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cussions.--His Royal Highuess can never United States, the system, by which a acknowledge any blockade whatsoever to commercial intercourse with the Enemy be illegal, which bas been duly notified, had been allowed under the protection of and is supported by an adequate force, licenses; provided the United States merely upon the ground of its extent, or would act towards her, and towards because the ports or coasts blockaded are France, with real impartiality. - The not at the same time invested by land:-- Government of America, if the differHis Royal Highness can never admit, that ences between States are not interminable, neutral trade with Great Britain can be
has as little right to notice the affair of constituted a public crime, the com the Chesapeake. The aggression, this mission of which can expose the ships of instance, on the part of a British officer any Power whatever to be denationalized. was acknowledged, bis. conduct was dis. -His Royal Highness can never admit, approved, and a reparation was regularly that Great Britain can be debarred of its tendered by Mr. Foster on the part of his right of just and necessary retaliation, Majesty, and accepted by the Governthrough the fear of eventually affecting ment of ibe United States.-It is not less the interest of a neutral.--His Royal unwarranted in its allusion to the mission Highness can never admit, that in the of Mr. Henry; a mission undertaken exercise of the undoubted and bitherto without the authority, or even knowledge undisputed right of searching neutral of his Majesty's Government, and which merchant vessels in time of war, the im- Mr. Foster was authorized formally and pressment of British seamen, when found officially to disavow. The charge of extherein, can be deemed any violation of a citing the Indians to offensive measures neutral fag. Neither can he admit, that against the United States is equally void the taking such seamen from on board of foundation. Before the war began, at such vessels, can be considered by any policy the most opposite had been unineutral State as a hostile measure, or a formly pursued, and proof of this was justifiable cause of war.-There is no tendered by Mr. Foster to the American right more clearly established, than the Government. - Snch are the causes of right which a Sovereign has to the alle. war which have been put forward by the giance of his subjects, more especially in Government of the United States. But time of war. Their allegiance is no op- the real origin of the present contest will tional duty, which they can decline, and be found in that spirit, which has long resume at pleasure. It is a call which unhappily actuated the Councils of the they are bound to ubey: it began with United States: their marked partiality in their birth, and can only terminate with palliating and assisting the aggressive their existence. If a similarity of lan- tyravvy of France; their systematic enguage and manners may make the exer deavours to inflame their people against eise of this right more liable to partial the defensive measures of Great Britain; mistakes, and occasional abuse, when their ungenerous conduct towards Spain, practised towards vessels of the United the intimate ally of Great Britain ; States, the same circumstances make it and their uniorthy desertion of the cause also a right, with the exercise of which, of other neutral nations. It is through in regard to such vessels, it is more diffi the prevalence of such councils, that cult to dispense.--But if, to the practice America has been associated in policy of the United States, to harbour British with France, and committed in war seamen, be added their assumed right, to against Great Britain.—And under what transfer the allegiance of Briush subjects, conduct on the part of France has the and thus to cancel the jurisdiction of their Government of the United States thus legitimate Sovereign, by acts of naturali- lent itself to the Enemy? The contempzation and certificates of citizenship, tuous violation of the Commercial Treaiy which they pretend to be as valid out of of the year 1800 between France and the their own territory as within it, it is ob- United States; the treacherous seizure vious that to abandou this antient right of of all American vessels and cargoes in Great Britain, and to admit these novel every harbour subject to the controul of pretensions of the Uniti States, would the French arms; the tyrannical prinbe to expose to danger the very founda- ciples of the Berlin and Milan Decrees, tion of our maritime strength.--- Without and the confiscations under them; the entering minutely into the other topics subsequent condemnations under the which have been brought forward by the Rambouillet Decree, antedated or conGovernment of the United States, it may cealed to render it the more effectual; be proper to remark, that whatever the the French commercial regulations which Declaration of the United States may have render the traffick of the United States asserted, Great Britain never did demand, with France almost illusory; the burning that they should force British manu of their merchant ships at sea, long after factures into France; and she formally the alleged repeal of the French Deere declared her willingness entirely to -all these acts forego, or modily, in concert with the of France.
of the United States, only such com common origin,--from their common inplaints as end in acquiescence and sub terest, from their professed principles of mission, or are accompanied by sugges freedom and independence, the United tions for enabling France to give the sem States were the last Power in which Great blance of a legal form to her usurpations, Britain could have expected to find a by converting them into municipal regu. willing instrument and abettor of French lations.--This disposition of the Govern tyranny. Disappointed in this his just ment of the United States,.--this complete expectation, the Prince Regent will still subserviency to the Ruler of France, pursue the policy which the British Goa this hostile temper towards Great Britain, vernment has so long and invariably are evident in almost every page of the maintained, in repelling injustice, and in official correspondence of the American supporting the general rights of nations; with the French Government.-- Against and, under the favour of Providence, rethis course of conduct, the real cause of lying on the justice of his cause, and the the present war, the Prince Regent so. tried loyalty and firmness of the British
lemnly protests. Whilst contending against nation, his Royal Highness confidently + France, in defence not only of the liber looks forward to a successful issue to the
ties of Great Britain, but of the world, contest in which he has thus been com.
INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES. Admiralty-office, Dec. 22. A letter from Missing-Lieut.-gen. the Hon. Sir Every Capt. Tobin, of the Andromache, off the Paget, K. B. Gironde, states that the Briton had, on the 15th inst. captured the Sans Souci French Admiralty-office, Dec. 26. privateer, of 14 guns, and 120 men.
Sir, Poictiers, at Sea, Oct. 23.
It is with the most bitter sorrow and Foreign-office, Dec. 26.— This Gazette distress I have to report to your Excelannounces that measures have been taken lency the capture of his Majesty's brig for the blockade of the ports and har. Frolic, by the ship Wasp belonging to the bours of the Bay of the Chesapeake, and United States of America, on the 18th of the River Delaware, in America. irst. Having under convoy the homeDowning-street, Dec. 26. Extract of a Dis- ward-bound trade from the Bay of Hon
patch from Marquis Wellington, dated duras, and being in lat. 36 deg. N. and
64 deg. W. on the night of the 17th we I enclose the return of the killed, were overtaken by a most violent gale of wounded, and missing of the troops in wind, in which the Frolic carried away the operations from Salamanca to Ciudad her main-yard, lost her topsails, and Rodrigo, from Nov. 15, to 19.
sprung the main top-mast. On the morn. Total British Loss 2 captains, 2 ser- ing of the 13th, as we were repairing the jeants, 7 rank and file, 15 horses killed : damages sustained in the storm, and re2 captains, 2 lieutenants, 4 serjeanis, 86 assembling the scattered ships, a suspicirank and ble, 9 horses wounded ; 1 genc ous ship came in sight, avd gave chace ral staff, 3 serjeants, 2 drummers and to the convoy. The merchant ships contrumpeters, 106 rank and file, 58 horses, tinued their voyage before the wind under missing.
all sail; the Frolic dropped astern, and Total Portuguese Loss -1 ensign, 36 hoisted Spanish colours, in order to derank and file, killed; 1 lieutenant, 1 en coy the stranger under her guns, and to sign, 3 serjeants, 40 rank and file, wound. give time for the convoy to escape. ed; 66 rank and file, missing.
About ten, both vessels being within hail, Officers Killed, Wounded, and Missing. we hauled to the wind, and the battle be
British Killed — Capt. MʻCabe, 51st gan. The superior fire of our guns gave regt. and Capt. H. Dawson, 52d regiment, every reason to expect its speedy termi-' Ist batt.
nation in our favour, but the gaffa headPortugueseEnsign Joa Joze Areveda, braces being shot away, and there being 20:h Portuguese regiment.
no sail on the main-mast, the brig beBritish Wounded-Lieut. G. Rideout, came unmanageable, and the Enemy 43d foot, ist batt. severely (leg ampu- succeeded in taking a position to rake tated); Lieut. H. M. Baillie, ditto, slight- her, while she was unable to bring a gun ly; Capt. J. H. Currie, 5ed ditto, 1st batt. to bear. After laying some time exditto ; Capt. T. Fuller, severely, not dan- posed to a most destructive fire, she fell gerously.
with the bowsprit betwixt the Enemy's Portuguese-Ensign T. Pinto de Casteo, main and mizen rigging, still ‘unable to 19th Portuguese regim. 7t, slightly ; Lieut. return his fire. At length the Enemy G. de Carma Lima, 2d Portuguese Caça. boarded, and made himself master of dores, ditto.
