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HEAD-LINE (printing). — The line immediately under the

running title on the pages of a book. HEAD-PAGE (printing).—The beginning of a subject. HEAD-PIECE (typography). --Ornaments placed at the top of

the page, at the beginning of a chapter, in imitation of illumi

nated manuscripts, now seldom used. HIERONYM (bibliography). —Sacred name used as a proper


IMPRINT (printing). — French, nom de l'éditeur ; German,

druckort. Designation of a place where a work is printed ;

either with or without the printer's name. INITIAL LETTERS (printing). French, lettres initiales, let

tres d'apparat ; German, anfangsbuchstabe. The first letter

of a paragraph. INITIALISM (bibliography).—Only the initials of the real name,

as R. B. (Braithwaite), T. B. (Brewer), S. E. B. (Sir E.

Bridges.-). H. INK.-Pancirollus says

that kind of ink which was used by emperors alone, and forbidden to others, was called encaustum ; from which he derives the Italian inchiostro. From the same source we may derive the French encre and the English ink.

B. H. C., in Notes and Queries, ist Series, Vol. xi, p. 283. INSET (binding).—The pages cut off in folding and placed in

the middle of the folded sheet.-HANNETT. IRONYM (bibliography).—Ironical name, as “A Bird at Brooms

grove,i.e., John Crane to Rhymes after Meat, 1800. ITS OWN PAPER (printing).—When one, two, three, or more copies of a sheet of a work are printed on the paper

that the whole is intended to be worked on, it is said to be pulled on its own paper. This is frequently done at the commencement of a work when the first sheet is sent to the author or publisher, that they may see the effect produced before it is proceeded with.–Savage's Dictionary of Printing.

LARGE PAPER COPIES (bibliography).— Books printed on

paper of extra size with wide margins. Dr. Dibdin says he never met with a book printed in England on large paper before 1600, except a unique copy of Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft, 1584.

LEONINE VERSES.–Verses in which the middle and end

of each line rhyme together. In the Encyclopædia Metropolitana
there are ten different kinds of Leonine Verses enumerated; the
name is said to have been derived, either from a monk of the
twelfth century, or from one of the popes of the name of Leo.

-WHEATLEY's Of Anagrams, p. 15.
LETTERED (binding).- A book filleted on the back and the

title lettered.-HANNETT.
LIGATURES (typographia).-See LOGOTYPE.
LINES (binding). —A book is said to be in morocco lines when

the only ornament is a plain fillet on the bands and round the

sides.- HANNETT. LIPOGRAM (bibliography).— Greek, leipo, to leave, and gramma, a letter. A writing in which a single letter is wholly omitted.

-Boag. LITHOGRAPHY (printing). -Greek, lithos, a stone, and grapho, to write.

The art of engraving, or of tracing letters, figures, or other designs on stone, and of transferring them to paper

by impression.-BOAG. LOGOTYPE (typography). — Type cast in words or double let

Those in general use are ff, f, fi, fi, and f, because the kernel of the f cannot be placed close to another f, an i, or an l. Attempts have been made to cast whole words in common use—such as and, of, in, the, etc.—but printers prefer composing the words themselves, as it avoids a multiplicity of

boxes in the case. LONG PRIMER (typography),—

French, Petit Romain ; German, Corpus, Garmond, Kleine Teufelsschrift; Italian, Garamone. A type so called from having been used to print primers; used for dictionaries, works in 12mo, and other works, in which much matter is required to be got into a


small space.

LYON VERSES.-Akin to, and often confounded with, Pal

indromic Verses, 9. v., but differing from them, as not only the letters, but each entire word is reversed in its position in the sentence, and therefore have not the same meaning backwards and forwards like the Palindrome, but from a new sentence, which is very generally an answer to the original one. The inventor of this style of verse was C. S. S. Appollinaris, a native of Lyons, from whence, probably, the name is

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derived. The following (attributed to Politian) is a good example—it applies to Cain and Abel:

ABEL. Sacrum pingue dabo, nec macrum sacrificabo.

Cain. Sacrificabo macrum nec dabo pingue sacrum. The following well-known epitaph in Cumwallow church-yard (Cornwall) is an example of English Lyon verse :

Shall we all die? we shall die all;
All die shall we---die all we shall.

-WHEATLEY's Of Anagrams, p. 13

MACARONIC (bibliography).-Pertaining to or like a macar

oni ; empty, trifling. Consisting of a mixture or jumble of ill-formed or ill-connected words. A kind of burlesque poetry, in which words of different languages are intermixed, and native words are made to end in Latin terminations, or Latin words are modernized.—Bong. The earliest author and inventor was Theoph. Folengo, who wrote an epic in Latinized Italian.-WHEATLEY's Of Anagrams, p. 26. See also De la Litterature Macaronique, (Philobiblion Society Transactions, London, 1856); and Macaroneana, by M. O. Delepierre,

(Paris, 1852). MACKLE (printing).- French, friser; German, dupliren. When

part of the impression on a page appears double, owing to the

platen dragging on the frisket. MILL-BOARD (paper).- French, carton de pâte, carton de

moulage; German, geformte pappe, pappdeckel, starker pappendeckel. A thick paper used for various purposes-amongst others, covers for books, superseding pasteboard. It came into use about the middle of the seventeenth century, previous which books came either in paper covers like French books, or whole bound in calf.-Notes and queries, 3d series, Vol.

