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governor of that place, sending a detachment against them, they instantly dispersed. In some places, too, there were foolish people, who, in their cups, took it upon them to proclaim the chevalier during the night, and prosecutions were ordered against them for their riotous behaviour. It was also judged prudent to confine a few of the chieftains to particular places, the duke of Gordon to the city of Edinburgh, the marquis of Huntly to his own house, and lord Drummond to Castle Drummond. Lord Drummond was afterwards ordered to be apprehended, but he escaped to the Highlands, whence he wrote a letter to the regency, offering security for his good behaviour. Campbell of Glendaruel, who had been commissioned by the late ministry to raise an independent company in the Highlands, was taken at Inverlochy, and, with Sir Donald Macdonald of Slait, by orders from the regency, sent prisoner to Edinburgh castle.
It was about this time also, that a great hunting match was spoken of in the Highlands, to which the popish and Jacobite nobility of the south were repairing, which gave the regency ground to suspect some sinister design-hunting and horse racing having been often of late employed, to cover the most desperate contrivances, and it was accordingly prohibited, the duke of Athol at the same time, being ordered to his castle of Blair, to preserve the peace of that country. Disappointed in their insurrectionary views, several of the gentlemen of Dumfries and its vicinity, made application immediately to be taken into the commission of the peace, offering to take all the necessary oaths, no doubt that they might be, as Lockhart has expressed it, “in a condition more effectually to serve the king,” [James VIII.] but, through the diligence of some of the more loyal of their neighbours, they were prevented from getting into office, though they took all the oaths, and proved with what sincerity they had sworn them, by appearing openly in the rebellion a few months afterwards.
As a last preventional measure, the lords justices, on the fifteenth of September, issued a proclamation, promising a reward of one hundred thousand pounds sterling to any person, or persons, who should seize and secure the chevalier, whenever he should land, or attempt to land in Great Britain. Nothing,
indeed, seems to have been omitted that could be thought in any way to contribute to the security and peace of the kingdom; and the conduct of the regency appears to have been highly acceptable to his majesty, and approved of, by the most numerous and best part of the nation.*
In the meantime, his majesty was busily employed in making preparations for leaving his paternal dominions, and the deep interest which the continental states, particularly the protestant part of them, took in his majesty's advancement, was strongly marked by addresses of congratulation, which poured in upon him from all quarters. In the United Provinces, where religion was yet a powerful principle, and the love of liberty still strong, the interest was peculiarly deep, and seems to have been universally felt. The baron de Bothmar's secretary no sooner arrived at the Hague with tidings of the queen’s death, and the peaceable proclamation of the king, than monsieur Klingraef, the Hanoverian resident, presented to the states general a memorial, which had been lodged in his hands to be in readiness, by which his majesty required of the states the performance of their guarantee of his succession to the crown of Great Britain. The states assembled that same night, and returned the following answer: “ That as soon as their high mightinesses were informed of the sickness and death of her said majesty of Great Britain, of glorious memory, they immediately bethought themselves of the engagements they had entered into for the guaranty of the succession to the crown of Great Britain in the protestant line, so as it is settled by acts of parliament; and, at the same time, they considered, not only how much it concerns the kingdom of Great Britain, that the settlement of the succession in the protestant line should have its entire effect; but also, how deeply the protestant religion, the safety of this state, and the liberty of all Europe, are interested therein; that therefore, they unanimously resolved to perform their engagements, and to execute all that, by the treaty of mutual guaranty they had promised; whereto, they are the more readily induced by the firm assurance which his majesty, in the said letter, is pleased to give them of his good will towards this state; that as they received the account of the death of her majesty with grief, so it was very acceptable news to them, that his electoral highness, as next heir in the protestant line, was instantly proclaimed king by the unanimous advice of the council, and with the acclamations of the people; that they most heartily congratulate his majesty thereupon, and wish him all further happy success in a prosperous reign; that from this good beginning, they hope his majesty will take peaceable possession of his kingdoms without any opposition; that, nevertheless, their high mightinesses are willing and ready to perform their engagements, and to take all proper measures with his majesty for that end; that, it being likely his majesty will speedily go for England, their high mightinesses will be very glad if his majesty will please to take his journey through their dominions, that they will endeavour to facilitate his majesty's passage with all that is in their power; that they will at all times show the high esteem they have for his majesty's person and friendship; and that they have his interest as much at heart as their own !"
* Rae's History of the Rebellion, pp. 76-79.
