England's Amorous Angels, 1813-1823
Between 1813-1823, five major poems appeared in England exploring the subject of sexual union between "sons of God" (usually depicted as angels) and "daughters of men" (usually depicted as Cain's female descendants). James Montgomery's The World Before the Flood (1813), George Croly's The Angel of the World (1820), Thomas Dale's Irad and Adah, A Tale of the Flood (1821), Thomas Moore's The Loves of the Angels (1822), and Byron's Heaven and Earth (1823) all take inspiration from Genesis 6.1-4, or from its Qur'anic, Pseudepigraphic, or New Testament derivatives. Why angels were suddenly conscripted into active service to serious poetry, by poets who expectedóand yet who really did not expectóthat these embodied, male angels would be taken seriously, is the question this text seeks to answer. The appendix presents for the first time since 1823 the unrevised version of Moore's Loves of the Angels, and Croly's Angel of the World.
Enoch Orientalism Sublimity and Market Value
Ancient Texts and Modern Confusion
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Aholibamah Anah angel/deluge poems angelology antediluvian appeared Azazel beauty becomes Bible biblical bolides Book of Enoch bright Cain Cainite Canto century Christian contemporary Croly Croly's Dale Dale's death Deluge derived divine doctrine drama Edinburgh Review edition English epic eternal ev'n evil eyes faith Fathers fear finds Flood Genesis Genesis 6.2 God's Harut Harut and Marut heart Heaven and Earth human humankind Irad and Adah Javan Lamartine Lamartine's letter light literary literature London Longmans Lord Byron lovers Marut Milton mind Montgomery Moore's note mortal Murray mystery narrative narrator nature Noah notion o'er Owenite Paradise Paradise Lost philosophical poet poet's poetic poetry Preface proves Pseudepigrapha Qur'an readers religion remains reveal reviewer revised Scripture Semjaza sense seraph Sethites sons soul spirit Stanza stars story sublime suggests tale Testament thee theodicy theological Thomas Moore thou tradition translation universe verse Vigny Vols wings women world-judgment writing Yahweh Zillah