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many men for want of imploiment, betake themselues to Tunis, Spaine and Florence, and to serue in courses not warrantable, which would better beseeme, our owne walles and borders to bee spread with such branches, that their natiue countrey, and not forreine Princes, might reape their fruit, as being both exquisite Nauigators, and resolute men for seraice, as any the world affords.
Wee intend to plant there (God willing) great plentie of Sugar Canes, for which the soyle and clymate is very apt and fit; also Linseed, and Rapest'eds to make Oiles, which because the soyle is strong and cheape, may there be sowed and the oyle made to great benefite: wee must plant also Orenges, Limons, Almonds, Anniseeds, Rice, Cummin, Cotton wool, Carowey seeds, Ginger, Madder, Oliues, Oris, Sumacke, and many such like, which I cannot now name, all very good Marchandize, and will there grow and increase, as well as in Italy or any other part of the streights, whence we fetch them now. And in searching the land there is vndoubted hope of finding Cochinell, the plant of rich Indico, Graine-berries, Beauer Hydes, Pearles, rich Treasure, and the South sea, leading to China, with many other benefites which our day-light will discouer.
But of all other things, that God hath denied that countrie, there is want of Sheepe to make woollen cloth, and this want of cloth, must alwaies bee supplied from England, whereby when the Colony is thorowly increased, and the Indians brought to our Ciuilitie (as they will in short time) it will cause a mighty vent of English clothes, a great benefit to our Nation, and raising againe of that auncient trade of clothing, so much decayed in England: whose lifting up againe (me thinkes I see apparantly approching,) by the good dispositions of our best sort of Citizens, who willingly engage themselues to undertake all new discoueries, as into this of the West, and by the North West to finde out China. And vnto the East beyond the Cape, into the Red Sea, the gulfe of Persia, the streights of Sunda, and among all the Kings of India, for the good and honour of our Nation: Which calles to minde, a blind Prophesie in one of the Sibells, that before the ende of the world there shall be a discouerie of all Nations: which shall come to bee knowne and acquainted together, as one neighbour with another, which since the confiision of tongues have lyen obscure and hid.
But howeuer that bee, yet these good mindes and resolutions, doe serve for imitation to others, and doe deserue assuredly the best encouragement, whereby wee shall not still betake our selues to small and little Shipping (as we dayly do beginne,) but shall reare againe such Marchants Shippes both tall and stout, as no forreine Sayle that swimmes shall make them vaile or stoope; whereby to make this little Northerne corner of the world, to be in short time the richest Store-house and Staple for marchandiz* in all Europe.withstanding bee a yeare behinde in supplies, they shall be both alike shortened m a seuenth part of the Diuident both of stocke and lands, and if two yeeres behinde, then shortened two seuenths, and if but sixe moneths, yet a fourteenth part, for euery man is Registred according to the time, his money or person beganne to aduenture, or made supply, so that they which come late, get not the start of those that bore the first brunt of the business, and this will neither aduantage him that withholds, nor hinder him that is forward, for whatsoeuer falles from him that is slack, will be found of him that supplies in due time. But euery man that comes in now in the first of these seuen yeeres and shall afterwards vpon all occasions perform in due time, euery twelue pound tenne shillings so brought in shall bee accounted an entire single share, and shall receiue accordingly without abridgement, as it had bt'ene brought in, when the enterprise first beganne and not otherwise.
The second tiling to make this Plantation is money, to be raised among the aduenturers, wherein the sooner and more deeply men engage themselues, their charge will be the shorter, and their gaine the greater, as in this last point which I haue to speake for the good of each particular Aduenturer, I will make it plaine.
