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DEMONYM (bibliography).—Popular or ordinary qualification
taken as a proper name, as an "amateur,” a “ bibliophile.”
0. H. DIAMOND (typography). — French, Diamant; German, Diamant
schrift. The smallest sized English type, useless, unless for curiosity ; 2,800 letters weigh a pound. It was first cast by the Dutch founders, and in England by Mr. Fry The French
have a size still smaller. DIRECTION WORDS (typography).—See Catch-Word. DOUBLE BOOK (printing).—A book printed on half sheets.
-HanneTT. DOUBLE DAGGER (printing).—German, doppel kreuz. A
reference mark (). See Miscellaneous, Art. Printers' Marks. DOUBLE PICA (typography). —
French, Le Gros Parangon; German, Text, or Secunda;
Dutch, Dubbelde Dessendiaan ; Italian, Due Linne e Filosofia. A type twice the size of Pica.
DRAWING-IN (binding).–Fastening the boards to the back
of the volume, with the bands on which it is sewn.—Han
DUODECIMO (bibliography). — English, twelvemo, 12mo ;
French, in-douze, in-12; German, duodez, zwölftelform, zwölftelgrosse. Size of a book printed on paper folded into twelve leaves, twenty-four pages. The signatures are B, B2, B 3, on the first, third, and ninth pages. The wire mark is horizontal, and the paper mark on the fore-edge. The usual sizes are 12mo and royal or long 12mo.
EDITION (bibliography).— French, l'édition ; German, auflage. EMERALD (typography).—The name of a type a size between
Nonpareil and Minion. A type that is now very little used. END-PAPERS (binding).—The blank leaves at the beginning
or end of a book.-HanNETT.
French, Saint Augustin; German, Mittel; Dutch, Augustyn; Italian, Silvio
A type the next size larger than *Pica; used for Church Bibles and works in folio
ENIGMATIC-PSEUDONYM (bibliography). — As Biblio
théque Bibliophile-Facétieuse, editée par les frères Gébéodé, i. e., Gustave Brunet and Octave Delpierre), thus G[ustave)
é b[runet] é, o[ctave] d[elpierrJe.-0. H. EVEN PAGE (printing).—The 2d, 4th, 6th, or any other even
numbered page. EXOTERIC BOOKS.-Those intended for the use of popular
and ordinary readers.—Rees' Cyclopædia. EXTRA or CALF EXTRA (binding).—A term applied to a
book when it is well forwarded, lined with good marble paper, has silk head-bands, and gilt with a narrow roll round the sides and inside the squares.—HANNETT.
FAC (typography).—Wooden or metal square blocks, with em
blematical figures, flowers, etc., pierced in the centre to admit a capital letter at the beginning of a chapter, intended to represent the illuminations of manuscripts.
" These ornaments,” says savage, were called Facs, an abbreviation, I believe, for
Facsimile." FILLETED (binding).—When the bands of a volume are
marked with a single gilt line only.-HANNETT, FINISHER (binding).—The workman who executes the color
ing, gilding, and other ornamental operations of binding.–
HanneTT. FIRST PROOF (printing). — French, feuille d'épreuve; German,
abzug. The first impression of any matter after it is composed,
for the purpose of comparing it with the copy. FLY-LEAF (printing).- French, allonge; German, anzeigeblatt.
The blank leaf at the commencement or end of a book. FOLDER (binding).—The person who folds the book according to the pages previous to its being sewn. In large towns it is generally done by females.-HANNETT.
FOLIO (bibliography).—French, folio, in-folio; German, in-folio.
The size of a book printed on paper of whatever dimensions folded into two leaves making four pages-contraction, fol. A folio sheet may be known, if printed without signatures, by the water-marks being always perpendicular, and the paper
mark in the middle. FOLIOING (printing).— French, pagination ; German, paginir
ung. Pagination, paging, numbering. FOOLSCAP PAPER (the usual sizė 17 inches by 13).
French, papier écolier; German, schreibpapier.—Notes and Queries, 2d Series, Vol. I, p. 251. It is stated that when Charles I found his revenues short he granted certain privileges, amounting to monopolies, and among these was the manufacture of paper, the exclusive right of which was sold to certain parties. At this time all English paper bore in watermarks the Royal Arms. The Parliament under Cromwell ordered that the Royal Arms be removed from the
and the fool's cap and bell to be substituted. This statement requires authentication. See the Archeologia, Vol. xii, 117,
and Chambers' Book of Days, Vol. I, p. 533. FOOT-LINE (printing).—The line at the bottom of the first
page of each sheet, under which is placed the signature.
