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and ill intreated, as it was saide ; most of the soulders owned the Governours cause, by entering themselves into his servis ; those that refused were made prissoners, and promised a releasement at the price of Carvers fate.

The Governour being blest with this good servis, and the better servis, in that it was efected without blood shed, and being inform'd that Bacon was entred upon his Indian March, ships himselfe for the westeme shore, being ^ ,jJ ,(„ assisted with 5 ships and 10 sloops, in which (as we!,iern shoie. it is saide) was about a thousand soulders. The newes where of outstriping his canvass wings soone reached the eares of those left by Bacon, to see the Kings peace kep, by resisting the Kings vice gerent. For before that the Governour could get over the water, two fugetives was got to land, sent (as may be supposed) from som in Accomack, spirited for the Generalls quarill, to inform those here, of the same principles, of the Governours strength, and upon what terms his soulders were to fight. And first they were to be rewarded with those mens estates who had taken Bacons oath, uPon whit catch that catch could. Secondly that they, and ^'.vm"^0" their heirs, for 21 yeares should be discharged from wer'- to fight, all impossition, excepting Church dues, and lastly, 12 pence per day, dureing the wholl time of servis. And that it was further decreed that all sarvants, whose masters were under the Generalls Colours, or that had subscribed the ingagement, should be set free, and injoy the fore mention'd benefits, if that they would (in Arms) owne the Governours cause. And that this was the wholl truth, and nothing but the truth, the two men before mentioned, deposed before Capt. Thorp one of the Iustasses of the peace, for York county, after that one Collonel Searsbrooke had more prudently declined the admiting these two scoundrills to the test. Whether these fellows were in the right or in the rong, as to what they had narated, I know not, but this is certaine, whether the same was trew, or false, it produced the effects of truth in peoples mindes; who hereby became so much distracted in their ressolutions, "J '^'"P"

ii ii i-i perplexed coru

that they could not tell, at present, which way to dition. turn themselves ; while their tongues expressed no other language but what sounded forth feares, wishes, and execrations, as their apprehensions, or affections dictated; All looking upon themselves as a people utterly undon, being equally exposed to the Governours displeasure, and the Indians bloody cruilties: Som curseing the cause of their approacheing destruction, Iookeing upon the oath to be no small ingredient, helping to fill up the measure of tbeir miserys: Others wishing the GeneralLs presence, as the onely rock of safety, while others look'd upon him as the onely quicksands ordained to swollow up, and sinke the ship that should set them on shore, or keep them from drownding in the whirle poole of confuseion.

In the midest of these feares and peturbations, Sir w. nrrivei ^e Governour arrives with his fleet of 5 ships and

at towur, Sept. . „ .. .. . u , \

7, 10 sloopes, all well man d (or appear d to be soe)

before the Towne ; into which the Governour sends his summons (it being possest by 7 or 800 Baconians) for a Rendition ;with a free and ample pardon to all that would decline Bacons intress, and owne his, excepting one Mr. Drummond, and one Mr. Larance, a Collonel, and both active promoters of Bacons designes: Which is a most apparent argument, that what those two men (before mentioned) had sworn to, was a mere pack of untruths. This his Honours Proclamation was acceptable to most in Towne; while others againe would not trust to it, feareing to meet with som after-claps of revenge: Which diversity of opinions put them all into a ressolution of deserting the place, as not Tenable (but indeed had it bin fortifyed, yet they had no commission to fight) while they had the liberty of soe doeing, before it should be wholly invested ; which that night, in the dark, they put in execution, every one shifting for himselfe with no ordnary feare, in the gratest hast possible, for feare of being sent after: And that som of them was posses'd with no ordnary feare, may be manifested in Collonell Larence, whose spirits were so much destracted, at his apprehentions of being one excepted in the Governours act of grace, that he forsooke his owne howse with all his welth and a faire cupbord of plate entire standing, which fell into the Governours hands the next morning.

The Towne being thus forsaken, by the BaconfofMkeThe"'" 'ans' ^1S honour enters the same the next day, towne. about noone; where after he had rendred thanks

unto God for his safe arrivall (which he forgot not to perform upon his knees, at his first footeing the shore) hee applyes himselfe not only to secure what hee had got possesion of, but to increace and inlarge the same, to his best advantage. And knowing that the people of ould, useally painted the God of war with a belly to be fed, as well as with hands to fight, he began to cast about for the bringing in of provissions, for to feed his soulders; and in the next place for soulders, as well to reinforce his strength within, as to enlarge his quarters abrode: But as the saying is, Man may propose, but God will dispose; when that his Honour thought himselfe so much at liberty, that he might have the liberty to go when and where he pleased, his expectations became very speedily and in a moment frustrated.

For Bacon haveing don his business against the Indians, or at least so much as he was able to do, haveing marched his men with a grate deale of toyle and haserd som hundreds of miles, one way and another, killing som and taking others prissoners, and having spent his provissions, draws in his forces within the verge of the English Plantations, from whence he dismiseth the gratest part of his Army to gether strength against the next designed march, which was no sooner don but he incounters the newes of the Governours being arived at towne. Of which being informed he with a marvellous celerity (outstriping the swift wings of fame) marcheth those few men now with him (which hee had onely reserved as a gard to his fnVGov.'up'in parson) and in a trice blocks up the Governour in towne. towne, to the generall astonishment of the whole countrey ; especially when that Bacons numbers was knowne; which at this time did not exseed above a hundred and fifty, and these not above two thirds at work neather. An action of so strange an aspect, that whoever tooke notis of it, could not choose but thinke but that the Accomackians eather intended to receive their promised pay, without desart; or otherways to establish such signall testimonies of their cowardize, or disaffections, or both, that posterity might stand and gaze at their reched stupidety.

