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Dealt on licutenantry, and no practice had
Cleo. Ah, stand by.
. Iras. Go to him, madam, speak to him; He is unqualitied? with very shame.
Cleo. Well then,-Sustain me:-Oh!
Eros. Most noble sir, arise; the queen approaches;
Ant. I have offended reputation;
Sir, the queen.
O my lord, my lord !
Egypt, thou knew'st too well,
6 • Dealt on lieutenantry' probably means only ' sought by proxy,' made war by his lieutenants, or on the strength of his sieutenants. In a former scene Ventidius says :
• Cæsar and Antony have ever won
More in their officer, than person.' To deal on any thing’is an expression often used by old writers. Iu Plutarch's Life of Antony Shakspeare found the following words :— They were always more fortunate when they made warre by their lieutenants than by themselves.
? Unqualitied seems to mean here unsoldiered, quality being used for profession by Shakspeare and his cotemporaries. Steevens says, ' perhaps unqualitied only signifies unmanned in general, disarmed of bis usual faculties.' 8 But is here used in its exceptive sense.
See vol. i. p. 17, note 12.
9 • How by looking another way, I withdraw my ignomioy from your sight.'
And thou should'st tow me after: O'er my spirit
Cleo. 0, my pardon.
Now I must
O pardon, pardon. Ant. Fall not a tear, I say; one of them rates 10 All that is won and lost: Give me a kiss; Even this repays me.- -We sent our schoolmaster, Is he come back ?-Love, I am full of lead:Some wine, within there, and our viands : Fortune
knows, We scorn her most, when most she offers blows.
SCENE X. Cæsar's Camp, in Egypt. Enter CÆSAR, DOLABELLA, THYREUS, and
Others. Cæs. Let him appear that's come from Antony.-Know you
him ? Dol.
Cæsar, 'tis his schoolmaster 1: An argument that he is pluck’d, when hither He sends so poor a pinion of his wing, Which had superfluous kings for messengers, Not many moons gone by. 10 Values. Euphronius, schoolmaster to Antony's children by Cleopatra,
Approach, and speak, Eup. Such as I am,
come from Antony:
Be it so; Declare thine office.
Eup. Fortune pursue thee!
Bring him through the bands.
[Exit EUPHRONIUS, To try thy eloquence, now 'tis time: Despatch; From Antony win Cleopatra: promise,
[T, THYREUS. And in our name, what she requires; add more, From thine invention, offers : women are not, In their best fortunes, strong; but want will perjure
? • His grand sea' appears to mean the sea from which the dew-drop is exhaled. The poet may have considered the sea as the source of dews as well as rain. His we find frequently used for its.
3 The diadem, the crown. * Friend here ineans paramour. See Cymbeline, Acti. Sc.5.
The ne'er-touch'd vestals: Try thy cunning, Thyreus;
go. Cæs. Observe how Antony becomes his flaw6; And what thou think'st his
action speaks In every power that moves. Thyr.
Cæsar, I shall. [Exeunt.
A Room in the Palace.
Enter CLEOPATRA, ENOBARBUS, CHARMIAN,
and IRAS. Cleo. What shall we do, Enobarbus? Eno.
Think, and die 1 Cleo. Is Antony, or we, in fault for this?
Eno. Antony only, that would make his will
O opportunity! thy guilt is great,
Rape of Lucrece. 6 Note how Antony conforms himself to this breach in his fortune.'
1 To think, or take thought, was anciently synonymous with to grieve. Thus in Julius Cæsar, Act ïi. Sc. 1:
all that he can do Is to himself take thought, and die for Cæsar.' So Viola ‘pined in thought. And in The Beggar's Bush of Beaumont and Fletcher :
• Can I not think away myself and die?' ? i. e. set the mark of folly upon it. So in The Comedy of Errors :
and the while His man with scissars nicks him like a fool.'
When half to half the world oppos’d, he being
Ay, my lord.
shall then have courtesy, so she Will yield us up
Eup. He says so.
Let her know it.-
Thąt head, my lord ?
note Something particular: his coin, ships, legions May be a coward's; whose ministers would prevail Under the service of a child, as soon As i’the command of Cæsar: I dare him therefore To lay his gay comparisons apart, And answer me declin’d“, sword against sword, Ourselves alone; I'll write it; follow me.
[Exeunt Antony and EUPHRONIUS. 3 i.e. he being the object to which this great contention is limited, or by wbich it is bounded. So in Hamlet, Act i. Sc. 1:
the king That was and is the question of these wars.' + His gay comparisons may mean those circumstances of splendoor and power in which he, when compared with me, so much exceeds me. I require of Cæsar not to depend on that superiority which the comparison of our different fortunes may exhibit, but to answer me man to man in this decline of my age and power.'