HANNETT. FORE-EDGE (binding). — The front edge of a book. FORMÆ LITERATUM (printing).—The expression used
by Cicero (De natura decorum) to types made of metal, and the very words used by the first printers to designate them.
REES' Cyclopædia, Art. Printing. FOR PRESS (printing). — These words are written in the cor
ner at the top of the last proof sent from the reader to the
“pressman,” to notify him that it is ready for printing. FORRELL (binding).—Rough undressed skins of beasts used
in early times for bindings. Specimens are to be seen some
times in old libraries.-HANNETT. FORWARDING (binding). --All the operations of bookbinding
up to coloring.-HANNETT. FOUL PROOF (printing). — French, épreuve chargée ; Ger
man, schmutziger abzug. A proof with many corrections marked in it.
GÄNSE-AUGEN — Geese-eyes (typography): — The German
nick-name for inverted commas, “an appellation by which they are known to both printers and writers in Germany.”—
Johnson's Typography, Vol. 11, p. 58, note. GALVANOGLYPHY.-A process patented by E. Palmer in
1841, for obtaining in relief on a copperplate, by means of galvanism, the copy of any etching, etc., first drawn on another plate by a peculiar process. For an account of which, see
Abridgment of Specification on Printing, p. 32. GALVANOGRAPHY.-A process which, by means of gal
vanism, reproduces an intaglio copy of the original (which is prepared by a peculiar process), which is in actual copperplate, representing an aquatint, and obtained without the assistance
of an engraver.—Abridgment of Specification on Printing, p. 31. GEONYM (bibliography).–Name of a country, town, or vil
lage, as an Englishman, a Londoner, an American.-0. H. GILT (binding). —A book bound firm and strong, having plain
end papers and back gilt.—Hannett. GILT EDGES (binding).–French, doré sur tranche; German,
goldschnitt. Leaves of a book gilt on the edges; contraction,
8.e. GLAIRE (binding). —Name given to the white of eggs used in
the process of gilding.-HANNETT. GRAPHOTYPE (engraving).-A process in which the design
is drawn from chalk, spread upon a metal plate with chemical ink, and then hardens. The chalk is then brushed
leaving the design on relief, from which a “a squeeze,” and afterwards an electrotype, can be taken and printed at press.—See
Journal of the Society of Arts, Vol. xiv, p. 51.
French, Gros Romain, Gros Texte ;
GROLIER (binding).—A term applied to a
-A term applied to a particular kind of ornamental leather binding introduced by Jean Grolier, Viscount d’Aguisi, one of the four treasurers of France (born at Lyons in 1479, died in 1565), who collected a magnificent library, and had the books splendidly bound. In 1675 his library was dispersed. Gascon, the celebrated binder of the time, was chiefly employed by Grolier, but the designs are said to have been composed by himself in moments of leisure. Grolier's books were inscribed “Io Grolierii et amicorvm,” indicating that they were for the use of his friends as well as
himself. GROOVES (binding).—The projections formed on the sides of
the books in backing to admit of the boards laying even with
the back when laced in.-Hannett. GUTTER (binding).—The round front edge of a volume,
formed by Aattening the circular back previous to cutting.–
HANNETT. GUARDS (binding).--Shreds of strong paper interspersed and
sewn in a book for the insertion of prints or other matter, to prevent its being uneven when filled ; also the pieces project
ing over the end-papers.-HANNETT. GUILLEMETS (typography).—The French name for inverted
commas, so called from owing their origin to M. Guillemet.JOHNSON, P. 58.
HAGIONYM (bibliography).—The name of a saint taken as a
proper name.-G. H. HALF-BOUND (binding). - French, demi-reliure ; German,
halbfranzband. When the back and corners of a book only are covered with leather, and the sides with paper or cloth;
contraction, hf.-bd. HALF-EXTRA (binding). — Books forwarded carefully, and
lined with marble paper, having silk hand-bands and narrow
roll round the sides, but plain inside.-Hannert. HEAD (binding).—The top of a volume.—Hannett. HEAD-BAND (binding).—French, tranche-file; German, capital.
The silk or cotton ornament placed at the top and bottom of the back.-HANNETT.