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THE

Gentleman's Magazine :

AND

Historical Chronicle.

From JANUARY to JUNE, 1813.

VOLUME LXXXIII.

(Being THE SIXTH OF A NEW SERIES.)

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LONDON: Printed by NICHOLS, SON, and BENTLEY,

at Cicero's Head, Red Lion Passage, Fleet Street;
where LETTERS are particularly requested to be sent, Post-PAID.

And sold by J. HARRIS (Successor to Mrs. NEWBERY),
at the Corner of St. Paul's Church Yard, Ludgate Street. 1913

maze,

course

MYSTERIOUS Thoughts! say, whither Soon as he saw thee quit thy guardian would ye tend?

(path,

shield, How have ye won me from each brighter Thy hold of refuge, strongest when alone Each soothing hope that late with radiant On Hear'n thy stay was rested, and thy beam.

(life!
trust

(thence,
Pour'd comfort down to bless the toils of Repos'd secure-weakest when, erring
Say, is it thus ye teach memis it here Thy gidily feet would'empt the dang'rous
Ye bring my wand'ring footsteps--to a maze
Where Hope expires, a wilderness of Woe, The thorny lab'rinth of bewild'ring Doubt,
A gloomy labyrinth that tires with Doubt, Of Mystries seeming dark, and hidden
And distant far, and farther yet would lead, things
Till Heav'n itself were shrouded from the That stagger each enquirer, not confirm,
view,

(soul Because not understood and must we And deep'ning horrors plunge the fainting

thence

(slaves lo all the hideous gulf of black Despair ? Proclaim them false? Oh! ye the hapless Oh, Reason ! godlike only when with God Of baneful Error, and of foul Mistrust, Thou walkest-glorious only, great, and Ye toiling crowds who long have vainly wise,

sought When trusting in his goodness and his pow'r! To pierce with mortal ken the sacred gloom, Depart from these, forget the mighty skill Thro' wide Creation roll the searching That rear'd Creation from insensate void, glance,

(coil Forget the sparkling Sun, the lucid Orbs And say, can still your stubborn hearts reThat gleam refulgent thro' the silent Night From wunders such as these, when, scatAs rolling on they speed their circling

ter'd round

On ev'ry side, equal or greater far Still as in ages past, nor devious yet Burst on the ravish'd view, if right esteem'd Have marrd with erring fight their destind The works ye gaze at? Oft in secret move track,

[Sky, The wise intents and purposes of Hear'n, Forget the beauteous Earth, the vaulted Alike beyond the stretch of human thought The varied seasons, and with impious E'eu as of human sight-perhaps conceal’d, tongue

Nor yet divulg'd, that they may serve on Dispute the feebler wonders of thy God,

Earth And mock them as the idle tale of things As trials of that Faith we justly owe, Beyond the reach of Nature, Truth, or As covenants ordain'd'.wixt God and Man, Pow'r

[applaud The symbols of our Piety and Trust! The World may style thee Wisdom and Parent of Light and Life! forbid that e'er Thy bold research, that fain would seem to Reason, thy noblest gift, should madly judge

[ing hand
seek

(thought The works of Heav'n-may praise the dar. To mar thy blest design! quell the proud That, stretch'd aloft, would burst the sa That fain would judge the secrets of thy cred bonds

Word;

(Fold Of rigid Virtue, and exalting high Recall the straggling Wand'rers froin thy The grosser thoughts, the proud conceits Back to thyself, and teach the erring heart of Man,

(yoke Tis Wisdom to adore thee!-Nature sings Shake from his stubborn neck the hallow'd Thro'all her works of thee-in all display'd Of pious rev'rence to the better will I view thy boundless Pow'r, in all I trace Of Him that made us--round thy rebel Thy Goodness and thy Mercy shining fair ! throne,

