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EGYPTIAN.

(5) [to meet the king, at] the assembly of the assumption of the lawful power of king Ptolemy the ever living, beloved by Vulcan, the god illustrious, munificent, succeeding his father; and who entered the temple of Memphis, and said: Whereas king Ptolemy, the ever living, the god illustrious, munificent, (son of) king Ptolemy

(6) [and queen] Arsinoe, the parent loving gods, has given largely to the temples of Egypt, and to all within his kingdom, being a god, the offspring of a god and a goddess, like Orus the son of Isis and Osiris, who fought in the cause of his father Osiris; and being pious and beneficent towards the gods, has bestowed much silver and corn, and much treasure, on the temples of Egypt,

(7) [and has spent much] in order to render the land of Egypt tranquil, and to establish the temples properly and in all things within his lawful power has been benignly disposed of the military imposts and tributes of Egypt, some he has lowered, others he has remitted altogether, in order that private individuals and all other men may prosper in the days

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of his

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to Memphis, to the king, to celebrate the receiving of the (8) kingdom by Ptolemy, ever living, beloved of Phtha, the god Epiphanes, gracious, which he received from his father, they being assembled in the temple in Memphis, on this day, have decreed, that (9) as king Ptolemy, ever living, beloved of Phtha, the god Epiphanes, gracious, descended from king Ptolemy.

and queen Arsinoe, gods Philopatores, has been in many things kind both to the temples and (10) all in them, and to all placed under his government, a god descended from a god and goddess, as Orus the son of Isis and Osiris, assisting his father Osiris, well disposed towards (11) [the worship of] the gods, has brought to the temples supplies of money and

corn,

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supported many expences in order to render the climate of Egypt wholesome, Egypt wholesome," and established the sacred rites, (12) and to his utmost power has done good, and of the existing reversions and tributes collected in Egypt has totally remitted some and lightened others, so that both the people, and all other persons might be in (13) plenty under his

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(8) [reign]: and what was owing to the crown from the Egyptians, and from all under his dominion, "amounting to a large sum," he remitted altogether; those who were imprisoned, and who were strongly accused of crimes for many years, he pardoned: he ordered also that the properties of the gods, and the collections of corn and silver made "annually,".

(9) [likewise] also the portions belonging to the gods from the vineyards and the gardens, and all the other things which had been due to them, as appointed in the time of his father, should remain unaltered: he ordered also the priests not to pay more for their sacerdotal fees than what was required until the first year of his late father: he excused those

(10) [subject] to the power of the temples from the parade of the required voyage to Alexandria every year: he ordered also the press for the naval warfare to be omitted: two parts of the "cotton" garments required to be made for the use of the king in the temples he excused: what had been done improperly for many years he restored to proper

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government, and the debts due to the king from the inhabitants of Egypt, and other parts of his kingdom, which were numerous, he has forgiven to the people, and those who were confined (14) in prison, and long engaged in law-suits, he had delivered from their perplexities, confirmed the claims

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on the revenues" of the temples, and the annual stated contributions to them of co (15) rn and money,

and likewise the proportions allotted to the gods from the vineyards and gardens, and other articles appropriated to the gods in his father's time, and ordered them (16) to remain in statu quo; and that out of what belonged to the priests they should contribute no more to the revenue than they were directed to do until the first year of his father; and also freed those

of the (17) sacred orders from the yearly voyage to Alexandria, and ordained exemption to them from contribution to the voyage, and of the money due to the government for furnishing the (18) cotton cloths in the temples, he forgave two parts; and all other things that were neglected in former times he resettled in their proper

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(11) [order] being careful that due respect should be paid to the gods according to propriety; and likewise that justice should be done to all, like the great great Hermes: he ordered also those who had come down, military persons and others disposed to hostility, in the tumultuous times of Egypt, to return

(12) [to] their own properties, and remain there he took care to send foot, horse, and ships against those who had come by sea and land against Egypt, spending much treasure of silver and corn, in order that the temples and the inhabitants of Egypt might be tranquil: proceeding against the city of Lycopolis

(13) [in] Busiritis, which had been hostilely occupied and fortified, with ample stores of arms, and all other things necessary for sustaining a siege, the hostility of the guilty persons collected into it having been long declared, they having done much mischief to the country, to the Egyptians, and to the sacred things; the king with exten

