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Half-yearly Retrospect of Domestic Literature.

189 Queffion as it food in March 1798,” is a treacherous and inhumán conduct of the pamphlet attributed to Mr. FRANCIS : it French officers and foldiers towards the has obtained from the public a merited peasants of Suabia, during the invasion of approbation for the perfpicuity of its Germany in 1796. style, the acuteness of its reasoning, and We could enumerate the title-pages of the accuracy of its statements. A great various other political publications, but deal of sound, good sense, expressed in, the talk, perhaps, would be no leis tireeasy, intelligible and unornamented lan-' fome to our readers than ourselves; parguage, is to be found in a small public ticularly as we are not aware of having cation, which we earnestly recommend to omitted any, whole eminence, either in general perusal, intitled “ Peace in our wildum, or in folly, merits enumeration. Power upon Terms not Unreasonable," by, On the subject of American politics, CHARLÉS BARING, Esq. Mr. LISTER'S however, two publications deserve attenOpposition Dangerous," was written tion: the aim of Mr. HARPER'S “ Obwhen the ghost of invasion frightened servations on the Dispute between the United us ; it very properly recommended us to States an. France, is to criminate the forget all petty political disputes, and latter and exculpate the former: it is a heartily unite to lay it. Of a similar na well-known and melancholy truth, that ture is An Address to the People of Great America is divided into two parties, the Britain,by Mr. GEORGE BURGES. one adherent-perhaps through gratitude " A ferious Address", also has been fub -to the French, wino generously itepped mitted “ to the People of Great Britain," forward to assist them in their ever-meby JAMES JOHNSON, Eiq. a gentleman morable struggle; and the other, yet atof ministerial politics, who warmly repro- tached to the once parent country, who bates the ungenerous artifice which many are solicitous to preferve with it, their friends of government adopt, of blending present alliance. Mr. HARPER is a chamand confounding the two diftin&t and pion of the latter; he enlarges in a strain often oppofite characters of reformer and of animated, indeed, but not very clorevolutionist. Peter PORCUPINE, of quent invective, on the arrogance and no very honourable notoriety, has pub- unbounded ambition of the French Relished a work, in two parts, intitled, public; he developes her political maDemocratic Principles illustrated by Ex- næuvres in respect to the United States, ample.The name of H. R. YORKE is and considers the object of her connection familiar to many y of us: in consequence with them, to be the revival of ancient, of a conviction for feditious practices, he animosity between England and America; was sentenced to a long imprisoninent, reflecting, that this revival would eviduring which period he appears to have dently be attended with striking and imundergone a gradual and complete change mediate advantages to France, Thele in his political principles; he has now obfervations, however, of Mr. Harper, published “ A Letter io the Reformers," it seems, are to be received with very wherein he exhibits a full recantation of cautious confent; for a late minister piehis former tenets. Knowing so little of nipotentiary from the republic of AmeMr. YORKE as we do, it would be highly rica to that of France, Mr. MUNROE, unbecoming to join that general voice of has published “ A View of the Conduti censure which, of courie, is directed of the Executive in the Foreign Affairs of against him by the party, whole princi- the United States, as connected with the ples he has deferted: Mr. YORKE may Million to the French Republic during the be actuated by the purest and inoit ho- Years 1794-5, and 6," wherein some of nourable motives; we enter not into the the moit important statements of Mr. recesses of another man's heart. The HARPER are invalidated; not to fay inCase of the People of England," &c. is tiruly overthrown. Mr. MUNROE'S written by "one of 80,000 incorrigible pain phlet is entitled to the greater respect jacobins," who, notwithstanding, appears perhaps, since it was not written in reply to have a sincere respect for the form and to Mr. HARPER, but contains an accia principles of our own constitution; his dental and unintended ind peachment of pamphlet displays ability and informa- his accuracy; Mr. M. has, moreover, tion. Mr. ANTHONY AUFRERE, as illustrated his pamphlet, and given it inA Warning to Britons," has published disputable authority, by the infertion of “ from a well-authenticated German pub- his own diplomatic instructions and corlication," a niost horrible, and, we fin- respondence. Few are the works which cerely hope, as every man of feeling must have come before us on the subjects of hope, an exaggerated relation of the


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490 Half-yearly Retrofpect of Domestic Literature.

