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going to leeward, there being no hold construction proposed, in sailing, it on her side againsi the water equal to will be so triniog, comparatively with the lateral action of the wind: and if the size and strength of a boat coda flat vessel is sunk deep, then it is structed in this manner, as not to renthe cause of making a vessel too der it necessary to be removed. heavy from its increased size, and

Another advantage offered, in the sluggish for want of being finely run flat floor, is this : that the floor beunder her bottom, and then she willing formed of separate plank from not rise well to the wave, nor will she the sides of the sel, the płank coinbe fast, and which is consequently posing the floor may be introduced of avoided by what is termed fine bot- any thickness thought to be proper, toms : but, as our plan is to sail light, or upon experience found necessary. these latter objections will not apply By increasing the thickness of ber to the form of boat we recommend. foor, we shall increase the power of

Confident in the fitness of a flat sur carrying sail, by throwing a greater face for sailing, I have no hesitation weight into her bottom, which will in saying it will be the best suited for act with the greatest efficacy as bal. the sort of boat alluded to ; that is, a last ; and the specific gravity being light, or opeo sailing-boat.

Jess, she will be more buoyant, and I ain confident in saying the flat more safe in this respect, than a boat floor is the form best adapted for open that is ballasted; and her bottom besailing-boats, whose principle of safety ing stronger, she will be less liable to must depend on their lightness, or injury in taking the ground, and begreat buoyancy, and whose power of ing hauled up or launched, and genesailing must depend on the immediate rally less liable lo damage at the botbearing therefore brought on the wa tom than other boats. And in reter, without being sunk deep by balo gard to the safety arising from buoy. last or lading ; and no form can equal ancy, bo part of the vessel being rea flat surface in this respect. The duced below the specific gravity of accounts given of the Balsa, of South water by reason of ballast, she would America, verify this, and are our au not labour as vessels in ballast do; thority for assuming that the flat floor but, on the contrary, would swim is well adapted for sailing and for light, and always be disposed to keep buoyancy; and the construction now the surface of the water, and rise recommended is, indeed, but a scien- more readily upon the wave. tific construction of that prinsitive Another advantage, in the flat sort of navigation. With respect to floor, is the simplicity and ease of keeping to windward, lee-boards and construction ; and the floor, from its sliding-keels will effect this : but I great substance, may be composed of shall propose another mode, which is, almost any wood, and elm or fir may by extending very considerably the be used. That we may not be misundepth of keel: which shall be ex- derstood, we shall again observe, that tended to that depth, in proportion to we do not offer this mode of conthe size of the boat, with correspond. struction for vessels of burthen, but ing substantiality, that shall be found for small-craft, or what we term light effectual to answer the purpose. This sailing-boats, and that are to take I propose as a inore effectual, and the shore; and it inay be applied to more convenient mode, than lee the largest dimensions of fishing-boats boards and sliding keels.

that are used on the coast, and for It is to be recollected, that we taking the ground. And though we are speaking of fishing-crast, that are do not recommend it either for ships to take the shore, and that are to be boats, or boats that are wanted of launched and hauled up, as occasion light construction, as indeed nothing requires. The convenience, then, of cau exceed the present modes and the mode of built proposed is, that style of building adapted for such lastthe boat will draw less water, and mentioned boals, according to the nabeing lighter than other boats in bal- ture or service they are intended for; last, will be more easily hauled up we do not mean to say, that the flat and launched, and will save the trou- floor is not a form that experience ble of lading and unlading ballast: may prove is very fit for vessels of and if it be found necessary to throw certain description, such as coast-traia a little ballast, to aid the form and ders, or where little draft of water is



equired, or the advantage of taking ter. As to ber sides, they should the ground is sought for.

flaunch out a little, for the purpose We shall conclude these observa- of throwing the water from her ; protions by giving directions for the con- bably a twentieth part of her beam, struction, and the reasons and advan on each side, would be more than suf. tages of some parts of the construc- ficient: but it should not be too much, tion. With respect to the fineness of as it would diminish the proportionate the run, this we consider necessary bearing of her floor, in which the for fast-sailing, because it is to be advantage of the construction chiefly considered that, being flat-floored, consists. The depth of hold is reshe is brought immediately on her commended, in small boats of six feet bearings, and a great substance is im- beam, or thereabout, never to exmediately opposed to the water on ceed one third of her beam; and, in her bows, instead of being relieved at large boats, this proportion of depth the bottom by that being rounded off, may be yet decreased; for three feet as in sharp vessels and round bottoms; depth of hold we should think quite therefore sharp-run buws will be re- enough, if not more than sufficient, quisite to give her ease; though the for twelve feet, or any breadth of water, and a sharp run aft, will also beam. As to the depth of keel, six be requisite, for similar reasons, to inches might be sufficient for small give her easy discharge and steerage; boats; and this may be extended to therefore I would take the length for any depth large boais might require, the run at ber bows full that of her on the depth of keel, we must obbeam, and at stero a similar length of serve, that it is by this, and the bear