the brig, every individual officer being Marshal Davuust's division was defeated wounded, and the greatest part of the and dispersed with great loss, Buonamen either killed or wounded, there not parte and the Marshal flying from the being 20 persons remaining unhurt. Als field of battle; and in the latter, Marshal though I shall ever deplore the unhappy Ney's division, near the same place, said issue of this contest, it would be great to have consisted of 18,000'men, appears injustice to the merits of the officers and to have been completely accounted for by crew if I failed to report that their bra the numbers killed and wounded, in addi. very and coolness are deserving of every tion to those who afterwards laid down praise : and I am convinced, if the Frolic
I also stated the general dishad not been crippled in the gale, I should tribution of the armies as they stood at have to make a very different report to that time. I have now to acquaint your your Excellency. The Wasp was taken, Lordship, that General Field Marshal and the Frolic re-captured the same after. Prince Kutusoff Smolensku reports, on noon, by his Majesty's ship the Poictiers. the 230 November, from Laviky Farm, Being separated from them, I cannot that Buonaparte, with his guards, left transmit at present a list of killed and Orsha on the 20th of November, and wounded. Mr. Charles M.Kay, the first marched on the road to Kochanoff; and lieutenant, and Mr. Stephens, the master, that on the 21st the remaining troops of have died of their wounds.
the Enemy marched out of the former Sir J. B. Warren. T. WHINYATES. place, leaving-26 guns, and some hospi
tals, in which were upwards of 50 wound. Sir, Poictiers, at Sea, Oct. 18. ed French officers.Count Platoff is orHis Majesty's ship under my command dered to follow the army marching on has this day captured the American sloop Kochanoff.-A detachment under Major of war Wasp, of 20 guns, and retaken gen. Ermaloff, consisting of 14 battalions bis Majesty's brig Frolic, Capt. Wbin- of infantry, some cavalry, and two comyates, which she had captured, after an panies of artillery, is directed to move by action of 50 ininutes. I have thought it Orsha to reinforce Count Platoff. The my duty to collect the Frolic's convoy, advanced guard of the inain army, under and to see them in safety to Bermuda. the command of General Millaradovitch,
The conduct of Capt. Whingates, who consisting of the 2d and 7th divisions of I regret to say is wounded, and of his infantry, and the 2d 'division of cavalry, crew, appears to have been so decidedly was to cross the Dnieper on the 23d, at gallant, that I have been induced to con Kopys, and was to direct its march upon tinue him in the commaod of the Frolic, Tolotchina to join Gen. Ermaloff's.—The until your pleasure is known.
main army will cross the Dnieper at Sir J. B. Warren, Bt. J. P. BERESFORD. Kopys, cn the 24th, and march by Sta
rasel to Teetzershioff, from whence it may. A letter from Capt. Broke, of the Shan. be directed according to circumstances, no:1, gives an account of the capture of either upon Bobra or Berezinoff.--Gen. the Thorn American privateer brig, of 18 Wittgenstein reports, Nov, 24, from the guns, long nine-pounders, and 140 men, village of Cherai, that Adm. Tchichagoff
A letter from Capt. Davies,of the Garland, was at Borisoff Nov. 24, whence Gen. reports the capture of the Poor Sailor, Langeron informed the Count, by letters, American privateer,of one long sixpounder of the 22d inst, that Gen. Count Lambert and 50 men, by the boats of the Garland, was at Borisoff on the 21st, where he under Lieut. Brake. - Two letters from defeated the whole corps of Dembroffski, Capt. Boss, of the Rhodian sloop, state taking six cannon, two colours, and 3000 the capture of the Dash American priva. prisoners, driving them on upon the road to, teer, of one gun and 30 men. And also Orsha ; that Count Lambert had also of the Sarah Ann American privateer, taken, at Kaidanoff, two guns, and from carrying one twelve-pounder, and 40 men. two to three thousand prisopers; and
A list of 33 other American vessels that, including the hospitals at Minsk, in taken by the squadron, between the 11th the last eight days, upwards of 11,000 of July and 22d of October, has also prisoners, and 24' guns, had been taken. been transmitted.
Victor and Oudinot bave retired from
before Count Wittgenstein upon Borisoff; LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. the latter is marching in pursuit of them, Foreign-office, Dec. 30.-Dispatches from and on the 23d took 800 prisoners and Viscount Cathcart, K. T.
many carriages.-Count Wittgenstein re.. MY LORD, St. Petersburgh, Nov. 30. ports, that Gen. Platoff is marching In my dispatch of the 25th iost. I had against the great body of the Enemy's, the honour to state to your Lordship the corps upon Toulochinow, by which it apimportant and brilliant successes of bis pears thé Evemy is enclosed on three Inaperial Majesty's arms in the affairs of sides :. Gen. Platoff in his rear, Admiral the 17th and 18th, in the former of which Tchichagoff in their front; and Count
Wittgenstein on their rank.
