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for Boiling Victuals) each Head by the Day after during their being on the Passage.
The Heads to be accounted in this manner. Every Person above the Age of Twelve Years to be accounted a whole Head. All Persons of the Age of Seven Years and under the Age of Twelve Years to be accounted Two for One. All Persons above the Age of Two Years and under the Age of Seven Years to be accounted Three for One; and any Person under the Age of Two Years is not to be accounted.
And the said Persons are to enter into the following Covenants before their Embarkation, viz.
That they will repair on Board such Ship as shall be provided for Carrying them to the Province of Georgia, and during the Voyage, will Quietly, Soberly and Obediently demean themselves. and go to such Place in the said Province of Georgia, and there obey all such Orders as shall be given for the better Settling, Establishing and Governing the said Colony.
And that for the first Twelve Months from their Landing in the said Province of Georgia, they will Work and Labour in Clearing their Lands, making Habitations, and necessary Defences, and in all other Works for the common Good and publick Weal of the said Colony, at such Times, in such Manner, and according to such Plan and Directions as shall be given.
And that they from and after the Expiration of the said last mentioned Twelve Months, will, during the Two next succeeding Years, abide, settle and inhabit in the said Province of Georgia, and Cultivate the Lands which shall be to them and their Heirs Male severally allotted and given, by all such Ways and Means as according to their several Abilities and Skills they shall be best Able and Capable.
And such Persons are to be settled in the said Colony, either in new Towns or new Villages.
Those in the Towns will have each of them a Lot Sixty Feet in Front and Ninety Feet in Depth, whereon they are to Build an House, and as much Land in the Country as in the whole will make up Fifty Acres.
Those in the Villages will each of them have a Lot of Fifty Acres, which is to lie all together, and they are to Build their Houses upon it.
All Lots are Granted in Tail Male and Descend to the Heirs Male of their Bodies for ever: And in Case of Failure of Issue Male Revert to the Trust, to be Granted again to such Persons as the Common Council of the said Trustees shall think most for the Advantage of the Colony. And they will have a special regard to the Daughters of Freeholders, who have made Improvements on their Lots, not already provided for by having Married, or Marrying Persons in Possession or intitled to Lands in the Province of Georgia in Possession or Remainder.
All Lots are to be preserved separate and undivided, and cannot be united, in order to keep up a Number of Men equal to the Number of Lots, for the better Defence and Support of the Colony. No Person can Lease out his House or Lot to another without Licence for that Purpose, that the Colony may not be ruined by Absentees Receiving and Spending their Rents elsewhere, therefore each Man must cultivate the same by himself or Servants.
And no Person can Alienate his Land or any part, or any Term, Estate or Interest therein, to any other Person or Persons, without special Licence for that Purpose, to prevent the uniting or dividing the Lots.
If any of the Land so Granted, should not be Cultivated, Planted, Cleared, Improved or Fenced with a Worm Fence or Pales six Feet High, during the space of Ten Years from the Date of the Grant, then every part thereofnot Cultivated. Planted Cleared, Improved or Fenced as aforesaid, shall belong to the Trust, and the Grant as to such parts shall be void.
There is reserved for the support of the Colony, a Rent Charge for ever, of Two Shillings Sterling Money for each Fifty Acres; the Payment of which is not to Commence 'till Ten Years after the Grant.
And the Reversion or Remainder expectant on the Demise of such Persons without Issue Male, shall remain to the Trust.
But the Wives of the Freeholders in case they should Survive their Husbands, are during their Lives intitled to the Mansion House and one half of the Lands Improved by their Husbands, that is to say, inclosed with a Fence of Six Feet High.
All Forfeitures for Non-Residence, High Treason, Felonies, fyc. are to the Trustees for the Use of the Colony.
Negroes and Rum are Prohibited to be used in the said Colony, and Trade with the Indians, unless Licensed.
None are to have the Benefit of being sent upon the Charity in the manner above-mentioned, but,
1. Such as are in Decayed Circumstances, and thereby disabled from following any Business in England, and who if in Debt, must have leave from their Creditors to go.
2. Such as have Numerous Families of Children if Assisted by their respective Parishes, and Recommended by the Minister, Church-Wardens and Overseers thereof.
The Trustees do expect to have a good Character of the said Persons given, because no Drunkards or other notoriously vicious Persons will be taken.
And for the better to Enable the said Persons to Build the new Town, and Clear the Lands the Trustees will give leave to every Freeholder, to take over with him, One Male Servant or Apprentice
of the Age of Eighteen Years and upwards to be Bound for no less
than Four Years, and will by way of Loan to such Freeholder,
Advance the Charges of Passage for such Servant or Apprentice,
and Furnishing him with the Cloathing and Provision hereafter
mentioned, to be delivered in such proportions, and at such Times,
as the Trust shall think proper, viz.
A Pallias and Bolster and Blanket for Bedding,
A Frock and Trowsers of Lintsey-Woolsey, "|
A Shirt and Frock and Trowsers of Oznabrigs, I r p. ..
A pair of Shoes from England,
And two pair of Country Shoes.