Come then, bright Faith! Thou guardian Elate and tow'ring as in Freedom's joy,

Seraph, come,

[wide May gladly flock, obsequious to thy word, And shedding down thy radiance, scatter And, heedless following where thy voice The shades of impious Doubt-unclouded directs,

pour Pronounce thee fit, unaided and alone, Pull on my darken'd soul thy kindling ray, To trace the line of Error and of Truth! And ev'ry hope exalting, ev'ry hope Mistaken Guide ! shall Wisdom be the Confirming, that on Heav'n would lean for

[far

rest, Thy merits ask? methinks 't were juster So rule my heart that I may learn to bow To call thee Madness! Reason thou art not, In merk subjection to the will of Him Or Reasou chang'd indeed,and ah! like him Who forin'd us for his Glory and our own Whoerst "defied ih’Omnipotent to arms," Aglory best bestow'd, and best acquir'd, A fallen Angel! fallen from the height When must we seek to praise Him—when of native splendour, and befitting well

estrang'd

(paths The subtle pirpose of that wary Foe From ev'ry human pride, we tread the Who long had watch'd thee, and with envy Of holy Virtue, still reposing firin pin'ol,

(then Our trust in Him, whose goodness and whose With malice and with rage ; nor wanting pow'r, Glad triumph and delighted victory Confest thro'all his wonders,reign supreme.

M. E.

name

PREFACE

TO THE

FIRST PART OF THE EIGHTY-THIRD VOLUME.

" Magnos motus rerum circa se frementium securus aspiciat, et dura pla

cidè ferat, et secunda moderate."-Seneca.

The above is one of the characteristics which Seneca gives of Wisdom; and certain it is, that they whose situation in more recent times has exposed them to any degree of responsibility, must necessarily have been involved in the universal agitation which has disturbed the World. We are not at all disposed to use the language of ostentatious vaunting ; but we may securely appeal to our Prefatory Addresses to our Friends and Correspondents for many preceding years, in proof, that, notwithstanding the triumphs of Despotism, and the dark rollings of many a tempestuous storm, which ever and anon threatened to burst over our heads, we never flinched from the firmness of our confidence in that All-wise and Almighty Being who regulates the affairs of Nations. We have invariably felt and expressed the honest confidence of Britons, rejected all emotions of despondency, and encouraged the golden vision of Hope; nor have we been disappointed. The British Eagle once more towers aloft above its foes; the Leopard, which was to have fled at the sight of Napoleon's Banners, has sprung upon his aggressors, and inflicted no common vengeance. But we forbear too unlimited an indulgence of

20044

our

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amb A W 20 Days.Mo.

12

15

49 51 29.17 cloudy, light rain
41 49 30- 2

cloudy
48 52 30- 3

cloudy, evening light rain
47 49 30. 2

cloudy in general
45 46
30. 2

lightly clouded
35 39
30- 8

mostly cloudy, evening clear
27 31 30-11

lightly clouded 21 27 30- 6

mostly clear 9 15 97 SO. 1

clear 10 14 25

29-17 very foggy, clear upwards 11 28 33 29-18

morning cloudy and fog!y, afternoon clear 23 27 30- 0

cloudy at times 13

17 28 29-15 clear 14 17 31 29-14

mostly clear 25 29 29-11

mosily clear, high wind 16 23 24 28-18

cloudy, high wind, light snow 17 27 29 28-13

cloudy, light snow or rain all the day 18 28 28 29. 3 snow almost the whole of the day 19 29 35 29. 8 cloudy, some rain 20

33 34 09-11 cloudy, some very light rain 21 29 31 29-15 cloudy, afiernoon rain 22 32 33 29.16 cloudy, very foggy 23 28 31 30. 2 cloudy, afternoon light snow 24 30 33 29. 9

clear, evening cloudy, very light snow 25 30 31 30-12 cloudy 26 29 31 30-12 cloudy, afternoon very light rain 27 30 32 30-14

light suow in the nighi, day cloudy 28 29 36 30-12 mostly cloudy 29 41 44 30-10 cloudy, some very light rain, windy 30 43 46 30. 6 cloudy, very light sprinkling rain 31 41 43

29-19 cloudy, frequent light rain The average degrees of Temperature, from observations made at eight o'clock in the morning, are 30-77 100ths; those of the corresponding month in the year 1811 were 35-51 100ths ; in 1810, 33.32 100ths; in 1809, 37.94 100ths; in 1808, 33-10 100ths ; in 1807, 31-55 100ths; in 1806, 44-44 100ths; in 1805, 37; and in 1804, 33-50 100ths.

