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innocuas societatis delicias nemo Arms: Or, 3 chess-rooks, and a benignius exhibuit, aut elegantius deguse chief embattled Sable ; impaling, Ar tavit; quippe quædam concinitas per- gent, a lion rampant Sable, a canton spicua et erudita

of the second. ---Crest : On a rock (nec sine decorà gravitate)

proper a martlet, Or. sermonibus inerat,

On a neat monument against the quæ socios de lectavit et detinuit.

North wall :
Adeo deniq. se omnibus commendavit,

is Sacred to the memory
ab omni perturbatione animi

of Thomas Jenkins, esq.

and of Gertrude his wife. judicio perspicax, consilio promptus,

This Monument, agendo efficax,

erected in obedience to her last will, ut omnes amicum sibi certatim

and designed by her as a tribute of re. arripuerint. Amplissimis clientelis,

spect to his virtues,

remains at the same time bonorum amicitijs,

an instance and memorial opibus non exiguis,

of her own." beatus vixit, desideratus obijt

On a vase at the top of the monument: anno ætatis suæ 64, MDCCXXXV.

“ T. J. died 29 Dec. 1730, aged 53. Soror ejus, Thomæ Powys de Berwick,

G. J. died 28 Oct. 1767, aged 84.” arm'. in agro Salopiensi, conjux,

Arms: Or, a lion ranipant regar.. grato animo hoc memoriæ charissimi fratris sacrum posuit.”

dapt Sable; impaling, Argent, on a Arms: Argent, a saltire Sable.- bend Gales, cotised Sable, 3 pair of Motto: Per Deum meum transilio wings conjoined aud in verled 'of the

first. murum.

On a plain stone against the South Inscriptions on plain stones in the wall :

chancel floor. " Infrà

“ This stone is placed in memory of depositæ sunt

William Prince, esq. reliquiæ Johannis Waters

whose body lies buried here. et Margaritæ thalaini consortis, He died 20th October 1703, aged 40. Illa

Feb. 17, 1727.

Here also lies the body of his relict
Xbris 27, 1732.

M. Frances Prince,
Innocuos ambos, cultores Numinis whose singular virtues and extensive cha.

rity, justly gained her universal esteem. On a monument against the South

She departed this life wall:

3d Nov. 1721, aged 47 ; M. S.

whereby the Poor are deprived of Heic juxta jacet

a most tender friend and liberal

Thomas Rock, armig.
vita functus Jan. 3,

Also Frances, their only daughter, relict of ætat. 62,

Andrew Corbett, of Morton Corbett, esq. Dom. 1678.

who died Nov. 21, 1760, aged 59." En, Lector,

“ Here lie cinerem non vulgarem,

the remains of virum vere magnum;

Judith Prince, si prisca fides, pietasq' primeva,

of the ancient family of the Princes, si amicitiæ fædera strictissima,

who died, the last of that name, si pectus candidam et sincerum,

August the 17th, 1733." ac integerrima vita

“ Here lyes virum vere magnum conflare poterint. Fr. Gibbons, D.D. chaplain to K. Charles, En hominem cordatuna !

and minister of this parish, calamitose Majestatis,

who died 7th Jan. 1639; furente nuperå Perduellium rabie, also his youngest son James Gibbons, esq. strenuum assertoreni,

who faithfully served Three Kings in a obstinatum vindicem.

Civil employment,
En animæ generosæ quantillum erga-

and died 21st Nov. 1712."

« Deposite sunt in hoc tumulo O charum Deo depositum,

exuviæ Annæ Pearson,
vestrum ......
quam inopes,

quæ fide Christi religiosè vixit ; vestrum quotcunq'.boni,

et spe beatæ resurrectionis dolorem inconsolabilem,

aniinam piè et lætè efflavit desideriuin in omne ævum irreparabile,"

die uqpo Junij 1721,


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M. s.

