Swahili and Sabaki: A Linguistic History
The Sabaki languages form a major Bantu subgroup and are spoken by 35 million East Africans in Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, and the Comoro Islands. The authors provide a historical/comparative treatment of Swahili (and other Sabaki languages), an account of the relationship of Swahili to Sabaki and to other Bantu languages, and some data on contemporary Sabaki languages. Data sets, appendices, maps, and figures present essential information on phonology, lexical makeup, and tense/aspect morphology. The final chapter is a synthesis describing the linguistic and historical relationship of the Sabaki dialects to each other and to hypothetical proto-stages.
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A Comparative Historical Phonology of Sabaki
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adjacent affricate Am,Ung Arabic attested Bantu languages borrowed Central Kenya centuries Chaga Chap Chart Chifundi Chonyi Class coast communities Comorian consonant Dahalo deleted derive Digo Duruma East Africa East African Bantu eastern Bantu Elwana evidence forms fricatives g-loss Giryama guages Hinnebusch inherited innovations Jomvu Kenya lenition lexical lexicostatistical lexis linguistic loans Lower Pokomo Luguru Makunduchi Maore Mijikenda Mombasa morphemes morphological Mtang'ata Mv.Ung Mvita Mwani Mwiini nasal NEC languages Ngazija nonpast northern nouns Nurse Nzuani occurs older p-lenition palatal Pare Pate Pemba phonetic phonological PNEC post-PSA prefix proto recent reconstructed reflexes Ruvu Sabaki dialects Sabaki languages Segeju semantic Seuta Shambala shared shift Southern Mijikenda speakers Stage Standard Swahili stems subgrouping suffix suggests Swahili dialects syllable Taita Tanzania Tikuu Unguja Upper Pokomo V-stems verb voiceless vowel Vumba Zanzibar Zigula