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fi^HE Colony of Georgia has afforded so much subject of .*. Conversation to the World, that it is not to be question d but a true and impartial Account of it from its first Settlement to its present 'Period, will be generally agreeable; and the more so, that the Subject has hitherto been so much disguised and misrepresented in Pamphlets, Poems, Gazettes and Journals.
IF it it ask'd, Why this Narrative has not been published to the World sooner? We assign two Reasons, which (we doubt not) will be satisfactory.
First, A Number of Honourable Gentlemen accepted the Charge of Trustees for executing the Purposes in his Majesty's most gracious Charter; Gentlemen, whose -Honour and Integrity we never did, or yet do call in question: But, to our great Misfortune, none of that honourable Body, (excepting Mr. Ooelthorpe^) ever had Opportunity of Viewing the Situation and Circumstances of the Colony, and judging for themselves as to the Necessities thereof. How far Mr. Oglethorpe's Schemes were consistent with the Welfare or Prosperity of it, will best appear jrom the following Narrative.
WHEN Experience gradually unfolded to us the Alterations we found absolutely requisite to our subsisting, we made all dutiful and submissive Applications to these our Patrons, in tvhom we placed so much Confidence: This Course we judged the most proper and direct, and therefore repeated these our dutiful Applications, both to the Body of the Trustees and to Mr. Oglethorpe ; but alas! our Miseries could not alter his Views oj Things, and therefore we could obtain no Redress from him; and the honourable Board we found were prejudiced against our Petitions (no doubt) thro' Misinformations and Misrepresentations; and this (we are confident) a further Enquiry and Time will convince them of.
THE inviolable Regard we paid to the honourable Board, kept us from applying to any other Power for Redress, whilst the least Hopes could be entertained of any from them: And we make no doubt, but that our Moderation in this respect, will recommend us to all Persons of Humanity.
A. SECOND Reason is, That as we had daily Occasion of meting our supream Magistrates, who ruled over us with unlimited Power, exercising illegal Acts of Authority, by Tlircatnings, Imprisonments, and other Oppressions; thereJore we had just Reason to apprehend, that any further Steps to obtain Relief, might subject us to the like Effects of arbitrary Power; so, until non; that a Handful of us have made our Escape to a Land of Liberty (after having made Shipwreck of our_ lime and Substance in that unhappy Colony) we had it not in our Power to represent the State of that Settlement to the World, or make our Application to higher Powers for Redress.
WE are hopeful, that the Perusal of the following Sheets, will rectify two sorts of Readers in their Surprize in relation to the Colony of GEORGIA, viz. Those of Great Britain, who have never known this Part of the World but by Description ; and those of America: The First are no doubt surprized, to think it possible, that so pleasant and temperate a dime; so fruitful a Soil; such extensive Privileges; all which were publicity given out; and such considerable Sums of pubhek and private Benefactions, have not satisfied and enriched its: Them we refer to the following Narrative for Satisfaction The American Reader, on the other Hand, must be equally ^rpn-ed to find that such Numbers should have been so tooled and blmdfolded, as to expect to live in this Part of America by Cultivation of Lands without Negroes, and much more without l\tles to their Lands, and laid under a Load of Grievances and Restrictions: And tho' these were redress'd, How could Persons fit their Senses ever imagine, that Fifty Acres of Pme-Barren, nof value Fifty Sixpences in Property, (and whereof many lhousands may be purchased at half that Rate in the neighbouring Province) could maintain a Family of white People, and pay such Duties and quit-Rents in a few Years, as the richest Grounds in Carolina, or other Provinces in America will never bear? To these last we shall only beg leave to observe, that such fatal Artifice was Used, (we shall not say by whoin) such specious Pretences were made use of, and such real t alsities advanced, and the smallest Foundations of Truth magnify d to Hyperbole; that we, who had no Opportunity of knowing otherways, or means of learning the real Truth, and being void of all Suspicion of Artifice or Design, easily believed allthese, and fell into the Decoy. . .
THE Mind of Man is Naturally curious and enterpnzing: we easily feed our Wishes into Realities, and affect and look upon every Novelty in the most favourable Light; how e asythen is it, for Cunning and Artifice to lay hold on the weak Sides of our Fellow-Creatures, as we catch Fish with a Hook baited to their particular Gout?
