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Council, at the age of 26, and made think he is one of the first-rate chaFirst Lord of Trade. In July 1766, racters he is supposed to be, as Lord he was appointed Secretary of State George Sackville, Mr. Burke, &c. ; in the Southern Department, and though he miglit have had informaresigned with Lord Chatham in Oct. tion from many or all of them at* 176%.

different times, and may have been li is well known, that the Author connected with some of them in poof Junius assumed that name lovg'liticks. before he wrote in the “ Public Ad

I ought to apologize for this long vertiser” under that title, which was Epistle ; and therefore will subscribe . in January 1769. He had written to myself for the present,

JUNIOR. Mr. Woodfall under different signatures since April 1767, and probably Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 7. had written iu other

Newspapers pen Your Sohnson's opinion both of vious to that time. It lias been seen that Lord S. had been in several bigh Junius, and of the tendency of his situations since the year 1763, besides , writings, and you well recollect that having been Aide-de-camp to his Ma he offered biin battle; yet, whatever jesty in 1760 ; and, having been an was his reason, Junius never returned M. P. before, he succeeded bis father to the field, but laid down his armis. as Lord Wycombe and Earl of Shel His celebrated Letters have run, burne in May 1761. Being appointed through many' editions ; the last of Secretary of State in July 1766, with which, by Mr. Woodfall, the Earl of Chatham Lord Privy Seal, with great impartiality reviewed ; ; the Duke of Grafton First Lord of; and have likewise admitted in the the Treasury, and Lord Camden front of your Magazine for. Decem-, Chancellor ;-it is a strong proof of ber; an interesting Letter relative to, their opinion of his principles as well the supposed Author. as his abilities, and very unlikely he Really, Mr. Urban, I could not should so soon have taken up his pen help imagining I saw your old ac-i to decry them individually and collec-. quaintance the Doctor with your : tively, in which latter capacity he book close to his eye, exclaiming, : himself was involved. Besides, Lord S., “Whal! has Sylvanus quite forgola was a man of an immense property ten me? that Junius engrosses so both in England and Ireland; and it

mapy pages of bis Miscellany.--Ah! is not likely he should descend to the he appears again, and on my old situation of an anonymous scribbler ground too, now I no more can meet io a Newspaper; being a man loo of him !"

G. W, L. a very high mind, as well as of great personal spirit and courage, as he

Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 19. evinced upon more than one occa

"ROM the singular coincidence of sion.

FROO
That bis abilities were not

the two following Letters (the ugequal to this work, if he had con

first of which has appeared in “ The descended to have engaged in it, must

Morning Herald,” and the other in be allowed; but it was by no means

“ The Morning Post," Jan. 15,) with compatible with the dignity of his that in your last Volume, p." *499,character.

(which neither of the Writers appears With regard to the similarity of to have seen) you will perhaps think hands, it is certainly a very fallacious

them worth transcribing. It will be ground, I myself baving scen mapy candid, at the same time, to insert the score letters of that Nobleman to subsequent letter of refutation. different persons, and all very differ

Yours, &c.

INVESTIGATOR. ent from any of the fac-similes given

1."JUNIUS. It is said, that the Author by Mr. Woodfall. I wish, Mr. Urban, I could give

of the celebrated Letters under this sig

nature has been positively ascertained; assistance, in my conjectures concern

and that they were written by the Maring this anonymous Writer, though quis of Lansdowne, father of the present I by no means agree with him in all

Nobleman who bears that title. The his positions. He cortainly must have

secret, it appears, was not discovered by bad very authentic as well as minute

its cojinexion with any political affairs ; information of every thing going on but by some 'verses in the possession of a in the political world, but I do not Lady, who had a copy of them before

they

they were transmitted to the Printer for bore no resemblance to that of Junius; publication, and the hand-writing of the and lastly, that their hand-writings were Marquis is ascertained without the pos-. equally dissiinilar.

A. P. R." sibility of a doubt. It is well known, that the Marquis was long suspected of

Mr. URBAN, being the Author; and it is by vo ineans

Jan, 16. improbable that he wrote the letters in

Ue we consider the general conjunction with his intimate friends opulence of the inhabitants of Dunning and Colonel Barre, the one this truly fortunate Country --fortusupplying the legal knowledge, and the nate in escaping the horrors of Re: other many of the bitter sarcasms which volution and foreign invasion, the were spread through them, and which , scourge of three-fourths of the worlds are quite in the banner of the Colonel, -it is very natural to wish that Eng who also probably furnished the military land might be equally distinguished :) information. Junius's declaration, that for the cultivation of the Fine Arts, he was the sole depositary of his own as it is for all ihe useful and necessary secret, is entitled to little confidence;

comforts of life, for manufactured as he could fully rely on the fidelity of such associates, particularly as they were

commerce, and arms.