“ Charl and Loubridge hundred, paSamuelis Pearson, A. M.

rish of Willesborough, manor of Sotherhujus ecclesiæ

tons, alias Willesborough.-Street-end per 5.1 annos Pastoris,

was once a house of good account in this qui obijt

parish, as having been the residence of 16 die Novembris

the family of Master for several generaSalutis 1727.

tions. The first of them who came into anno Ætatis suæ 80.

this county, in the reign of King Henry Resuirgam."

VIII. was Richard Master, whose son On a neat marble tablet:

Robert was settled at this seat of Street“ Sacred to the memory

end, in Willesborough. He left issue two of Nathaniel Betton,

sons, the eldest of whom, Edward, sucwho died Nov. 29th, 1800, aged 61 years.

ceeded him here; and Richard was phyAlso of John Betton (son of the above)

sician to. Queen Elizabeth, and ancesCaptain in his Majesty's 3d Dragoon

tor to the Masters in Cirencester, co. Guards,

Gloucester, Edward left a son Robert, who died Nov. 20th 1809,

who was of Willesborough, gent, and at Merida in Spain, aged 31 years."

dying possessed of this seat in 1616, was

buried there. He left issue several sons These are the principal memorials and daughters; the eldest of whom, in this sacred mansion of the dead. Michael Master, gent. resided here, and The elegant stone pulpit in the Abbey died possessed of this eat in 1632, leavGarden, with the scatiered fragments ing by bis wife Elizabeth, daughter of of different parts of this once poble John Hall, of this parish, esq. four sons Abbey, will probably occupy a future and two daughters; of whom Edward the page in your Literary Museum. eldest son became, by his father's will,

D. PARKES. Yours, &c.

entitled to this seat, and married in 1627 Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Choute,

of Hinxhill, esq.* ; who after his decease : Mr. URBAN, Churn, March 22. joined with Elizabeth, her daughter and N reading some account of the fa. heir, in the sale of it to Nicholas Carter,

alienated two-thirds of this estate to in his History of Cirencester, it occurred to me that one of Otway's the other third of it in 1754 to bis son,

William Tournay, of Ashford, gent, and Tragedies was fouoded on an event

Mr. Robert Tournay of Hythe, who is which happened in that family. As this circumstance is not generally seat and estate belonging to it.”

the present owner of the site of this known, I send you an extract relating

Yours, &c.

S. W. to it from Hasted's voluminous Hise tory of Kent, (III. 276.) thinking it Mr. URBAN,

March 2. may prove interesting to some of your

N the perusal of the last Volume readers.

, ;


* “ Michael Master, by his Will in the Prerogative Offire, Canterbury, ordered himself to be buried in the Church-yard of Willesborough, in the East corner there, behind the church porch, where most of his ancestors had been buried. He wills his estates to his son Edward, in tail male ; remainder to his second son William, omitting bis third son, Robert, whom he styles his disobedient son; he gives the remainder in like tail to bis youngest son, Michael, &c. and mentions his upper house called Sprotts, with the 140 acres of land belonging to it, in which bis cousin Edward Backe lived, which he devizes in like manner. William, the second son, above-mentioned, at the age of 28 years, anno 1634, was, as the tradition goes, on his wedding day, while at dinner, murdered by his younger brother Robert, who was in love with his bride, and whom his father styles in bis will his disobe dient son, and was buried under a tomb in this church-yard, a few feet distant from the church purch, on the South side of it. The greatest part of the inscription, though now wholly obliterated, was remaining within these few years. The murderer immediately fled, and was never heard of; but is supposed to have see cretly returned, and to have tried to efface the inscription, as there appeared several words erased of it, and was prevented doing it by some people's going tłwough the church-yard, whilst he was employed about it. The hint of the plot of Otway's tragedy of The Orphan is said to bave been taken from this unhappy cient," &e.