First you shall understand, that his Majestie hath granted us an enlargement of our Charter, with many ample priuiledges, wherein we have Knights and Gentlemen of good place: Named for the Kings counsell of Virginia to gouerne us: As also euery Planter and Aduenturer shall be inserted in the Patent by name: This ground being laide, wee purpose presently to make supply of Men, Women and Children (so many as we can) to make the Plantation. Wee call those Planters that goe in their persons to dwell there: And those Aduenturers that aduenture their money and go not in person, and both doe make the members of one Colonie. We do account twelue pound ten shillings to be a single share aduentured. Euery ordinary man or woman, if they will goe and dwell there, and euery childe aboue tenne yeares, that shall be carried thither to remaine, shall be allowed for each of their persons a single share, as if they had aduentured twelue pound ten shillings in money. Euerie extraordinarie man, as Diuines, Governors, Ministers of State and Justice, Knights, Gentlemen, Physitions, and such as be men of worth for special seruices, are all to goe as planters, and to execute their seueral functions in the Colonie, and are to be maintained at the common charge, and are to receiue their Diuident (as others doe) at seuen yeares end, and they are to be agrted with all before they goe, and to be rated by the Councell, according to the value of their persons: which shall be set downe and Kegistred in a booke, that it may alwaies appeare what people haue gone to the Plantation, at what time they went and how their persons were valued: And likewise, if any that goe to bee planters will lay downe money to the Treasurer, it shall be also registred and their shares inlarged accordingly be it for more or lesse. All charges of setling and maintaining the Plantation, and of making supplies, shall be borne in a ioint stock of the aduenturers for seuen yeares after the date of our new enlargement: during which time there shall be no aduenture, nor goods returned in priuate from thence, neytheir by Master, Marriner, Planter, nor Passenger, they shall be restrained by bond and search, that as we supplie from hence
And as for the diuisions of landes at seuen yeeres ende which (some may obiect) will be little worth, and vnequally diuided: let them vnderstand, that no man shall haue his lot entirely in one place, to be all of the best, or all of the worst, but each man shall haue proportionably to his aduentures, in three or foure distinct differences, that may bee made in the goodnesse or badnesse of the groundes by Commissioners equally chosen by the Aduenturers heere, and the Planters there; and as for the value and little worth now, of those grounds in Virginia, we know that in England within these thirty or fortie yeeres, the yeerely rent of those grounds (in many places) were not worth fiue shillings, that now do goe lor fourtie and more.
And howsoeuer those grounds in Virginia are now but little worth indeede, yet time and meanes will make them better, considering how they passe our grounds in England, both in regard of the soile and clymate, fitte for many precious vses: And also in how many seuerall places we purpose to plant our Colony, and not to bestow our costs vpon Iames-townc onely, and vpon the grounds lying thereabout, and to let all the rest lie barren: for seeing his Maiestie hath graunted to our Colony as much circuite of ground as all England almost, we purpose (God willing) if wee may be supplied with sufficient meanes, to settle out of hand, sixe or seuen plantations more, all vpon, or neare our main riuer, as capitall townes, twenty myles each from other, and euery plantation phall manure and husband the lands and grounds lying neere vnto it, and allotted for the circuite thereof, and shall all endeuour for a ioynt stocke, and shall be still supplied from hence with more money and prouisions, and against any publike iniury
shall be ready to vnite, and ioyne themselues together. And by this meanes wee shall come to haue our Diuident in landes of worth and well manured, which will be eyther bought or rented of vs at a good value by the planters, or by such as intend hereafter to inhabite there, as also by these seueral plantations (which happily one place better fitting then another) wee shall bring forth more seuerall sorts of Marchandize, and be also better fortified: and besides the Planters will be in such hope to haue their owne shares and habitations in those lands, which they haue so husbanded, that it will cause contending and emulation among them, which shall bring foorth the most profitable and beneficial! fruites for the ioynt stocke.
Whereby vndoubtedly, wee shall be soone fr<?ed from further cxpence, our gaines will grow, and our stocke encrease, we shall fell our tymber, saw our planck, and quickly make good shipping there, and shall returne from thence with good imployment, an hundred saile of good shippes yearely, all which good and much more, wee shall withstand and bring our selues into a laborinth, if wee pinch and spare our purses now: therefore not to holde you longer with many wordes, (being neere Exchange time as I take it) remember what 1 haue said in prouing my proposition, and take my conclusion in a word or two.
Seeing our prouocations are so many, our cause and title good, auaunt all idle oracles that seeke to bar vs: The wisedome of the wisest saith in these cases, Whatsoever thy hand shall find to doe, do it with all thy might.
Our forefathers not looking out in time, lost the prime and fairest proffer of the greatest wealth in the world, and wee taxe their omission for it, yet now it falles out, that wee their children are tryed in the like, there being yet an excellent portion left, and by Diuine prouidence offered to our choice, which (seeing we haue armes to embrace,) let it not be accounted hereafter, As a prize in the hands of fooles, that had no hearts to vse it.
The honour of our nation is now very great by his Maiesties meanes, and wee his subiects cannot enlarge and vphold it by gazing on, and talking what hath bt'ene done, but by doing that good, which may bee commended hereafter, if we sitte still and let slip occasions, we shall gather rust, and doe vnfeather our owne wings, committing the folly of the wise Romanes heerein, that in time of their glory, flowing with the conqnestes and sporles of the world, and hauing gotten the Goddesse Victoria to Rome, they dipt her wings, and set her vp among their Gods, that sh^e might take her flight no more, as she had formerly done from the Gretians and others, and so effeminating their valour with