The Readers of your widelycireu. as much interested in the concealment as himself."

lated pages must observe with plea

sure, that a new æra has occurred in 2. “On the leaf preceding the title- : regard to one part of the subject wow page of a very curious old book which uoder consideration. The general-taste lately came into my possession, the fol which has prevailed of late years for lowing memorandum is written; which, travelling and exploring the rich if true, discloses a secret that has long scenes presented to our view in all held the literary world in suspense: parts of the Empire, in the ruins of

The Letters commonly called' Junius, religious houses and castles, frequentwhich have made so much noise in the ly situated in places abounding with world, were the produetion of Malagrida, all the luxuriance of rocks, moun-well known in the political circles as the tains, wood, and water, has insensiJesuit, whose principles and abilities, bly formed oumerous artists, ama-; exactly qualified bim, morally and lite- teurs, aud admirers of topographical rally, for such performances. This in-delineations; whose ideas being artriguing Statesman was but young when dentiy directed to the subject, a corhe set out on this career; and his petty rectness of judgment was generated, name corresponded with the signature which led to a power of discriminawhicb he assumed. (Signed).

ting on the merits ofeach effort of the There are many of your Readers, pencil and graver offered to public, who will perfectly understand this de

view; and the result is, that even signation; which, if correct, and I have mediocrity will not satisfy aow, where every reason to believe it to be so, ren

error and coarseness formerly ninet ders it highly probable, that the Author,

with approbation. This may be exwhile living, durst never disclose his

CENTINEL."

emplified by referring to any tour,

county history, or work of that naLincoln's Inn, Jan. 18.

ture, published previous to the year 3. “. For a decisive refutation of the

1760, and comparing the miserable conjecture contained in your Paper of bird's eye views (composed of objects this day, as well as in the last month's

little leis ludicrous in their arrangeGentleman's Magazine, that the Earl of ment of perspective than Hogarth's Shelburne (designated by the nick-name plale to illustrate such errors) énof Malagrida) was the Author of Junius's graved in a raw style almost without Letters, it would be quite enough to shading, and perfectly innocent of read the character given of that Nobleman by Junius, in one of his best letters, and correct engravinys of recent time,

every graphic charm, with the rich under the signature of Atticus*, in vol. aboundingwith wuches that evi. III. p. 173, of Woodfall's new edition.

dentiy spring from the same source But, in addition to this, it may be truly observed, that his Lordship's style of the pencil.

whence originate the noblest traits either of public speaking or of writing,

It is sufficient for the present pur* On this part of the transaction, see

pose, to draw the attention to these wpH. LXXXII. p. *500.-Edir,

facts, and le very aumerous engrav

name.

ings of cathedrals and religious and to have feared an abrupt termination castellated ruins, to shew the truth of of the labours of the artists employed; the preceding remarks ; and it will but when the King, Queen, and six incontestably prove, that a taste for other members of the Royal Family, the Arts has arisen, which, if properly and Ferdinand the Fourth of Sicily, encouraged, will in due time spread appear, with a long list of the noble and into all the ramifications of which affluent, as patrons and subseribers, it they are susceptible ;' and here we is only reasonable to look forward to may refer for an example to the the completion of the design. Long, grand and expensive engravings of man and Co. Booksellers, White and public events so greatly multiplied Cochrane, Cadell and Davies, and P. within the last thirty years, which w. Tomkios, are the Publishers. W. do honout to England, the artists, Y. Ottley, esq. F. S. A. conducts the and the liberality of their purchasers. series from the Marquis of Stafford's

A rich source still remains for the collection, and remarks on each picuniversal improvement of our know... ture; wbich he arranges according to ledge of the Fine Arts, in the trea-. schools, and in chronological order. sures we possess of many of the finest and thus the generous aud patriotic works of the antieot masters, honour spirit of the Marquis enables the pro-, ably procured by purchase from their prietors to offer the publick the conoriginal possessors, and now forming tents of his-superb gallery, upder the different and most valuable collections title of “The British Gallery of Picin the houses of the noble and the tures. First Series.” opulent. The Italians long since The second Series consists of Enoffered ug an inviting example, by gravings of the finest Paintings of perpetuating their best pictures with the old Masters, selected from the the graver; and the French deserve most admired productions of Rahonourable mention for their graphic faello, Giulio Romano, Andrea del: copies of various cabinets in their Sarto, Corregio, Parmigiano, Baroc own couotry; nor must it be forgot.: cio, Tiziano, Giorgione, Aonibate ten, that the English bave made soli- Caracci, Dominichino, Guido, Salvatary attempts in this way, and of tór Rosa, Reubens, Poussin, Claude great excellence, but want of encou Lorraine, Teniers, Ostade, Reinragement from the publick paralyzed brandt, Gherard Dow, Paul Potter, their efforts.

