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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,
For APRIL, 1813.
April 6. their feet, they tried the quire, to see if T. THE recent discovery of the corpse a sound would confess any hollowness
of Charles I. cupfirms a loose therein: and at last, directed by one of account of its interment in Windsor the aged poor Knights, did light on a Castle, which appears in Fuller's vault in the middle. “ Church History." The particulars “ It was altogether dark (as made in will now be found interesting; and the midst of the quire), and an ordinary
man could not stand therein without the present discovery*, and the old parrative, may mutually throw light stouping, as not exceeding five feet in on each other. It has often been leaden coffin, and a smaller one on the
height. In the midst they discovered a questioned whether the Royal corpse left side : there was just room to receive was actually there interred.
the coffin of Charles. That the present "The corpse of Charles I. embalmed contained Royal remains, appeared by the and coffined in lead, was delivered to perfect pieces of purple ve.vet (the Regal tke care of two of bis servants to be bu- habit) they found there; though some ried at Windsor. On the following day pieces of the same velvet were fox-tawny, the Duke of Richmond, the Marquis of and some coal-black, all the purple coHertford, and the Earls of Soutbampton lour gone, but evidently originally of the and Lindsey, (others declining the ser same cloth, varying the colour as it met vice,) came to Windsor, and brought with more or less moisture, as it lay in with them two votes, passed that morn the ground. The lead coffin, being very ing in Parliament, which wholly comi thin, was at this time casually broken, mitted the burial to the Duke of Rich- and some yellow stuff, altogether scentmond, provided the expence should not less, like powder of gold, taken out of it exceed 500 pounds.
(supposed to be some exsiccative gums “Coming into the Castle, they shewed for the embalment) the Duke caused their commission to the Governor, Col.
to be put in again, and the coffin closed. Wichcot, desiring to inter the corpse “ The vault thus prepared, a sheet of according to the Common Prayer Book lead was provided for the inscription. of the Chureb of England. But this was The letters the Duke himself did delirefused by the Governor, alledging, neate, and a workman cut them out that it was improbable the Parliainent with a chissel. There was some debate would permit the use of what só so whether the letters should be made in lemnly they had abolished, and thus de those concuvities to be cut out, or in the stroy their own act. The Lords at solid lead betwixt them. The latter was tempted to prove that there was a dif- agreed on, because such vacuities are ference between destroying their own subject to be soon filled up with dust, act, and dispensing with it for a particu- and render the inscription" less legible, lar occasion: but the resolute Republican which was, persisted in the negative.
« KING CHARLES, 1648.' “ And now the Lords betook them
« All things thus in readiness, the selves to their sad employment. They corpse was brought to the vault, borne resolved not to inter the corpse in the by the soldiers of the garrison. Over it grave which was provided for it, but in
was thrown a black velvet hearse-cloth; à vault, if the Chapel afforded any. the four corners the four Lords did supThey searched for some time; and in port, The Bishop of London stood vain seek one in Henry VIII's Chapel weeping by, to tender the only service (where the tomb intended for him by he was peraiitted. Then was it depoCardinal Wolsey lately stood), because sited in silence and sorrow in the vacant all there was solid earth. Then, with place in that vault (the hearse-cloth * We forbear entering at present into being cast in after it), about 3 o'clock
in the afternoon; and the Lards that the particulars of the recent discovery; night, though late, returned to London," as we shall be able in our next to abstract the clear and accurate detail of The large and the lesser coffin found Sir Henry Halford, EDIT,
in the vault were supposed to be those
of Henry VIIl. and his Queen Jane finding out, and no person receive blame Seymour; the place exactly corre- for the discovery. This place they caused sponding to the desigpation of bis to be opened; and, entering, saw one large burial mentioned in his will.
coffin of lead in the middle of the vault, Yours, &c.
