance benefit, or child's insurance benefit, whichever is appli. cable, to which he or she would have been entitled under the Social Security Act if such deceased employee's service as an employee after December 31, 1936, had been included in the term 'employment as defined in that Act. “(2) For purposes of this subsection

Survivor, bene. “(i) à widow or widower or a parent who is entitled to an fits, annuity based on age under section 2(d) (1) of this Act and who has not attained age 62 shall be deemed to be age 62: Provided, however, That the provisions of this paragraph shall not apply in the case of a widow or widower who was entitled to an annuity under section 2(d) (1) on the basis of disability for the month before the month in which he or she attained age 60, and

“(ii) a widow or widower or a child who is entitled to an annuity under section 2(d)(1) of this Act on the basis of disability shall be deemed to be entitled to a widow's insurance

36-627 0 - 79 - 18

88 STAT. 1331

42 USC 1305.

Ante, po 1312.

benefit, a widower's insurance benefit, or a child's insurance benefit

under the Social Security Act on the basis of disability. “(g) The annuity of a survivor of a deceased employee determined under subsection (f) of this section shall, with respect to any month, be increased by an amount equal to 30 per centum of the amount of the annuity (before any deductions on account of work) to which such survivor is entitled for such month under the provisions of subsection (f) of this section, or to which such survivor would have been entitled for such month under such subsection if such survivor were entitled to no other monthly benefit under section 2 of this Act or under the Social Security Act: Provided, however, That, if a widow or widower of a deceased employee is not entitled to an annuity under section 2 (a) (1) of this Act or to an old-age insurance benefit or a disability insurance benefit under the Social Security Act, the amount of the annuity to which such widow or widower is entitled under this subsection shall not be less than an amount which would cause the total of the annuity amounts to which such widow or widower is entitled (before any deductions on account of work) under this subsection and subsection (f) of this section to equal the total of the annuity amounts to which such widow or widower was entitled (or would have been entitled except for the provisions of sections 2 (e) and 2(f) of this Act) as a spouse under subsections (a) and (b) of this section (after any reduction on account of age) in the month preceding the employee's death: Provided further, That, if a widow or widower of a deceased employee is entitled to an annuity under section 2 (a) (1) of this Act or to an oldage insurance benefit or a disability insurance benefit under the Social Security Act, the amount of the annuity to which such widow or widower is entitled under this subsection shall not be less than an amount which would caus. (A) the total of the annuity amounts to which such widow or wido' er is entitled (after any reductions pursuant to section 202(k) or 202(q) of the Social Security Act or subsection (i) (2) of this section but before any deductions on account of work) under this subsection and subsection (f) of this section to equal (B) (i) the total of the annuity amounts, if any, to which such widow or widower was entitled (or would have been entitled except for the provisions of sections 2(e) and 2(f) of this Act) as a spouse under subsections (a) and (b) of this section (after any reduction on account of age) in the month preceding the employee's death less (ii), if such widow or widower is entitled to an old-age insurance benefit or a disability insurance benefit under the Social Security Act but was not entitled to such a benefit in the month preceding the employee's death, the amount by which the annuity amount payable under subsection (a) of this section to such widow or widower as a spouse in the month preceding the employee's death would have been reduced by reason of section 202 (k) or 202 (q) of the Social Security Act if such widow or widower had been entitled to an old-age insurance benefit or a disability insurance benefit under the Social Security Act in the month preceding the employee's death in an amount equal to the amount of such benefit at the time such benefit first began to accrue to such widow or widower.

"(h) (1) The amount of the annuity of the widow or widower of a deceased employee determined under subsections (f) and (g) of this section, if such deceased employee will have completed ten years of service prior to January 1, 1975, and such widow or widower will have been permanently insured under the Social Security Act on December 31, 1974, shall be increased by an amount equal to the amount, if any, by which (A) the sum of (i) the widow's or widower's insurance annuity to which such widow or widower would have been entitled, upon attaining age 65, under section 5(a) of the Railroad Retirement

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88 STAT, 1332 Act of 1937 as in effect on December 31, 1974 (without regard to the 45 USC 228e, proviso of that section or the first proviso of section 3(e) of that Act), 45 USC 2280. on the basis of the deceased employee's remuneration and service prior to January 1, 1975, and (ii) the primary insurance amount to which such widow or widower would have been entitled, upon attaining age 65, under the provisions of the Social Security Act as in effect on December 31, 1974, on the basis of her or his wages and self-employment income derived from employment and self-employment under that Act prior to January 1, 1975, exceeds (B) 130 per centum of the amount of the widow's or widower's insurance benefit to which such widow or widower would have been entitled, upon attaining age 65, under the provisions of the Social Security Act as in effect on December 31, 1974, on the basis of the deceased employee's wages and selfemployment income derived from employment and self-employment under that Act prior to January 1, 1975, and on the basis of compensation derived from service as an employee after December 31, 1936, and before January 1, 1975, if the deceased employees' service as an employee after December 31, 1936, and before January 1, 1975, had been included in such employment and if such widow or widower were entitled to no other monthly benefit under section 2 of this Act or under Ante, p. 1312. the Social Security Act.