Cuyp, &c.; and those are derived It cannot but be acknowledged, from various collections of Noblemen, that no more certain way is practi aud Gentlemen, whose public spirit cable to improve the judgment in keeping pace with that of the Noble drawing and colouring than by a Marquis just bamed, has permitted minute and critical examination of copies of them to be taken. This the Works of the celebrated Conti- Series is accompanied with descripRental Painters, whose labours are an tions historical and critical by Henry aggregate of all that is excellent in Treshain, esq. R. A.; the executive art, or attainable by man. That ex part under the management of Mr. amination being in a great measure Tomkins, Historical Engraver to Her Becessarily denied to the publick at Majesty. Those impressions which large, it was highly desirable that are coloured are done from the copies soine measure should be resorted to in a manner so truly rich, faitblul, in order to obviate this difficulty; and original, that they are as nearly and fortunately for the future hopes equal to the picture as it is possible of the artist aud his admirers, and of the different branches of the Arts emthe country, a liberal spirit of enter- ployed will permit; and the ainateur prise has suggested, and in part ac will undoubiedly appreciate them accomplished, a plan, by which numbers cordingly. of the community will be supplied As it is incumbent upon each indiwith close and accurate copies in en vidual of the State to promote, as graving of all that is estimable in this far as in bim lies, the lionour of the, way in England.

Country, a description of this splene, Had the patronage afforded to the did National Undertaking must prove undertaking alluded to been less acceptable to those who have not yet brilliant and imposing, it would have seen it, from one who is in no manner been no great proof of despondency known to the persons employed in its

execution.

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pelled at our Sovereign's féet The unworthy a place in your Magazine. 1819.) British Gallery of Pictures.--Epitaph at Dorchester. Cxecution. It is dedicated to the Italy. The Schools of Germany, King as Patron, the Prince of Wales Switzerland, Flanders, and Holland, Vice-Patron, the Earl of Darlmouth forn the Third Class of the Catalogue. President, and the rest of the Noble. The Works of the Spanish Painters men and Gentlemen Governors of the will be the Fourth the. Fifth the British Institution for promoting the French ; and the Sixth will contain Fine Arts in the United Kingdom ; a selection of the best Works of the and the dedication (with the rest of British School. the letter-press beautifully printed) is And now, Mr. Urban, with your composed in the following elegant permission this subject shall be reterms:

sumed and concluded in your next “ The utility of cultivating the Number.

A TRAVELLER. arts of elegance, the delight they afford the human mind, the import Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 14.

THE commerce, the splendour they diffuse

years brass plate round a throne digoified by the pro- upon a very old tomb in St. Peter's tection of genius and the support of Church-yard, Dorchester. Some of virtue, were considerations which in the verses seem to have been iruitated pelled us to solicit the privilege of by Pope, and may perhaps be not British Gallery of Pictures ; a work

“D. J. O. M. commenced uuder the Royal patron

Maria Gollop, age, and with permission humbly de uxor D. Johannis Gollop, filia D. Philippi dicated to your Majesty, &c.”

Stanly, The task assumed by the under hujus Dorcestriæ Mercatorum, takers is almost Herculean, but by no annos 29 nata, octenis nupta, means unattainable, as is confirmed Strodæ in Netherbury, amænæ sedis by the vast works recently achieved

Gollopensis, both in Literature and the Arts by

raptim mortua Maii 25, 1682, persons less favourably situated in collemque mensis die sepulta quo mari

tata, respect to patronage. Well, indeed, however, inay the task be termed totidemque apud vivos feliciter relictis,

tribus filiis unà hic sepultis Herculean, which is to comprise a

mortalitatis exuvias lætè deponens, Series of descriptive Catalogues of

lætioremque resurrectionem pientissime the Picture-Galleries of these King.

expectans, doms, illustrated by small engravings Flebilis hic recubat fati sub tegmine : of the principal Pictures contained in

nunquam them. The Pictures destined to com Fecerat heu!' mestos ni tumulata pose one plate are selected from the same school, and from the saine col. Urbanæ pietatis erat mentisque capacis, lection'; and that no obstacle Inight Innocuisque placens moribus, uxor arise to disconcert this part of their

amans; plan by the intervention of small Sacra dies thalamo fuerat, quæ sacra collections and perplexing subdivi

sepulchro; sions, the Conductor has divided the

Digna viro vixit, mortua digna Deo." Italian Painters into two great classes, Yours, &c.

