Localization of Clinical Syndromes in Neuropsychology and Neuroscience

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Springer Publishing Company, Jan 23, 2009 - Psychology - 864 pages
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Localization refers to the relationship between the anatomical structures of the brain and their corresponding psychological or behavioral functions. Throughout the history of neuropsychology, there has been considerable debate over how localized mental functions truly are. By the mid-20th century, a formidable amount of evidence strongly supported the "modularity hypothesis" that psychological functions such as language and memory reside in specific neuroanatomical areas. Recent neuroimaging studies suggest a more holistic view - that psychological functions are distributed and dynamically organized across multiple brain regions.

This book attempts to reconcile the classic and modern approaches, arguing that newer imaging techniques must be used in conjunction with, rather than replace, traditional neuropsychology approaches such as interviewing, testing, and autopsy exams. Only by triangulating these approaches can neuropsychologists begin to understand the complex relationship between brain structure and mental function that is exhibited across the spectrum of neurological disorders. The perspective offered by Drs. Tonkonogy and Puente on this philosophical and scientific debate is a provocative counterargument to current research that overemphasizes imaging studies to the exclusion of other useful techniques.

Key features:

  • Offers systematic descriptions of the clinical manifestations, anatomical data, and history of the various approaches to neuropsychological syndromes
  • Differentiates syndromes characterized by disturbances of conventional versus unconventional information processing
  • Examines both traditional and modern approaches to new neuropsychological syndromes of social agnosia, social apraxia, and agnosia of actions, as well as memory disorders, visual disorders, and more

An indispensable resource for clinicians and researchers in neuropsychology and neuroscience, this book serves as a solid frame of reference for the localization of clinical neuropsychological symptoms.


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1 Disturbances of Brain Information Processing and Localization Studies
Visual Agnosia
Other Types of Agnosia
Illusions and Hallucinations
5 Disturbances of Recognition of the Social World
6 Disturbances of Actions
7 Communication Disorders
Disturbances of the Major Supportive System of Brain Information Processing
Impairments of Volition
Impairments of Emotion
12 Generalized Cognitive Disturbances
13 Neuropsychological Testing of Clinical Syndromes

Impairment of Visually Guided Attention

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About the author (2009)

Joseph M. Tonkonogy, MD, PhD, FRSM is Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, Massachusetts. A friend and collaborator of the late A.R. Luria, Dr. Tonkonogy is the author or editor of over 150 books and peer-reviewed journal articles, including Vascular Aphasia (MIT Press, 1986) and Brief Neuropsychological Cognitive Examination (Western Psychological Services, 1997). Dr. Tonkonogy is a member of numerous professional societies, including the National Academy of Neuropsychology, International Neuropsychological Society, American Neuropsychiatric Association, Behavioral Neurology Society, and The Royal Society of Medicine.

Antonio E. Puente, PhD is Professor of Psychology at the University of North Carolina Wilmington, where he teaches courses on clinical neuropsychological assessment. Previously, he was a staff psychologist at Northeast Florida State Hospital. In addition, Dr. Puente maintains a private practice in the Wilmington, NC area and provides expert testimony as a forensic neuropsychologist. He is the author of six books and over 150 journal articles. He has served as the editor for the journal Neuropsychology Review as well as series editor for Plenum's Critical Issues in Neuropsychology.

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