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OUR LATE TROUBLES.
To Mr. C. H. at Yardly in Northamptonshire.
Sr. I haveing seene yours directed to and considering that you cannot have your desires satisfied that way, for the forementioned reasons, I have by his permition, adventured to send you this breife acount, of those affaires, so far as I have bin informed.
The Susquehanians and Marylanders of friendes being ingaged enimyes (as hath by former letter bin hinted to you) and that the Indians being ressalutely bent not to forsake there forte; it came to this pointe, yt the Marylanders were obliged (findeing themselves too weake to do the worke themselves) to suplycate ^too sconejjgflied) aide of the Verginians, put under the conduct of one Collonel Washingto (him whom you have sometimes seene at your howse) who being joyned with the Marylanders, invests the Indians in there forte, with a neglegent seige; upon which the enimye made severall salleys, with as many losses to the beseegers; and at last gave them the opertunity to disart the Fort, after that the English had (contrary to ye law of arms) beate out the Braines of 6 grate men sent out to treate a peace: an action of ill consequence, as it proved after. For the Indians having in the darke, slipt through the Legure, and in there passage knock'd 10 of the beseigers on the head, which they found fast a-sleep, leaving the rest to prosecute the Seige, (as Scoging's Wife brooding the Eggs which the Fox had suck'd) they resolved to imploy there liberty in avenging there Commissionres blood, which they speedily effected in the death of sixty inosscent soules, and then send in there Remonstrance to the Governour, in justification of the fact, with this expostulation annext: Demanding what it was moved him to take up arms against them, his professed friends, in the behalfe of the Marylanders, there avowed enimyes. Declaring there sorow to see the Verginians, of friends to becom such violent enimies as to persue the Chase in to anothers dominions. Complanes that there messingers sent out for peace were not only knock'd on the head but the fact countenanc'd by the governour; for which (finding no other way to be satisfied) they had revenged themselves, by killing ten for one of the English; such being the disperportion between there men murthered, and those by them slane, theres being persons of quallety, the other of inferiour Ranke: Professing that if they may have a valluable satisfaction, for the damage they had sustained by the English, and that the Verginians would with-draw there aides from the Marylanders quarrill; that then they would renew the league with Sr W. B.* otherways they would prossecute ye war to lhe last man ; and the hardest fend of.
This was faire play, from fowle gamesters. But the perposealls not to be alowed of as being contrary to the honour of the English, the Indians proceede, and haj^ingdraw^riiejieiglfc^ bering Indians into there ndr^-rn-ft ahnrt tuiye, tripy commit abundance of ungarded and unrevenged murthers; by which meanes a grate many of the outward plantations were disarted ; the doeing whereof did not onely terefye the wholl collony, but subplanted those esteemes the people had formerly for Sr. W. B. whom they judged too remiss in applying meanes to stop the fewrye of the Heathen ; and to settle there -affections, and expectations, JupojajQiie_Esar J&acon, newly come into the Countrey, one of the Councell, and nearly related to your late wives fatherin-law, whom they desired might be commissionated Generall, for the Indian war; Which Sr. William (for some reasons best knowne unto himself) denyiug^the Gent: man (without any scruple) accepts of a commission from the peoples affections, signed by the emergences of affaires and the Countreys danger; and so forthwith advanceth with a small party (composed of such that owne his Authorety) against the Indians; on whom, it is saide he did signall execution: In his absence hee and those with him, were declared Rebells to the State, May 29, and forces raised to reduce him to his obedience; at the head of which the Governour advanceth, some 30 or 40 miles to find Bakon out, but not knowing which way he was gon, he dismisseth his army, retireing himself and councell, to James Towne, there to be redy for the assembly, which was now upon the point of meeting: Whither Bacon, some few days after his return horn from his Indian march, repared to render an account of his servis; (or which himself and most of those with him in the expedition, were imprissoned ; from whence they were freed by a judgment in court upon Bacon's tryall, himself readmited
* Sir Willinin BeiVelry, the governor of Virginia.
