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FOREWORD

A history of Cambria County and its people is an essential part of the progress of civilization in our country for two hundred and twenty-five years.

After its acquisition by William Penn it was at peace with the red man for a period of seventy years, followed by thirty years of cruel barbarism.

In the beginning its pioneers were with Washington in the struggle for independence; its rank and file have marched with Dearborn, Taylor and Scott, Grant, Farragut and Shafter, and gallantly sustained our government.

Its 666 square miles of land were richly endowed with the tall white pine and hemlock, and the forests are filled with hard wood, and its mountains are veined with the best quality of bituminous coal.

In the iron and steel industry it has created for itself an international reputation for excellent products, and in its fine arts its people have achieved a worthy place. In statesmanship and government, in the nation and state, the influence of its men has been wielded for the good.

It is worthy to modestly enroll the achievements of her people among the annals of our country.

In grateful acknowledgment of the invaluable assistance given in the preparation of this history by James M. Swank, George T. Swank and Anderson H. Walters of the Johnstown Tribune, John McCormick and other friends, the author desires to express his sincere thanks.

MEN OF CAMBRIA WHO HAVE DISTINGUISHED IT BY THEIR ACHIEVEMENTS.

1. John J. Boyle: A Sculptor.

2. Jacob Miller Campbell: A General and a Statesman.

3. George Fritz: An Inventor and Engineer.

4. John Fritz: An Inventor and Engineer.

5. Lawrence Francis Flick, M. D.: The Master of Tuber

culosis.

6. John Fulton: Geologist and Mining Engineer.

7. Demetrius Augustine Gallitzin: A Pioneer Priest.

8. John White Geary: A Major General and Governor of

Kansas and Pennsylvania.

9. Joseph Johns: A Friend of the Common Schools and

Founder of Johnstown.

10. William R. Jones: An Inventor, Engineer and Manager

of Steel Works.

11. George Shryock King: Founder of the Cambria Iron Co.

12. Daniel Johnston Morrell: Iron and Steel Master; Author

of and the Chairman of the Executive Committee of < the Centennial Exhibition, and Commissioner to the

Paris Exposition. ,

13. Robert Samuel Murphy: Lieutenant Governor and Presi

dent of the Pennsylvania Senate.

14. Robert Edwin Peary: The Arctic Explorer.

15. Cyrus Long Pershing: A President Judge and Member

of the War Assembly; the Democratic Candidate for Governor, Supreme Judge and Congress.

16. Robert Lees Phythian: A Commodore in the United

States Navy and a Superintendent of the Naval
Academy-

17. Charles M. Schwab: A Steel Master.

18. Powell Stackhouse: President of the Cambria Steel Co.

19. James Moore Swank: An Editor, Statistician and His

torian.

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I.

William Penn seeks to purchase title from the Susquehanna
river—Penn secures the Dongan title—Penn's difficul-
ties in England and in the province—Treaties with the
Indians—French and Indian War—Charles Campbell
procures a warrant for the land on the Conemaugh
and Stonycreek rivers at Johnstown 1

CHAPTER II.

The Revolutionary War period—Meetings in Carpenter's
Hall in Philadelphia—Companies of Captain Robert
Cluggage, Captain Richard Brown, Captain Andrew
Mann, and Captain Jacob Hendershot—The companies
of rangers; Captain John Boyd and Captain Solomon

Adams—Mason and Dixon line—The whiskey rebellion
of 1794—The Forbes Road P G

CHAPTER III.

Organization of Counties—Cambria county taken from
Somerset and Huntingdon—First townships in Cam-
bria county 29

CHAPTER IV.

Indian Tribes in the Conemaugh valley—First white

visitors 46

CHAPTER V.

Pioneer settlers—Adams family—Prince Gallitzin—Cap-
tain Michael McGuire —Joseph Johns—He lays out the
village of Conemaugh 67

CHAPTER VI.

Indian trails—Old roads 91
CHAPTER VII.

A Political Review—The polities of the county, state and

nation from 1808 102

CHAPTER VIII.
The Judicial District—Jurisdiction of the courts, and legis-
lation—Special acts, the judges and lawyers—Inci-
dents 143

. .. CHAPTER IX.

Anti-slavery Sentiment—The underground railroad—
"Abraham" and "Patrick" shot at by a slave hunter
—Arrest of Henry Willis and others for aiding the
slaves 186

CHAPTER X.

First Settlements , 193

CHAPTER XL

The Rivers, Creeks and Rivulets—Saw and grist mills, and

rafting 211

CHAPTER XII.
The City of Johnstown 240

CHAPTER XIII.
Land Titles 290

CHAPTER XIV.
The Rivers at Johnstown 311

CHAPTER XV.
The Pennsylvania Canal 330

CHAPTER XVI.
Old and New Portage Railroads 347

CHAPTER XVII.
Newspapers and Periodicals 367

CHAPTER XVIII.

Cambria Steel Company—Origin and early history of the

present great corporation ;400

CHAPTER XIX.
Fall of the Pennsylvania railroad platform 448

CHAPTER XX.
The Great Flood of May 31, 1889 457

CHAPTER XXI.
The Medical Profession 509

CHAPTER XXII.
Old Families in the County 535

CHAPTER XXIII.
Coal, coke, railroads and lumber -. .. . 573

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