J. K. M. under the denomination of the Schools of Upper and of Lower Italy.

Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 26. As the Schools of Lower Italy re

untouched the following subject, is assigued the first place in the Cata. I earnestly request from some of your logue, including the works of the numerous Readers, who are friendly Painters of Florence, Siena, and every and well disposed to the prosperity other part of Tuscany, with those of and success of our Church EstablishRome and Naples. The almost inse- megt, their information upon a sub

parable connexion of these Schools ject of some lovelty in the order of * makes the arrangement the more ap our ecclesiastical discipline, where

propriate. The Schools of Bologna, there is evidently a clashing of inteParma, Milan, Genoa, and Venice, rest.

and all the States North of Tuscany, The simple question which I have compose the Second Class of Upper to propose is, in what manner, as a

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vived the Art of Painting, that's FMPUNG that Mr. Nelson has left

son of the Church, and a liege subject Houblyn, esq. the Collector of a saof the State, I may divide the twenty

mous Library sold a few years ago four hours on the 24th day of Febru- by Leigh and Sotheby. ary next; so that I may religiously Yours, &c.

CARADOCI "observe the solemo Fast of that day, religiously also observe the. Festival

Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 14. of St. Matthew, and rejoice with loyai

CA

TAN any of your numerous Corjoy upon the comineinoration of ihe

respondents favour me with the Birth-day of the Duke of Cambridge. Christian name and place of residence Yours, &c. ECCLESIÆ PERSONA. of Burton *, father to George Burton, esq. who married

Wright of TisMr. URBAN,

Jan. 12. sington, co. Derby, between 1650 and F that excellent Scholar and ele- . 1660? It is supposed that the latter

resided some years at Bakewell. Tysva, B. D. who was presented in Yours, &c.

B. B. 1778 to the Rectory of Lamborn in Essex, and died in 1780, has any Epi- brother of William the Historian, and of

* Probably George Burton, a younger taph in that Church, the communica

Robert, author of " The Anatomy of tion of it, through the very useful

Melancholy." He was lore of a moiety medium of your Magazine, will be of the mator of Bedworth, in the parish esteemed a singular favour.

of Higbar, co. Leicester, and died in Allow me also to ask for any 1642, æt. 63. See the History of that biographical particulars of Robert County, IV. 635.-Epir. A METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL, kept at CLAFTON, in Hackney.

From Jan. 1st to 21-t, 1813,
Thermometer. Barometer.

Evap. | Kain.

Hyg. 100ths 100ths Wind. Month. Max. Min. Max.

Min.

of inch. of inch.

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Day of

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Jan. 1 45 40 30.05 29.82

S. 44 35 30.21 30:15 1:58

S. 40 33 30.35 30:30

1:54

S. 40 35 30-35 30.22 1:50

S. 41 30.20 30.05 1:50

S. 52 41 29.95 29.75 1.70

S. W. 45 43 29.75 29.52 1.55

S. 46 28 29:52 29:35

1:40

S. W.
40 29
29.70

W.-N. E. 10 38 23 29.95

N. E. 11 37 29 29.80 29.70 1:30

S. 12 35 30 29.80 29.75

S.S.S. E. 13 35 32 29.65 29.55

S.S. E, 14 38 S2 29.71 29.61

S.E.--E.--N. 15 40 27 29.95 29.82 1.30

S. E. 0 16 41 33 30.10 29.95

N. E. 17 34 26 30.25

S. E.
18 32 29 30:12 30.04

S. E.
19 31
30:30 30-10
1.30

S. E.
20 33
30.35 50-30 1.30

E.
21 32 30 30.45 30.35

20

E. OBSERVATIONS. Jan. 1. Clouded and foggy. 2. Foggy and cloudy; some large indistinct features of Cirrocumulus early. 3. Thick fog in the morning. 4. Cloudy and foggy. 5. Cloudy and foggy ; the Barometer fell at night, which became warmer with S. W. wind, so that the minimum of the Thermometer happened 11 P. M. and the heat increased through the night. 6. Cloudy and misty, with wind from the S. W. 7. Foggy and calm, windy and rain by night. 8. Poggy morning ; fair day. 9. White frost, followed by rain. At night, about 9 o'clock, a Lunar Halu. 10. Clear frosty day. 11. Prosty and cloudy. 12. Cloudy and snow. 13. Sonie rain in the middle of day. 14. Cloudy. 15, 16, and 17. Cold and snowy. 18. Cloudy and snow.

19. Cold and cloudy. 20. Cold East Wind *. 21. Cold windy day, and cloudy; a little snow by night. Clapton, 22d Jan. 1813.

THOMAS FORSTER. • The diurnal range of the Thermometer has been very slow for several days,

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