and it scarcely was received yesterday or another general appears possible that the remains of his officer, whose name I have not heard, army can get through these difficulties in having been taken prisoner;, and I have presence of so maliy troops, with artillery also understood that accounts are receive and cavalry, regular as well as irregular. ed, that Gen. Ertle was arrived at Egou
CATHCART, men,-The detachment under Gen. Sachen is understood to be fully adequate to
St. Petersburgh, Dec. 7. keep Prince Schwartzenberg in check My LORD, Wbile in the act of disThe attempt to blow up the cathedral of patching the messenger, I received from Smolensko failed, the match having gone the palace, a report from Admiral Tchi. out before it reached the mine.-The fate chagoff, dated the 29th of November, of Marshal Ney has not been ascertained. upon the march to Oslachow, detailing his
CATHCART. proceedings from the 21st of November,
and stating that, in concert with Counts St. Pelersburgh, Dec. 6. Wiugenstein and Platoff, he is in pursuit MY LORD, I have the honour to trans of the French, whose force he estimates mit the report of the defeat of Victor's at seventy thousand men, including Oudi. Corps by General Count Wittgenstein, not and Victor, and which, he says, is proNov. 27. ---It would seem that this corps vided witia cavalry and artillery. had altered its direction from Borissow,
CATICART. and was proceeding up the left bank of the Berezina, when it was charged by Journal of Military Operations, dated Count Witgenstein. The 16th, at day
Head-quarters, Kopys. break, the Court pursued Buonaparte on . Nov. 7 - Major-gen. Borosdini having à road leading to Vi!na, still upon the driven the Enemy from Laeda, pursued left bank of the Berezina - A bridge had them with a part of his detachinent as far been brown over the river, at a place as Bolschui Kolotofsky, and with his Cose about 30 versts from Borisoit, where there sacks as far as Kosan, where they were
an advantageous position for the relieved by those of the detachment comEnemy's rear-guard, and for covering the manded by the Aid-de-camp Gen. Count passage. -o this day's march, the French Oscharofsky. The Enemy lost in his lost the whole of their equipages and flight seren pieces of cannon, and a numplunder, and were vigorously and repeat- ber of carriages. The General of Cavalry, edly attacked at the bridge. --The posi- Count Plaioff, reports, under date of the tion on the left bank being continually 5th inst. that having on the 3d approached reinforced by fresh troops, was contested Smolensko, and having learnt from the till night, when it was evacuated, and inhabitants, who were quitting it, that the bridge was destroyed as soon as the the Enemy occupied the Fauxbourg of rear-guard bad passed. There is a cross Petersburgh, he gave immediate orders Toad from this point which leads to the to his troops to attack under cover of the great road tó Vilna, and it was the in- fire of the artillery of the Don.--Col. tention of Count Wittgenstein to pursue, Kaysaroff, after having with his chas. as soon as hė either received pontoons, seurs broken the barrier which the Eneor re-established the bridge.--General my had placed, vigorously pursued thein Platoff had already got to the right bank, into the Fauxbourg itself, from whence probably to Borisoff.--Admiral Tchicha- they fled in alarm and disorder within the goff's quarters appear to have been at no walls of the fortress, where they were exgreat distance; but no particular report of posed to a fire of grape-shot from the the distribution or movements of this part neighbouring heights. Whilst the Cosof the force has as yet been received, sacks and the chasseurs were engaged in since the affair of Count Lambert.-It the Fauxbourg, the Enemy made a sortie appears, however, from the conclusion of in two columns, with eight pieces of can. Count Wit:genstein's last report, that he non and a mortar, resolutely determined expects the concert and support both of to repossess themselves of the Fauxbourg ; the Admiral and of Count Platoff. Geu. but Major-gen. Koutcinckoff with his Cos. Millaradovitch was stated to have arrived sacks, and Colonel Kaysaroff with his at Borisoff when the last accounts came chasseurs, fell upon them, and having away.—The head-quarters of the main repulsed the infantry, took their cannone army were still advancing on a line pa- The Fauxbourg was retaken, when night rallel to, and to the Southward of the put an end to the contest. On the 4ih thain road from Smolensko to Minsk, but the Enemy established themselves be, considerably in the rear of ide present hind the palisadoes, keeping possession operations. There are long defiles !0 of the left bank of the Dnieper, wbilst his pass on the road from Borisoff to Minsk, columns quiited the town with precipita. as well as on that upon which Buonaparte is tiop. ---Count Platoft caused Te Deum to Gent. Mac. Junuary, 1819,