VII, p. 138. See PASTEBOARD. MINION (typography).

French, La Mignione; German, Colonell, Mignonschrift; Ital., Mignona. The name of a type principally used for newspapers, Prayer-Books, Bibles, etc. It is half the size of

English. MOROCCO (binding).—French, maroquiner; German, maro

kiniren. A goatskin, peculiarly dressed, so called from the first having been introduced into Europe from Morocco, but

the best now bearing the name are now manufactured at home. It is the most durable, as well as the most ornamental, of the leathers used for bookbinding; the styles are the same as mentioned under Calf.



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NEWSPAPERS. — Publications in numbers, issued at short

and stated intervals, conveying intelligence of passing events. The word is not, as many imagine, derived from the adjective new.

In former' years (1595-1730) it was the universal practice to put over the periodical publications of the day the initial letters of the four cardinal points of the compass, thus: importing that they contained news from the four quarters of the globe.-Haydn's Dic

tionary of Dates. This appears a very fanciful derivation. NIELLO.-A pulverized substance, composed of silver, copper,

lead, sulphur, and borax; used by the early engravers to fill the lines so as to make the design visible on silver or copper

plates. NOM-DE-PLUME (bibliography).—The assumed name under

which any one writes. NONPAREIL (typography). —

French, Nonpareille ; German, Nonpareille: Dutch, Nonpareil ; Italian, Nonpariglia. A

type in body exactly half the size of Pica; used for the same purposes as Minion, NUMERALS.-See Miscellaneous, Art. Numeration.

OBELISK, OR. Long Cross (printing), erroneously called the

single dagger.-French, croix ; German, kreuz. A reference mark thus (†), to draw attention to a foot-note, or to one in the margin, and in Roman Catholic Prayer-Books for bulls, briefs, etc.; for want of the square cross it is sometimes used

inverted to OCTAVO (printing).—Contraction, oct., 8vo. French, in oc

tavo, in 8°; German, octav. The size of a book printed on paper of any dimensions folded into eight leaves, making sixteen pages. The signatures are B, B2, B3, on pages 1, 3, 5. The wire mark is horizontal, and the paper

mark at the very top often considerably cropped by the binder. - Notes and Queries, January 27, 1866. The usual sizes are : imperial 8vo, royal 8vo, demy 8vo, crown 8vo, post 8vo, foolscap 8vo.

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We shall offer in a few days copies of
splendid edition of
Ben Jonson's Works.
vols., 8vo.

A reprint of Gifford's dition, known as the best. It is handmely printed in the style of Pickering's lilton. A few large paper copies have een issued.

We shall be glad to supply 1 order, as we have subscribed for some.

Twenty-four dollars purchased the whole city and county
of New York in 1625, being 247 years ago. In 1638 tobacco
was produced to a considerable extent on New York Island.
In 1652 the first public school was established ; streets first
paved in 1676; in 1667 there were 12 streets and 384 houses.
În 1711 a slave market was established in Wall Street. In
1729 three pence a foot was given for land on the west side
of Broadway, near the Battery. The first stage route between
New York and Boston was established in 1732; time 14 days
from city to city. in 1733 a law was passed to preserve the
fish in Fresh Water Pond (the Kolck), now Centre Street
and neighborhood. In 1737, a market house was built in
Broadway, opposite Crown, now Liberty Street; the city'at
that time contained 1416 houses. In 1745 the first coach
(Lady Murray's) was driven in New York. When the
British evacuated the city, November, 25, 1783, the buildings
did not extend beyond Murray Street. In 1801 Broadway
was ordered to be continued through Thomas Randall's
land, near 8th Street, to meet the Bowery, and the hills
leveled and carted into Fresh Water Pond, which was then
the northern limits of Broadway, and much beyond the
settled parts of the city. Previous to this extension of Broad-
way, the Bowery was the only entrance to the city, through
groves of cedar to the Bull's Head, now the Bowery Theatre.
The old Potter's Field is now the Washington Parade

Mounted on linen, with roller, price,

$1 00

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Shakespeare's Works.

A Handsome Library Edition.

In 2 hols., Royal 8vo. Nlustrated by 66 fine lates.


We have secured a few copies of the
New Edition of
Boswell's Life of Johnson,


$0 50


YORK, by Henry FARRER.
“Old Tom's,” “Post Office," etc., etc., mount-
ed and in portfolio,

$20 00
Large paper copy (out of print and scarce), $10 00





VOLUME IV. Announce a sale of a large collection of

Price $3.00. books, including a number of Fine Art Works,

We have a few copies of this

volume for sale. It makes a large and a collection of splendidly bound Eng thick 8vo. volume, is neatly bound lish books, including such books as Mrs. in cloth, complete with index and Jameson, full morocco; Macauley, tree

We have but a very calf; Knight's England, polished calf; few, and advise our friends who Ruskin's Modern Painters, splendid copy ;

wish to obtain the volume to send &c., &c.

at once for it. Catalogue Ready 20th of May.


title page.

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