GEXIALOGY AND ANTIQUITIES; fcafe and in an elegant manner. T but those Rw are excellent in their kind. Colle Etion of foarce and intreeing Ty &, Mr. D. LYEONS'K Ervirests of London," tending to elucidaté detached ants is a valuable work, which most of us, History of Great Britair;"is Itleeted a probably, have peruled; a younger bro- the Somers* colle&tions, and traze! ther of that gentleman, Mr. S. Lysons, in chronological order. This work has published a very interesting. " Account doubly valuable, from the facity of the of Roman Sr:iquities discovered at Wood- larger' work from which it is com ! e bejber, in the County of Gloucester; in this we muft not omit to mention, that tis fplendid work, Mr. L. has displayed an indefatigable Mr. NICHOLS, bas ptbuncommon variety of ornamental and cu- lished « Ilojtrations of the Manuti at rious acquirements: though not profef- Expences of Ancient time in E:?? sionally an artist, he Kas executed, not which he has deduced from the acccepti merely the drawings and admeasurements of church-wardens, and other intentio himreíf, but, with one or two exceptions, documents. bas also engraven the plates, and in a VOYAGES SND TRAVELS. fyle of superior delicacy and elegance. Few works are better calculsied The descriptive portion of this volume blend instruction with amulement, tha displays much diligence of investigation, those which may be comprehended the and is no less creditable to Mr. Lysons, the prefent head: fince our latt retro{pet, as an antiquary, than the graphic as an several of unusual merit have been added artist. The price of the magnificent work to our collection of voyages and travel. is ten guineas in boards. Mr. LANG. Among them is Mr. DALLAWAY'S “C LEY'S « History and Antiquities of the stantin ple, Ancient and Moon; sert ExHundred of Desborough and Deanery of Hy- curfions to the Shores and find oth r. combe," is a work rather of usefil refer- chipelago, and 10 the Trood." The ence to the historian, than of general in- Mr. D. was not so much to delicate de tereft to the public: it is executed with present manners of the Ottoman em, ire, 3 industry and ability; nor is it the fault to obtain and communicate “ an accurate of Mr. L. that the hundred of Delbo- information of the present state of tack rough poffeffes but little attraction to the ruins which were unce the pride of cialis antiquary. We are indebted to an ano- antiquity, and to inspect those scenes on nymous éditor, for the publication of a dignified by the refidence of the not curious account of the Venerable and enlightened people of their day." In this Primitial See of St. Andrews; reliquiæ tour, of about a thousand miles, Mr. Divi Andre." This work was written D. surveyed the eastern coast of the sea of by “a true (though unworthy) fone of Marmora, and traverfin; Anatolia, purthe church,' (as he modestly styles him- surd the Ægean shores on his return, and felf), Mr. GEORGE Martine, of Cler- visited the illands of Samos, Chic, Mity. mont, who seems to have held some office, lene, and Tenedos, examining also the probably that of secretary, under Arch- now desolate region of the Trond. A bifhop Sharp. This work is printed from very ample account is given of the metoan original inanuscript, preferving not polis of the empire, which is inhabited only Mr. Martine's style, but his fpello by a motley crew of Turks, Greeks, ing, both of which have undergone con- Jews, Armenians, and Franks, from fiderable alterations in MSS. of the uni- every European nation. Among the proba versity, the Harleian library, and that in lic edifices of Conftantinople-carling the possession of Dr. Adamson. Who- of 13 libraries, 500 schools, 130 baths, ever is defirous of information relative to khans for the accommodation of mér. the early history of St. Andrews, will not chants, bazars for the display of their be disappointed in the perusal of this cu- wares, together with coffee-houses, and rious volume. In prosecution of a design teriaki-khana, where opiuin is sold, (1 which the fuciety of antiquaries has re- drug now giving way to wine) is the refolved to execute, of publishing accurate markably magnificent mosqué of Sultan mealures of all the principal ecclefiaftical Alimed I. How much the influence of buildings of England, it has now pre- internal embellishments over the mind, sented the public with “ Some Account of of gilded tablets, and the dim religious the Cathedral Church of Exeter, illustrative light” of richly-painted windows, is of the plans, rlevations, and sections of that heightened, in christian churches, by the building." This magnificent work is the full choir and decent ceremonies, will be first of the series; it contains eieven felt, says Mr. DALLAWAY, " is there plates, which are executed on a large teraples of Malommed, in which are ka