“(2) The amount determined under the provisions of subdivision (1) of this subsection shall be increased by the same percentage, or percentages, as widow's and widower's insurance benefits under section 202 of the Social Security Act are increased, or would have been 42 USC 402. increased had there been no general benefit increase under the Social Security Act, pursuant to the automatic cost-of-living provisions of section 215(i) of that Act, during the period from January 1, 1975, to 42 USC 415. the earlier of the date of the deceased employee's death or the date on which the deceased employee's annuity under section 2(a) (1) of this Act began to accrue.

“(i) (1) The annuity of any spouse under subsection (a) of this section for any month shall be reduced, but not below zero, by the amount of any wife's or husband's insurance benefit payable to such spouse for that month under title II of the Social Security Act.

42 USC 401. “(2) If a spouse entitled to an annuity under section 2(c) of this Act or a survivor entitled to an annuity under section 2(d) of this Act for any month is also entitled to an annuity under section 2(a) (1) of this Act for such month, the annuity amount of such spouse determined under subsection (a) of this section or of such survivor under subsection (f) of this section shall, after any reduction pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection, be reduced by the amount of the annuity of such spouse or such survivor determined under section 3(a) of this Act.

“ANNUITY BEGINNING AND ENDING DATES “Sec. 5. (a) An annuity under section 2 of this Act shall begin with 45 USC 231d, the month in which eligibility therefor was otherwise acquired, but

“(i) not earlier than the date specified in the application therefor;

"(ii) not earlier than the first day of the twelfth month before the month in which the application therefor was filed; and

“(iii) in the case of an applicant otherwise eligible for an annuity under section 2(a) (1) or 2(c) not earlier than the date

following the last day of compensated service of the applicant. “(b) An application for any payment under this Act shall be made and filed in such manner and form as the Board may prescribe. An application filed with the Board for an annuity under this Act shall, unless the applicant specifies otherwise, be deemed to be an application

88 STAT. 1333

42 USC 1305, Ante, p. 1312,

for any benefit to which such applicant may be entitled under this Act or the Social Security Act. An individual who was entitled to an annuity under paragraph (iv) or (v) of section 2(a) (1) of this Act for the month preceding the month in which he attained the age of 65, shall be deemed to have filed an application for an annuity under paragraph (i) of section 2(a) (1) on the date on which he attained age 65, and a widow or widower who was entitled to an annuity under section 2(d) (1) of this Act on the basis of disability for the month preceding the month in which she or he attained age 60, shall be deemed to have filed an application for an annuity under such section 2(d) (1) on the basis of age on the date on which she or he attained age 60.

"(c) (1) An individual's entitlement to an annuity under paragraph (i), (ii), or (iii) of section 2(a) (1) or to a supplemental annuity under section 2(b) shall end with the month preceding the month in which he dies.

“(2) An individual's entitlement to an annuity under paragraph (iv) or (v) of section 2(a)(1) shall end on (A) the last day of the second month following the month in which he ceases to be disabled as provided for purposes of such paragraphs, (B) the last day of the month preceding the month in which he attains age 65 or (C) the last day of the month preceding the month in which he dies, whichever first occurs.

“(3) The entitlement of a spouse of an individual to an annuity under section 2(c) shall end on the last day of the month preceding the month in which (A) the spouse or the individual dies, (B) the spouse and the individual are absolutely divorced, or (C) in the case of a wife who does not satisfy the requirements of clause (ii) (A) or (ii) (B) of section 2(c) (1) (other than a wife who is receiving such annuity by reason of an election under section 2(C) (2)), such wife no longer has in her care a child described in clause (ii) (C) of section 2(c) (1), whichever first occurs.

"(4) The entitlement of a widow or widower of a deceased employee to an annuity under paragraph (i) of section 2(d) (1) on the basis of age shall end on (A) the last day of the month preceding the month in which she or he dies or (B) the last day of the month preceding the month in which she or he remarries after the employee's death, whichever first occurs.

“(5) The entitlement of a widow or widower of a deceased employee to an annuity under paragraph (i) of section 2(d)(1) on the basis of disability shall end on (A) the last day of the month preceding the month in which she or he dies, (B) the last day of the month preceding the month in which she or he remarries after the employee's death, (C) the last day of the second month following the month in which she or he ceases to be disabled as provided for purposes of such paragraph, or (D) the last day of the month preceding the month in which she or he attains age 60, whichever first occurs.

“(6) The entitlement of a widow of a deceased employee to an annuity under paragraph (ii) of section 2(d)(1) shall end on (A) the last day of the month preceding the month in which she dies, (B) the last day of the month preceding the month in which she remarries after the employee's death, or (C) the last day of the month preceding the month in which she no longer has in her care a child described in clause (B) of such paragraph (ii), whichever first occurs.

“(7) The entitlement of a child of a deceased employee to an annuity under paragraph (iii) of section 2(d) (1) shall end on (A) the last day of the month preceding the month in which he or she dies, (B) the last day of the month preceding the month in which he or she marries, (C) the last day of the month preceding the month in which he or she attains age 18 and does not meet the qualifications set forth

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