covered with a velvet pall, and a lesser
on one side (supposed to be Henry the Mr. URBAN,
Eighth and his beloved Queen Jane Saint N “A true copy of the Journal of Maure); on the other side was room Trial of King Charles I. as it was read him) where they thought fit to lay the
Queen Katherine Parre, who survived in the House of Cominons, and at King.-Hither the berse was borne by tested under the hand of Phelps, clerk the Officers of the Garrison, the four to that infamous Court, taken by J, Lords bearing up the corners of the velNalson, LL. D. Jan. 4, 1693," pripled vet pall, and the Bishop of London folin 1684, p. 118, after an account of lowing; and in this manner was this the execution, the Author says: great King, upon Fryday the nineteenth “ Being imbalmed and laid in a coffin
of February, about three afternoon, of lead, to be seen for some dayes by the silently and without other solemnity than
of sigbs and tears, committed to the people; at length, upon Wednesday the
earth, the velvet pall being thrown into 17th of February, it was delivered to four of his servants, Herbert, Mildmay, fastened an inscription in lead of these
the vault over the coffin, to which was Preston, and Joyner, who, with some
words; ‘KING CHARLES, 1648.'" bthers in mourning equipage, attended the herse that night to Windsor, and
A COLLECTOR placed it in the room which was formerby the King's bedchamber. Next day Mr. URBAN,
April 16. it was removed into the Dean's Hall, which was hung with black, and made W"
JINDSOR has generally been
supposed, by our best Histo, dark, and lights were set burning round the herse. About three afternoon, the rians, to have been the place of interDuke of Richmond, the Marquess of meat of the Martyred Monarch ; but Hartford, the Earls of Salisbury and that fact was never completely estab. Lindsey, and the Bishop of London lished until the accidental circum(others, that were sent to, refusing their stance which has recently occurred last service to the best of Princes) came in consequence of the Duchess of thither with two votes passed that morn- Brunswick’s Funeral, although, the ing, whereby the ordering of the King's Royal Remains have been often burial was committed to the Duke, pro- sought for. But this discovery seems vided that the expences thereof exceeded to confirm the account given by Mr. hot Hve hundred pounds. This order Herbert, one of the Gentlemen of the they shewed to Colonel Wbichcot, the Bedchamber, and who was the only Governoùr of the Castle, desiring the in- attendant upon the King from the terment might be in St. George's chappel, time of his confinement in Hurst Casand according to the form of the Com
Sir William mon Prayer.
The latter request the tle until his execution. Governour denied, saying that it was
Duguale, then Garter King at Arms, improbable the Parliament would per
sent to Herbert, who was living at mit the use of what they had so solemnly York, to know if the King had ever, abolished, and therein destroy their own in his hearing, spoken as to where Act.—The Lords replied, that there was his body should be interred. And a difference betwixt destroying their own Herbert's reply contained so many Act, and dispensing with it, and that no curious particulars, that, at Dugdale's power so binds its own hands, as to dis- request, they were thrown into a conable itself in some cases. But all pre- nected form, and published. But Vailed not.—The Governour bad caused his posthumous information, recorded an ordinary grave to be digged in the by Wood, is, perhaps, the most interbody of the church at Windsor for the esting, as tending to locate the exact interment of the corpse ; which the Lords disdaining, found means, by the direction spot of Charles's interment. of an honest man, one of the old Knights,
Echard affords the following histoto use an artifice to discover a vault in rical account of the interment. the middle of the quire, by the hollow “ It has been made a question, and a sound they might perceive in knocking wonder by many, why a particular mówith a staff upon that place; tbat so it nument was not erected at Windsor for might seem to be their own accidental bim (King Charles the First) after the
1813.) Particulars of the Interment of King Charles, the First. 30.1
This fortunate discovery of the tures and reflections; and intimations actual remains of the unfortunate have been given, as if the Royal Body King, is not only to be appreciated had never been deposited there, or else
from its determining a circumstance had been afterwards removed by the Re
in the History of the Nation before gicides; and tle Lord Clarendon himself (vol. III. p. 200) speaks softly and held somewhat in doubt, but the suspiciously of this matter, as if he be
more especially as it completely relieved the body could not be found. moves the stigma attempted be But, to remove all imaginations, we shall east by Foreigners upon the charachere insert a memorandum, or certifi- ter of those who had successfully procate, sent by Mr. John Séwell, Register moted the RESTORATION ; which the at Windsor, anno 1696, September 21. Author of a modern Publication of The same vault in which King Charles considerable and just celebrity, enthe First was buried was opened, to lay titled “ Clavis Culendaria *,” (wbich in a sull-born child of the then Princess was reviewed in your last Volume, of Denmark, now our gracious Queen. p. 258, and in p. 47 of the present), On the King's coffin the velvet pall was
ibus expatiates upon ; strong and sound; and there was about the coffin a leaden band, with this in “ That Charles was buried atWindsor, scription cut through it:
seems to be generally admitted; but it is KING CHARLES, 1648.'
