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way bigotry, with all its "malice and uncharitableness” will soon be a prominent “quality” of the American People. We wish, however, not to be misunderstood. A religious education is all important to the welfare of society and the happiness of the individual, for the whole history of man tells us that the march of intellect, separated from moral instruction, is the rogue's march.

At the close of this article, the "twentieth lot" is mentioned as the portion of land reserved for a school fund. Here is a slight error, as the thirty-second part of the new states, and lot number sixteen, is the school section.-Ed.]


"The tendency of knowledge is, and the tendency of its diffusion undoubtedly is, to improve the habits of the people, to better their principles, and to amend all that which we call their characters; for there are a host of principles and feelings which go together, to make up what we call, in the common acceptation of the words, the human character. How does this diffusion operate? To increase habits of reflection, to enlarge the sphere of the mind, to render it more capable of receiving pleasurable emotions, and of taking an interest in other, and in higher and better matters than mere sensual gratification. It tends to improve the feelings as well as to increase the reflective habits; and it tends, therefore, to the attainment of that which in itself tends immediately and directly to improve the character and conduct of a nation.

It tends to increase prudence and prudential habits, and to amend and to improve the human feelings. The ancients have described

the effects of education in far better language, and much more happily than I can do—“ emollit mores nec sinit esse fores."

June 20, 1834, (Prison Discipline.)

[Uneducated mind is educated vice, for man is made to know, he is the subject of education, and if not informed does not fulfil the object of his being, and is necessarily miserable and the miserable man very easily becomes the criminal. In a right education there is a divine alchymy which turns all the baser parts of man's nature into gold. It is said in one of the fables of the ancients, that when the first rays of the morning sun fell upon the Statue of Memnon, it sent forth music; and it is only after the first rays of knowledge have fallen upon man, that his nature "discourses harmony." Man must be taught to read and understand the laws, before he can know and exhibit the beauty and happiness of obedience. I was once passing through a park with a friend, and seeing notices nailed to the trees, that "all

dogs found in this park will be shot :" my companion observed, "if dogs cannot read, they are badly off here." But the Creator has not only written his laws upon the trees, he has inscribed them on the arching heavens, over the green earth, and into the very form and soul of man; and if he is not able to read, he is "badly off here." Dr. Johnson, being aske "who was the most miserable man," said, "He who cannot read on a rainy day."-Ed.]



"It is not the less true, because it has been oftentimes said, that the period of youth is by far the best fitted for the improvement of the mind, and the retirements of a college almost exclusively adapted to much study. At your enviable age, every thing has the lively interest of novelty and freshness; attention is perpetually sharpened by curiosity, and the memory is tenacious of deep impressions it thus receives, to a degree unknown in after life; while the distracting cares of the world, or its beguiling pleasures, cross not the threshold of these calm retreats; its distant noise and bustle are faintly heard, making the shelter you enjoy more grateful; and the struggles of anxious mortals embarked upon that troublous sea, are viewed from an eminence, the security of which is rendered more sweet by the prospect of the scene below. Yet a little while, and you too will be plunged into those waters of bitterness, and will cast an eye of regret,

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