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England) there are growing goodly Okes and Elmes, Beech and Birch, Spruce, Walnut, Cedar and Firre trees, in great aboundance, the soile is strong and lustie of its owne nature, and sendeth out naturally fruitfull Vines running vpon trees, and shrubbes : it yeeldeth also Rosin, Turpentine, Pitch and Tarre, Sassafras, Mulbery-trees and Silke-wormes, many Skinnes and rich furres, many sweete woodes, and Dyers woodes, and other Costly dyes: plenty of Sturgion, Timber for Shipping, Mast, Plancke and Deale, Sope ashes, Cauiare, and what else we know not yet, because our daies are young. But of this that I haue said, if bare nature be so amiable in its naked kind, what may we hope, when Arte and Nature both shall ioyne, and striue together, to giue best content to man and beast? as now in handling the seuerall parts propounded, I shall shew in order as they lie.
For the first (if I forget not my selfe) how it may tend to aduance the kingdome of God, by reducing sauage people from their blind superstition to the light of Religion, when some obiect, wee seeke nothing lesse then the cause of God, beeing led on by our owne priuate ends, and secondly how we can warrant a supplantation of those Indians, or an inuasion into their right and possessions.
To the first we say, as many actions both good in themselues, and in their successe, haue beene performed with badde intents: so in this case, howsoeuer our naughtines of minde may sway very much, yet God may haue the honor, and his kingdome aduanced in the action done: but yet by the way, me thinks this obiection comes in due time, and doth well admonish vs, how to rectifie our hearts and ground our meditations before we begin: we doe generally applaud, and highly commend the goodness of the cause, and that it is such a profitable plough, as euery honest man ought to set his hand vnto, both in respect of God and the publike good, this is our generall voice, and we say truth, for so it is.
But wee must beware that under this pretence that bitter root of greedy gaine be not so settled in our harts, that beeing in a golden dreame, if it fall not out presently to our expectation, we slinke away with discontent, and draw our purses from the charge. If any shew this affection, I would wish his baseness of minde to be noted. What must be our direction then, no more but this: if thou dost once approue the worke, lay thy hand to it cheerfully, and withdraw it not till thy taske bee done, at all assayes and new supplies of money be not lagge, nor like a dull horse thats alwaies in the lash, for heere lies the poison of all good attempts, when as men without hailing and pulling, will not be the ende: wherein, they shall be most friendly welcome to conioyne their labours with ours, and shall enioy equall priuiledges with vs, in whatsoeuer good successe, time or meanes may bring to passe. To which purpose, wee may verily beleeue, that God hath reserued in this last age of the world, an infinite number of those lost and scattered sheepe, to be won and recouered by our meanes, of whom so many as obstinately refuse to vnite themselues vnto vs, or shall maligne or disturbe our plantation, our chattel, or whatsoeuer belonging tovs: they shall be held and reputed recusant, withstanding their owne good: and shall be dealt with as enemies of the Common-wealth of their countrie: whereby how much good we shall performe to those that be good, and how little iniury to any, will easily appeare, by comparing our present happinesse with our former ancient miseries, wherein wee had continued brutish, poore and naked Britanes to this day, if Iulius Casar with his Romane Legions (or some other) had not laid the ground to make vs tame and ciuill.
But for my second point propounded, the honour of our King, by enlarging his kingdomes, to proue how this may tend to that: no argument of mine can make it so manifest, as the same is cleere in it selfe: Diuine testimonies shew, that the honour of a king consisteth in the multitude of subiects, and certainely the state of the Iewes was farre more glorious, by the conquests of Dauid, and vnder the ample raigne of Solomon, then euer before or after: The twelue Tribes were then all subiect: the bordering Nations tributarie, no doubt a happie subiection to many of them: whereby they had the better meanes to beleeue and know God the Creator of heauen and earth: Honourable I graunt is iust Conquest by sword, and Hercules is fained to haue had all his felicity, in subduing and rooting out the Tyrants of the world, but vnfainedly it is most honourable indeede, to subdue the tyranny of the roaring Lion, that deuoures those poore soules in their ignorance, and leads them to hell for want of light, when our Dominions shall be enlarged, and the subiects multiplied of a people so bought and ransomed, not by stormes of raging cruelties (as West India was conuerted) with rapiers point and Musket shot, murdering so many millions of naked Indians, as their stories doe relate, but by faire and louing meanes, suiting to our English natures, like that soft and gentle voice, wherein the Lord appeared to Elias: How honourable will this be, in the sight of men and of ages to come? but much more glorious in the sight of God, when our King shall come to make his triumph in heauen. The prophet Daniel doth assure, that for this conquest of turning manie vnto righteoumcsse, hee shall shine as the starres for euer and euer.
