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" Can you bear the thoughts of being a-day for consultation; or, let us supobliged to get up out of your warm bed, pose a patient unable to go the journey, in a cold winter's night, or rather morn and an eminent Physician is sent for, ing, to make up Medicines which your who has his guinea a-mile exclusive of employer, just arrived from attending a his fee, besides other expences; in either labour, through cold, frost, and snow, case the prescription is sent to the Apoprescribes for a lady just put to bed, or thecary-there inay be some one article a patient taken suddenly and dạngerous that the prescriber may place a greater ly ill? Or, supposing that your Master dependance on, for restoring the pais not yet in sufficient business to keep tient, than all the rest. The Apothecary a boy to take out the medicines--can you (we are supposing a possible case) may make up your mind to think it no hard- not have this one article ; and the shopship to take them to the patient after man or apprentice, ignorant of its inyou have made them up?
portance, substitutes something similar “ Are you too fine a gentleman to in colour or consistence, as a succedathink of contaminating your fingers by neun; or, perhaps in a mistake gives administering a clyster to a poor man, or T'inctur. Opii for T'inct. Opii Camphoa rich man, or a child dangerously ill, rat. or in a hurry mistakes a drachm when no nurse can be found that knows
for an ounce, or writes in the direcany thing of the matter? This is a part tion, a table spoonful instead of a tea of your profession that it is as necessary spoonful, or any other mistake of a simifor you to know how to perform, as it is lar nature. What must be the conseto bleed, or dress a wound. Or are your quence? In many cases Death !! And in olfactory nerves so delicate, that you that event whạt to the Apothecary? cannot avoid turning sick when dressing Certain loss of business, by being exposed an old neglected ulcer; or when, in re every where, and possibly prosecution." moving dressings, your nose is assailed
The following cases are related as with the efluvia from a carious bone ?
real events that have happened If you cannot bear these things, put Surgery out of your head, and go and be through the igoorance and irattention apprentice to a Man Milliner or Per- of persons employed in the compoundfumer."
ing and labelling of Medicines : After a variety of entertaining parti- cheur for the usual medicines for a lady
"A prescription was sent by an Accou. culars, we find some strong remarks
after her delivery: the child was dead. In on the absolute necessity of a proper addition there was also a prescription for knowledge of the Latin language to
some sort of embrocation for her breasts; the Tyro, with its several abbrevia
the affected parts to be rubbed with the tions as used by Physicians; and samePro RENATA (occasionally). The comsome judicious hints are given ou this pounder knew very well that 'pro' was head to the Examiners of the Corpo for,' but not being quite satisfied about ration of Surgeons and the Apothe- re, goes to his Dictionary, and there finds caries' Company.
We have likewise res a thing; then turns to nata, and a relation of several mosl serious ac finds natus, a, um, 'BORN.' Now then cidents under the head of “ Mistakes he has it right: 'For the little thing 'in making up Medicines,” arising from
born;' but deeming little thing as too a deficiency of this knowledge, and familiar, be, wishing to shew all due the too frequent carelessuess of Shop- Jespectatc his Master's patient, wrote on
the label, “ The little infant newly born men and Apprentices; on which sub
to be well rubbed with this embrocation'!" ject the Author offers the following
Many accidents” (observes the Auappropriate observations :
thor) have happened from the loss of « The life of the father of a numerous labels tiec! round the necks of phials. family, of a beloved wife, of an only Mineral acids destroy the ink, and cor. child, the fate of a whole family, often rode the paper; sometimes not even the depends on an Apothecary's apprentice paiiis to tie the labels round the neck are or journeyman! How often have most taken, but they are through laziness lamentable mistakes occasioned death! stuek into the mouths of phials, and Let us suppose a gentleman desirous of only held there by the, cork. A fatal having the best advice for his wife; to mistake once happened in my neighbour. have brought her up to town from a dis- hood, by the changing, through the care. tance of two or three hundred miles, at lessness and inattention of a drunken a very heavy and perhaps inost inconve nurse, the labels of two phials, thus im. nient expence: he consults the most properly thrust in and held by the corks eminent Physician, who receives his only. A two-ounce phird of a Saturuine guinea a-day; perhaps, has three or four lotion was sent at the same time, and to Physicians, eachreceiving histwo guineas the same place, with a two-ounce draught
of some White Einulsion. The nurse tbat her intentions may be fully thought proper to take the corks out of known. In the first place, she admits both; probably for the purpose of tast there are numerous descriptive acing them. Be that as it may, she stuck counts of Scotland; but she is consciin the labels at a venture; unluckily she
ous that much still remain to be de. stuck them in wrung; the patient drank
“Many beautiful, romantic, the preparation of lead, and died before sublime, and picturesque scenes have murning.” " A Gentle oman of Chad's-row was
never yet been honoured with the dedelivered of a fine child : she was attend- lighted gaze of the Southern traveller; ed by a Midwife, who ordered her some
and some interesting traits of national embrocation for a painful affection of character, and the diverse effects of the arm, with some laudanum in it, from local manners, will long be discovered a chemist's; and some syrup and vil for by the curious observer, who has the child. The nurse took one of the learned to survey the manners and labels to light a candle; and as the first morals of man. Tbat she should Jabel was burut out before the candle venture to increase the stock of inforcaught the fame, she took the other nation, she attributes to the very falabel, and burnt that out also.-Thus left
vour: ble reception of the work we without a direction, she rubbed the lady's have just mentioned. arm with the child's syrup and om, an !