(14) sive ramparts and ditches and walls approaching the city,

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order, providing that the accustomed offerings should be decently contributed (19) to the gods. He has also distributed justice to all, as Hermes the Great and Great. He has ordained also that those who went out from among the soldiers, and from others, whose minds

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were set upon the property (20) of their neighbours" in times of tumult, and returned,

should remain on their own settlements; and has also provided that forces, of cavalry and infantry, and ships, should be sent against the invaders (21) of Egypt by sea and land; having sustained great expences both of money® and corn, that both the temples, and all the inhabitants of the country, might be safe. And com (22)ing to the city of Lycopolis

in the Busiritic [nome], which was circumvallated and fortified against a siege with a plentiful supply of arms, and all other appointments, as might be expected by the long (23) preceding disaffection of the wicked, who were gathered together gether in it, and had done much mischief to the temples and inhabitants of Egypt, and, by count (24) er-circling it (the city) with

banks and ditches and notable walls, and checking the

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surrounded it: the king collecting much silver and treasures for the purpose, set foot soldiers to guard them, and horse: the river Nile having overflowed in the eighth year, and the fields being usually injured greatly by it at that time,

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(15) he restrained the rivers, securing their mouths in many places the king took the city in no long time by force of arms; the guilty persons collected into it he utterly destroyed; as, in the times of his ancestors, those who were collected in the same place were destroyed by Orus the son of Isis and Osiris, and by Hermes :

(16) the leaders of the revolted and embodied troops, who had laid waste the country, and had done injury to the temples, fighting for his kingdom, for his father, and for the gods, when he came to Memphis, to the solemnity of the assumption of the lawful power, received from his father, he punished all severely he remitted what to the

. (17) crown was due from the temples, as far as the eighth year, amounting to much corn and treasure; and likewise the prices of the "cotton" garments, tributary from the temples, which ought to have been contributed for the use of the

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great rise of the Nile in his eighth year, which overflowed the (25) plains, by strengthening the mouths of the rivers, expending on them no small sums, and stationing horse and foot to guard (26) them, in a short time took the city by assault, and in it slew all the wicked, as [Herm]es, and Orus, son of Isis and Osiris, overcame those who in the same (27) places had formerly revolted,

so all those who led others to revolt from his own father, and made desert the country and violated the temples, when he came up to Memphis, to assist (28) his father, and his own kingdom, he punished properly, at which time he came to ob

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the proper ordinances suitable to his assuming the kingdom; but forgave what

was due to the royal treasury from (29) the temples up to the eighth year for corn and money, no little sum; and in like manner the penalties for cotton (30) cloths not furnished to the royal treasury, and for taxes up to the same time: he

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EGYPTIAN.

king, and those which were contributed for exhibition, from the same time: he ordered also the annual artaba which had remained due from each arura of sacred land,

(18) likewise the annual ceramium from each arura of the vineyards, to be remitted to the gods: he gave largely to Apis, to Mneuis, and to the other sacred animals of Egypt; taking care more and more beneficently than his ancestors for their honours at all times, and furnishing what was requisite for their funerals splendidly and gloriously; the payments

(19) to his own temples, with assemblies, and sacrifices, and other honours, he appointed: the public ceremonies of the temples, and all the other rites of Egypt he established in order according to the laws: he bestowed many treasures of gold, and silver, and precious stones, on the temple of Apis and he founded temples of the first order, temples

(20) for the public, and altars, and founded chapels in addition to the primary temples of the gods: what was deficient he restored as was requisite, having the feelings of a beneficent god in things relating to the deities and having made inquiries, he renewed the most

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VOL. II. NO. 6.

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remitted also to the temples the deficient bushel for every acre of sacred land,

and also (31) the liquid measure for that of the vineyards, and many things, to Apis and Mnevis he gave, and to the other sacred animals in Egypt he gave many more than any kings before him, always considering what was becoming; (32) and to their sepulchres giving what was suitable, largely, and gloriously, and contributions

to the several temples, with sacrifices and festivals, and other ordinances (33) and all the valuables in the temples and in Egypt he preserved in statu quo, agreeably to the laws; and the temple of Apis he adorned with costly works, contributing to it gold and [sil (34) ver], and precious stones, to no small amount, and placing temples and

shrines, and altars, and restoring what wanted repair, having the disposition of a beneficent deity in things appertaining to (35) divine worship, and informing himself which were the most honourable temples, renewed them in his "own palace," as was becoming. In

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