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ney and in England 1,753Z. 18*. 5rf. whereoi' the Trustees allied '22,697/. 5s. 5d. 3o. of which they exhibited an account to the Lord Chancellor, and Master of the Rolls, pursuant to their Charter, and carried the Remainder into their succeeding Accompt.
From the 9th June 1736, to the 9th Jane 1737.
~Kf Or the Security of the People (who were settled the last Year .*. on St. Simon's Island) and the Southern Part of the Province, several Forts were Built this Year, viz.
One at Frcilerica, with Four regular Bastions and a Spur Work towards the River, and several Pieces of Cannon were mounted on it.
About Ten Miles from Frederica a large Battery is Built commanding the Entrance into the Sound, where Ten or Twelve Forty Gun Ships may safely Ride, there being sufficient Water on the Bar called Jckyll for such Ships to go over, which Bar lies in 30d. 40m. and behind Jekyll Island there is Water and Room enough for Shipping for Ten Miles up. The Battery is enclosed within a strong Wall, and has a Guard-House within the Wall capable of holding Twenty four Men.
Another Fort was Built on the Southwest Part of the Island of St. Peters (now called Cumberland) which lies in 30d. 30m. under which Fort, on which are Mounted several Pieces of Ordnance pointed towards the River, all Sloops and Boats in the Inland Passage to this Island must come. Withm the Pallisade round the Fort there are fine Springs of Water, and there is a well Framed Timber Log House, Thirty Feet by Eighteen, with a Magazine under it both for Ammunition and Provisions. A Scout Boat is stationed at this Island.
As these Precautions were taken for the Southern Part of the Province, Directions were given for a Fort to be Built for the Security of the Northern Part, by way of an Out-Guard against any Invasion by Land.' This was at a Place called Augusta which has proved a very thriving Town, it being now the chief Place of Trade with the Indians, and were the Traders of both Provinces of South-Carolina and Georgia resort, from the Security they find there. Augusta is about Two Hundred and Thirty Miles by Water from the Town of Savannah,and large Boats which carry about Nine Thousand Pounds Weight of Deer-slcins can Navigate down the River Savannah. The Town, which stands upon a high Ground near the River, is well Inhabited, and has several Warehouses in it furnished with Goods for the Indian Trade. A Road has been likewise made, so that Horsemen can now Riie from this Town to Savannah, as likewise to the Cherokee Indians, who are situated above the Town of Aitgusta and Trade with it. A Garrison has been kept at this Fort at the Trustees Expence, 'till the Arrival of the Regiment his Majesty since Ordered for the Defence of the Colony.
Whilst these Dispositions were making for the Security of the Province, the Parliament gave Ten Thousand Pounds this Year for the further Settling and Securing the Colony; but as the Expences of the Forts and the Supplies which were sent for the Support of the Colony, were very great, and as many People in the Northern Part of the Province were as yet unable to subsist themselves, and out of Compassion to them and their Families a Store was still kept open for their subsistence, the Trustees sent over but few Persons this Year.
In the beginning of the Year 1737, the Spaniards at Augustine made Preparations for Attacking the Colony of Georgia; they laid in Quantities of Com and Provisions, bought up a great number of Fire Arms, and large Bodies of Regular Troops were sent thither from the Havannah.
The Lieutenant Governor of South-Carolina informed the Magistrates of Savannah of these Preparations ; This Advice and the frequent Alarms which were otherwise given, drew the People off from their Labour in the Sowing Season, and their Improvements in their Plantations were neglected, and they were obliged to make Preparations for their Defence.
At the same Time the Highlanders at New-Inverness, who were exposed to Danger, Built a Fort there and Twelve Pieces of Cannon were mounted on it.
Tho' the People at Savannah were not so immediately exposed to Danger, they began to Build a large Fort at their Town of Pallisade Work with Bastions: But as the Trustees perceived this took off the People from their Cultivation, that the Work would be very Chargeable and they had not Money to support the Expence, they found themselves under a Necessity to put a stop thereto.
Number British. Foreign Pro- Men.
The Persons sent on } ««'• iettants.
the Charity this £ 32 whereof 32 and and in 19
Year were - - - ) Those in the for- ) 1044 whereof 742 and 302 and in 463
mer Years were $
The number of Per-"]
sons sent in the I
five Years to the f 1076 whereof 774 and 302 and in 482
9 June 1737 were J
The Lands Granted in Trust this Year in order to be Granted out in smaller Portions in Georgia were Three Thousand Acres, and in Trust to be cultivated, with the Money arising from private Benefactions given for that Purpose, in order to raise a Maintenance for a Minister and Schoolmaster at Fredcrica, and other Religious Uses, Three Hundred Acres.
The Lands Granted this Year to Persons going on their own Expence were Four Thousand Three Hundred Acres.
The Money received this Year pursuant to Act of Parliament, was £ 10,000, and in Benefactions 3,627/. 18*. Id. whereof in South-Carolina the Amount in Sterling Money 333/. 19*. 6d. and in England 3,293/. 19s. Id. which the Trustees applied, as also part of their former Balance to the Sum of 17,239/. 19s. 5rf. of which they exhibited an Account to the Lord Chancellor, and Master of the Rolls, pursuant to their Charter, and carried the then Remainder to their succeeding Accompt.
From the 9th June 1737, to the 9th June 1738.
HP He Lieutenant Governor of South- Carolina having acquainted .■- the Trustees by a Letter dated from the Council Chamber the 7th February 1736,7, that he had received Advice from Commodore Dent, of Preparations made by the Spaniards at Augustine and the Havannah, in order to make an Attack on the Colony of Georgia, and the Trustees having in a * Memorial to his Majesty set forth the Inability of the Colony to Protect themselves against such a Force as was Preparing at the Havannah and Augustine, his Majesty was graciously pleased to order a Regiment of Six Hundred Effective Men to be raised and sent to Georgia for the Defence and Protection of it.
