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inhumanus aut tam alienus a Sardis, præsertim cum Frater meus nuper ab his decesserit, cum rei frumentaria Gn. Pompei (sic) missu præfuisset. Qui et ipse illis pro sua fide et humanitate consuluit, et eis vicissim percarus et jucundus fuit. Pateat vero hoc perfugium dolori: pateat justis querellis: conjuratio vi intercludatur, obsidietur insidiis. Neque hoc in Sardis magis, quam in Gallis, in Afris, in Hispanis. Damnatus est L. Albucius et C. Megaboccus (sic) ex Sardinia, nonnullis etiam laudantibus Sardis. Ita fidem majorem varietas ipsa faciebat. Testibus enim æquis, tabulis incorruptis tenebantur. Nunc est una vox, una mens non expressa dolore sed simulata, neque hujus injuriis sed promissis aliorum et præmiis excitata. At creditum est aliquando Sardis; et fortasse credetur aliquando: si integri venerint, si incorrupti, si sua sponte, si non alicujus impulsu, si soluti, si liberi. Quæ si erunt, tamen sibi credi gaudeant et mirentur. Cum vero omnia absint, tamen se non respicient, non gentis suæ famam perhorrescent ?

The following particularities occur in the orthography:

Adulescentia. aliqui for aliquis. aliut. aput. illut. auris for aures, &c. Epistula. exolare. idem isdem Pompei Clodi for iidem iisdem Pompeii Clodii. inlatus, quamtus, numquam, optinere, temptare, scribsi, voltus, pervolgare, quom, quotiens, totiens, kaput, karitas, intellegere, Filippicis, kapitalis, æquitibus, cæcidit. contionibus.

Causa, not caussa; nuntio and nuncio both occur. exprobare is twice written for exprobrare, pp. 19. 37.

We shall conclude our extracts with the following remark of Asconius on the words Epigramma in eum fecisset tantummodo alternis versibus. Pro Arch. p. 61.

"Alternos igitur versus dicit elegiacos, metris scilicet dissentientibus varios. Primus autem videtur elegiacum carmen scribsisse Aliinos. (Kallinos, Maius.) Adicit Aristoteles præterea hoc genus poetas Antimachum Colofonium, Archilochum Parium, Mimnermum Colofonium, quorum numero additur etiam Solon Atheniensium legum scribtor nobilissimus."

This fragment may be added to the authorities quoted by Ruhnken in his remarks on Callinous (in Callimach, Eleg.)

The character is ancient, and uniform in the first MS. but in

the second some letters are introduced which mark a later age; for instance for λ (i. e. A), E for E, h for H, M for M, q for Q.

We understand that the same industrious and able Scholar, to whom we are indebted for the publication of these interesting documents, is about to publish a transcript of a mutilated MS. of Homer in the Ambrosian Library, which he supposes to be the most ancient in existence. We will transcribe his account of it from the second volume of the Acta Seminarii Lipsiensis, p. 524.

"Liber membraneus foliis minoribus LI. constans, quorum pars antica coloratam picturam exhibet, Iliacum aliquod facinus repræsentantem, postica vero bombycinis chartis obtegebatur, quæ aliquot rhapsodiarum argumenta, plerumque tamen scholia Homerica Græca continent.-Nos membraneum codicem a bombycino separavimus, Homericos versus descripsimus fere octingentos, cum insigni variantium lectionum copia; scholia cum editis contulimus, quæque inedita sunt diligenter notavimus. Picturas et genere et ætate commendabiles eximius quidam ejus artis Professor peculiari scripto illustrabit. Editionis, quam strenue urgemus, hæc erit ratio :

"Brevibus prolegomenis historiam codicis dissertationemque de ejus carmine, variantibus lectionibus, splendida calligraphia, glossis, ætate, atque aliis hujusmodi, tum etiam de Homericis multis Ambrosianæ Bibl. codicibus complectemur. Sequentur LII. carminum Fragmenta (nam quintum et vicesimum folium duo habet) æneis excusa tabulis, picturæque totidem peritissima manu solis lineis deformatæ. Attexam criticas ad unamquamque particulam carminis animadversiones. Quarto loco ineditorum in Iliadem scholiorum mantissam addam tum ex bombycinis quas superius nominavi plagulis, tum longe plurium ex aliis Ambrosianæ bibl. manuscriptis. Quinto loco perutilem lectionum a vulgato Homerico textu discrepantium ex Ambrosianis item codicibus segetem dabimus. His omnibus pictoris excellentissimi Lucubratio de picturarum, quas exhibemus, ratione, præstantia, atque ætate, cumulum imponet."

If it be true that this MS. was written 1400 years back, a facsimile of it will indeed be a most desirable present to the literary world.

VOL. 11. No. 5.

U

It is perhaps scarcely worth while to do more than barely mention a wretched forgery which appeared at Bologna in 1811, under the title of M. T. Ciceronis de Natura Deorum Liber Quartus.

CALLIMACHI QUE SUPERSUNT. Recensuit et cum Notarum delectu edidit CAROLUS JACOBUS BLOMFIELD, A.M. Collegii SS. Trinitatis apud Cantabrigienses nuper Socius. Londini. Impensis J. Mawman. MDCCCXV.