into the councell and promjsed a commission the Monday followingCthis was on the "aaturaay} 'agaffisTine"lndia"ris ; with which deluded, he smothers his resentments, and beggs leave to visit his Lady (now sick, as he pretended) which granted, hee returnes to Towne at the head of 4 or 5 hundred men, well Arm'd: reassumes his demands for a commission. Which, after som howers strugling with the Governour, being obtained, according to his desire, hee takes order for the countreyes security, against the attemps of sculking Indians; fills up his numbers and provissiones, according to the gage of his commission ; and so once more advanceth against the Indians, who heareing of his approaches, calls in there Runers and scouts, be taking themselves to there subterfuges and lurking holes. The General (for so he was now denominated) had not reach'd the head of York River, but that a Post overtakes him, and informes, that Sr. W. B. was a raiseing the Traine-bands in Glocester, with an intent, eather to fall into his reare, or otherways to cutt him off when he should return wery and spent from his Indian servis. This strange newes put him, and those with him, shrodly to there Trumps, beleiveing that a few such Deales or shufies (call them which you will) might quickly ring both cards and game out of his hands. He saw that there was an absolute necessety of destroying the Indians, and that there was som-care to be taken for his owne and Armys safety, other-ways the worke might happen to be rechedly don, where the laberours were made criples^and be compeld (insteade of a sword) to make use of a cruch^It vext him to the heart (as he said) to thinke, that while he was a hunting Wolves, tigers and bears, which daly destroyd our harmless and innosscent Lambs, that hee, and those with him, shouli be persewed in the reare with a full cry, as more savage beasts^ He perceved like the corne, he was light between those stones which might grinde him to pouder; if he did not looke the better about him. For the preventing of which, after a short consult with his officers, he countermarcheth his Army (about 500 in all) downe to the midle Plantation: of which the Governour being informed, ships himself and adhearers, for Accomack (for the Gloster men refused to owne his quarill against the Generall) after he had caused Bacon, in these parts to be proclamed a Rebell once more, July 29.
Bacon being sate down with his Army at the midle Plantation, sends out an invitation unto all the prime Gent: men in these parts, to give him a meeting in his quarters, there to consult how the Indians were to be proceeded against, and himself and Army protected against the desinesof Sr. W. B. aganst whose Papers, of the 29 of May, and his Proclameation since, he puts forth his Replication and those papers upon these Dellama's.
First, whether persons wholy devoted to the King and countrey, haters of sinester and by-respects, adventering there lives and fortune?,^to kill and destroy "all in Arms, against King and countrey nhat never ploted, contrived, or indevioured the destruction, detryement or wrong of any of his Majesties subject^ there lives, fortunes, or estates can desurve the names of Rebells and Traters: secondly he cites his owne and soulders peaceable behaviour, calling the wholl countrey to witness against him if they can; hee upbrades som in authorety with the meaneness of there parts, others now inch with the meaneness of there estates, when they came into the countrey, and questions by what just ways they have obtained there welth; whether they have not bjn_the spunges that hath suck'd i'p the p'"'1Vlt ^pgjny fQnp«tinn« what arts, sciences, schools of Learning, or manufactorys, have bin promoted in authorety: Justefyes his adverssion, in generall against the Indians; upbrades the Governour for manetaneing there quarill, though never so unjust, aganest the Christians rights; his refuseing to admit an English mans oath against an Indian, when that Indians bare word should be accepted of against an Englishman : sath sumthing against ye Governour concerning the Beaver trade, as not in his power to dispose of to his owne proffit, it being a Monopeley of the crowne; Questions whether the Traders at the heads of the Rivers being his Facters, do not buy and sell the blood of there bretheren and country men, by furnishing the Indians with Pouder, shott and Fire Arms, contrary to the Laws of the Collony: He araignes one collonell Cowells asscertion, for saying that the English are bound to protect the Indians, to the hassard of there blood. And so concludes with an Appeale to the King and Parliament, where he doubts not but that his and the Peoples cause will be impartially heard.
To comply with the Generalls Invetation, hinted in my former Letter, there was a grate convention of the people met him in his quarters ; the result of whose meeting was an Ingagement, for the people (of what qullety soever, excepting servants) to subscribe to consisting of 3 heads. First to be aideing, with there lives and estates, the Generall, in the Indian war: secondly, to opose Sr. Williams designes, if hee had any, to hinder the same: and lastly, to protect the Generall, Army and all that should subscribe this Ingagement, against any power that should be sent out of England, till it should be granted that the countreys complaint might be heard, against Sr. William before the