There is a certain degree of indegave the infant a tea-spoonful of the pendence of miud necessary in the volatile Liniment and Laudanum!! Need I say that the poor infant died in composition of a good author; by
which we mean, that a mian ought excruciating agonies ?”
not to suppress those feelings which The rules propounded by the wor arise from viewing some glariug dethy Author of this 'Treatise, are cal
viation from morality or houesty, culated to render such ludicrous and through a slavish fear of exciting ihe fatal mistakes as the above altogether displeasure of the party, concerned; impossible. His pages moreover eonta in many useful hints on the arrange.
though we are apprehensive that wri
ters sometimes indulge in a freedoin ment of ihe Apothecary's Shop, with of reprehension, proceeding from a forms of Books for the facility and jealous disposition in themselves, convenience of business, and such
which they mistake for the indepewholesome admonitions addressed to pendence we ailude to. Mrs. Spence the young Student on the subjects of observes, that men, " possibiy through correctness, cleunliness, and other courlesy," ascribe to the ladies who essentials, lhat we most cordially re
have favoured the world with their commend the work as deserving of a remarks on national manners and place on the desk or counter of every character, a brilliancy and justness of Surgeon and Apothecary, Chemist description peculiar to the sex. En. and Druggist, in the United Empire.
couraged by this decision, she has
frankly and candidly expressed her 9. Sketches of the present Manners, Cus- opinions and feelings as they occurred toms, and Scenery of Scotland; with on the spot. That some of those incidental Remarks on the Scottish Cha- might give offence, she seems aware ; racter. By Elizabeth Isabella Spence, but, as she asserts they are all founded Author: of^• Summer Excursions,' yc. in truth, she claims no peculiar werit &c. 2 vols. 12mo. Longman and Co.
in being their herald; and if they THE time is not long, which has wound the feelings of any one, she clapsed since we introduced this Lady's may regret the circumstance, though Summer Excursions to our Readers she doen not consider herself responas a pleasing companion for a leisure sible for the effect. Ve would in this hour; and we are much mistaken if case be understood to imply our bethe two little Volumes now before us lief, that the opinions of this lady are do not recompense those who read
of the description which we should them by her rapid sketches of men call justifiably independent. and things in that portion of Great She continues by saying, that the Britain chosen for her illustration,
English considered Scotland within a lo her Preface, we have such ex century'past as only partially civilized; planations as the fair Authoress deem- but though it has not received its due ed necessary for her present publica- respect from others, it has done itself tion; which we shall repeat, in order ample justice in the production of
celebrated men in every department' former are generally beneficial to soof science, unexampled in number, ciety, while those of the latter are as proportioned to its liivited population. uniformly injurious.” The ratio of
local attachinents, and prejudices “ It is not, indeed, necessary to transfer, like certain superstitious religionists, the lady admits that prepossessions
against other places, is the same; and our respect for great men to the inanimate objects which surrounded them;
sometimes betray great weakness; and but it may not be unworthy of philoso- she cites as instances, “ those of cerphical enquiry to investigate how far tain effeminate cockneys,” who at local manners, rugged mountains, and one time visited Scotland, and saw peculiar scenery, may have contributed to
what is not uncommon in inany other the formation and final developement of countries, the robust peasantry perthose powers which have afterwards af- forming journeys bare-footed, and fected distant nations, and been the glory thence “ did not hesitate to depreand delight of their own.”