Ir may perhaps be unnecessary to inform our readers, that this is the edition of Callimachus, to which we have more than once alluded, when speaking of publications in a state of forwardness. The work appears with a dedication to Earl Spencer, which we shall transcribe: in the sentiments expressed upon his Lordship's patronage of learning, we apprehend that every Scholar will heartily concur.

"Honoratissimo Viro, Georgio Joanni COMITI SPENCER, Georgiani Ordinis Equiti Aurato, Regiæ Majestati a Sanctioribus Consiliis, genere dignitate virtute inlustri, optime etiam de Litteris, quas auspiciis maxume felicibus excoluit, munificentia sua promerito, Qui ingentem bonorum librorum copiam, tam in patriæ decus et ornamentum, quam doctiorum hominum in usus, summo cum judicio conquisivit, novam hanc CALLIMACHI editionem gratus ac venerabundus dicat consecratque CAROLUS JACOBUS BLOMFIELD."

Mr. Blomfield in his preface informs us that the publication originated in his suggestion to the bookseller, that in consequence of the great bulk and great price of Ernesti's edition, it was desirable to reprint Callimachus with a selection of notes. This the bookseller undertook to do, upon condition that Mr. Blomfield would himself make the selection, and cut out from the commentaries the matter, which was not adapted to the use of students. This he has accordingly done, and has likewise interspersed throughout the commentaries selected from Ernesti, some notes

by himself and by other late Scholars. He has besides revised the text, carefully collating the princeps edition of Lascaris, which Ernesti had never an opportunity of seeing, and an old Venice edition of the year 1555. unknown to all commentators, the only copy of which existing in this country, was lent to Mr. Blomfield by his Grace the Duke of Devonshire. Of this, which appears to be the edition of Robortellus, an account has been given in the second Number of the Museum Criticum, p. 227. For a collation of the earliest impression of the Elegy in Lavacra Palladis, which was printed at Florence, in 1489. in the Miscellanea of Angelus Bassus Politianus, he is indebted to the kindness of Lord Spencer. To the collection of Epigrams and Fragments some additions are made by Mr. Blomfield, which had Of the notes

escaped the research of Bentley and of Ruhnken.

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contained in his edition, he says, Quod ad commentaria attinet, Bentleii omnia, ea qua par est reverentia, integra servavi; nonnulla etiam Hemsterhusii, quæ ad Callimachum minus pertinere videantur, tamen circumcidere crimen duxi, quia nihil unquam vir ille maximus ex eruditionis suæ thesauris depromsit, quod non vel doctissimi, oio vuv ẞporoi eio, cum fructu quodam perlegerint." Mr. B. has altogether omitted the Scholia, as the production of some modern Grammarian, and of no weight in the explanation of Callimachus: to the work is affixed Ernesti's Index, corrected and materially enlarged.

Such is the principal information contained in the editor's preface. We conceive, however, that our readers will not be displeased to have a somewhat fuller account of the publications of an author, whose fortune it has been to receive an extraordinary portion of attention from many of the most distinguished Scholars, that have benefited and ornamented the republic of letters.

The first which can be called a critical edition of Callimachus is that printed by Henry Stephens in the year 1577. With the text itself of the Hymns (which is the same as that inserted in his Collection of the Poeta Græci Principes Her. Carm. nine years before) little pains were taken; in fact it had degenerated from that of the princeps edition of Lascaris. H. Stephens however gives the Scholia, two Latin translations in prose and verse, and a commentary on the Hymns by Nicodemus Frischlinus, together with Critical Annotations of his own: and he is the first editor

who collected any of the epigrams of Callimachus, of which he gave thirty-one from the Anthologia. The notes of Frischlinus consist principally of explanations of Historical Mythological and • Geographical allusions, frequently very useful to the young student, but which have been forced to give place to the more learned and accurate lucubrations of subsequent scholars. In Stephens's notes there is nothing very remarkable: they contain many obvious emendations, which have been since adopted in the text. His compositor having informed him that he had two blank pages to spare in the sheet preceding the Annotations, he inserted about a dozen fragments of Callimachus, which he bad found in the Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius and elsewhere: such was the beginning of that collection of Fragments, which has since been carried to a really wonderful extent.

This was followed by the small Antwerp edition of 1584. by Vulcanius of Bruges. It contains Callimachus in the same volume with the remains of Moschus and Bion, a new translation in verse, his own annotations, and about eighty more fragments, the greater part of which are printed separately, as being extracted from out of the Etymologicon Magnum. The notes of Vulcanius are not tedious, and frequently contain remarks bonæ frugis, though they have of course been eclipsed by the learning of those which have succeeded them.

The next editor of Callimachus who claims our notice, is the celebrated daughter of Tanaquillus Faber, now generally known by the name of Madame Dacier. Shortly after her father's death, she went to Paris, and made known her talents and learning by publishing Callimachus in 1674. She added a number of Epigrams supplied by Peter Daniel Huet, and fifty-three additional fragments which she had picked up herself, principally from different Scholia, and then gave her own notes. This book appeared some years before her marriage; but Dacier seems at that time to have been an assiduous visitor of Mademoiselle le Févre, and to have assisted the young lady in her studies. We

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1. The following note on the twenty-fourth fragment we extract ⚫ for the benefit of those, who may be endeavouring to insinuate themselves into the good graces of learned ladies: "Mendosissimum est hoc fragmentum. Et cum in eo tota essem, ut inde aliquid elicerem,

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