be sung in presence of the troops, ac vance, be suddenly opened upon them companied by a discharge of artillery and a tremendous fire of grape-shot, so that a hurrah of the soldiers. --The Enemy on confounded, and seeing it impossible to 'quitting the town, sprung the mines which pierce through to Loubawitzch, they they had formed under several places of threw themselves into the woods on the the fortress, which set fire to the houses baoks of the Dnieper, and covering their of the Fauxbourg of Petersburgh, which march by chasseurs, pressed along the bank were situated opposite the fortress. — The of the river until the night was far advanced, Aid-de-camp, Gen. Baron Mettersako. and threw into it the four pieces of cannon melsky, reports, that the officer whom he which they had with them. The 8th, at had detached with three squadrons, had about six o'clock in the morning, the addiscorered an Euemy's column at three vanced-guard came up with the Enemy versts from Winnisa-Louki, and having in advance of Dombrowna. He was again surrounded them, he sent the Staabs-Ritte received with grape-shot on coming out meister of the hussars of the Akimfeldt of a forest on the road. Our Cossacks, guards, with a proposal to lay down their profiting by the disorder of the Enemy, arms. This coinmission he execöied with and the well-directed fire of our artillery, complete successible number of prison- attacked with the lance, killing many, ers amounted to 2500 men.-Intelligence and making eight hundred prisoners, has been received, that the detachment among which was a Commissary general under Count Oscharofsky, has occupied and ten officers. Marshal Ney, seeing his Mobilow, after having dislodged the Ene- total defeat, threw himself into the forests, my. Provisions and forage sufficient to and collecting the troops whum the atsubsist the whole army, during ten days, tack of our Cossacks had dispersed, he were found in the place.--Mead-quarters occupied the village of Jaroubuff, where at Romanoff, on the 8th.
he defended himself with obstinacy, until Nov. 9. The Count Oscharofsky re night, which put an end to the combat. ports, that a detachment sent by him Nov. 10.-Gen. Couut Platoff reports, pursued the rear-guard of the Enemy on on the 9th, that during the pursuit of the their retreat from Kosan. The Cossacks, Enemy to Orsha he made four hundred in following it on each side of the great prisoners. The Enemy defends the pas. road, had cut off part of it from Dom sage of the river with his artillery, while browna, and regardless of tlie fire of he gives the town up to the flames. The grape-shot, threw themselves, together Partizau Dasidoff attacked the Enemy on with the chasseurs, upon the Enemy's the 9th, at Kopys, and killing many, column, killed more than 1000 men, took made two hundred and eighty-five prifour pieces of cannon, with the caissons soners, besides taking a quantity of laden with grape, besides a considerable equipages; passing afterwards the river number of carts, and made 600 prie by swimming, he sent various parties to soners.—Major-ġen. Borosdin reports, on Schkloff, Staroselije, and Orsha.---The The 4th, that having with his detachment Count Platoff reports on the 91h, that the driven the Enemy from Dombrowna, he Enemy had, after some resistance, been had pursuell him to Orsha, on which oc driven from. Orsha, and that at one casion he took above four hundred men o'clock the town had been occupied by and eight officers. At Dombrowna 'was our troops. The Euemy left there twenty found a small magazine of flour, oats, pieces of cannon, some provisions, and and hay.--Gen. Count Platoff reports on his hospitals, in which were found, of the 7th, that proceedling from Sinolensko officers alone, fifty persops.-On the 11th to Dombrownia, he had destroyed a de- the grand army halted at Lannike. tachment of tbe Enemy, which, after the defeat of the French army at Krasno, had Proceedings of the Military Operations of the saved itself by flight, and passed over to
Russian Army. the right bank of the Dnieper, in order to Nov. 13.-The Aid-de-camp Gen. Count come up again with the main body. The Oscharoffsky, as he was proceeding on Count made 3000 prisoners, among whom the 121h, with part of the detachment is the late Chief Cominissary General at under his command, from Schkloff toSmolensko, de Puibusque. In a second wards Mohilow, was informed by some of report, Gen. Platoff states, that, con the inhabitants, who had left that place, tinuing, on the 7th, his route to Dom that the Enemy's troops which had rebrowna, he was informed that Marshal mained there, bad threatened to set on Ney was marching with tbe remains of fire all within their reach. Io consehis corps to Loubawitch, and had been
quence of this information, Count Oscha. seen in the afternoon at Gousuiroff. Hav- roffsky, without loss of time, ordered on ing' occupied this place with his. Cos. the Cossacks from Paltawa, mounted the sacks on the left, Gen. Platoff ordered riflemen, and arrived before night witha masked batteries to be raised on the road; his cavalry and artillery, in time to save and having permitted the Enemy to 'ad- the town, from whence he immediately