And as an Encouragement for the Soldiers good Behaviour, the Trustees resolved to give each of them a Property in the Colony; they therefore made a Grant of land in Trust for an Allotment of Five Acres of Land to each Soldier of the Regiment to Cultivate for his own Use and Benefit, and to Hold the same during his continuance in his Majesty's Service ; and for a further Encouragement, they resolved, that each Soldier, who at the end of Seven Years from the Time of his Inlisting in the Regiment, should be desirous of quitting his Majesty's Service, and should have his regular Discharge, and would settle in the Colony, should on his Commanding Officer's Certificate of his good Behaviour, be intitled to a Grant of Twenty Acres of Land.
The Parliament having taken into Consideration the great Expences which the Trustees had been at in making Roads thro' the Province, and the several Fortifications in it, and the Presents made to the Indians to engage them firmer in the British Interest,
* Appendix, No 7.
and likewise the Preparations which were making by the Spaniards in order to take or destroy the Colony, and having Granted this Year a Sum of Twenty Thousand Pounds for the further Settling and securing the Colony, the Trustees made another Embarkation, which consisted chiefly of Persecuted German Protestants.
JVumAer Briliih. Foreign Pro- Men.
The Persons sent on } «n'- tenants.
the Charity this > 298 whereof 135 and 163 and in 152
Year were - - - ) Those in the for- ) 1076 whereof 774 and 302 and in 482
mer Years were $
The number of Per-i
sons sent in the I
six Years to the [1374 whereof 909 and 465 and in 634
By Accounts received from the Colony before the End of this Year, there appear to have been One Thousand One Hundred and Ten Persons in Georgia, besides those at Tybee, Skidow.oy Fort, Argyll, Thunderbolt and Augusta, in the Northern Part, and those at St. Andrews and Amelia in the Southern Part.
The Lands Granted in Tnist this Year in order to be Granted out in smaller Portions in Georgia were Three Thousand Acres.
The Lands Granted this Year to Persons going on their own Expence were One Thousand Acres.
The Money received this Year pursuant to Act of Parliament was £20,000 and in Benefactions 909/. 19*. lOrf. 2q. whereof the Trustees applied 18,870/. 13*. 3d. 2q. of which they exhibited an Account to the Lord Chancellor, and Master of the Rolls, pursuant to their Charter, and carried the Remainder into their succeeding Accompt.
- - -
From the 9th June 1738, to the 9th June 1739.
A S several Merchants and Captains of Ships had for their own .**. Interest carried into the Colony from Aeic- York and other Places, large Cargoes of Provisions, fyc. great part of which (to save the Merchants from Losses) was taken in at the Store without a proper Authority from the Trustees and an Expence created thereby which the Trustees could nor Estimate, nor have Ability to Discharge, and for which certified Accounts were returned to them; the Trustees published an Advertisement in the London Gazette, and Ordered it to be Published in the SouthCarolina Gazette, and to be affixed upon the Doors of the Storehouses at Savannah and Frederica, That out of a due Regard to Publick Credit they had Resolved, that all Expences which they had Ordered or should Order to be Made in America for the use ol the Colony, should be Defrayed and Paid for in Georgia, in Sola Bills of Exchange only, under their Seal; and they gave Notice, that no Person whatsoever had any Authority from them, or m their Name, or for their Account, to purchase or receive any Cargoes of Provisions, Stores or Necessaries, without Paying for 'hem in the said Sola Bills.
Upon the Petition of one Abraham De Lyon, a Freeholder of Savannah in Georgia, that he had expended a great Sum in the Cultivation of Vines, which he had carried from Portugal, and had brought to great Perfection; and several Certificates being produced of his Improvements in Cultivating them, and of the Goodness of the Grapes, and of their Thriving in the most barren Lands of the Province, the Trustees assisted him to proceed in his Improvements.
The Security of the Colony being provided for by the Regiment sent over by his Majesty, the Parliament gave Eight Thousand Pounds for the further Settling the Colony. Therefore the Trustees sent over an Estimate of all the Expences they allowed to be made in the Province, by which several Military Expences, which they had been engaged in for the Defence of the Colony, and which were very great, were reduced.
The Trustees this Year sent over the Rev. Mr. Norris to reside at Frederica, with a Salary oi Fifty Pounds a Year, Ordered a House to be Built for him, and another for the Inhabitants to perform Divine Service in 'till a Church could be Built there.
The Assembly of South-Carolina having in the last Year passed an Ordinance for raising a Sum to indemnify their Traders in opposition to the Act which was approved of by his Majesty in Council for maintaining the Peace with the Indians in the Province of Georgia, upon a Memorial from the Trustees complaining of the said Ordinance, and upon a Petition of the Council and Assembly of South-Carolina against the said Act, there was a solemn Hearing before the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, and afterwards before a Committee of the Lords of his Majesty's Privy Council; Whereupon his Majesty was pleased to Order, that the said Ordinance of the Assembly of SouthCarolina should be Repealed and declared Void, and was pleased to send an Instruction to the Trustees to prepare a proper Act or Ordinance for settling the Trade carried on by the [Provinces of South-Carolina and Georgia with the Indians, on such a Footing as might be for the mutual Benefit and Satisfaction of both Provinces; And his Majesty at the same Time was graciously pleased to give an Instruction to Samuel Horsey, Esq; Governor and Lieutenant-General of South-Carolina, to Recommend to the Council and Assembly there to pass a Law for the like Purpose in that Province: But Samuel Horsey, Esq; dying soon after, and no