ciate the talents and moral characte: This lady correctly observes, the of the people, and to hold up, as they culture of the human mind has become thought, the whole nation to derision one of the most important studies of and contempt.” She thinks this weakman ; the only secure basis for that Dess is now nearly extinct, as, in genestudy is facts; hence it follows, that ral, mutual intercourse and extended “ observations on the popular man
observation have shewn the folly of ners and principles of different coun pronouncing the diversity or pecutries can never be too much diversi- liarity of local manners and customs fied, never be superfluous or useless, the decisive marks of national or perprovided the observer is not prevé sonal inferiority. ously vitiated in taste or principle.” “ It would indeed perplex the affected Considering things iv this light, the champions of City luxuries to determine Authoress thinks her own simple and in what the bare-foot peasants of Scotunaffected observations, contajucd in land are inferior in either mental or the Letters before us, may have their physical powers, in talents, sobriety, hoadvantages, and be placed amongst nesty, or mechanical skill, to the nailthose works, whence may be derived a shod peasants of England: on the conpractical knowledge of men and man trary, it would be easy to shew their suners. As the Letters afforded her no perior agility and indefatigability in opportunity of inserting some general almost every branch of industry.” remarks she wished to make, they Citizens are equally prone to preare introduced in the Preface to the judices as peasants ; and the people of following purport; and first, she different countries are prepossessed claims,
perhaps, a higher degree of against each other:“it follows, thereimpartialily than falls to the lot of fore, that impartiality is likely to be most Tourists through Scotland.” No the lot of those, whom concurring one can dispute, she adds, that national circumstances have fortunately reand local prejudices exist, and,“ per- moved beyond the sphere of such con. haps, considering the frailty of human tracting bias.” From this position nature, it is not advisable to seek Mrs. Spence deduces what she terms their total abolition in the present the negative merit of impartiality, as stage of civilization.” Supposing she owes to Scotland the accident of that the yet surviving spirit of Clan- her birth place, and to England her ship was the origin of "The Minstrel- education ; thus she concludes the sy ofthe Scottish Border,” and that the two primary causes of local prejudices other poems of the same author were are balanced in her particular case. produced by the same cause; Mrs. Scotland, this lady advances, bas Spence considers, that it ought not to many claims to our attention : “ the be hastily “ denounced as one of the high moral character of its inhabitants direst curses of civil society.” We is universally allowed ;” and which shall accompany the lady still further she is inclined to attribute to their geon this subject, and it will be for the neral study of metaphysical writings, publick to decide how far impartiality and a practice of abstract reasoning, is maintained: friends, she asserts, are which has diffused very correct ideas much more likely to speak the truth of practical justice throughout the of friends, than enemies are of ene- country. Few of the most respectable mies. “ The representations of the mechanicks and tradesmen are upac
16 The exem
quainted with “ the doctrine of ideas, we must be permitted to observe, a
of our Clergy, it may be supposed, The religion of the Scotch presents will approve of the term Minister, another feature in their character, joined with the words Clerical Sportssays Mrs. S. who has repeatedly ob- man, " a thing wholly unknown in served, it must be acknowledged to Scotland.” And we fiud, from a have little influence on the feelings, Note, that the lady has offended on being almost wholly addressed to the this subject, in her former work of judgment. “A long, and sometimes “ Summer Excursions,” which she incoherent or tautological discourse, does not regret, and only laments, called a prayer, to which the people " that their truth should have given listen only to criticise, followed by a them so much poignancy.” It is imdry, but, perhaps, learned and highly possible to deny the arguments ada ingenious discussion of some verse duced in support of the offensive
pasof Scripture, cannot be productive sages; no man, inferior in cruelty to of very ardent devotional feelings." a barbarian, will venture to examine Mrs. S. declares the language of Scrip- into his own conduct while ture to be more impressive, and better gaged in field-sports; and his only adapted to inspire reverence and pie- excuse inust consist in not giving the ty, than any of the best effusions of subject a thought; at the saine time, man; and, in opposition to the almost as the Note we refer to, in p. xviii. universal opinion entertained in Scot. is composed of unanswerable truths, land, she asserts,
“ The public wor we recommend it to the perusal of ship of the Church of England' is un professed Clerical Sportsmen, and we deniably better fitted to our mixed think they will, in candour, bless Mrs. nature of reasoning and feeling heings, S. for an opportunity of self-examithan that of the Church of Scotland, nation. In short, such arguments which can only engage the former of are of more avail than would have those faculties.” The inefficacy of been Lord Erskine's Bill for the Prethis system “ of worshiping God by vention of Cruelty towards Animals. proxy,” wherein the speaker is sub- The Authoress pays a very pleasing ject to constant criticism, in place of tribute to the Episcopalian Clergymen each individual offering bis grateful of Scotland, who, she declares, “ do acknowledgments to the Deity, is coun- honour to human nature.” terbalanced “ by the superior regu