much amused by the notices of Mr. Indeed, Horne Tooke (who was no
Hasted's History of Kent from the stripling amongst men of Literature)
pen of Litterator, at pp. 104 and 205. discountenances most decidedly the
'In the first of these articles your Cor censures which have been thrown on
respondent speaks of that work as a what are called the tautologies of
'great topographical production, which Lawyers. And it is my humble opi-
has much merit, and is a wonderful nion that not obly the work of Mr.
performance in the article of gene- Hasted, but every other work of the
alogies; but corrects the extrava- kind, from the almost too much ido-
gance of this compliment by observ- lized Dugdale's Warwickshire, down
ing, that Mr. Hasted wanted all the to the last work which has been pub-
higher qualities of an Historian, and lished on the subject of Topography,
unmercifully cuts him down in the would have been better executed
second article (in a sort of an apology (however highly they may now be,
for the unfinished state in which the or deserve to be, complimented) if the
first article made its appearance) by writers had found a more liberal ac-
telling us that Mr. Hasied has no va cess than is generally given, to those
riety: that all his work is reduced to documenis of territorial proprietors,
one doll narrative, consisting of little which have been the compilations of
*more than a dull deduction of the Attorneys.
proprietors of manors in a kind of But yourCorrespondent has in truth
language which forins nothing like a been very unfortunate in his selection
style, bui savours most of the tech- of an object of attack amongst the
iniculilies of an Attorney's office: thai Topographers; and not less so in his
any traits of manners, or illustrations own grounds of making the attack:
of the characters of individuals, never for in what part of Mr. Hasted's work
engage his remark or attention : and are we amused or disgusted with
that with him one man only differs copies of rent-rolis; even supposing
from another bg his name, the date (which I deny) that it were a bad
of his birth and death, and the fa- choice of materials to josert such
mily into which he married, unless information as Rent-rolls afford in
we add his rent-roll, and the specific works of Topography? They tell us
cation of the manors of which he was for what rent ihe land let, or they
the owner.

tell us what stuck it maintained ; and
Now I do not wish, on the present thereby enable us by comparison to
occasion, Mr. Urban, to enter into judge of the alteration in the value
an elaborale defence of the utility of of money as a circulating medium in
County Histories, or to enlarge on the the transaction of business ; and the
information and entertainment which, changes in the cultivation of the
when well executed, they are adapted country between former times and
to offer : but this I must beg leave to the present. And this is just as well
observe, that I find it difficult to be worth knowing, as that Henry VIII.
lieve that any man who has compared was profligate in his pleasures, and
the various County Histories pub- cruel in his resentments; or thať Sir
lished in this Kingdom during the two Dudley Digges was Master of the
last centuries can, without some ex Rolls.
traordinary prejudice in his judgment, As to genealogies of families, I shall
have singled out Hasted's History of say little. Few men who can trace a
Kent as the one pre-eminent for its respectable ancestry think the recol-

lection of their forefathers a subject The dry and tedious memorials of to be despised ; and those who by Manorial descent, and of the genea- their own exertions and industry have logics of families, have invariably laid the foundation of a name for formed the leading features of such themselves that will carry them down undertakings: and an accurate kauw- the stream of time with honour, bave ledge of the technicalities of an attor- generally a laudable ambition to be ney's office; however contemptible remembered by their posterity: and they may appear in the eyes of your these feelings will not be shaken by Correspondent, are amongst the essen- the sneers of modern Philosophy. tial qualifications for ive compilation Yours, &c. of works of this description.)