The quantity of Rain fallen this month is equal to 48 100ths of an inch ; that of the corresponding month in the year 1811, was 2 inches 15 100ths; in 1810, 5 inches 24 100ths ; in 1809, 2 inches 68 100ths ; in 1808, 1 inch 52 100ths; in 1807, 2 inches 5 100ths ; in 1806, 6 inches 39 100ths; in 1905, 3 inches 77 100ths; and in 1804, 1 inch 45 100ths.

METEOROLOGICAL Table for January, 1813. By W. CARY, Strand.

Height of Fahrenbeit's Thermometer. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer.

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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,

For JANUARY, 1813.

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I am

Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 15. Lord George Sackville, and to any NEEING a Letter in your Magazine other of the numerous persons who

are conjectured to be the Author. with a conjecture respecting the Au I know that, notwithstanding the thor of Junius, namely, that it was great merit of that Nobleman in pubWilliam Earl of Shelburne, afterwards lic life, and the great services that he first Marquis of Lansdowne, --1 desire · has rendered to the State, not only to give some reasons which militate by bis liberal endeavours on many against that conjecture.

occasions to serve his Country, but by I grant that there are some circum-'' many of his actions, particularly by stances in its favour: that he was cer effecting a Peace in the Autumn of tainly a man of superior talents, as 1782 both with France and with the well as knowledge and information; United States of America, at a time and that he was well acquainted with when this Country was in the greatest public men and the public measures difficulties, and in a great dilemma, which were transacting within the ten owing to the violence of parties hava years when Junius wrote, namely from ing in the Spring of that year

tied

up 1762 to 1772 inclusive; that he was the hands of the Sovereign, and con- ? also, according to Mr. Park's opinion, , sequently of the Country, from car. : quoted by you, an orator, a liberal pa. . rying on an offensive war with Ametron of the arts, and a most amiable rica, so that it was impossible to mau iu private life; that he had an ac proceed with the war except under curate koowledge of the bistory and the greatest disadvantage; constitution of his own, and of the state. aware tbat, notwithstanding this emiof other countries; and that he was nent service, which produced the fa- ? a profound politician. I believe also, mous Coalition belween two great that he was a sincere lover of his Statesmen, who had for ten years: Country; friendly to Ireland, in which never agreed upon any thing be-, he had a large property as well as in fore, the Noble Lord has been ever England ; and very hostile also to since loaded with the most usmerited every species of oppression either in calumny by the aumerous partizans. public or private life. Nor do I think of those two great men, who thus it can give the least oftence to the made him a sacrifice. I also know friends of that illustrious Nobleman, that, from a certain too great for-, by endeavouring to place on his brow wardness of mander, and precocity : a sprig of that laurel which the ablest: of discourse, a great degree of inwriter of the age might have proudly sincerity and duplicity has been im- ;

puted to him; whereas those who have I admit too, that Lord S. was, from.. known him well bear ample testimony the first to the latest period of his to his many distinguished virtues. life, a man of great ambitiou ; and -The principal idea of "N. S.” in that he got the best inforniation, both, attributing the " Letters of Junius” to 1 at home and abroad, of what was the Earl of Shelburne, is from a coinpassing in the world. I admit also, parison of the fac-simile letters pub. that it is not inconsistent with the lished by Mr. Woodfall, with a short opinion of his being the Author, note from his Lordship, in which, he: that his name might have been used says, there are some shades of re. in such térms as could not have seinblance. This alone, be confesses, been by him, unless for the purpose' would be an insufficient ground for of setting suspicion at rest-an ob- the supposition he has adopted. In servation which applies equally to 1763, he was sworn of the Privy

Corrcii,

word.

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