She also thinks it incumbent on her, larity and fervour of family worship, before she concludes ber preliminary which, I must own, is much more pre- observations, to say something of the valent in Scotland than in England.' women of Scotland. In the
progress In addition to this fact, Mrs. S. of her work, she had occasion to repays a high compliment to the Clergy mark, incidentally, on their general of Scotland, who never perform their domestic character and native good duty by proxy; there, it seems, no
How the ladies South of the man undertakes the sacred functions of Tweed will receive her observation, his office “ without actually and o that their manners are less frivofaithfully fulfilling it in person to the lous” than those of our votaries of best of his abilities.” In this respect fashion, we inay imagine ; but they
have it in their power to remove the The Editor of Burns's Poems is concharge, by imitating their Northern denned by her for want of judgment, sisters, in making useful knowledge and even of justice (we know uot how their primary object, and with them, . correctly), in withholding from Mrs. according to Mrs. S. always consider- Burns part of the produce of the work. ing amusement a subordinate cooside There is something amiable in Mrs. ration. Card-playing engages their Spence's attempt to palliate Burns's attention very seldom, and, conse excessive inebriety, by stating the quently, their parties are productive fallery with which his poetical talents of more mental improvement than were incensed, and the liberal offers those where it is made a substitute of patronage he received from the for conversation. “ The public taste, great and the prosperous who enter. indeed, of both sexes, is fastidious and tained bim at their mansions, and his intellectual; all trifies inust possess vexatious disappointment in being a portion of rationality before they made only an Exciseman. That such can amuse.” Satisfied ignorance, it noworthy, but by no means new, conappears, is little known; and if there duct should make a Poet detest his is less of “ laughing contentment,” deceivers, is natural; and yet it would there is the more steady and ardent be a more noble revenge to show friendship. Mrs. S. thus warmly closes tbein he could live without them, her remarks upon the Scottish cha- than to perish, surrounded by the vi: racter: “Of their hospitality, it is cious, and thus give them an excuse superfluous to speak; of their zeal for withholding their favour in his to serve their friends, those who know own unworthiness. The whole of them will always bear testimony. this account of Burns adds another There is, perhaps, no other country instance to the number which might in Europe so capable in every respect be quoted, that brilliancy of genius to evince the improvements and im- by no means implies correctness in proveability of social existence, and thinking and acting on moral subnone which promises more progressive jects. The pleasing descriptions of melioration during future ages."
the Lakes in Scotland are accom-, We have dwelt the longer on the panied by little illustrative anecdotes, Preface, as the Author's opinions and amongst which are those of Rob Roy observations are there found in a more and a Maniac; and the reader will connected state than in the body of find philosophical reasons why the the work; and we trust, the abstract fakes alluded to are never frozen, and quotations we have given of and We shall now take our leave of Mrs. from it, will prove that Mrs. Spence Spence, heartily wishing her health is capable of estimating, men and and spirits to continue her Excursions, things very accurately, and of giving and encouragement to offer her future her remarks in lively and polished Tours to the publick. language.
The readers of these "Sketches" will 10. Objections of a Churchman to Uniting not suppose, from the size of the Vo. with the Bible Society, including a Relumes, that many pages can be afford ply to the Arguments advanced in Faed to any particular place or subject;
vour of that Institution. By the Rev. but we may safely say, from personal
Frederick Nolan, Presbyter of the observation, that those we know, are
United Church. 8vo. pp. 68. Rivingtons. faithfully though briefly described. THE indefatigable exertions of the At page 54, in the first volume, 'will advocates of the British and Foreign be found some particulars relating to Bible Society have, for a considerable Robert Burns, who was buried in a period, excited in the ininds and opicorner of Dumfries Church-yard, with- nions of many eminent Divines of our out those monumental honours Mrs. Church, a sensation, equally imporSpence thinks justly his due, as tant to themselves and to the pubof the greatest poets who ever lived." lick in general. These individuals, This lady has inserted some very good after a candid and mature investiga. lines, which were laid upon his gravetion of the claims which this new (before the present plain stone was Society has upon the attention of raised) by a gentleman, whose appear the publick, "have exerted them. ance was that of a Clergyman, and selves in opposing it, and founded afterwards carried to Mr.M'Clure by a their pretensions for so doing upon labourer, who observed the stranger. true and sound principles. Instead of