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Inner Temple, (afterwards created Lord Teynham)

March 9. but who died V. P. 31st July, A. D.
EING anxious to afford some 1594ý, leaving issue three sons; Eda

light in regard to the inscriplion ward, William, and Henry: and three on the last Lord Harrodon, (p. 112.) datighters; Catharine, married to Sir I have endeavoured to trace the rise Henry Nevill, son and heir to the of the Vaux family, and the descent Lord' Bergavenny; Mary, to Sir of the title, till it became extinct; George Simeon, Kut.; and Joyce. accompanied with such notices and IV. 1 Edward, fourth Baron Vaux memoranda as occurred during the of Harrodon, succeeded his grandfasearch.

ther, and married Elizabeth daughter The founder of this family, whose of Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk, chief seat was at Harrodon, in the (widow of William, Earl of Banbury); county of Northampton,for more than and dying A. D. 1661, without any 250 years, was Sir Nicholas Vaux. He lawful issue, Nicholas, son of the was educated at Oxford, and distin same Elizabeth his wife, borp in the guished by his talents as a poet and life-time of the said Earl of Banbury, historian *.

At the marriage of enjoys all his estates. Prince Arthur, 17 Hen. VIII. he wore

Sir William Dugdale professes to a purple velvet gown, adorned with have taken the greater part of his acmassy plaits of gold, and a magnifi- count of this family "ex stemmate cent collar of S. S. He was of a ge- penès D. Vaux,”and to which constant nerous, liberal, festive disposition ; references are made: but to the latter and equally fitted for the camp. or

clause there being none, it might procourt. Many poetical pieces ascribed bubly have been inserted, in the ab. to him are printed in the "Paradise of sence of authentic information, from Dainty Devises,” 4to. Lond. 1578. He common report alone ; and which iywas advanced to the dignity of Baron deed is the more likely to have been Vaux of Harrodon, 15 Henry VIII. the case, since the Barony of Vaux and died the same year.

at the time of publishing the BarogII. Thomas, his son, succeeded to age (A. D. 1676.) was really extinct. his honours and estate:-whose son

However, he does not assert posilively 111. William, third Baron Vaux of that the title became extinct on the Harrodon, had issue George, who death of Edward fourth Baron ; but married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir that the family estates were left by John Roper, of Welle Place in Kent, him to Nicholas, born in the life

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* Athen. Oxon. vol. ). col. 19.
of Fuller's Worthies, Northampt. p. 298.
I Dugdale's Baronage.

# This is a mistake of Dugdale. -Welle Place in Eltham, cô. Kent, was the seat of the elder branch of the Roper family, which became extinct, in the male line, very early in the 18th century. Sir Jobn Roper, Baron Teynham, a younger branch, was seated at Linstead.

$ As Bolton, in his Extinct Peerage, 8vo. 1769, p. 287, a work of some authority, contradicts Dugdale, and says “ William Lord Vaux had a son and heir George, Lord Vaux;" I have thonght proper to transcribe the inscription on the monument of Sir John Roper, the first Lord Teyubam, in the Soutb chancel of Linstead church, which is not noticed by Hasted, nor printed in the very useful Collection of Mr. Cozens; and by which it appears that the statement of Dugdale is perfectly accurate.

“Spes mea in Deo. “Hic obdormit in Domino Johannes Rooperus, Eques Auratus, Dominus Teyneham, Baro de Teyneham, cun Elizabetha uxore suả, filià Richardi Parke, armigeri; è qua progenuit Christopherum Rooperum, Eq. Auratum; Elizabetham, uxorem Georgii Vaux, matrem D'ni Vaux, Baronis de Harrodon ; et Janam, uxorem Robeni Lovelli, Equitis Aurati.

“ Vir æqui bonique cultor : Principibus tribus, nempe Mariæ, Elizabethæ, et Jacobo, nunc Regi Angliæ serenissimo, sab quibus vixit, Patriæque fidelissimus : hospitalis, pauperibus beneficus, vicinis benignus: et qui mortalitatis memor, certa spe resurgendi in Christo, huc monumentum sibi vivus posuit. Vixit annos *4. Ob. 30 die Augusti, Ao D’ni 1618." I Dugdale, ut supra.

time of the Earl of Banbury, his “ Abigail K. 3d daughter, ob. 6;Dec, wife's first husband; making no men