The waist, in length, may be ing of the sort of construction recomfrom one half her beam to a length mended, that the vessel will sail well. equal to it; this would be giving a The thickness of timber for the floor, total length of from two and a half inch to inch and a half plank, might of her beam, to thrice her breadth of be quite sufficient for small boats, beam: but the waist of large vessels which might be increased for large might be considerably reduced in pro- boats, for which two inches or more portion to small vessels. A more bluff might not be found tov cumbersome. form certainly may be adopted, such as The floor to be laid smooth, with a making her length only two breadths, rebate in each plavk; the sides, howand which would not defeat the ob- ever, to be of thin plank, and weaject of a sailing-boat, except as to thered, or laid in ihe clinch-built fastuess. The bulk-heads I would ad- style ; and there should be on the botvise always to be extended, so as to tom, near each side of the vessel, a contract the open part or waist as small keel or cradle, of equal depth 'much as possible, with regard to con with the main keel, to keep her upvenience; and her gunwale should right, and support her floor on taking be sheered to a level with her deck; the ground, and which would likeas by this means, should she ship a wise aid her iv holding to windward. sea to fill her waist, the water would As to rigging, we may leave that run off, and would not overflow her to the fancy of people; but lostiness, decks, and she would roll over all or taunt rigging, must by all means that was cumbersome at her sides, be avoided. Possibly, a fore lug-sail, and in a great measure empty herself. or lateen-sail, constructed in a partiBut the gunwale might be continued cular way, and a sprit-sail aft, would of equal height all round her; and, be found the most proper and conin addition to scuppers, a large sliding venient. (See Plate Ii. Figs. 1, 2, 3.) port might be made in the aft part, Since the above was written, I see, or side, to aid the discharge of a by.the newspapers, that a new fishery heavy sea, iu the event that it was is talked of being established at Hove, shipped. The bulk-head, at the fore a village near Brightov. Possibly, it part, to meet the sea and pressure of might not be a bad opportunity to sail, of course should be the greatest, introduce a boat or two of the conand should always be extended so far struction here recommended. as to occupy her greatest breadth of

PHILONAUT. beam; and by this means a good * The platform and section are bearing would be always ensured, al drawn for a boat of nine feet breadth though her waist was filled with wa of door.



Lambeth Marsh, the Monument, politely undertook to Mr. URBAN,

Murch 5. decypher the imperfect characters , I

scription in the Church of Eye, in the reign of the Emperor Constantine, Suffolk. The inclosed print of“ An an- by the fifth legion, and dedicated to tique inscription, engraved on stone, his son, Constantinus Pius, to whoin taken out of the ruins of a Chapel many memorials of this nature were near Eye, in Suffolk,” (see Fig. 4.), inscribed, in various parts of the Ro. is from a plate which came, with a man Empire *. few others, some tiine since, iolo my On referring to Lysons's Britannia, possession. Yours, &c.

I observe that the present highway J. M. FLINVALL. from Cambridge to Huntingdon is of

Roman origin, having been ibe line The Garden at MARYLEBONE PARK. of communication between Duroli: (From Memorundums by SAMUEL pons and Granta, wbich were both SAINTHILL, 1659.)

important military stations under the The ; THE outside square a brick wall, Cæsars.

The monument may therefore have 204 paces long, seven broad; the cir- been simply commemorative of some cular walk 485 paces, six broad; local incident of trivial moment, perthe centre square, a bowling-greeu, haps of the formation or repair of the 112 paces one way, 88 another ;-all, road, since its unadorned simplicity except the first, double set with almost precludes the supposition of quickset hedges, full grown and kept its being a memento of any very imin excellent order, and indented like portant transaction. I do not imia.' town-walls. (Fig. 5.)

gine thal it was designed for a mil

liare, or mile-stope, as the inscrip-Mr. URBAN, Trinity Hall, Feb. 22.

tion has no reference to distance or

situation. SEND you a few particulars reI specting iwo interesting fragments

This monument is the only one of of antiquity, discovered in the vicinity the kind hitherto discovered in Camof Cambridge. (Fig. 6, 7.)

