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after the words "his” and “him” wherever these words appear; by inserting immediately before“, or to others” in the first sentence the following: “, and to others deriving from him or her, during his or her life,"; by changing the period at the end of said subsection to a comma and by inserting after the comma the following: "except that

the deductions of the benefits which, pursuant to subsection (k) (1), 49 Stat. 623; of this section, are paid under section 202 of the Social Security Act, i 64 Stat. 482. during the life of the employee to him or to her and to others deriving. 42 U.S.C. § 402. from him or her, shall be limited to such portions of such benefits as are

payable solely by reason of the inclusion of service as an employee in it femployment pursuant to said subsection (k) (1)."

Sec. 18. Subsection (g) (2) of section 5 of the Railroad Retirement 45 U.S.C. Act of 1937, as amended, is amended to read as follows: § 228e.

"(2) If an individual is entitled to more than one annuity for a : month under this section, such individual shall be entitled only to that one of such annuities for a month which is equal to or exceeds any other such annuity. If an individual is entitled to an annuity for a month under this section and is entitled, or would be so entitled on

proper application therefor, for such month to an insurance benefit 49 Stat. 623;

under section 202 of the Social Security Act, the annuity of such 64 Stat. 482. individual for such month under this section shall be only in the 42 U.S.C. S. 402. amount by which it exceeds such insurance benefit. If an individual

is entitled to an annuity for a month under this section and also to a retirement annuity, the annuity of such individual for a month under: this section shall be only in the amount by which it exceeds such retirement annuity.

“(3) In the case of any individual receiving or entitled to receive an annuity under this section on the day prior to the date of enactment of the provisions of this paragraph, the application of paragraph (2) of this subsection to such individual shall not operate to reduce the sum of (A) the annuity under this section of such individual, (B) the

retirement annuity, if any, of such individual, and (C) the benefits 49 Stat. 620. under the Social Security Act which such individual receives or is 42 U.S.C. entitled to receive, to an amount less than such sum was before the $ 1305.

enactment of the provisions of this paragraph."

Seo. 19. Subsection (h) of section 5 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

“(h) Maximum and Minimum Annuity Totals.-Whenever according to the provisions of this section as to annuities, payable for a month with respect to the death of an employee, the total of annuities is more than $30 and exceeds either (a) $160, or (b) an amount equal to two

and two-thirds times such employee's basic amount, whichever of such 65 Stat. 686. amounts is the lesser, such total of annuities shall, prior to any deduc65 Stat. 687. tions under subsection (i), be reduced to such lesser amount or to $30,

whichever is greater. Whenever such total of annuities is less than $14, such total shall, prior to any deductions under subsection (i), be increased to $14.”'

Sec. 20. Subdivision (ii) of paragraph (1) of subsection (i) of section 5 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is amended by substituting "$50” for “$25”.

Sec. 21. Subsection (j) of section 5 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is amended by striking out all of the third sentence thereof after the phrase "the month in which" (including the proviso), and substituting the following: "eligibility therefor was otherwise acquired, but not earlier than the first day of the sixth month before the month in which the application was filed.”

Sec. 22. (a) Paragraph (1) of subsection (k) of section 5 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is amended by inserting “(i)” after the word “determining” and by inserting in said para

graph after the word "Act” where it first appears the following: “to E an employee who will have completed less than ten years of service

and to others deriving from him or her during his or her life and with respect to his or her death, and lump-sum death payments with

respect to the death of such employee, and (ii) insurance benefits with - respect to the death of an employee who will have completed ten years

of service”; by striking in said paragraph after “1947," the following: - "to a widow, parent, or surviving child,"; by inserting before the wurd “occurring” the phrase "of such an employee"; by inserting after the phrase "such date” the following: “, and for the purposes of section 203 of that Act”; by substituting in said paragraph W210 (a) (10)” for "209 (b) (9)”; and by inserting at the end of such paragraph (1) the following sentence: “In the application of the Social Security Act

pursuant to this paragraph to service as an employee, all service as e defined in section 1 (c) of this Act shall be deemed to have been per

formed within the United States." = (b) Subsection (k) (2) of section 5 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is amended by substituting the following:

45 U.S.C. § 2280. "(2) (A) The Board and the Federal Security Administrator shall determine, no later than January 1, 1954, the amount which would place the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund (hereafter termed "Trust Fund') in the same position in which it - would have been at the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1952, if service as an employee after December 31, 1936, had been included in the term "employment as defined in the Social Security Act and 49 Stat. 620. in the Federal Insurance Contributions Act.

