The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr., Volume IV: Symbol of the Movement, January 1957-December 1958

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Acclaimed by Ebony magazine as "one of those rare publishing events that generate as much excitement in the cloistered confines of the academy as they do in the general public," The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr. chronicles one of the twentieth century's most dynamic personalities and one of the nation's greatest social struggles. King's call for racial justice and his faith in the power of nonviolence to engender a major transformation of American society is movingly conveyed in this authoritative multivolume series.

In Volume IV, with the Montgomery bus boycott at an end, King confronts the sudden demands of celebrity while trying to identify the next steps in the burgeoning struggle for equality. Anxious to duplicate the success of the boycott, he spends much of 1957 and 1958 establishing the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. But advancing the movement in the face of dogged resistance, he finds that it is easier to inspire supporters with his potent oratory than to organize a mass movement for social change. Yet King remains committed: "The vast possibilities of a nonviolent, non-cooperative approach to the solution of the race problem are still challenging indeed. I would like to remain a part of the unfolding development of this approach for a few more years."

King's budding international prestige is affirmed in March 1957, when he attends the independence ceremonies in Ghana, West Africa. Two months later his first national address, at the "Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom," is widely praised, and in June 1958, King's increasing prominence is recognized with a long-overdue White House meeting. During this period King also cultivates alliances with the labor and pacifist movements, and international anticolonial organizations. As Volume IV closes, King is enjoying the acclaim that has greeted his first book, Stride Toward Freedom, only to suffer a near-fatal stabbing in New York City.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
346
26
Chronology
39
Editorial Principles
57
List of Abbreviations
63
Jan 1957
95
Jan 1957 A Statement to the South and the Nation
103
Jan 1957
111
Dec 1957 Some Things We Must Do Address Delivered
328
Dec 1957 From Ralph J Bunche
346
Jan 1958 From Stanley D Levison
352
Feb 1958 Remarks for Negro Press Week
362
Feb 1957
368
Feb 1958 To Eleanor Roosevelt
371
Mar 1958
377
Mar 1958 To Douglas E Moore
384

348
122
Feb 1957 To Dwight D Eisenhower
132
Feb 1957
138
July 1957
175
Aug 1957
216
Nov 1957
306
Nov 1957 To Marie F Rodell
314
Mar 1958 To Alberta Williams King
390
Sept 1957
482
138
505
Oct 1957
516
Calendar of Documents
555
Index
615
Copyright

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About the author (1992)

Clayborne Carson is Director and Senior Editor of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project. A history professor at Stanford University, he is the author of In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s (1981) and editor of Knock at Midnight: Inspiration from the Great Sermons of Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. (1998) and Malcolm X: The FBI File (1991). Susan Carson, managing editor, holds an M.L.S. from San Jose State University. She joined the Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers Project in 1987 as the librarian and archivist. Adrienne Clay, assistant editor, is a graduate of Colby College. A participant in the 1996 King Summer Research Fellowship program, Adrienne joined the staff of the Project in 1997. Kieran Taylor, assistant editor, earned an M.A. in southern studies from the University of Mississippi. He worked as a reporter and community organizer before joining the Project in 1997. Virginia Shadron earned a Ph.D. in American studies from Emory University.