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Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations.

C. Large Families in America, 1748. By Peter Kalm..

108

109

CHAPTER IV

ENGLISH COLONIAL THEORY AND POLICY, 1651-1763

I. THE MERCANTILE SYSTEM

A Modern Interpretation, 1882. By Professor Gustav Schmoller...... 115

II. THE ENGLISH COLONIAL POLICY

A. The Navigation Act of 1660. From Statutes of the Realm...... 118

B. The Navigation Act of 1663. From Statutes of the Realm.

C. The English Colonial System: a Favorable View, 1688. By Sir

Josiah Child...

D. The English Colonial System: an Unfavorable View, 1776. By

Adam Smith ....

123

III. WORKINGS OF THE COLONIAL POLICY IN ENGLAND

A. Balance of Trade Theory, 1630. By Thomas Mun...

128

B. The Purpose of the Navigation Acts, 1764. By Thomas Pownall.. I 29

C. Advantage to England of Colonial Shipping, 1740. By John

Ashley...

130

D. The Colonies a Source of Raw Materials, 1775. By the author of

American Husbandry.

131

E. The Colonies as a Market for British Manufactures, 1755. By

William Clarke.

132

F. Trade between England and her North American Colonies, 1700-

1780. By Lord John Sheffield ..

133

IV. WORKINGS OF THE COLONIAL POLICY IN THE COLONIES

A. Arguments for and against the Molasses Act, 1731. By Adam

Anderson ..

134

B. Ineffectiveness of the Molasses Act, 1740. By John Ashley

136

C. Smuggling in the Colonies, 1757. By Sir Charles Hardy..

137

D. An Act to Prevent Iron Manufactures in the Colonies, 1719. By

Adam Anderson..

139

E. Colonies Levy Tariff Duties on British Goods, 1718. From Acts of

the Privy Council.

140

F. Tobacco Growing Suppressed in England, 1619-1670. From Acts

of the Privy Council..

141

G. Bounties on Colonial Produce, 1764. By David Macpherson.. 142

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