bridgeshire; which is rather surpriIn the month of October last, my sing, since the Romans formes attention was excited by an oblong merous military positions in Granta stone, projecting from a bank near the and the circumjacent country, consihigh road between Cambridge and derable traces of which are now disHuntingdon, nearly three miles from cernible in the Northern part of the the former town. On investigation, town, in the village of Chesterton adit proved to be the moulated remnant joiting, and on the hills of Gogmagog, of a Roman Monument, partly co

four miles from Cambridge. vered with large, but rude and irre A few weeks subseqưent to the disgular characters, which are consider covery of the singular monument just ably injured by the corroding effects

described, I was induced to renew my of the atmosphere. Some of the lel search, and succeeded in bringing to ters, particularly in the third line, light another fragment, on which the which is not so deeply relieved as the letters LISSIM VS CAESAR are distjuctly rest, are almost illegible.

legible. These characters appear to The substance of the stone is a ma

have been traced with greater accu. rine aggregate in a calcareous mu racy and precision than those inscribed

and it weighs probably two out. on the other fragment, of which, on Ils form is cylindrical, and its dimen a cursory view, it might be supposed sions are, 33 inches in length, by 12%

to form the base, particularly as it in diameter. The following is an ac was lying immediately contiguous :curate transcript of the inscription; but a closer examination forbids that the characters of which, with the as conjecture, the substance of the stones sistance of Mr. Harding, of Pembroke being different, and their dimensions College, 1 partly succeeded in re- by no means correspónding +. storing

* Grüter's Roman Antiquities. FLAVI. constANTINO. y.

+ It is an aggregate of sand, interLEG. CONSTANTINO. PIO. NOB. CAes. mixed with numerous marine deposi

Professor Clarke, of this Univer- tions. Its dimensons are, 44 inches sity, to whose inspection 1 submitted long, by 14 broad.

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It would be altogether fruitless to

A sword-bearer. conjecture the design for which this The Priest on horseback. monument was erected, from the very

The Clerk on foot. imperfect duta which the inscription

A band of music. affords: it is perhaps contemporary

Six girls with flower-staffs. with the memorial first discovered, as

Two women strewing flowers.

Garland. the concluding words, nobilissimUS CAESAR, refer to one of the Roman A Bridemaid. The Bride. A Bridemaid.

Two women strewing flowers. emperors, probably to Coostantine,

Garland. to whom the other was dedicated.

Attendant. Bridegroom. Attendant. I should not omit to mention, that

Doves. numerous fragments of pottery were

Relations, two and two. found on the spot, indicating that a Gentlemen, ladies, and rabble, in order." funeral vase was deposited there, perhaps by Roman soldiers, as a tribute


Banwell, Somerset, toʻsonie deceased companion in arms,

Sept. 29, 1812. whose ashes the urn may have con N the back of the title-page of tained.

It has been suggested, that there some verses said to have been written may have been a Roman station where by Edward Dyer, a celebrated poet these antiquities were discovered: but in the reign of Elizabeth, and dethat is scarcely admissible, from the scended from a family of that name vicinity of Granta, which was a con in Somersetshire; that he received siderable military position under the his education at Baliol College, Oxon; Cæsars. The adjacent country, more and was employed in several embasover, is a level plain for several sies by the Queen, was knighted, and miles, on which neither tumuli, nor made chancellor of the Garter. The any traces of an encampment, are vi verses alluded to are said to have sible. HENRY L. Bidan.

been printed from a manuscript col

lection of poems, written about 1600. Mr. URBAN,

March 1. I have now in my possession a deed THE filowing Procession is thus dated 26th August, 1569 (13 Eliz.),

prefaced in the hand-writing of whereby Edward Dyer, of Weston, the late Rev. George Ashby: esq. (whether Weston super Mare, or

At the Rev. Thos. Gough's, of Risby, Weston in Gordano, does not appear,) man and maid marrying, in Autumn, conveyed a capital messuage and lands 1774.--Mr. Pate, the attorney, tells me, at Rolston, in this parish, unto at the funeral, 13 Jan. 1786, that the Heughe Gryffyn, alias Canweye. Mr. plan and contrivance was Mr. Henry Bun. Dyer is said, in the deed, to be a son bury's; which is likely enough, as they of Sir Thomas Dyer, knt. deceased. were all (Pate too) Free-masons; and Who and what this Sir Thomas was, they have a notion of spectacle. " G.A." I should be glad to know; but I

What follows, with the slight sketch think there can be no doubt but that of the wo butchers (Fig. 8.), is be- Edward Dyer the poet, and Edward lieved to be in the handwriting of the Dyer, esq. mentioned in the deed, celebrated Mr. H. Bunbury.

were one and the same persons. I Two men with staves, to clear the way. have subjoined the autograph of Mr. Four Morris-dancers.

