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grew familiar to the eye! The earn- and even in the Square, where I reest, but neglected, supplications of mained all Saturday night and Sunthe maimed, no less than the violent day, when the almost continual tren, and vociferous prayers
of persons who bling of the eartb, as well as the thought it to be the day of judg- sinking of the great stone quay adment, added unspeakably to the ge- joining to this Square, at the third neral distraction. The river is said great shock about twelve o'clock,
most wonderful manner to the quay being then, as it was said, have risen and fallen several times covered with three hundred people, successively; at one time threatening all endeavouring to get into boats, to overwhelm the lower parts of the and were swallowed up, boats and all, city; and directly afterwards leaving which was the reason why so few the ships almost aground, shewing boats ventured upon the river for rocks that never had been seen be some time after: all this made me fore. It is said that Captain Clies fearful lest the waters had underhad once actually deserted the pac- mined the Square, and that, at every ket, as thinking she must be lost. succeeding convulsion, we should sink';
“ The duration of the first shock, or else, as the ground was low, and which came on without any warning, even with the water, that the least except a great noise heard by the rising of it would overflow us. Full people near the water-side, is vari. of these terrors, as wel as tortured ously reported, but by none as less by the distresses already mentioned, than three minutes and a half. At it more than once occurred to me, the close of which, as I imagine, it that the Inquisition, with all its uto was when I was thrown over the wall most cruelty, could not have invented and fell about four stories down, be- half such a variety of tortures for tween the houses ! where I must have the mind as we were then suffering: Jain but a short time, if it was the Could the geixeral consternation have second shock which I felt in the been less, not only many persops' lives, house of our Portuguese neighbour, but' even their effects, migot have and which was said to have happened been saved ; for the fire did not, till at ten o'clock, though by some people the Sunday-morning, reach the Cusit is confounded with the first, I am toin-house, which stood next to the therefore almost inclined to think it water-side, and had large open spaces could not be the third which I felt on each side of it; so that all that at Mr. Forg's house ; for as that was great multitude of bundles, which at, twelve o'clock, I must have re caused us so much distress, might mained a long time in the street, most easily have been removed sate which, instead of two hours, as it by boats: whereas the King's sol. must have been, if it was between the diers, amongst whom were many fosecond and third shocks that I lay reign deserters, instead of assisting the there, appeared to me scarcely a people, turned plunderers ; even addquarter of an hour before I left Mr. ing, as some of them before their Forg's house, on the Saturday night execution confessed, to those fires, about eleven o'clock, and which was which alrea:ly were dreadfully oumein the same street with our own, rous from the fallen houses only; for called Pedras Negras, situated upon no fire came out of the ground, nor the bill leading up to the castle. were there any openings of the earth, There I saw the middle part of the except the quay already mentioned city extending to the King's Palace, was one ; but every where innumeraand from thence up the hill opposite ble cracks, from many of which were to us, leading to the Bairo Alto, and thrown up water and sand. containing a number of parishes, all " The King sent directly to the in one great blaze. Three times I nearest garrisous for his troops; mpon thought myself inevitably lost; the whose arrival order was restored, and first, when I beheld all the city mov the butchers and bakers were diso ing like the undulatious of water; persed about, to provide for the the second, when I found myself shut people, who were not permitted to up between four walls; and the third remove farther from the city without time, when, with that vast conflagra- passes. The common people were tion before my eyes, I considered my- immediately forced by the soldiers, self as deserted, in Mr. Forg's house'; with swords drawn, to bury the dead
bodies, the stench becoming so poi- ty-two thousand, odd hundreds ; in some that bad consequences were ap- which case, as there must have reprehended from it. The judges were mained still more under the ruins, likewise distributed in different parts the computation would seem to be of the city, with orders to execute moderate at fifty thousand people lost upon the spot all who were fouod by the earthquake. guilty of murder or theft. It was
“ There were sixty-nineBritish subsaid, before we left the place, that jects killed upon that occasion, as apthere were above eighty bodies hang- pears by a list of their names lately ing upon gibbets round about the city. handed about, most of whom were The ships were several of them Irish Roman Catholicks, and only searched, and not allowed to quit the about twelve or thirteen English out harbour without permission. All the of near three hundred. Mrs. Hake, heart of the city, the richest part of sister to Sir Charles Hardy, was killed it, was burnt; but the suburbs, wbich by the falling of the front of her own are very large, escaped, and have house, after she had got into the since been repaired. All the towns