A. D'ni 1668." tion of the death of either of bis

Charles Knolles (who also claimed brothers, Wiliam and Henry. the title of Earl of Banbury, but On referring to Dugdale, p. 412.

never had summons to Parliament) I find, “ William Knolles, Baron of

Son of the said Nicholas, succeeded Grays, co. Oxon. I Jac. I. Viscount

to the manor of Harrodon Magua, Wallingford, 14 Jac. I. and Earl

and the other estates of the Vaux of Banbury 2 Car. I. married two

family; and in 1694 sold the whole to wires; Ist. Dorothy, daughter of Ed

the Hon. Thomas Watson (second ward Lord Bray, by whom he had no

son of Edward Lord Rockingham), issue ; 2dly, Elizabeth, daughter of who, about the same period, assumed Thomas Earl of Suffolk, by whom be the naine of Wentworth, in compli. had likewise no issue; as the certifi

ance with the will of William Earl cate subscribed by the said Elizabeth, of Strafford, his maternal uncle. who survived him, doth testifie." He

Now to return, at length, from died 25 March, 1632, ætat. 88... But, this seeming digression, (though abpotwithstanding this her certificate, solutely necessary, in the absence of and an inquisition taken also after authentic information) to introduce a his death, importing as much, it was well-founded critical conjecture on not long after ere she married Nicho- the inscription in question. I think, las [Edward] Lord Vaux, and produced two sons, viz. Edward, who third son of William, third Baron

we may safely conclude, that Henry, was killed in a duel in France, and Vaux, survived his eldest brother, buried at Calais ; and Nicholas, who Edward, fourth Baron, who died in was frequently called Earl of Banbury, 1661, according to the Baronage, two but never had suminons to Parlia

years; but the ancient family estates ment."

having passed into a different line, he It appears pretty evident from the might not be very solicitous to take words of Dugdale, “ born in the lifetime of the said Earl of Banbury," ang adequate means of supporting,

upon him a Title, which, without that the affair was involved in some

would have been rather an useless enobscurity: but the claim to this Earla cumbrance; and, therefore, nost dom having been long before the probably, remained during the short House of Peers, I shall decline saying remainder of his life in obscurity. any thing more. This, however, is certain, that the said Nicholas (from Dugdale' not referring to any authen

This supposition may account for whomsoever he might have descended) tic source in the latter part of his enjoyed the estates of the Barons of notice of this family, nor making any Harrodon, to the entire exclusion of mention of the time of the death, every branch of the Vaux family; either of William or Henry, brothers That Edward Lord Vaux had several

of the last Lord; which would be near relatives (independently of his absolutely necessary before the title two Brothers) is certain ; for Sir

could be said to be extinct. Henry Nevill, afterwards Lord Ber

Since writing the above, on ex. gavenny, who married his sister Ca. tharine, had issue by her two sons,

amining the Proceedings of the Court

of Wards and Liveries, after the who both succeeded to their father's

death of William third Baron Vaux title successively; In the church of Harrodon, co.

of Harrodon, I fiod some notices

which serve considerably to strengthen Northampton, are the following me

what, however well founded, could morials* :

not be reduced to absolute certainty. “ Here lyeth the bodye of William Knoles, the sonne of the Right Hon. Hilary Term, A. D. 1597. an. 40 Eliz. Nicholas Earl of Banbury, and Dame Decreed, “ That Elizabeth Vaux, * Anne his wife, wbo departed this life, wydowe, Sir John Roper, knt, and Tho5 Dec. A. D'ni 1664."

mas Mulshowe of Thingdon, in the * Nicholas K. 4th sonne, ob. 25 Feb. county of Northampton, do receive the A. D'ni 1666."

profitts of the lands, &c. of Edward

Lord Harrodon, upon Bonde, to ac* Bridges's Northamptonshire, 11. 105. compte when the Court thinks fitt.",

4 Daughter of William Bennet, Barou That “ Elizabeth Vaux wydowe, late of Sherard of Ireland,


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