And 200 Pounds of Meat, }
And 342 Pounds of Rice, Pease, > for Food for a Year.
or Indian Corn, )
The Expence of which Passage, Cloathing and Provisions, is to be Re-paid the Trustees by the Master, within the Third Year from their Embarkation from England.
And to each Man Servant and the Heirs Male of his Body for ever, after the Expiration of his Service, upon a Certificate from his Master of his having Served well, will be granted Twenty Acres of Land, under such Rents and Agreements, as shall have been then last Granted to any other Man Servant in like Circumstances.
Sign'd by Order of the Common Council of the said Trustees, for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America, this Second Day of July, 1742.
Benj. Martyn, Secretary.
That they within Twelve Months from the Grant, shall goto aiul arrive in Georgia, with Ten able Bodied Men Servants being each of the Age of Twenty Years and upwards.
That they shall abide in Georgia with such Men Servants Three Years from the Registring the Grant there, Building their Houses and Cultivating their Lands.
That they shall Clear and Cultivate within Ten Years from the Grant Two Hundred Acres of Land, part of the said Five Hundred Acres, and Plant Two Thousand white Mulberry-Trees or Plants thereupon, and on every Hundred of the other Three Hundred Acres, One Thousand White Mulberry-Trees or Plants when Cleared, and preserve the same Quantity from time to time thereupon, the Trustees obliging themselves to furnish the Plants.
That they do not Alienate the said Five Hundred Acres of Land or any part thereof for any Term of Years, or any Estate or Interest in the same, to any Person or Persons w ithout special Leave.
That they do not make Pot-ash in Partnership without Leave, but may make it themselves not in Partnership.
On the Determination of the Estate in Tail Male the Land to Revert to the Trust.
That they shall not depart the said Province without Licence.
All Forfeitures for Non-Residence, High Treason, Felonies fyc. are to the Trustees for the Use and Benefit of the Colony.
If any part of the said Five Hundred Acres of Land shall not be Cultivated, Planted, Cleared and Fenced round about with WormFence or Pales Six Feet high, within Eighteen Years from the Grant, all and every such part shall Revert to the Trust, and the Grant as to such Part be void.
And the Common Council of the Trust at the Expirations of the Terms such Men Servants shall be severally bound for, (being none less than Four Years) when requested by the Grantee, will Grant to each of such Men Servants Twenty Acres of land in Tail Male, under such Rents, Conditions, Limitations and Agreements, as shall have been then last Granted to any Others Men Servants in like Circumstance.
When the Land Reverts to the Trust on the Determination of the Estate in Tail Male, it is to be Granted again to such Person as the Common Council of the Trust shall think most for the Advantage of the Colony, and the Trust will have a special Regard to the Daughters of such who have made improvements on their I.rf)ts, not already provided for by having Married or Marrying Persons in Possession or intitled to Lands in the Province of Georgia in Possession or Remainder.
And the Wives of such Persons in case they should survive their Husbands, are, during their Lives, intitled to the Mansion House and one half of the Lands Improved by their Husbands, that is to say, inclosed with a Fence Six Feet high.
Negroes and Rum are Prohibited to be used in the said Province, and Trade with the Indians unless Licensed.
To the KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.
The Humble Memorial and Representation of the State and Condition of Your Majesty's Province of South-Carolina. from the General Assembly of the said Province. V OUR Majesty's most Dutiful Subjects of this Province, having -*. often felt with Hearts full of Gratitude, the many Signal Instances of your most Sacred Majesty's peculiar Favour and Protection, to those Distant Parts of your Dominions, and especially those late Proofs of your Majesty's most Gracious and Benign Care, so wisely calculated for the Preservation of this your Majesty's Frontier Province on the Continent of America, by your Royal Charter to the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia, and your Great Goodness so Timely applied, for the promoting the Settlement of the Swiss at Purrysburgh ; Encouraged by such views of your Majesty's Wise and Paternal Care, extended to your Remotest Subjects, and Excited by the Duty we owe to your most Sacred Majesty, to be always Watchful for the Support and Security of your Majesty's Interest, especially at this very critical Conjuncture, when the Flame of a War breaking out in Europe, may very speedily be lighted here in this your Majesty's Frontier Province, which, in Situation, is known to be of the utmost Importance to the General Trade and Traffick in America: We therefore your Majesty's most faithful Governor, Council and Commons, convened in your Majesty's Province of South- Carolina, crave Leave with great Humility to Represent to your Majesty the present State and Condition of this your Province, and how greatly it stands in need of your Majesty's Gracious and Timely Succour in case of a War, to Assist our Defence against the French and Spaniards, or any other Enemies to your Majesty's Dominions, as well as against the many Nations of Savages which so nearly Threaten the Safety of your Majesty's Subjects.
The Province of South-Carolina, and the new Colony of Georgia are the Southern Frontiers of all your Majesty's Dominions on the Continent of America, to the South and South-West of which is Situated the strong Castle of St. Augustine, Garrison'd by Four Hundred Spaniards, who have several Nations of Indians under their Subjection, besides several other small Settlements and Garrisons, some of which are not Eighty Miles Distant from the