Dyer, as copied from the original, A trumpet.

and also a sketch of his arms, from Two men bearing spit and dripping-pan. the seal appended to the deed, as well

The Master Cook in all his glory as I could make it out, upon the come stewpannis, saucepannis, &e.

wax. On another deed, of the same Two inen bearing fagguts.

date with the one mentioned above, Two men bearing blocks of wood.

Mr. Dyer signs his name “ Dier." The corpse of a sheep, borne on a tray

So very indifferent were persons in by two Butchers. Two drums.

that age, in regard to orthograpby, Two fifes.

that even their own naines were spelt A cart bearing two barrels of beer. differently by persons of the first edu. A sword-bearer.

cation and distinction. At the foot Two inen with staves.

of the verses before spoken of, I find A sword-bearer.

he is called “ Mr. Dier." Free-masons, two and two,

I have thought it my duty, Mr.



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Urban; to throw in my mite towards spondent's Architectural Investigapreserving the memory of a learned tions, as far as they relate to the and respectable characier (who, two Church of Allhallows, Tower-street, centuries and a half ago, was pro- with what I trust he will find to be a prietor of the property on which I more accurate account of the REpow reside); and trust you will permit PAIRS than that which he has erro. its insertion in some of your future neously given in his “CLXXIIId No. pages. (See Fig. 9.) Geo. BENNETT. On Architectural Innovation.—For

this purpose, allow me to request Mr.URBAN, Trinity-square, May 18. your insertion of the following T

Specification : by a very ingenious writer on

Repairs to be done in the inside “ The Principles of Taste,” that “it of the Church of Allhallows is natural for the professors of every Barking, Tower-street, in the art.aod science to indagine the parti City of London. cular objects of their respective pur " The monumental stones to be suits to be as important to the whole taken up and squared: the ground to human race, as they are to them. be levelled to receive them, and the selves individually."

This, I pre

same to be relaid. sume, is the feeling which bas in " The windows to be renewed duced your Correspondent, “ An Ar- agreeabıly to their present example; chitect," to favour your Readers with the monuments, at the East end, to one hundred and seventy-three num be restored to their original appearbers of Architectural Dissertations,


the organ-gallery and tower to Certaioly there cannot be any ob- be put into the best state of repair, jection to this feeling; for it has the and ihe pews to be made single, for moral effect of stimulating the mind the better accommodation of the fato persevere in its pursuit of science, milies of the parish. and to bend all its powers to the “ Centre of the Church, Chance!, attainment of its peculiar object; and Central East window. whence we have derived all those ori. “ The monumental stones and pave. ginal principles, and established rules, ment to be relaid; the pavement, which the accuracy of experience has within the altar-rails, to be cleaned admitted as essential to graduate the and reinstated. progress of siudy, and to lead acquire “ The bases of the columns, at the ment to perfection.

East end, that have been cased for But perhaps, Sir, there is an ob more than a century, by which their ject of pursuit, which may be as im- mutilated state has been hidden, are portant as that wbich your Corre- to be restored to their original figure. spondent has so long kept in view; The column on the North side of the which may also demand as much ear altar (the base of which is now brick. vestness and perseverance as any by work) to be repaired with stone-work, which the Autiquary's attention can according to its ancient character. The be occupied, and without the attain- head of the central East window to ment of which his labours of research be taken out, and a new one intro. must terminate in error, and his com- duced, conformably to the style of munications of knowledge may justly the former one ; the painted glass to be deemed defective and obtrusive. be preserved and replaced. You will readily perceive, that this " The roof and ceiling of the nave object is TRUTH; and you will admit to be new : the latter to be formed its pre-eminent importance, indepen- in flat compartments, with intersects denily of the following quotation ing timbers and mouldings resembling from the Roman Moralist : “ In pri. the original.”. mis hominis est propria vero inqui Now, Sir, let your Readers comsitio atque investigatio ...

pare this “ Specification” with the asomnes enim trahimur et ducimur ad sertions of “ THE ARCHITECT,” and cognitionis et scientiæ cupiditatem; I hope they will not perceive any in quâ 'excellere pulchrum putamus; symptoms of that“ influenza of beau- labi autem, errare, nescire, decipi, tifying and improving,” which he so et malum et turpe ducimus." feelingly deplores. There is not one

I feel happy, therefore, at having item in all this detail which is not abitin my power to assist your Corre- solutely indispensable, in consequence


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