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“ And therefore now the Thracian Orpheus' lyre “ The like just order mourtiers do observe, And Hercules himself are stellify'd ;

(But with unlike affection and attire) And in high Heaven, amidst the starry quite, When some great mao that nobly did deserve, Dancing their parts continually do slide:

And whom his friends impatiently desire, So on the zodiac Ganymede doth ride,

Is brought with honour to his latest fire : And so is Hebe with the Muses nine,

The dead corpse too in that sad dance is mord, For pleasing Jove with dancing, made divine. As if both dead and living danciug lor'd. “ Wherefore was Proteus said himself to change “ A diverse cause, but like solemnity Into a stream, a lion, and a tree,

Unto the temple leads the bashful bride, And many other forms fantastic strange,

Which blusheth like the Indian irory As in his fickle thought he wish'd to be ?

Which is with dip of Tyrian purple dy'd: But that he danc'd with such facility,

A golden troop doth pass on ev'ry side As like a lion he could pace with pride,

Of flourishing young men and virgins gay, Ply like a plant, and like a river slide.

Which keep fair measure all the flow'ry way. « And how was Cæneus made at first a man, " And not alone the general multitude, And then a woman, then a man again,

But those choice Nestors which in council grave But in a dance? which when he first began Of cities and of kingdoms do conclude, He the man's part in measure did sustain :

Most comely order in their sessions have: But when he chang'd into a second strain,

Wherefore the wise Thessalians ever gave He danc'd the woman's part another space, The name of leader of their country's dance And then return'd into his former place.

To him that had their country's governance. “ Hence sprang the fable of Tiresias,

“ And those great masters of their liberal arts That be the pleasure of both sexes try'd:

In all their several schools do dancing teach, For in a dance he man and woman was,

For humble grammar first doth set the parts By often change of place from side to side: Of congruent and well according speech : But for the woman easily did slide,

Which rhetoric, whose state the clouds doth reach And smoothly swim with cunning hidden art, And heav'nly poetry do forward lead, He took more pleasure in a woman's part. And diverse measure diversely do tread. So to a fish Venus herself did change,

“ For rhetoric clothing speech in rich array, And swimming through the soft and yielding wave, In looser purnbers teacheth her to range, With gentle motions did so smoothly range With twenty tropes, and turnings ev'ry way, As none might see where she the water drave: And various figures, and licentious change; But this plain truth that falsed fable gave,

But poetry with rule and order strange That she did dance with sliding easiness,

So curiously doth move each single pace, Pliant and quick in wand'ring passages.

As all is marr'd if she one foot misplace. “ And merry Bacchus practis'd dancing too, “These arts of speech the guides and marshals are And to the Lydian numbers rounds did make : But logic leadeth reason in a dance, The like he did in th' Eastern India do,

Reason the connoisseur and bright load-star, And taught tbem all when Phebus did awake, In this world's sea t' avoid the rock of chance, And when at night he did his coach forsake, For with close following and continuance To honour Heav'n, and Heaven's great rolling eye One reason doth another so ensue, With turning dances, and with melody.

As in conclusion still the dance is true. “ Thus they who first did found a common-weal, “ So Music to her own sweet tunes doth trip, And they who first religion did ordain,

With tricks of three, five, eight, fifteen, and more, By dancing first the people's hearts did steal, So doth the art of numb'ring seem to skip Of whom we now a thousand tales do feign: From even to odd, in her proportion'd score: Yet do we now their perfect rules retain,

So do those skills, whose quick eyes do explore And use them still in such devises new,

The just dimension both of Earth and Heaven, As in the world long since their withering grew. In all their rules observe a measure even. “ For after towns and kingdoms founded were, " Lo this is Dancing's true nobility: Between great states arose well-orderd war; Dancing the child of Music and of Love; Wherein most perfect measure doth appear,

Dancing itself both love and harmony, Whether their well-set ranks respected are Where all agree, and all in order move; In quadrant form or semicircular:

Dancing the art that all arts do approve: Or else the march, when all the troops advance, The fair character of the world's consent, And to the drum in gallant order dance.

The Heav'n'strue figure, and th' Earth's ornament." • And after wars, when wbite-wing'd Victory The queen, whose daiuty ears had borne too long Is with a glorious triumph beautify'd,

The tedious praise of that she did despise, And ev'ry one doth cry,

Adding once more the music of the tongue Whilst all in gold the conqueror doth ride ; To the sweet speech of her alluring eyes, The solemn pomp that fills the city wide

Began to answer in such winning wise, Ooserves such rank and measure every wbere, As that forth with Antinous' tongue was ty'd, As if they altogether dancing were.

His eyes fast fix'd, his cars were open wide.