to be remarked, that his remains were Queen Jane's coffin was whole and never found there, though frequently entire ; but that of King Henry the sought for. This want of confirmation has Eighth was "sunk in upon the breast given rise to much speculation, and has part, and the lead and wood consumed afforded to the Enemies of the Reforma by the heat of the gums he was em. tion an opportunity of circulating a rebalmed with; and when I laid my hand port, which, although not noticed by our upon it, it was run together and hard, Historians, on account of the honour of and had no noisome: smiell." -As a far the Nativn, is said by Forcigners to have ther memorandum relating to Ko been acceded to by them. It is stated, Charles's interment, he says, " That that when the presumed remains of when the body of King Charles the First Cromwell were dug up, dragged through lay in state in the Dean's Hall, the the streets, and exposed on a gallows, Duke of Richmond had the coffin opened, the persons who executed that disgrace and was satished that it was the King's ful and impotent piece of revenge, disbody. This several people have declared covered that the head had been separated they knew to be true, who were alive, from the body, though they never menand then present; as Mr. Randolph of tioned the circumstance until they bad New Windsor, and others.” So that he carried into effect the order they had rethinks the Lord Clarendon was misled ceived for its complete intended degradain that matter, and King Charles the tion; and that it was from that cause, Second never sent to inquire after the and others subsequently brought to light, body, “ since it was well known, both clearly ascertained, that, instead of to the inhabitants of the castle and Cromwell, all this ill-judged revenge had town, that it was in that vault.” been exerted on Charles the First, whoše
By other Historians it appears that body had been removed in a secret manMr. Fishborne, gent. of Windsor, a
ner from Windsor, and deposited in Westminster Abbey."
T. M. relativn of Sir Christopher Wren's, was among those who were present at the interment of the King, went
April 10. into the vault, and brought away a
THEN I saw the letter signed fragment of King, Henry's pall. He observed, the vault was se parrow,
199, I hesitated whether I should an. that it was some difficulty to gel-in swer it; and I certainly should not the King's coffin by the side of the bave taken any notice of it, if it bad others.
* This Work has reached a second In addition to these testimonies the Edition, as we had anticipated; and the reader may be referred to " A True account there afforded from a manuscript Relation of the Interment of King of the period perfectly accords with the Charles the First, in the Chapel of St. prevalent belief, and is consequently George in Windsor Castle; from an highly corroborative. EDIT.