street : her body was found under the and villages round about suffered
rubbish three months after, not at all more or less. Se*** t, was not only changed! Mr. Giles Vincent, Mr. thrown down, and then burnt, but afterwards quite overflowed. It was daughter, Mrs. Theobald, and four
John Legay, jun. his wife and infant strangely felt at Oporto, one hun others, were all lost in Mr. John Legay dred and fifty miles to the North ; senior's house. Mrs. Sherman is supand even at Madrid, three hundred posed to have been burnt, being too miles from Lisbon. Every place to lusty to follow her maid servant the South suffered greatly. The royal through a narrow passage. Mrs. Peropalace and convent at Mafra were not chon, Mr. Churchill, Mr. Hutchin. thrown down, and the grand Aqueduct son, &c. lost. Mr. Holford had both most happily escaped. “ The Royal Family were at Belem,
his legs broke, aud was carried into three miles from Lisbon, where they
a church, which was afterwards
burnt. Mr. Branfils' house-keeper most commonly resided. It was said a large stone grazed the Queen's neck (Mrs. Hussey), who had lived many as she came down stairs, and yet none
years with my father, was taken up
alive out of the ruins, but died soon of the family were hurt. " The Portuguese, from the very proportiou to the general loss, which,
after ;-a very moderate number, in first, ran into two extremes ; some
next to Divine Providence, I presume making the number of the inhabitants of their city to be much greater than
was greatly owing to the distance
at which most of them were from the it really was ; and others, on the conthe persons lost. The former, they rive! frary, as much diminishing that of street, where the destruction was al
most over before they could well ar. insisted, could not be so little as
" It is almost inconceivable, as three hundred and fifty thousand ; but Mr. Hake, from many years' re
well as inexpressible, the vast joy it sidence in the place, thinks two hun
gave us to ineet our friends again : dred and fifty thousand to have been
each looked upon the other as in a the outside : and the latter, they are
manner risen from the dead ; and all desirous of concealing, I suppose all were equally satisfied to have pre
having a wonderful escape to relate, from political views. It therefore is not likely that the number will be served their lives only, without' deever ascertained. In one of their siring any thing farther. But, in a best accounts, just published, it is
short time, the prospect of living calculated at about fifteen thousand ;
brought back along with it the cares but Mr. J. Bristow, jun. has told
of life; the melancholy consequences as having had it from the best au- making them alınost regret that thority (i think it was from the Secre
the same stroke had not deprived tary of State), that the number of them at once of existence as well as the dead found and buried was twen
“ As for the Poriuguese, they were + This name obliterated in the MS. madness, lugging about saints with
fully employed in a sort of religious so as to be illegible.
out heads or arms ; telliug one ano
66 The French also made some, ther, in a most piteous mauner, how very trifling, offers. But the Porthey met with such misfortunes ; and tuguese, of all denominations, fixed their Clergy all saying it was a judg their bopes upon England from the ment upon them for their wicked- very first ; most confidently expect
Some even said, it was because ing to receive all manner of assistthey had shewn so much favour to ance from thence. Nor would they Hereticks, and going in a tumultuous have been much deceived, had the manner to Court, declared this to be wiods proved but as favourable as the cause of the people's sufferings. the intentions of the English to alThey thought it almost impious for leviate their aggravated calamities.” them to endeavour to take care of themselves ; and
Market Rasen, it fighting against Heaven ! The
April 12. officer upon guard at the Miserith Di. SHeideg sof hequests ante early remained there three days, and, by Correspondent in p. 213 & seq. for beating down the buildings adjacent, his communication. The Doctor, preserved it happily from the flames; however, must observe, that the date the King, however, rewarded him as of the Work quoted, 1763, is at least his merit so highly deserved.
40 years, too late to be admitted as • At last a miracle brought the an evidence of Dr. Frankliu's plagipopulace tolerably to themselves, pero arism, in respect to his beautiful faformed, as we supposed, by a secret ble. The Doctor was then 54 years order from the Court. For, in the old; and that Fable's being inserted in middle of the night, the Virgin Mary an interpolated Work, printed in 1763, was seen sitting amidst flames of fire,
as your Correspondeot himself acfrom the ruins just thrown down by knowledges it to be, proves nothing. the earthquake of a church belonging It must be by quoling some edition to a famous convent of hers, called printed before, or very early in the Our Lady of Penhada Franca, situ- Eighteenth Century, and unimpeachated upon the top of a very high hill, able with interpolation, that the charge and waving a white handkerchief to- against the Ainerican Doctor can be ward the people. This was immedi- .established beyoud the possibility of ately declared to be a forgiveness of a doubt. all iheir past offences, and a promise · I fancy we have had nogood English of life.