"Forsooth,” quoth she, “ great glory you have won, " And when your ivory fingers touch the strings To your trim minion dancing all this while, Of any silver sounding instrument, By blazing him Love's first-begotten son;

Love makes them dance to those sweet murmurings, Of ev'ry ill the hateful father vile

With busy skill, and cunning excellent :
That doth the world with sorceries beguile: O that your feet those tunes would represent
Cunningly mad, religiously profane,

With artificial motions to and fro,
Wit's monster, reason's canker, sense's bane. That Love this art in ev'ry part might show!
" Love taught the mother that unkind desire

Yet your fair soul, which came from Heav'n above To wash her hands in her own infant's blood;

To rule this house, another Heav'n below, Lore taught the daughter to betray her sire

With divers powers in barmony doth more, into most base and worthy servitude;

And all the virtues that from her do flow, Love taught the brother to prepare such food

In a round measure hand in hand do go: To feast his brotber, that the all-seeing Sun,

Could I now see, as I couceive this dance, Wrapp'd in a cloud, that wicked sight did shun.

Wonder and love would cast me in a trance. " And evin this self same Love hath dancing taught, An art that showeth th' idea of his mind

" The richest jewel in all the heav'nly treasure With vaimness, frenzy, and misorder fraught;

That ever yet unto the Earth was shown, Sometimes with blood and cruelties ankind:

Is perfect concord, the only perfect pleasure For in a dance, Tereus' mad wife did find

That wretched earth-born men have ever known ;

For many hearts it doth compound in one : Fit time and place, by murder of her son,

That what so one doth will, or speak, or do, = T'avenge the wrong his traitorous sire had done.

With one consent they all agree thereto.
" What mean the mermaids, when they dance and
But certain death unto the mariner ? [sing, “ Concord's true picture shineth in this art,
What tidings do the dancing dolphins bring, Where divers men and women ranked be,
But that some dangerous storm approacheth near?And every one doth dance a several part,
Then sith both Love and Dancing liveries bear Yet all as one, in measure do agree,
Of such ill hap, uobappy may I prove,

Observing perfect uniformity:
If sitting free I either dance or love."

All turn together, all together trace,

And all together honour and embrace. Yet once again Antinous did reply; “Great queen, condemn not Love 2o the innocent,

“ If they wbom sacred love hath link'd in onc, for this miscbievous lust, which traitorously

Do, as they dance, in all their course of life; L'surps bis name, and steals bis ornament:

Never sball burning grief nor bitter moan, For that true Love which dancing did invent, Nor factious difference, nor unkind strife, Is be that tun'd the world's whole harmony,

Arise betwixt the husband and the wife: And link'd all men in sweet society.

For whether forth, or back, or round he go, " He first extracted from th' earth-mingled mind

As the man doth, so must the woman do. Tbat heav'nly fire, or quintessence divine,

“ What if by often interchange of place Which doth such sympathy in beauty find,

Sometime the woman gets the upper hand ? As is between the elm and fruitful vine,

That is but done for more delightful grace, And so to beauty ever doth incline:

For on that part she doth not ever stand : Life's life itis, and cordial to the heart,

But, as the measure's law doth her command, And of our better part the better part.

She wheels about, and ere the dance doth end, “ This is true Love, by that true Cupid got,

Into her former place she doth transcend.
Which danceth galliards in your am'rous eyes,
But to your frozen heart approacheth not,

" But not alone this correspondence meet Oaly your heart he dares not enterprise ;

And uniform consent doth dancing praise, And yet through every other part he flies,

For comeliness the child of order sweet And every where he nimbly danceth now,

Enamels it with her eye-pleasing rays : That in yourself, yourself perceive not how.

Fair comeliness, ten hundred thousand ways,

Through dancing sheds itself, and makes it shine, " For your sweet beauty daintily transfus'd With glorious beauty, and with grace divine. With due proportion throughout ev'ry part, What is it but a dance, where Love hath us'd

« For comeliness is a disposing fair His finer cuņning, and more curious art;

Of things and actions in fit time and place; Where all the elements themselves impart,

Which dotb in dancing show itself most clear, And tum, and wind, and mingle with such measure, When troops confus'd, which here and there do trace That th' eye that sees it, surfeits with the pleasure? Without distinguishment or bounded space,

By dancing rule into such ranks are brought, "Love in the twinkling of your eyelids danceth, * Love danceth in your pulses and your veins,

As glads the eye, as ravisheth the thought. Love when you sow, your needle's point advanceth, “ Then why should reason judge that reasonless And makes it dance a thousand curious strains Which is wit's offspring, and the work of art, Of winding rounds, whereof the form remains : Image of concord and of comeliness? To show, that your fair hands can dance the hay, who sees a clock moving in every part, Which your fine feet would learn as well as they, A sailing pingace, or a wheeling cart,

But thinks that reason, ere it came to pass, 19 True Love inventor of dancing. The first impulsive cause and morer was?