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Half-yearly Retrospect of British Literature. 491 enly a few devotees, writhing themselves tive of eminent characters, and are eviin distorted attitudes, and drawling out dently the production of an impartial and portions of the Koran with equal loudness acute observer. A work of considerable and discordance." A translation has ap- and deserved popularity, is Miss WILpeared, from the original Italian of the LIAMS's Tour in Switzerland;" Mifs Abbé LAZZARO SPALLANZANI'S “Tra W. it is well known, resided in France vels in the Two Sicilies, and some Parts of during the dreadful period of its revoluthe Appenines." The celebrity of SPAL- tionary government; he was a Girondist, LANZANI, as a naturalitt, philosopher, the friend of Madame Roland, and had and physiologist, will excite very coniider- published a work in England, in which able attention to the present performance: was displayed, with all its ugliness and his microscopical oblervations, and his deformity, the character of many a feroexperiments, multifarious, indeed, and cious satellite of Robespierre. These valuable, but many of them attended with united circumstances rendered her fituacircumstances of DISGUSTING AND UN- 'tion most perilous; of course, it is not PARDONABLE CRUELTY, are well- wonderful, that she anxiously seized the known to the learned, and many of them, fortunate opportunity which presented it. even to the unlearned world. The present felf, of obtaining a passport for Switzer, work, however, may be read without land; to this opportunity the public is fhock to the feelings of any one, for the indebted for the present tour, which now Abbate, whose former studies have been exeites a double interest, as it was made chiefly devoted to the investigation of ani- through a country, whose moral and pomal and vegetable phenomena, has now litical features have since suffered a turned his attention to the ninutive of change, which scarcely any thing less than mineralogy. For the purpose of forming conquest could have to speedily effected. an ample and valuable collection of vol- Miss WILLIAMS's style of writing is well canic matter, SPALLANZANI made the known; less elegant than if it were less circuit of the Phlegrean fields and the ornamented, she seems to have no relish Æolian illes: the ever-burning craters' for that simplicity of composition, whose of Ætna, Stromboli and Veluvius, sub- charms are to us infinitely more fascinatmitted to his undaunted and indefatigable ing than the rich poetic periods, which research. We have frequently had oc almost monopolize her pages. The subcation, and seldom more occasion than at lime and tremendous Icenery, however, present, to lament, that it is inconsistent which Switzerland presents, not excuses, i with our plan to enter at large into works but demands a glow of colouring, a free of curiosity and importance ; it is evident, and an animated pencil. But the sketches however, that a retrospect of so unre- of country which Miss W. has introstricted a nature, would swell to a size duced, the professes to be subordinate: disproportionate to our other communica- for the main object of the work is to diftions. With reluctance, therefore, we play the moral situation of Switzerland; muft content ourselves with a simple re to exhibit the government and manners of commendation of the Abbè SPALLANZA- the Cantons; to draw a comparative picNi's travels, to the perusal of our readers. ture of the present state of Paris with that

A republication has appeared of Paul of the Swiss towns; and to trace the imHentzner's Travels into England during portant and momentous effeets, which tbe Reign of Queen Elizabeth,' &c. Ho- the French revolution has produced ia race Walpole tranllated these travels from Switzerland, where a new ara las already the Latin, and printed them at Strawberry been established by it, in the annals of its Hill, about forty years ago ; to the pre- history. In the perufal of these interestfent edition, which is correctly and beau- ing volumes, we could not but contrait tifully printed, the Fragmenta Regalia, or the ancient freedom, which the hardly Obfervations on Queen Elizabeth's Tines forefathers maintained of these bleak and Favourites, are added: the engia;- n:ountaineers, the Swiss, with the disings which adorn this work, are numer- guiting vastalage to which their descendous, and executed in a style of contider. ants bad mott ingloriously submitted; able olegance. Dri Moody has edited "all the peasantry in the canton of Balil, " A Sketch of Modern France," written in with only the exception of the little town a series of letters, by a Lady, during 2 of Liettal, which enjoys a few municipal tour through that country in the years privilegez, are literally Serfs, and an1796 and 1797. These letters are written nexed to the soil.” Three-fourths of the with a great deal of vivacity; they abound inhabitants of this canton, antecedent to in anecdotes, for the most part illustra- the late revolution, were absolute llaves SUPP. MONTALY MAC. No, XXXIII.