trapslation of Josephus since Whis“ However, notwithstanding this, ton's, whose very valuable additions we had many prophecies of destruc- of much and most interesting inatter tion several times afterwards. It is give a value to his Author, which he pevertheless remarkable that the could never claim before he fell into bull-feast celebrated about two months the hands of such a Translator, whorn before the earthquake in a great Gibbon characterizes as square, called the Rocio, made an old the honest, the pions, the visionary prophecy of great mischief to happen Whiston!” (Fall of Rome, vol. vii. to Lisbon in a year, with two fires in 413. Svo edit. note.) it, to be much talked of; because Whiston's Translation, genuine some hundreds of years before, in the edition, is not scarce.
H. samne square, upon a like occasion, the scaffolds fell, and killed a great number of people. The fear, there.
Mr. URBAN, Stratton, March 10. fore, that something of that sort I
AM much pleased with the letter would then happen, to accomplish of QIAINITOE in the Supplement the prophecy, prevented many from to your fast Volume. going to the first day's spectacle. It is said, that two Antiquaries (vul
it was said that the Queen of garly called Antiquarians, although Spain immediately sent her brother Antiquarian is merely adjective, Antia large remittance in cash ; and that quary being the substantive) — that the King wrote a letter with his own two Antiquaries, I say, were in the hand, not only offering his treasures West of this County, looking at the and troops, but to come himself in famous Logan Rock, when one (Cleperson, if necessary.
ricus) observed it was called so from
" the great,
the Greek (Royos); the other (Causi
Mr. URBAN, Sileby, March 3. dicus), with all due respect to the SOME
TOME years ago I communicated other, said it might be so ; but in some remarks, which were inquired of the guide, Why it was serted in the History of Leicestercalled “ Logan Rock ?" when, to the shire, concerning the stone called by surprise of both, the Guide put bis the inhabitants of Humberston Hosfoot against it, gave it a shake, and ton-stone, or Hoston ; meaning, persaid, Why see how it legs (a provine haps, High-stone. I have always recial expression implying“ see how it garded this stone, though now little shakes.") The Antiquaries, with great noticed, as a
very curious object; and liberality of sentiment, were satisfied having made myself of late years with the interpretation.
better acquainted than when I wrote On their return, their attention is before with the subjects with which said to have been arrested near South I imagine this stone to be connected, Moulton, in Devonshire, where they I offer the following remarks, as corobserved some rude letters sculptured recting, in some measure, my foron a large block of granite, wbich, mer communications. at leogth, they very correctly deci This stone is one of those blocks phered so be H. E. S. M. R. One be- of granite found very frequently in gall,
“ This is Roman, the letters H. E. the neighbourhood, and supposed by necessarily implying Hic Est; we must the celebrated De Luc to be fragconsider what the letters. S. M. mean, ments cast np by some convulsion of but the letter R. most unquestionably the earth from the prinary and deepdenotes the Roman origin. They est strata. The Hoston-stope lies on applied to their Guide to know what the ridge of an eminence, which, the stone was called. lle began to though not the highest of the neighscrutch his head (for whenever you bouring hills, is yet very conspicuous speak to a countryman in the West, for a vast distance from the West. his head invariably itches) and at Some old persons in the neighbourlength said, “ They call it the BOND. hood, still living, remember when it STONE.” Ah! Bond-stove ! said one stood a very considerable height, of the Antiquaries, it is certainly perhaps eight or ten feet, in an artiRoman : Cicero, the Roman Orator, ficial fos e or hollow. About fifty or says,
- Facinus est VINCIRE civem sixty years ago the upper parts of the Romanum; scelus verberare, prope stone were broken off, and the fosse Paricidium necare; quid dicam in levelled, that a plough might pass crucem tollere.” It is a crime to put over it; but, according to the then a 'Roman Citizen in BONDS, &c. frequent remark of the villagers, the
The quotation was at first decisive; owner of the land who did this deed but the Countryman began to laugh never prospered afterwards. He cer. at their jargon; when one asked, if tainly was reduced from being the he knew what the letters meant, owner of five yard-land, to use the When, after having scratched his head then common phrase, or about one again, he said, that the stone shewed hundred and twenty acres, to absolute the Boundaries of the Parish.