42 U.S.C. § 1305. ! "(B) On January 1, 1954, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1953, 53 Stat: 175; 4 and at the close of each fiscal year beginning with the fiscal year end

26 V.S.C. § 1432. ing June 30, 1954, the Board and the Federal Security Administrator shall determine, and the Board shall certify to the Secretary of the Treasury for transfer from the Railroad Retirement Account (hereafter termed 'Retirement Account') to the Trust Fund, interest for

such fiscal year at the rate specified in subparagraph (D) on the :, amount determined under subparagraph (A) less the sum of all offsets I made under subparagraph (C).

"(C) At the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1953, and each fiscal year thereafter, the Board and the Federal Security AdminisI trator shall determine the amount, if any, which if added to or subtracted from the Trust Fund would place such Trust Fund in the same position in which it would have been if service as an employee after December 31, 1936, had been included in the term "employment' | as defined in the Social Security Act and in the Federal Insurance

Contributions Act. For the purposes of this subparagraph, the 65 Stat. 687. amount determined under subparagraph (A), less such offsets as have 65 Stat. 688.

theretofore been made under this subparagraph, and the amount deter* mined under subparagraph (B) for the fiscal year under consideration

shall be deemed to be part of the Trust Fund. Such determination shall be made no later than June 15, following the close of the fiscal year. If such amount is to be added to the Trust Fund, the Board shall, within ten days after the determination, certify such amount to the Secretary of the Treasury for transfer from the Retirement Account to the Trust Fund; if such amount is to be subtracted from the Trust Fund, the Administrator shall, within ten days after the determination, certify such amount to the Secretary of the Treasury for transfer from the Trust Fund to the Retirement Account. The amount 50 certified shall further include interest (at the rate determined in

subparagraph (D) for the fiscal year under consideration) payable y from the close of such fiscal year until the date of certification. In

the event the Administrator is required under the provisions of this

subparagraph to certify to the Secretary of the Treasury an amount
to be transferred to the Retirement Account from the Trust Fund, -
the Administrator, in lieu of such certification, may offset the amount
determined under the first sentence of this subparagraph against
the amount determined in subparagraph :(A) as diminished by any
prior offsets and the offset shall be made to be effective as of the first
day of the fiscal year following the fiscal year under consideration.

“(D) For the purposes of subparagraphs (B) and (C), for any fiscal year, the rate of interest to be used shall be equal to the average rate of interest, computed as of May 31 preceding the close of such fiscal year, borne by all interest-bearing obligations of the United States then forming a part of the public debt; except that where such average rate is not a multiple of one-eighth of 1 per centum, the rate of interest shall be the multiple of one-eighth of 1 per centum next lower than such average rate.

“(E) The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to transfer to the Trust Fund from the Retirement Account or to the Retirement Account from the Trust Fund, as the case may be, such amounts as, from time to time, may be determined by the Board and the Federal Security Administrator pursuant to the provisions of subparagraphs (B) and (C) of this subsection, and certified by the 3 Board or the Administrator for transfer from the Retirement Account or from the Trust Fund.”

Sec. 23. (a) (1) Paragraph (1) of subsection (1) of section 5 of 45 U.S.C. $ 2286. the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is amended by

inserting “widower,” after" widow'," where this word first appears; by substituting “216 (c), (e), and (g)” for “209 (j) and (k)”, and by substituting “202 (h)” for “202 (f)".