This was immediately put into the hands of the resident, Mr. Klingraef, to be sent to his majesty, and a copy was sent to M. Van Borsselen, envoy extraordinary to the court of Great Pritain, to be delivered to the regency in England upon his arrival there. Their high mightinesses also, sent letters to the states of the several provinces, desiring them forthwith to provide the necessary funds for fitting out a strong squadron of men of war, of which twelve, designed for the Baltic, were already nearly fit for sea. They also appointed a deputation of five of their most honourable members, to wait for, and receive his Britannic majesty on the frontier of their territories; and, a few days after, the states of Holland, named deputies of their own to receive his majesty at the entrance into that province, and to conduct him to the Hague; they also ordered the equipment of eight men of war, to be joined with the British squadron appointed to convey the king over to England.
The king of Prussia also took a lively interest in the matter, and lost no time in notifying, by his ministers, to all the courts with whom he corresponded, and particularly to the court of London, “ That as his majesty had constantly declared himself
in favour of the succession of the house of Hanover to the crown of Great Britain, so now he was affected with peculiar joy, to hear that the settlement of that crown had, in its due time, actually taken effect, by the proclaiming of king George; the rather because it visibly tended to the promoting the protestant religion, and the true interest and welfare of the British nation; and that, in case of need, he was ready to employ all the power which God had put into his hands, in assisting to maintain that succession against all who might offer to dispute it.” His minister in Holland also, in the name of the king his master, invited his Britannic majesty to lodge in the old court at the Hague, which had fallen to the king of Prussia by the death of king William. This invitation the king of Great Britain politely accepted, and the palace was instantly fitted up for his majesty's reception.
His majesty king George's preparations for leaving his paternal dominions, which, owing to the immense concourse of deputations that crowded his court, occupied the month of August, being finished, on the last day of that month, he set out from the palace of Herrenhausen, followed by the prince, the inbabitants of the country expressing the deepest sorrow for the departure of a sovereign under whose mild government they had enjoyed so great a degree of happiness. His majesty and the prince arrived the same day at Doepenau, where they lodged for the night, and next day proceeded to Ippenburg. On the second of September they came to Twickel, a seat belonging to count de Wassenaer d'Opdam, who entertained them for the night, and the next day they proceeded to Voorst, where they were elegantly entertained and lodged by the earl of Albemarle, who, at that time, had his residence there. On the fourth, the deputies of the states general received and complimented his majesty on their frontier, and that same day he advanced to Utrecht. Here his majesty and the prince were complimented by the deputies of the states of the province, after which, they went aboard a yacht of the states, and the same night reached Woerden, where they were received by the earl of Albemarle, and the other deputies of the states of the province of Holland, under discharges of cannon, a gun being fired for every year of his majesty's life.
On the fifth, bis majesiy, in lord Albemarle's coach, followed by six others, and attended by a detachment of horse guards, proceeded to Leyden, where the same number of guns were discharged as at Woerden, and, about five in the evening, arrived at the Hague, amidst the acclamations of a vast concourse of people.*
His majesty's reception at the Hague, was of the most flattering description. He was complimented by all the de. puties, followed wherever he went by an immense concourse of people, who expressed in his presence such rapturous joy as if he had been their natural sovereign. He was attended by the national guards, and had “a company of grenadiers, in goodly apparel, and richly einbroidered caps, assigned him to wait around his table, so long as he remained in the country.” Here he had the satisfaction of learning that his accession to the British throne had had the effect of quickening the progress of all the treaties pending in Europe, the treaty of peace between the emperor and France having been signed at Baden upon the twenty-fifth of August, and the treaties of peace and commerce between the states general and the king of Spain, much about the same time, ratified by that monarch without any restrictions. Here also he was waited upon with congratulatory addresses by all the foreign ambassadors, to whom he gave private audiences; and here he had a letter from his secretary of state for Scotland, the earl of Marr, soliciting his particular notice, and promising the most dutiful obedience, and faithful service in whatever his majesty might be pleased to employ him.t
* Rae's History of the Rebellion, pp. 79-85.
+ The following is a copy of Marr's letter to his majesty, and of an address of one hundred and two chief heritors and heads of clans in the Highlands of Scotland to George I. upon his accession, sent to the earl of Marr to be presented, but which, by court intrigue, he was prevented from delivering, copied from the original, in the museum of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland :
“ Having the happiness to be your majesty's subject, and also the honour of being one of your servants, as one of your secretaries of state, I beg leave by this to kiss your majesty's hand, and congratulate your majesty's