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dred years,

492 Half-yearly Retrospect of British Literature. 2 ftill larger proportion were in a fate of The last work whick we ksre secca yalalage in the canton of Zurich; nor to notice in this department of literate did Lucerne, the Boeotia of Switzerland, is, " Travels tirough ibe Maritesse weary in any degree, less heavy or less from Italy to Lyons, across tbe Col de Tcză, galling chains than either.. " What,". &c. by Mr. ALBANIS BEAUMONT, 2exclaiins Gustavus Vala to the miners of thor of « The Rbatian Alps," &e. Ti: Dalecarlia,

chief merit of this publication, as es « What but liberty

as of the former by the fane gerit 1013, Through the famed course of thirteen hun- consists in the fplendour of its plates, and

the elegance of its typography. It is Aloof hath held invasion from your hills, printed in folio, and the price of it And sanctified their thade?

five guineas.

TOURS. And what are fifty, what a thousand slaves, Some few narratives of what may be Match'd to the finew of a single arm denominated domestic excurtidas, 13That strikes for liberty ?"

fpiring to the dignity of “ Vaegu od But the French have marched over the Travels," have too much merit te te hills of Switzerland, for the mountaineers passed over in filence. We have feldon had no liberty to strike for; and they perused a mall volume, which, for a de yielded, after an obstinate, indeed, though lineation of character, variety of inci. a short conflict, to the restless and am- dent, and variety of defcription, c. bitious arms of a proud and overbearing ceeds Mr. WARNER'S Walk through republic. The last thirty pages of Mils Wales." We are happy to observe a WILLIAMS's interesting work contain increasing frequency of these pedeftriza important matter, and mattor very little tours : to walk, is, beyond all comparie known, relative to this invafion; which son, the most independent and zivista | had not taken place at the time the wrote, geous mode of travelling Smelfogs but which the seems to have clearly an- and Mundungus may pursue their jou. ticipated from the temper which the oh. ney as they please; but it grieves one :

1 served in the country. It appears that fee a man of taste at the mercy of a poiti. the popular party of the Pays de Vaud lion. Mr. HENRY SKRINE is rather a claimed from the French an ancient gua. common-place traveller : bis 6 Tae fac. rantee of their republican independence, ceflive Tours through the wbok of Walesi in opposition to the governments of Swit. is a mediocre performance, affording but zerland, particularly that of Berne ; this little room, either to censure or applaud. guarantee was made by the French na Mr. WOODWARD'S “ Eccentric Exu. tion in the year 1565, in confirmation of fions" contain abundant sketches of chathe treaty of Lausanne, concluded the racter and country, in different parts of preceding year, between Philibert, the England and South Wales. A vein of successor of Charles the Third, duke of humour pervades them, which, howeren Savoy, and the Swiss cantons. Miss is not always the most happy: the work Williams has given a history of this cu. is embellished with a hundred engravings, rious and important treaty, which, if cor. many of them original and characteritic relt, secms, on the acknowledged princi. Mr. M.NAYR’s “ Guide from Gkgram ples of national faith, not only to justify to fome of the most remarkable Scenes in : the invasion of Switzerland by France, Highlands of Scotland," is somewhat over: but to thay that it was simply the lo- charged with description; we qutition nourable fulfilment of an old engagement not the warmth of the author's tezlias in favour of the people *.

at the scenes he surveyed, but a man of

simple and correct taste would, in funx The invasion of Switzerland has met degree, have repulsed the waritonness and with fuch general reprobation, that we are luxuriance of his imagination, when he particularly solicitous not

to mislead our fat down to write.. As the eye may be seaders, and prompt them to an erroneous offended at a glare of colouring, lu tay judgment on the subject; Miss Williams the ear be foon firfeited by richness aid wrote antecedent to the revolution, and con- mellifluence of defcription. Mr.M*XAYR fequently cannot be suspected of having writ- however, is entitied to considerable faile; ten exprefsly in vindication of it. We have like Mr. WARNER, the pedestrian torritt fatcd plainly, what was the impresion nade on our minds in the perusıl of her tour; a

juit mentioned, he is an admirer or Olinne very opposite impresion might be made on the minds of others. We wish our serders, what we have faid, but rather to pashe therefore, not to form their opinion from fountain whence we drew our InsCTAT!"