(2) The said paragraph (1) is further amended by striking out subdivision (i) thereof and inserting in lieu of such subdivision the following:

“(i) a 'widow' or 'widower shall have been living with the employee at the time of the employee's death; a widower shall have received at least one-half of his support from his wife employee at the time of her death or he shall have received at least one-half of his support from his wife employee at the time her retirement annuity or pension began.” (3) The said paragraph (1) is further amended by inserting in subdivision (ii) after the phrase "such death” the following: "by other than a step parent, grand parent, aunt, or uncle”; and by amending subdivision (iii) to read as follows: “(iii) a 'parent shall have received, at the time of the death of the employee to whom the

relationship of parent is claimed, at least one-half of his support 65 Stat. 688. from such employee.”. 65 Stat. 689. (4) Paragraph (1) of the said subsection (1) is further amended

by substituting for all the matter which follows subdivision (iii) the following: “A 'widow' or 'widower shall be deemed to have been

living with the employee if the conditions set forth in section 216 64 Stat. 511, (h) (2) or (3), whichever is applicable, of the Social Security Act 512.

are fulfilled. A ‘child' shall be deemed to have been dependent upon 42 V.S.C. 416. a parent if the conditions set forth in section 202 (d) (3), (4), or 64 Stat. 484.

(5) of the Social Security Act are fulfilled (a partially insured 42 U.S.C. § 402.

mother being deemed currently insured). In determining for purposes of this section and subsection (f) of section 2 whether an applicant is the wife, husband, widow, widower, child, or parent of an

employee as claimed, the rules set forth in section 216 (h) (1) of the 64 Stat. 511. Social Security Act shall be applied;". 42 U.S.C. 416. (b) Paragraph (4) of subsection (1) of section 5 of the Railroad

Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is an.ended by inserting after the

table the following: “If upon computation of the compensation quar. ters of coverage in accordance with the above table an employee is found to lack a completely or partially insured status which he would have if compensation paid in a calendar year were presumed to have been paid in equal proportions with respect to all months in the year in which the employee will have been in service as an employee, such presumption shall be made.” 1 (c) Paragraph (6) of subsection (1) of section 5 of the Railroad 45 U.S.C. $ 228e. Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

“(6) The term 'wages' shall mean wages as defined in section 209 of the Social Security Act (except that for the purposes of section 5 49 Stat. 625; * (i) (1) (ii) of this Act such wages shall be determined without regard 53 Stat. 1373. e to subsection (a) of said section 209). In addition, the term shall 42 U.S.c. 409.

include (i) 'self-employment income' as defined in section 211 (b) of 64 Stat. 502. - the Social Security Act (and in determining ‘self-employment income' 42 U.S.C. § 411. the 'net earnings from self-employment shall be determined as provided in section 211 (a) of such Act and charged to correspond with the provisions of section 203 (e) of such Act), and (ii) wages 53 Stat. 1367.

deemed to have been paid under section 217 (a) of the Social Security 42 U.S.C. § 403. - Act on account of military service which is not creditable under section 64 Stat. 512. 4 of this Act.”

42 U.S.C. § 417. (d) Paragraph (7) of subsection (1) of section 5 of the Railroad 45 0.5.0.9 2280 Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is amended by inserting before the word "had” the phrase "completed ten years of service and will have”; and by inserting in the parenthetical phrase in subdivision (i), '' after the word “quarter” the following: “which is not a quarter of coverage and”.

(e) Paragraph (8) of subsection (1) of section 5 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is amended to read as follows: 4. “(8) An employee will have been 'partially insured' at the time of his death, whether before or after the enactment of this section, if it appears to the satisfaction of the Board that he will have completed ten years of service and will have had (i) a current connection with the - railroad industry; and (ii) six or more quarters of coverage in the period ending with the quarter in which he will have died or in which a retirement annuity will have begun to accrue to him and beginning with the third calendar year next preceding the year in which such event occurs.” 1 (f) Paragraph (9) of subsection (1) of section 5 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is amended by changing the language before the first proviso to read as follows:

“(9) An employee's 'average monthly remuneration'shall mean the a quotient obtained by dividing (A) the sum of (i) the compensation

paid to him after 1936 and before the quarter in which he will have 65 Stat. 689. died, eliminating any excess over $300 for any calendar month, and 65 Stat. 690. (11) if such compensation for any calendar year is less than $3,600 and the average monthly remuneration computed on compensation alone is less than $300 and the employee has earned in such calendar year 'wages' as defined in paragraph (6) hereof, such wages, in an

amount not to exceed the difference between the compensation for such 2 year and $3,600, by (B) three times the number of quarters elapsing

after 1936 and before the quarter in which he will have died:"; by

inserting in the second proviso after the word “quarter" the following: E, "which is not a quarter of coverage and”; and by changing the period I at the end of said proviso to a colon and adding the following: “And

provided further, That if the exclusion from the divisor of all quarters 2 beginning with the first quarter in which the employee was completely : insured and had attained the age of sixty-five and the exclusion from the dividend of all compensation and wages with respect to such

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quarters would result in a higher average monthly remuneration, such quarters, compensation and wages shall be so excluded.”

(g) Paragraph (10) of subsection (1) of section 5 of the Railroad 3 Retirement Act of 1937, as amended, is amended by substituting “$300" for “$250” and “$14" for “$10".

Sec. 24. Section 17 of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, as 1 amended, is amended by striking out “subsection (b) of”.

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EFFECTIVE DATES
Sec. 25. (a) Except as otherwise specifically provided, the amend-

ments made by this Act shall take effect with respect to benefits accru45 U.S.C., ing under the Railroad Retirement Acts and the Social Security Act oh.9.

after the last day of the month in which this Act is enacted, irrespec49 Stat. 620.

tive of when service or employment occurred or compensation or 42 U.S.c.

wages were earned: Provided, however, That, in the recomputation $ 1305.

pursuant to this Act of survivor annuities heretofore awarded, the basic amount shall not be recomputed.

(b) The amendments made by sections 3, 4, and 21 of this Act shall apply to benefits awarded in whole or in part on or after the date of enactment of this Act.

(c) The amendments made by sections 16 and 17 of this Act shall take effect with respect to deaths occurring on or after the date of enactment of this Act.

(d) In the case of any retirement or survivor annuity awarded under the Railroad Retirement Acts prior to the date of enactment of this Act and currently payable, if such annuity was awarded to, or with respect to the death of, any individual who has completed less than ten years of service, then the amendments made by this Act shall apply with respect to such annuity as if such individual had met the

requirement of ten years of service which is imposed as a condition 50 Stat. 307. to benefits under the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937, as amended 45 U.S.C.

by this Act. In addition, the spouse of any such individual shall not, $9 228a-2288. during such individual's lifetime, be barred from a spouse's annuity

under such Act by reason of the fact that such individual has completed less than ten years of service.

(e) Where the parent of a deceased employee has, prior to the date of enactment of this Act, been awarded a survivor annuity under the Railroad Retirement Acts which is currently payable, the entitlement of such parent to a survivor's annuity in accordance with the a.mendments made by this Act shall be determined without regard to

whether or not such employee died leaving a "widow" or "widower”, 65 Stat. 690. as defined in this Act. 65 Stat. 691. (f) All joint and survivor annuities heretofore and hereafter

awarded shall be governed by the law under which the election of the joint and survivor annuity was made, except that the individual who made the election shall have the right to revoke the same in such manner and form as the Board may prescribe.

An election shall be deemed to have been revoked if before or after the enactment hereof the spouse for whom the election was made predeceased the individual who made the election. Upon revocation of the election, or death of the spouse, as herein provided, the individual's annuity shall be increased to the amount which would have been payable had no election been made; such increased annuity

shall, subject to the provisions of section 2 (c) of the Railroad Retire45 U.S.c. ment Act of 1937, as amended, begin to accrue on the first of the cal$ 228b. endar month following the calendar month in which the election was

rovoked or the spouse died but not before the calendar month next following the month of enactment hereof.

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