come through a less respectable chan- stone's Commentaries, some other
upon the numerous sources of the fac-similes of that of Junius, pub-
T. E. B. ions enabled him to obtain, with fa
cility, that intimate and early know“ Sit mihi fas audita loqui.”. ledge of State affairs, which is so Mr. URBAN,
April 12. strikingly displayed throughout Juyour Magazine for February last, stantly living in Town, on terms of gives a Hint for the Biblionania, the greatest intimacy and confidence by which it appears probable that the with the leading political characters Author of Junius might be discovered; of the day; some of whom are now and perbaps this would be sufficient living, aid must be aware, that Dr. for your Readers in America, where Wilmot's opportuvities of obtaining I am positively informed, upon autho- the most interesting and important rity I have no reason to doubt, “Jn- intelligence, were much greater than nius's own copy of his Letters, bound was necessary for the Author of Juin vellum with gilt leaves," certainly nius's public Letters, and quite suffiwas before his death, and in all pro- cient to account for his almost immebability is at present, although the diate knowledge of Garrick's visit to possessor--who received it from the Richmond, which he mentions in one hands of Junius-is altogether igno- of his private communications. rant, that, when the volumes were I could enter much further into presented to him, with a sett of Black. this subject, but am not, at present,
inclined to elucidate, more than I present Volume; I have no hesitation have already, the proofs to be pro in retracting the supposition which (in duced of the identity of Junius; and your last volume, p. *499) I had formwhich will put to rest for ever the ed on conjecture, arising from a vavague conjectures of those who amuse riety of circumstances there enumethemselves with "
guessing at Ju- rated. -I now firmly believe that the nius." I shall therefore only further Earl of Shelburne was not the Writer remark, that the MSS. with aa in- of Junius. But I still am of opispection of which I have been favour. vion that every argument which i ed, have very recently been perused adduced continues in full force-Qui by Mr. Woodfall, who declared his facit per alium, facit per se.--Lord surprize at this discovery, equally Shelburne, possessed of that extent of accidental and satisfactory; and, al- political sagacity which is universally though he expressed no decided opi- allowed him, soon contrived to disnion on the subject, observed, that cover, and to silence, the Writer of they are written upon paper of the Corregio and Atticus, by attaching same size, with the same water-mark, bim to his own immediate interest; as that used by Junius.
and, the Noble Peer supplying the An intention is, I believe, entertain- materials, his Opponent became his ed of publishing these papers, with a Amanuensis, All this, however, is chain of circumstances, forming a
submitted to consideration as an ima mass of evidence; than wbich, in my provement on the former conjecture opinion, nothing can be desired or of, Yours, &c.
N. S. conceived more satisfactory or conclusive, that Dr. Wilmot was the real Mr. URBAN,
April 19. Author of the Letters of Junius*. HI AD your caviling Correspondent Yours, &c. METELLUS.
in p. 411. of the second part of
your last year's Volume, taken the Mr. URBAN,
April 14. trouble to make any inquiries, when RS. WILMOT SERRES has an he travelled post-haste through Woring “The Life of the Author of the Let that no antient screen,
por any ters of Junius," compiled from certain works of art whatever, have been reMSS. which incontestibly prove that cently destroyed. On the contrary, the Letters of Junius were written by an antient and very elegant screen has Dr. Wilmot; and has annexed to her been repaired and set up at the altar, “ Prospectus,” the following recom in lieu of a plain wall erected by the mendatory Letter :
Puritans, which was a disgrace to the
Church. He would have learnt also, “ (Copy.) 36, Green Street, March 13.
" I have known the late Dr. Wilmot that what he is pleased to call « a great many years. I am authorized to glazed door with a green canvass certify that Mrs. 0. W. Serres is his blind” (i.e. some yards of green baize Niece;. and that she resided at the Rec
attached to a temporary gallery) was tory of Barton on the Heath, under Dr. a mere accommodation for company, Wilmot's care, until her marriage. placed there for the charitable pur(Signed) WARWICK.”
of the Music meeting, which (you have told us in p. 285.) produced 8121.
188. 4d. And if he is really one of your Mr. URBAN,
“ Constant Readers,” he might have YONVINCED by the unanswerable
seen, in the First Part of your last arguments of your intelligent Correspondent Junior, in p. 4. of the year, pp. 414, 524, that his censure of
the judicious Architectural Improve
ments in the Cathedral were equally * A Pamphlet by the Rev. J. B. Blake
CARADOC. way, of Shrewsbury, has just been published, professing to disclose the longconcealed secret of “ Junius's Letters."
Captain Layman's. Precursor, &c. A Correspondent, who has read it, speaks
(See pages 21, 229.) of it as a very elegant and satisfactory performance, wbich he thinks will set
be enabled to fight guns
every the question completely at rest by prov- direction, for which purpose the square ing that Junius was Jons HORSE TOOKE exposed and overbanging stern should EDIT,
be done away, and in future formed