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BRIEF ACCOUNT

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NEW-YORK STATE FRISGN

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TOGETHER WITH A COMPENDIUM OF

CRIMINAL, LAW.

ALSO

A Report of the Tried of an Officer of said Prison for Whipping A

CONVICT.

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AUBUUN, N. Y.

PRINTED BY U. F. DOUBLEDAY.

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Page-

General Government of the Prison, , 1

General Regulations and Discipline, 1

Duty of Convicts, 3, 59, 61

Some rules and practices relative to the Officers, &c. 3

Receiving Convicts, 4

Opening Prison in the morning, and proceedings of the day, 5

Breakfast, ,>

Of the Sick, 0

0 Clothes time, *'

Dinner, 6

Closing the Prison at night, and night duty, 6

Sunday Regulations, 8

Sunday Breakfast, 8

Sunday morning School, 9

Divine Service, 9

Sunday afternoon School, 10

Of Turnkeys reliefs, 10

Visitors, 10

Scrubbing, cleansing, white-washing, airing North Wing, &c. 11

Hospital, 11

North Yard, 12

The Guard, 13

Kitchen and Wash-room Departments, 13

Some particular Regulations as to Vaults, &c. 14

Carrying water to drink, to the Shops, 14

Other Shop Regulations, 14

Female Department, 15

Discharging Convicts, 15

Religious Instruction, 17

Sunday School Instruction, 20

Duty of Assistant lveepers, 2, 21, 60

Duty of Clerk, 2-2

Duty of the Physician, 22

Duty of the Deputy Keeper, 23

Duties and Powers of the Agent and Keeper, 23

Contracts and Contractors, 25

Abstract of Contracts first made, and those which have been

changed or extended, with some general remarks, 26

Coopers' Shop, 26

Tailors' Shop, 27

Shoemakers' Shop, 27

Tool Shop, 27

Weavers' Shop, 27

Blacksmiths' Shop, with a Schedule of prices for manufactur-

ing certain articles, (A) 28

Rations—Contracts for supplying them—Annual expense

per man, 29

1 Convicts' Clothing and Bedding, 29
Solitary Cells—Confinement, &c. and the effects produced

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by Solitary Confinement, 30

A Compend of Statute Criminal Laws, 68
Extracts from the Inspectors' Report of January, 1824, con-
taining Remarks on the Improvement of the Criminal
Code, on the Pardoning Power, Excise Laws, &c. &.C. 47
Extracts from the State Commissioners' Report of January,

1825, in relation to the Auburn Prison, 53

New Prison at Sing-Sing, . 68

Extract from the Report of the Prison Discipline Society, at

Boston, containing Remarks on tho Auburn State Prison,

and others—with an engraving, 60

Mode of Punishment and Means of enforcing Discipline, 60

Report of the Trial of an Assistant Keeper for whipping

a Convict, 62

Judge Walworth's Charge to the Jury, 63

General description of the Buildings, Walls, and Yards,

with remarks on the importance of facility of Inspection,

and other arrangements in building Prisons, 73

General and present health of the convicts, 7B-

Reformation of convicts, 77

A Table, shewing the number of convicts received on first

conviction—their crimes, sentences, ages, places of

nativity, employment, the number of deaths, pardons,

&c. 80

Table, shewing th number and employment of convicts,

Oct. 31, 1826, 81

(A.J At page 28, there is a mistake in the prices of certain articles of Blacksmith
work, which was not discovered in time to be corrected elsewhere.—For all edge-
tools, compasses, hammers, shovels, screw-plates, braces and bow drill stocks,

furnish stock, at the prices there stated.

This prison has, for some time past, attracted much public attention; find a solicitude to obtain information, in relation to it, is rapidly increasing. Many distinguished individuals, from various parts of the United States as well as from Europe, are almost daily calling, to examine peisonally, its management and the peculiarities of its construction and discipline. They invariably appear highly gratified, and almost as uniformly solicit prison reports or pamphlets, from which they can learn, at leisure and in detail, the whole concerns of an institution which strikes them so favorably on a general examination. It has been a subject of regret, that the desired information could not be given in the form requested. Much of it was only to be found scattered through the journals, of the Legislature, and much, in regard to police and discipline, existed only in practice, and had never been reduced to writing. Such indeed must always be more or less the case, as experience may, or may not suggest improvements: and also, because all the minutim of proceedings would be too voluminous

. These considerations seemed to require, that the main principles and practice of this institution should be presented in a pamphlet form, suitable for general circulation. Besides, such a compilation had become important as a manual for the use of our own prison officers, and especially those who might be newly appointed.

In addition to this, the Agent received a letter from Governor Clinton IP behalf of one of the states, requesting a full accouut of this institution. About the same time, Messrs. King & Wharton of Philadelphia, and judge Shaler of Pittsburgh, Commissioners appointed by the Legislature of Pennsylvania, to revise the crimininal code of that slate, made a visit to this prison, and not being able, during that- visit ,to collect all the facts they desired, sent, after their return home, a series of fnterrogatorieSjto the Agent, of similar import, but'more extensive than those of Governor Clinton. Previously to this, an official letter was Deceived from Ohio, containing the following questions.

1st An epitome of the law regulating the institution.

2d. Its organization as to officers & guards. ^

3d, The prison discipline.

4th Clothing and diet.

5th The kind of labour performed.

6tb. The finances, and whether it is-a loss or gain to the state.

7th. How many convicts have you and what is the average number received and discharged annually.

8th. The expenses charged against the institution, and whether the' costs of prosecuting convicts are charged to the respective Counties, or paid by the institution.

Prom these questions and those contained in the other two letters which follow, at length, the labour as well as importance of answering them may be readily perceived.

With all these circumstances in view, the Agent has ventured upon the task of employing such portions of time, as could be spared from the discharge of his ardous official duties, in preparing the following pages,, without much attention to style of composition or method of a.r

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