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" Who sees an army all in rank advance, And yet she thought those stars mov'd in soch arezBut deems a wise commander is in place

sure, Which leadeth on that brave victorious dance ? To do their sovereign honour and delight, Much more in dancing's art, in dancing's grace As sooth'd her mind with sweet euchanting pleasure, Blindness itself may reason's footsteps trace: Although the various change amaz'd her sight, For of Love's maze it is the curious plot,

And her weak judgment did entangle quite: And of man's fellowship the true-love knot.

Beside, their moving made them shine more clear, “ But if these eyes of yours (load-stars of love,

As diamonds mova, more sparkling do appear. Showing the world's great dance to your mind's eye) This was the picture of her wondrous thought ; Cannot with all their demonstrations move Kind apprehension in your fantasy

But who can wonder that her thought was so, Of dancing's virtue, and nobility:

Sith Vulcan, king of fire, that mirror wrought, How can my barbarous tongue win you thereto,

(Whotbings to come, present, and past, doth know) Which Heav'n and Earth’s fairspeech could never do? As there did represent in lively show

Our glorious English court's divine image,
• O Love, my king; if all my wit and power As it should be in this our golden age ?
Have done you all the service that they can,
O be you present in this present hour,
And help your servant and your true liege-man,
End that persuasion which I erst began :
For who in praise of dancing can persuade
With such sweet forceas Love, which dancing made?"
Love heard his pray'r, and swifter than the wind
Like to a page, in habit, face, and speech,
He came, and stood Antinous behind 21,

Here are wanting some stanzas describing queen ElizeAnd many secrets to his thoughts did teach :

beth. Then follow these: At last a crystal mirror he did reach Unto his hands, that he with one rash view,

Her brighter dazzling beams of majesty All forms therein by Love's revealing knew.

Were laid aside, for she vouchsafd awhile And humbly honouring, gave it to the queen

With gracious, cheerful, and familiar eye With this fair speech: " See fairest queen,” quoth Upon the revels of her court to smile; “ The fairest sight that ever shall

be seen,


For so time's journies she doth oft beguile: And th' only wonder of posterity,

Like sight no mortal eye might elsewhere see The ricbest work in Nature's treasury;

So full of state, art, and variety.
Which she disdains to show on this world's stage,
And thinks it far too good for our rude age. For of her barons brave, and ladies fair,
“ But in another world divided far,

(Who had they been elsewhere most fair had been) In the great, fortunate, triangled isle,

Many an incomparable lovely pair,
Thrice twelve degrees remov'd from the north star, Making fair hopour to their sovereign queen;

With hand in hand were interlinked seen,
She will this glorious workmanship compile,
Which she hath been conceiving all this while

Forward they pac'd, and did their pace apply
Since the world's birth, and will bring forth at last, To a most sweet and solemn melody.
When six and twenty hundred years are past.”.

So subtle and so curious was the measure, Penelope, the queen, when she bad view'd

With so unlook'd for change in ev'ry strain ; The strange eye-dazzling admirable sight,

As that Penelope wrapp'd with sweet pleasure, Fain would have prais'd the state and pulchritude, When she beheld the true proportion plain But she was stricken dumb with wonder quite, Of her own web, weav'd and unwear'd again; Yet her sweet mind retain d her thinking might: But that her art was somewhat less she thought, Her ravishd mind in heav'nly thoughts did dwell, And on a mere iguoble subject wrought. But what she thought, no mortal tongue can tell.

For here, like to the silk-worm's industry, You, lady Muse, whom Jove the counsellor

Beauty itself out of itself did weave Begot of Memory, Wisdom's treasuress,

So rare a work, and of such subtlety, To your divining tongue is given a power

As did all eyes entangle and deceive, Of uttering secrets large and limitless :

And in all minds a strange imprescion leave: You can Penelope's strange thoughts express Which she conceiv'd, and then would fain have told, And never had the power to pass away.

In this sweet labyrinth did Cupid stray, When she the wondrous crystal did behold. Her winged thoughts bore up her mind so high, As when the Indians, neighbours of the morning, As that she ween'd she saw the glorious throne In honour of the cheerful rising Sun, Where the bright Moon doth sit in majesty, With pearl and painted plumes themselves adorning, A thousand sparkling stars about her shone; A solemn stately measure have begun; But she herself did sparkle more alone

The god, well pleas'd with that fair honour done, Than all those thousand beauties would have done Sheds forth his beams, and doth their faces kiss If they had been confounded all in one.

With that immortal glorious face of his. 21 A passage to the description of dancing in So, & co &c.

that age.






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