Bacon soone perceved what easye worke he was likely to have, in this servis, and so begun to set as small an esteeme upon these mens curages, as they did upon their owne credits. Hee saw, by the Prolog, what sport might be expected in the play, and so began to dispose of his affaires accordingly. Yet not knowing but that the paucity of his numbers being once knowne, to those in towne, it might raise their hearts to a degree of curage, haveing so much the ods, and that manitimes number prevales against ressolution, he thought it not amiss, since the Lions strength was too weake, to strengthen the same with the Foxes Braines : and how this was to be efected you shall heare.

For emediately he despatcheth two or three par- Bacon ien<w ties of Horss, and about so many in each party, for tr ",<,r"'

. .' i_ • • C Gent: women

more he could not spare, to brmg mto the camp i„t„ the c«mp, some of the prime Gent: women, whose husbands »n<i for what, were in towne. Where when arived he sends one of them to inform her owne, and the others Husbands, for what purposes he had brought them into the camp, namely, to be plac'd in the fore frunt of his men, at such time as those in towne should sally forth upon him.

The poor Gent: women were mightily astonished at this project ; neather were their husbands voide of amazements at this subtill invention. If Mr. Fuller thought it strange, that the Divells black gard should be enrouled Gods soulders, they made it no less wonderful, that their innocent and harmless wives should thus be entred a white garde to the Divell. This action was a method, in war, that they were not well acquainted with (no not those the best inform'd in millitary affaires) that before they could com to pearce their enimies sides, they must be obliged to dart their weapons through their wives brest: By which meanes though they (in their owne parsons) might escape without wounds, yet it might be the lamentable fate of their better halfe to drop by gunshot, or otherways be wounded to death.

Whether it was these considerations, or some others, I do not know, that kep their swords in their scabards: But this is manifest, That Bacon knit more knots by his owne head in one day, than all the hands in towne was able to untye in a wholl weeke: While these Ladyes white Aprons became of grater force to keepe the beseiged from falleing out than his works (a pitiful trench) had strength to repel the weakest shot, that should have bin sent into his legure, had he not made use of this invention.

For it is to be noted that right in his frunt, where he was to lodge his men, the Governour had planted 3 grate guns, for to play poynt blank upon his men, as they were at worke, at about 100 or 150 paces distance; and then again, on his right hand, allmost close aborde the shore, lay the ships, with their broade sides, to thunder upon him if he should offer to make an onslante; this being the onely place, by land, for him to make his entrey into the towne; But for your better satisfaction, or rather those who you may show this naritive to, who have never bin upon the place, take this short description.

The place, on which the towne is built, is a perTh, rfe.crip.ion f Peninsulla, or tract of land, allmost wholly

ol lames towne. . '„ .' {

mcompast with water. Wavemg, on the Sowth side the River (Formerly Powhetan, now called lames River) 3 miles brode, incompast on the North, from the Easte pointe, with a deep creek, rangeing in a cemicircle, to the west, within 10 paces of the River ; and there, by a small Istmos, tack'd to the Continent. This Iseland (for so it is denominate) hath for Longitude (East and West) nere upon two miles, and for Lattitude about halfe so much, bearing in the wholl compass about 5 miles, litle more or less. It is low ground, full of Marches and Swomps, which make the Aire, especially in the Sumer, insalubritious and unhelthy: It is not at all replenished with springs of fresh water, and that which they have in their wells, brackish, ill seined, penurious, and not gratefull to the stumack ; which render the place improper to indure the commencement of a seige. The Tovvne is built much about the midle of the Sowth line, close upon the River, extending east and west, about 3 quarters of a mile; in which is comprehended som 16 or 18 houses, most as is the church built of brick, faire and large ; and in them about a dozen families (for all the bowses are not inhabited) getting their liveings by keeping of ordnaries, at extreordnary rates.

The Governour understanding that the Gent: women, at the Legure, was, by order, drawne out of danger, resolved if possible to beate Bacon out of his trench ; which he thought might easily be performed, now that his Gardian Angles had forsaken his camp. For the efecting of which he* * "nB^eon''" sent forth 7 or (as they say) 800 of his Accomaekians, who (like scholers goeing to school) went out with hevie harts, but returned hom with light heeles ; thinkeing it better to turne their backs upon that storme, that their brests could not indure to strugle against, for feare of being gauled in their sides, or other parts of their bodys, through the sharpness of the wether; which (after a terable noyse of thunder and lightning out of the Easte) begun to blow with a powder (and some lead too as big as musket boolitts) full in their faces, and that with so grate a violence, that som of them was not able to stand upon their leggs, which made the rest betake themselves to their heeles; as the onely expedient to save their lives; which som amongst them had rather to have lost, then to have owned their safety at the price of such dishonourable rates.

The Governour was extremely disgusted at the ill management of this action, which he exprest in som passionate terms, against those who merited the same. But in ernist, who could expect the event to be otherways then it was, when at the first notis given, for the designed salley to be put in execution, som of the officers made such crabed faces at the report of the same, that the Guner of Yorke Fort did proffer to purchase, for any that would buy a Collonells, or a Captains Commission, for a chunke of a pipe.

The next day Bacon orders 3 grate guns to be brought into the camp, two whereof he plants upon his trench. The one he sets to worke (playing som calls it, that takes delight to see stately structure beated downe, and men blowne up into the air, like Shutle Cocks) against the Ships, the other against the enterance into the towne, for to open a pasage to his intended storm, which now was resolved upon as he said, and which was pre

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