poverty, and died about six years ago “Here Ends South Moulton Road!!!" in the parish workhouse. This super
A. H. C. stitious opinion attached to the stone,
together with the following circunsMr. URBAN, Oxford, April 8. stances, persuade me to think that IN reply to your Correspondent's the stone was wbat is usually called
Query, p. 197. a. I beg to state, that druidical. It possibly may have been Dr. Theophilus Gale having finished a logan, or rocking-stone; but of his education, and graduated at Mag- this there certainly is no evidence. dalene Hall, in the University of Ox There are, or rather were, about ford, his life and family connexions fifty years ago, traditionary tales in will be most copiously detailed in an the village that a Nunnery once stood elaborate work now preparing, inti on Noston ; and that steps had been tuled, “ A succinct and separate His- fouod communicating subterraneously tory of Magdalene Hall, St. Mary's with the monks of Leicester Abbey, Hail, and Albau Hall, Oxford, with about two miles distant. But no rethe Lives of the Worthies of those ligious house of this kind is to be Societies." Yours, &c. OXONIENSIS. traced bere. The tale must have
owed its origin to circumstances con "These conjectures and opinions de nected with the religion of earlier rive farther support from the name times ; probably anterior to the in- of the village within whose liberties troduction of Christianity into Bri- this stone is situate. Humberston is tain: and therefore during the pre- very plainly the ton, or town, of the valence of the idolatry of the Bri- Humberd, or sacred place of bardic tons.
worship ; for the village stands on Some years ago it was believed the South side of the ridge of which that Fairies inhabited, or at least fre- Hoston-height is. part; and about quented, this stone ; and various sto half a mile from the stone, which is ries were told concerning those pig- as near as habitations seem to have my beings. Such, according to the been allowed to approach those dreadtestimony of Borlase, in his History fully-sacred places. The name of of Cornwall, is the common opinion Humberston belongs to a village on respecting the many druidical stones the coast of Lincolnshire, near Grimsin that county.
This belief was so by. Should there be any Humberd strongly attached to the Hostop-stone, near it, the conclusion must be, not that some years ago a person visiting it only that the Lincoloshire village, but alone, fancied be heard it utter a deep the river Humber itself, derived their gruan; and he inmediately ran away names from a place of bardic worship. to some labourers, about two hun. Yours, &c.
J. D. dred yards distant, terrified with the apprebension of seeing one of the Mr. URBAN,
March 19. Wonderful Fairy inhabitants.
In the adjoining vale, at the dig. THE Monastery of La Trappe lics tance of about one hundred yards sea-coast, but secured from storms from the stone, on the North-east, and sheltered on all sides ; the buildis a plot of ground known, before the ing stands in a bottom; the scenery inclosure of the lordship, by the name about it is enriched with plantations. of Hell-hole Furlong. No circum. Soon after the commencement of the stance belonging at present to the French revolution, when the religious spot seems likely to have given rise of all kinds were obliged to seek this to this strange name: it leaves room country for protection, some monks therefore for the conjecture, that in of La Trappe found an asyluin at this quarter the sacrifices, too often Mr. Weld's ; and, as they increased human, were wont to be performed ; in number, he erected the present and that from this circumstance it building (under the sanction of Goobtained the Saxon name of Hela, or vernment) for their habitation, which Death.
may, with strict propriety, assume From these circumstances, and also the name of a Convent. This monasfrom the situation of the stone on an tery is of a quadrangular shape, with eminence, such as were usually cho. a schilling in the inside, forming the sen for the celebration of the religious cloisters, and the area a depository rites of the antient British, there for the dead. We observed seven seems to be little room for doubt that graves, to some of which were added Hoston was once sacred to the pur a wooden cross, either at the head or poses of druidical, or rather of the feet : the living may be said to reside more antient bardic worship. These with the dead, and that they may be spots are in some places still termed continually reminded of their mortal Homberds, or Humberds, probably state, a grave is always left
for from the Erse word (according to the reception of the next that dies. Vallancey) uam, or owim, signifying The cloisters are used for air and ex. fear or terror, and bardh, the name ercise in bad weather, having a large of a well-known order of priests. The cistern at one end for the monks to word humberd, thus compounded, is wash. The entrance to the monasbut too justly applicable to the scenes tery is on the West side, near the of Bardic worship, which were terri Porter's Lodge, under a long narrow ble, both from the character of Dis, building, which serves for offices of or Pluto, whom they especially wor the meaner kind. The porter who shiped, and from the rites by which received us was dressed in the habit be was propitiated.
of a convent-brother, wearing a long