'Ripe Fruits and Blossoms on the same Tree live;
'At once they promise what at once they give.
'So meet the Air, so moderate the Clime,
'None sickiy livei, or dies before his Time;
'Heav'n iure has kept this Spot of Earth uncutst,
'To shew how all Things were crrated first.
Page 27, 'The Indians bring many a Mile the whole Deer's 'Flesh, which they sell to the People who live in the Country, 'for the Value of Six-pence Sterling; and a Wild Turkey of 'Forty Pound weight, for the Value of Two-pence.'—ire Page 32, the Author when recommending the Georgia Adventure to Gentlemen of decayed Circumstances, who must labour at Home or do worse, states the following Objection, viz. 'If such People 'can't get Bread here for their Labour, how will their Condition 'be mended in Georgia r* Which he solves in the following Manner,—'The Answer'is easy; Part of it is well attested, and 'Part self-evident; they have Land there for Nothing, and that 'Land so fertile, that as is said before, they receive an Hundred 'fold Increase, for taking a very little Pains. Give here in En'gland ten Acres of good Land to one of those helpless Per'sons, and I doubt not his Ability to make it sustain him, and
• by his own Culture, without letting it to another; but the 'Difference between no Rent and rack'd Rent, is the Differ; ence between Eating and Starving.'—Page 32, 'These Trus'tees not only give Land to the Unhappy who go thither,
• but are also impowered to receive the voluntary Contributions 'of charitable Persons, to enable to furnish the poor Adven'turers with all Necessaries for the Expence of their Voyage,
• occupying the Land, and supporting them till they find them'selves comfortably settled; so that now the Unfortunate will : not be obliged to bind themselves to a long Servitude to pay 'for their Passage; for they may be carried gratis into a Land . of Liberty and Plenty, where they immediately find themselves 'in the Possession of a competent Estate, in an happier Climate 'than they knew before, and they are unfortunate indeed if here 'they cannot forget their Sorrows.'—Nay, as if such Assertions as these were not powerful enough to influence poor People, Calculations are subjoined, to demonstrate, that a Family consisting of one poor Man, his Wife, and Child of seven Years old, may in Georgia earn sixty Pounds Sterling per Annum, and this abstracted from Silk, Wine, &c—Page 41, 'Now this very : Family in Georgia, by raising Rice and Corn sufficient for its 'Occasions, and by attending the Care of their Cattle and Land '(which almost every one is able to do in some tolerable Degree 'for himself) will easily produce in gross Value the Sum of : sixty Pounds Sterling per Annum: nor is this to be wondered at, because of the valuable Assistance it has from a fertile Soil and a Stock given gratis; which must always be remembred in this Calculation.
'The Calculation of One Hundred such
'poor Men earn
'In Georgia an Hundred Families earn, One Hundred Men for Labour, Ditto for Care of their Stock )
'at leisure Hours, J
One Hundred Woman and > 2400 00 0
'One Hundred Children, J Land and Stock in them- ) I9nn 00 0
Total, - - - 6000 00 0 q. E. D.
B UT we must conclude this Head, lest we tire the Reader. We shall now beg Leave to quote a few Poetical Accounts of this Paradise of the World, and of the Fatherly Care and Protection we might depend on from Mr. Oglethorpe. An Hundred Hackney Muses might be instanced; but we shall confine ourselves to the celebrated Performance of the Rev. Mr. Samuel Wesly, where we might well expect a sufficient Stock of Truth and Religion, to counter-balance a Poetical Licence. Vide a Poem entitled, GEORGIA, and Verses upon Mr. Oglethorpe's second Voyage to Georgia. Printed London, 1736.
'CEK where beyond the spacious Ocean lies
'^ A wide waste Land beneath the Southern Skies;
* Where kindly Suns for Ages rnll'd in vain,
'Nor e'er the Vintage saw, or rip'ning Grain;
• Whom Britain from her Plenitude can span;
'Nor envy Spain the Treasures of Pent.
'But not content in Council here to join, 'A further Labour Oglethorpe, is thine: 'In each grant Deed thou claimst the foremost Part, 'And Toil and Danger charm tby gen'roos Heart"