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>TlHomas Pearce, aged Forty Years and upwards, of the Vocci .*• Man of War, Mariner, having been at Georgia in America, on board the Peter and James, Captain George Dymond, in the Year One Thousand Seven hundred and Thirty-five; and, front tiiat Ship, on board the Hawk Sloop, Stationed at Georgia until the Beginning of the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred and Thirty-nine; and having Sounded every Inlet, from the Sea all along the Coast of Georgia, from Jekyll Sound to Tybee Sound, maketh Oath and saith, That the said Coast Four Leagues from the Land, is all even Ground, not less than Seven or Eight Fathom Water, and any Ship keeping in that Depth of Water may Steer along the same with the greatest Safety, and Anchor if they have occasion: That on the Bar at Jekyll there is at least Thirteen Feet and a half, at low Water, and at High Spring Tides Twentyfour Feet; and on the Bar at Tybee there is at least Sixteen Feet and a half at low Water, and at High Water Spring Tides Twenty-five Feet and a half; and the Difference between the Spring and Niep Tides is generally between Three and Four P"eet.
And this Deponent farther saith, That he is well assured, and would undertake, by Sounding with a Boat, even at Niep Tides, to carry in Forty-Gun Ships over either of the said Bars; and saith, That he hath seen in the Sound at »Si. Simon's, from Jekyll Bar, Ten Sail of Ships at one Time, and that Ten or Twelve Forty Gun Ships may safely ride there; but behind Jekyll Island there is Water and Room enough for Shipping for Ten Miles up; and that the Sound at Tybee is large enough to hold with Safety Seven or Eight Forty Gun Ships.
And this Deponent farther saith, That Ships in Jekyll Sound may in Twenty-four Hours, from the Bar, run out into the GulfStream of Florida, through which Stream the Spanish Galleons (when not passing the Winward Passage) always come.
To the KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.
The humble Memorial of the Trustees for Establishing th?
Colony of Georgia in America.
'p Hat they being intrusted by your Majesty with the Care of
.*. the Colony of Georgia, which was formerly Part of your
Majesty's Province of South-Carolina, and your Majesty's
Colony of Georgia being very much exposed to the Power of the Spaniards, and become an object of their Envy, by having valuable Ports upon the homeward Passage from the Spanish West-Indies, and the Spaniards having increased their Forces in the Neighbourhood thereof; The Trustees, in consequence of the great Trust reposed in them by your Majesty, find themselves obliged, humbly to lay before your Majesty, their Inability sufficiently to Protect your Majesty's Subjects settled in Georgia, under the Encouragement of your Majesty's Charter, against this late Increase of Forces, and therefore become humble Suppliants to your Majesty, on the Behalf of your Subjects settled in the Province of Georgia, that your Majesty would be pleased to take their Preservation into your Royal Consideration, that, by a necessary Supply of Forces, the Province may be Protected against the great Dangers that seem immediately to Threaten it. All which is most humbly submitted to your Majesty's great Wisdom. which we have consumed our Money, Time and Labour; we do. from a sincere and true Regard to it's Welfare, and in Duty both to you and ourselves, beg leave to lay before your immediate Consideration, the Two following chief Causes of these our present Misfortunes, and this deplorable State of the Colony ; and which, we are certain, if Granted, would be an infallible Remedy for both.
Signed by Order of the Trustees, this lOtli Day of August, 1737.
Benj. Martyn, Secretary.
To the Honourable the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America.
May it please your Honours,
TXf E, whose Names are under-written, being all Settlers, Freeholders, and Inhabitants of the Province of Georgia, and being sensible of the great Pains and Care exerted by you, in endeavouring to settle this Colony, since" it has been under your Protection and Management, do unanimously join to lay before you, with the utmost Regret, the following Particulars.
But, in the first Place, we must beg Leave to observe, That it has afforded us a great deal of Concern and Uneasiness, that former Representations, made to you, of the same Nature, have not been thought worthy of a due Consideration, nor even of an Answer. We have most of us settled in this Colony, in pursuance of a Description and Recommendation of it, by you, in Britain; and from the Experience of residing here several Years, do find, that it is impossible the Measures hitherto laid down for making it a Colony can succeed. None of all those who have planted their Lands, have been able to raise sufficient Produce to maintain their Families, in Bread-kind only, even though as much Application and Industry have been exerted to bring it about, as could be done by Men engaged in an Affair, in which they believe
1. The want of a Free Title or Fee Simple to our Lands, which, if Granted, would occasion great Numbers of new Settlers to come among us, and likewise encourage those who remain here, chearfully to proceed in making further Improvements, as well to retrieve their sunk Fortunes, as to make Provision for their Posterity.
2. The want and use of Negroes with proper Limitations, which, if Granted, would both induce great Numbers of White People to come here, and also render us Capable to subsist ourselves by raising Provisions upon our Lands, until we could make some Produce of it for Export, and in some measure to balance our Importation. We are very sensible of the Inconveniences and Mischiefs that have already, and do daily arise from an unlimited use of Negroes; but we are as sensible that these might be prevented by a due Limitation, such as, so many to each White Man, or so many to such a Quantity of Land, or in any other Manner which your Honours shall think most proper. By Granting us, Gentlemen, these Two particulars, and such other Privileges as his Majesty's most dutiful Subjects in America enjoy, you will not only prevent our impending Ruin, but we are fully satisfied, also, will soon make this the most flourishing Colony possessed by his Majesty in America, and your Memories will br perpetuated to all future Ages, our latest Posterity sounding your Praises as their first Founders, Patrons and Guardians : But if, by Denying us those Privileges, we ourselves and Families are not only Ruined, but even our Posterities likewise, you will always be mentioned as the Cause and Authors of all their Misfortunes and Calamities; which we hope will never happen.
We are, with all due Respect,
Your Honours most Dutiful,
and Obedient Servants.
Henry Farker, Sam. Mercer,
Thomas Christie, Patrick Graham,
John Fallowfield, Da. Douglas,
John BroumfieUl, Tho. Baillie,
William Woodroofe, Hugh Anderson,
Pat, Tailfer, James Carwells,