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Half-yearly Retrospect of British Literature.

493 and abounds with poetic and historical quests, and the coinage among the Porquotation.

tuguese, Mr. M. offers fome lively and TOPOGRAPHY.

striking sketches of their domestic man. Dr. J. A. GRAHAM'S Desiriptive ners. This curious and amusing work, Skateb of the present State of Vermont" is which includes “ an account of the phy: written in a Ityle of such uniforin pane- fical and inoral state of the kingdom of gyric, that, in order to derive much va- Portugal, together with observations on luable information, it must be read with the animal, vegetable, and mineral procontiderable caution; with such caution, ductions of its colonies,” is compiled from however, it may be carefully peruled. the best Portuguese writers, and from noMr. PoLWHELE has published a part of tices obtained in the country. the firit volume of his * History of Devon We proceed to an interelting and useful Jbire;” it is somewhat singular, that this department of literature, namely, elaborate work was introduced to the

BIOGRAPHY, public by a second volume, which ap which is cultivated to a considerable ex. peared some three or four years since; the part juit published contains what Mr.

The Life of Sir Charles Linnæus," P. modestly calls sketch of natural

has been translated from the German of hittory." After a general defcription of

M. STOEVERA by Mr. JOSEPH TRAPP. the province, succeed inany curious at

The general outlines of the biography mospherical remarks ; Mr. P. has invel- of this great naturalist have long lince tigated the fources of a great variety of

been known; they are now filled up, rivers, and the qualities of a great variety however, with particulars of his private of springs; ne oppures the hypothetis of life, which are new and interesting. A Dr. Halley, that iprings are produced by copious lift of his works is added, tovapour, and seems to coincide with those gether with a “ biographical sketch of philosophers who consider them derived the life of his fon,” whose character and from the tca,“ by cavities running thence at-ainments Dr. Stoever has represented through the bowels of the earth like veins in a favourable light. It is impoflible or arteries of the human body, and that not to mention, in terms of severe disapthe sea acts like an hydraulic machine, probation, the clumsy ungrammatical to force and protrude thole cavities to a

translation, which this valuable work has considerable inland distance :" Mr. P. undergone in the hands of Mr. TRAPP: conje&tures, in addition, with great pro- felf, but in fome measure on the Linnean

it reflects disgrace, not only on himbability, that a deposition of falts is occafioned by the filtration of sea-water in its fociety, for not having taken precaution passage through the earth : the water be

to prevent it. The death of a woman, comes lighter in proportion to the sub- renowned for talent and eccentricity, has fidence of its falts; it rises, therefore, tive of her life: in the vigour of age,

been succeeded by an interesting narra. through the pores of the earth, above the level it would otherwile preferve, even to

and in the bloom of beauty, Providence the tops of the hills. Thorigh a work,

has summoned away Mary Wollstone. by no means exclusively topographical

, lished the < Memoirs" and “ Poftbumous

craft Godwin. Her widower has pubxe may, without impropriety, arrange in Dis division, Mr. MURPHY'S “ General

Works of this contested character; the 270 of the State of Portuga..." The plan but they

are written

with much implicia

former are somewhat meagre, perhaps, Mr. MURPHY, indeed, embraces an osive variety of topics, all of which ty, and, we have no doubt, with truth;

as treated in a concise and intelli- every exceptionable circumitance of her Boor manner, communicating a true idea life is narrated in the same ungarnished of the hittory and national character of language which is employed in the enu. the Portuguese. The agriculture of Por: meration of her many meritorious actions, tugal is a subject of distinct confideration; It is not for us to vindicate Mary God, the causes of its former declension, and win from the charge of multiplied imthose which still impede its advancement, morality, which is brought against her are traced with much skill and ingenuity: by the candid as well as the centorious; the vine, of course, continues to be culs by the fagacious as well as the superfitivated in preference to grain, because it cial oblerver: her character, in our eftihas been proved to be four times as lu- mation, is far from being entitled to uncrative. Having, in a series of chapters, qualified praile; the had many faults; given an account of the revenue, the mi- the had many transcendant virtues. But litary and marine departments, the con

the is now dead, and we hall
3 S 2


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