Damming the flood: Haiti, Aristide, and the politics of containment
Once the most lucrative European colony in the Caribbean, Haiti has longbeen one of the most divided and impoverished countries in the world. In thelate 1980s a remarkable popular mobilization known as Lavalas, or 'the flood,'sought to liberate the island from decades of US-backed dictatorial rule. Afterwinning a landslide election victory, in 1991 the Lavalas government led byPresident Jean-Bertrand Aristide was overthrown by a bloody military coup. Dammingthe Flood analyzes how and why Aristide's enemies in Haiti, the US andFrance made sure that his second government, elected with another overwhelmingmajority in 2000, was toppled by a further coup in 2004.The elaborate international campaign to contain, discredit and thenoverthrow Lavalas at the start of the twenty-first century was perhaps the mostsuccessful act of imperial sabotage since the end of the Cold War. Itsexecution and its impact have much to teach anyone interested in thedevelopment of today's political struggles in Latin America and the rest of thepost-colonial world.
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29 February activists administration allies American anti-Aristide anti-Lavalas Apaid April Aristide's Aristide's government armed army attacks Bel Air Boulos Brian Concannon campaign Caroit Cedras Chamblain Cite Soleil corruption coup Dany Toussaint December Democracy democratic opposition Dominican Duvalier elections electoral elite enemies Evans Paul Fanmi Lavalas Fatton force foreign FRAPH gang Gonai'ves Group of 184 groups Guy Delva Guy Philippe Haiti Progres Haitian human rights insurgency Interview Jane Regan January Jean Jean-Bertrand Aristide killed Kim Ives Latortue Latortue's leaders liberation Macoutes March Miami Herald militants military MINUSTAH National NCHR neighborhoods never NGOs November October organization PAPDA paramilitary party Patrick Elie Petionville Pierre-Charles police political poor popular Port-au-Prince president Preval prime minister pro-Lavalas radio rebels regime repression Roger Noriega sector September slums soldiers Tatoune troops USAID violence vote Washington Post York Youri Yvon Neptune