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PAUL JONES CAPTURING THE SERAPIS. (From an engraving
of the picture by Chappel),

CAPT. SIR RICHARD PEARSON. (From an engraving by
Cook),

JOHN PAUL JONES. (After a rare engraving),

SIGNATURE OF RICHARD DALE. (From a letter at the Lenox

Library),

A LETTER FROM PIERRE LANDAIS. (From the original at the
Lenox Library),

JOHN PAUL JONES. (From a miniature recently found [1897]
in a cellar at the Naval Academy),

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JOHN PAUL JONES (IN COCKED HAT). (From a very rare
engraving at the Navy Department, Washington),
JOHN PAUL JONES. (From an engraving by Chapman in the
collection of Mr. W. C. Crane),

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JOHN PAUL JONES'S MEDAL, .

JOHN PAUL JONES AND THE SERAPIS FIGHT. (From an engraving in the collection of Mr. W. C. Crane),

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A LETTER FROM JOHN PAUL JONES TO THOMAS JEFFERSON.
(From the original at the Lenox Library),

SIGNATURE OF HOYSTED HACKER. (From a letter at the
Lenox Library),

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SIR GEORGE COLLIER'S VICTORY IN PENOBSCOT BAY, 1779.
(From a very rare engraving at the Lenox Library),
MAP OF THE ATTACK ON THE PENOBSCOT FORT. (From a
contemporary map at the Lenox Library),
SIGNATURE OF SAMUEL NICHOLSON. (From a letter at the
Lenox Library),

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JAMES NICHOLSON.

(After a miniature in the possession of Miss Josephine L. Stevens), AN OLD NAVAL ORDER. (From the original at the Lenox

Library),

A MEDITERRANEAN CORSAIR ANCHORING. (From a picture
drawn and engraved by Baugean),
JOHN BARRY'S COMMISSION AS COMMANDER OF THE United
STATES. (From the original at the Naval Academy, An-
napolis),

A FRENCH VESSEL OF 118 GUNS, A CENTURY AGO. (From

an engraving by Canali),

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DIAGRAM OF THE INSURGENT-CONSTELLATION BATTLE,.
A FRENCH VESSEL OF 120 GUNS. (From an engraving by Orio), 322

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MEDAL AWARDED TO THOMAS TRUXTON,
PORTRAIT OF TRUXTON AND PRESIDENT ADAMS'S LETTER TO
HIM. (From a lithograph at the Naval Academy, An-
napolis),

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TRUXTON'S MEDAL AND THE CONGRESSIONAL RESOLUTION
AWARDING IT TO HIM,

THE SALLY ATTACKED BY A SEA-SERPENT OFF THE SHORE
OF LONG ISLAND. (From a French engraving),
A FRENCH CUTTER OF 16 GUNS. (From an engraving by Merlo),
BENJAMIN STODDERT. (From a painting at the Navy Depart-
ment, Washington),

CAPTAIN STERRETT IN THE ENTERPRISE, PAYING TRIBUTE
TO TRIPOLI." (From an old wood-cut),

A SCHOONER-OF-WAR, LIKE THE ENTERPRISE. (From a wood-
cut in the "Kedge Anchor "), .
MAP OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA,
WILLIAM BAINBRIDGE. (From an engraving by Edwin),
STEPHEN DECATUR. (From an engraving by Osborn of the
portrait by White),

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BURNING OF THE FRIGATE PHILADELPHIA
PHILADELPHIA BY DECATUR.

(From an old wood-cut),

THE BLOWING UP OF THE FRIGATE PHILADELPHIA.

an engraving in Waldo's " Decatur "),
A PIECE OF THE PhiladelPHIA'S STERN. (From the original
piece at the Naval Institute, Annapolis),
EDWARD PREBLE. (From an engraving by Kelly of the picture
in Faneuil Hall, Boston),
DECATUR AVENGING THE MURDER OF HIS BROTHER. (From
an engraving in Waldo's " Decatur "),
REUBEN JAMES SAVING DECATUR'S LIFE.
ing of the picture by Chappel),

JOHN TRIPPE. (After a French engraving),
THE BATTLE OF TRIPOLI, AUGUST 3, 1804. (From the
painting by Corné, 1805, at the Naval Academy, An-
napolis),

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DELPHIA. (From

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MARRIAGE DAY." (From an English engraving, illustrat-
ing an old song),

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MAP OF THE HARBOR OF TRIPOLI,

THE EXPLOSION OF THE INTREPID. (From an old engraving), 375 PREBLE'S MEDAL,

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"THE PRESS-GANG IMPRESSING A YOUNG WATERMAN ON HIS

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ANOTHER VIEW OF THE "YOUNG WATERMAN' AND THE
PRESS-GANG. (From an English engraving),
A FLOGGING SCENE. ("The Point of Honor." A sailor about
to be flogged is saved by a comrade's confession.) (From a
drawing George Cruikshank),

THE UNITED STATES FRIGATE ESSEX.

(From a lithograph

at the Naval Academy, Annapolis),

CAPT. HENRY WHITBY, R. N. (From an engraving by Page),
CAPT. SALUSBURY PRYCE HUMPHREYS, R. N. (From an

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English engraving), .

TAKING DESERTERS FROM THE CHESAPEAKE,

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THE CURIOUS CHAIN OF EVENTS THAT LED TO THE CREATION OF A NATIONAL SEA POWER-THE GASPÉ CAPTURED BY MEN ARMED WITH PAVING-STONES-TEA DESTROYED IN BOSTON-THE BATTLE OF LEXINGTON AND THE ATTACK OF THE MACHIAS HAYMAKERS ON THE MARGARETTA-BRITISH VENGEANCE ON DEFENCELESS PORTLAND AND ITS EFFECT ON THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESSTHE COLONIAL NAVY DISTINGUISHED FROM THE TEMPORARY CRUISERS THE FIRST OFFICERS AND THE FIRST SHIPS OF THE AMERICAN NAVY-JOHN PAUL JONES AND THE FIRST NAVAL ENSIGN THE SIGNIFICANT "DON'T TREAD ON ME"-PUTTING

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THE FIRST AMERICAN NAVAL SHIPS IN COMMISSION.

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OF all the dates in American history not yet so commemorated, there is none so well worthy of recognition as a national holiday. as the 22d of December; for it was on December 22, 1775, that the American navy came into existence. And there is no part of the story of the American nation of more thrilling interest than that including the events which

compelled the establishment of this branch of the public service, nor is there any part of the nation's story as a whole that so stirs the patriotic pride of the American people as that which tells of the deeds of the heroes whose names have been inscribed upon the American naval registers.

It is a grateful task to recount once more how it was that an American navy was demanded for the preservation of American liberties, and what has been accomplished by that navy since the day when Commodore Esek Hopkins received his commission, and then stood by on the deck of his flagship while John Paul Jones flung to the breeze the broad folds of the flag that bore as a symbol the picture of a rattlesnake coiled to strike, with the significant and appropriate motto,

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The salt-water Lexington, that is to say, the first fight afloat of the Revolutionary war, occurred on the night of June 17, 1772, in the waters of Rhode Island, and the fact that it was in Rhode Island will be recalled later on. The war of Great Britain against France for dominion in America, “though crowned with success, had engendered a progeny of discontents in her colonies." "Her policy toward them from the beginning had been purely

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