And yet this is not all that may be saide, the auncient law, the law of Moses settes it downe, as a blessed thing, when the Prince and people of God, shall bee able to lend to all, and neede to borrow of none, and it added very much to the fame and wisedome of king Solomon, which the world came farre and neere to wonder at, in that his kingdomes were replenished with golde aud siluer in aboundance, and with riches brought in by shippes sent yearely forth in ample trade of Merchandize, whereof wee reade not the like among all the kings of Israel. And vpon good warrant I speake it here in priuate, what by these new discoueries into the Westerne partes, and our hopefull settling in chiefest places of the East, with our former knowne trades in other parts of the world, I doe not doubt (by the helpe of God) but I may Hue. to see the dayes (if Marchants haue their due encouragement^ that the wisedome, Maiestie, and Honour of our King, shall be spread and enlarged to the ends of the world, our Nauigations mightily encreased, and his Majesties customes more then trebled.
And as for the third part, the releeuing our men already planted, to preserue both them and our former aduentures, I shall not neede to say much, the necessitie is so apparent, that I hope no Aduenturer will be wanting therein.
Our Sauiour Christ resembles them that giue ouer in their best duties, to foolish builders, that hauing laid the foundation, doe grauell themselues in the midde way and so become ridiculous: It had beene extreame madness in the Iewes (when hauing sent to spy the land that flowed with milke and honey, and ten for two returned backe with tydings of impossibilitie to enter and preuaile,) if then they had retyred and lost the land of promise: No doubt, the Deuill that enuied then that enterprise of theirs, doth now the like in ours, and we must make accompt, and look to bee encountered with many discouragements, partly by our friends and neighbours, (such as we vse to say) will neither goe to Church nor tarrie at home, as also (which is no new thing) euen by such as haue been sent to spy the land, one while obiecting the charge will be great, the businesse long, and the gaines nothing, and besides the Anakimes that dwell in the mountaines, will come and pull vs out by the eares, with such like fooleries I know not what.
But wee must be prepared with Caleb and Iotua (so highly commended) to oppose an extraordinarie zeale against the detractings of such, to rescue our enterprize from malicious ignorance, and to still their murmurings with reproofe, for though in ordinarie and common occasions, it be our duetie to be carried with ordinarie patience, meekness and humilitie, yet to shew an excellent spirit, when the cause is worth it, and in such a case as this, requiring passing resolution: It is but our weaknesse to stumble at strawes, and a basenesse to gnaw vpon euery bone that is cast in our way, which wi:e may obserue by those noble dogges of Albania presented to king Alexander, whose natures contemned to encounter or prey vpon seely beasts of no valour, but with an ouerflowing courage flying vpon the Lion and the Tyger, did then declare their vertue.
And now it followes, how it can be good for this Commonwealth : which is likewise most apparant many waies. First, if we consider what strength of shipping may be raysed and maintained thence, in furnishing our owne wants of sundrie kindes, and the wants of other Nations too, in such needfull things arising thence which can hardly now be obtained from any other part of the world, as planck and tymber for shipping, with Deale and Wainscot, pipestaues and clabbord, with store of Sope ashes, whereof there grow the best woods to make them in great aboundance, all which we may there haue, the wood for the cutting, and the Ashes for the burning, which though they be grosse commodities, yet no Marchandize is better requested, nor will sooner yeelde golde or siluer in any our bordering Nations. England and Holland alone, spend in these about three hundreth thousand poundes sterling euery yeare. we may transport hether or vnto Hamborough, Holland, or other places, fiftie per centum better cheape, then from Prusia or Polonia, from whence they are onely now to be had, where also the woods are so spent and wasted, that from the place where the wood is cut and the ashes burnt, they are brought by land at least two hundred miles to ship. And from thence we may haue Iron and Copper also in great quantitie, about which the expence and waste of woode, as also for building of Shippes, will be no hurt, but great seruice to that countrey; the great superfluity whereof, the continuall cutting downe, in manie hundred yeares, will not be able to ouercome, whereby will likewise grow a greater benefite to this land, in preseruing our woodes and tymber at home, so infinitely and without mea sure, vpon these occasions cutte downe, and falne to such a sicknesse and wasting consumption, as all the physick in England cannot cure.
We doubt not but to make there in few yeares store of good wines, as any from the Canaries, by replanting and making tame the Vines that naturally grow there in great abundance, onely send men of skill to doe it, and Coopers to make caskes, and hoopes for that and all other vses, for which there is woode enough at hand.
There are Silke-wormes, and plenty of Mulberie-trees, where