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Original Poetry

289. Catch from perennial lamps the sacred glow No more my tardy death upbraid: Of love divine-the essence of our God!

Eternal death is mine! When cleans'd from guilt and each low. I'm call'd! The vengeful sword they raise! minded care,

Racks, whips, and fury wait? May I be worthy found to meet Eliza there.

The pious brands of torture blaze, Cbard, Somersetsbire. W. TOULMIN, M.D.

Ferocious man to sate!

Yet sword and flames I'll dauntless brave: CONSCIENCE THE WORST OF TORTURES,

No groan shall racks extort;
By Miss Holcroft.

If blood they thirst, blood let them have: 'TWAS night; myfterious filence reign'd;

Revenge too dearly bought!”
Sleep wav?d his magic wand;

Thus rav'd the wretch, with anguish torn,
L'en prowling wolves, to mischief train’d, Pursu'd by fell despair,
Repos’d, a harmless band,

Till soon the sanguinary morn
High surying waves, and tempests bleak,

Bad him for death prepare.
Were hushid, awhile to reft;

With well-intention d vengeance fraught; : Fierce Ætna ceas'd in flames to break,

The fearful cohort meet:
Nor once disgorg d her breast:

Their mind to holy terror wrought;
When, stretch'd on straw, the murd'rer lay,

Their brow with ire replete.
Terrific to behold!

Yet unappallid their vi&tim stood,
His tote'ring frame fpoke sad dismay,

Death's threat'ning pangs defied;
His eye convulsive roll'd!

“ Montalto, lo! here's blood for blood!
His chains he shook with frantic grief; Behold, and quaff,” he cried.
Thrice smote his tortur'd breast:

Then dauntless met each fearful stroke,
Till fainting nature brought relief,

No pangs could force one groan;
And lull'd his limbs to reft.

His threatning eye defiance spoke,
But fearful visions rack'd his brain;

Till sense and life were flown.
His transient llumbers broke:
Before him stood Montalto Nain!

LINES addressed to a Rose.
He started, groan'd, and woke.

MODEST child of vernal show's,
Yet woke, alas, to mad'ning woe:

I woo thee, meekly blushing flow'r! The ghaftly form pursued;

Bent with the dews, that fall from high,
With borom pierc'd, step fad and Now,

How sweet thou smileft to mine eye!
His shroud with blood bedew'd!

Charte flow'r! thy downcast foliage wears

The pensive innocence of tears!
Its woe-fraught brow and haggard cheek
Uprais'd the fiend despair :

Yet ah, perhaps, ere ev'ning's close,
A wild and foul-diftracted shriek

Some hand may pluck thee, thou loft rose, Diffolv'd it into air !

Then on some virgin's bosom doom • Stay, stay,” he cried, “ thou damning Where envious, thy faint Icaves thall pine

To waste away thy rich perfume;

For beauties lovelier far than thine.
Revenge ihall soon be thine.


Including Notices of Works in Hand, Domestic and Foreign.

Autbemic Communications for this Article will always be thankfully received.
tioni opened at the Royal Academy. from modern artists'

: too much negle&ting The number of artists exhibiting, and of the Itudy of the sciences that are auxiliaworks of art exhibited, is greater than in ries, or rather essential parts of this art, any preceding year; but it may be doubted such as anatomy, perspective, and the whether the collective merit of the exhi- degradation of colour, and of light and bition be increased in the same propor- fhade. Be this as it may, it is certain tion. It is, perhaps, even inferior to that more modern pictures foon pall those of several former years. The Eng- upon the taste, while those produced in lith school of painting cannot be denied the golden age of painting please more that brilliancy, splendour, and force, and more, as we have more time to itudy which strike and captivate at first sight; and to discover their beauties. In the but generally fpeaking, it wants that present exhibition, however, there are truth and just degree of finiihing that at leveral honourable exceptions to the foreiach the mind, and satisfy the eye. It going remarks, especially ainong



Exhibitions.... English Literature. works of some young, but rising artists, tions from the 13th inst. to the 22d, both who have not yet obtained a name pro inclutive, he is wholly ditappointed as to portionate to their merit.-Like forner the expected re-appearance of the solar exhibitions, the present our proves that jj ot; and must ther fore conclude no more the branch of the art in which our painters will be feen of it. This, considering its are molt encouraged, to which they permanence for several revolutions, and chiefly devote themselves, and in which is apparently unaltered state as to figure, they succeed the best, is portrait paint- dentity, and tize, when it was lait leen, ing. It contains, nevertheless, a num is to him exceedingly unexpected. ber of works of fancy and sentiment, Dr. SOMERVILLE, author of "'The which do equal honour to the genius and Hiftory of Political Ironfc&ticns, and of disinterestedness of the artists, confidering Parties, during the Reign of King Hilhow little fuch fubjects are in request. liam, has in the press a complete history The number of those who have attempted of Great Britain, during the reigni landfcape is small-still finaller of those of Queen Anne. The author has had who have fiicceeded. Of the drawings, accefito a great variety of original papers, some are truly beautiful-others highly fome of the most curious of which will pleasing and respectable. In fculpture be printed in an appendix at the end of the exhibition this year is particularly the volume. poor. It can only boast a few heads, The Literary and Philosophical Scciety and" bas-reliefs, which however well exe of Nowcastle-upon-Tyne,

have just cuted, are of little consequence, when printed their " Fifib Year's Report ;" anú coinpared with the groupes and figures as likewise fome copies of “ Two Flery's," large as life, which the public have con read before then by JOHN RALPH FEN. templated with pleasure in former years. Wick, M. D. one containing “ Reflec. But, whatever may be its defects, the tions on Calcareous Manures;” the persons who are acquainted with the state other, “ Some Reflections on the Im. of the arts abroad, will feel no helisation portance of Elastic Fluids in Vegetation, in pronouncing that no foreign school and on the Preservation and Application , can produce an annual exhibition equal of Fold-yard Manure." to that of England.

Mr. COMBE, the au hor of « The Miss LINWOOD's exhibition of pie - Diaboliad,is engaged upon a work to tures a needle-work, continues to attract be publithed in four volumes, which and atonith the lovers of the fine arts and will include biographical sketches of the fashionable world. No private col- eminent characters, and the history of lection has ever been more respectably the most considerable events of the present patronized in this metropolis.

reign. Messrs. BoYDELL have added a dozen Captain David COLLINS, of the manew pictures to the Shakespeare Gallery, rines, judge advocate, and secretary of by SMIRKE, WESTALL, 'Wheatley, the colony, has announced for speedy and RIGAUD. The gallery is also en- publication, An Account of the Englijb riched at this time by the whole of the Colony in New South Wales," from the debeautiful Milton drawings by WEST ALL. parture of the first embarkation in the The thirteenth number of the Shakespeare year 1787, to the 29th of September 17,96 : will be ready for delivery in the course of with occalional remarks on the natives of the month.

New Holland, from actual obfervation. The fame gentlemen having purchased He propores to add an Account of New the admired pi&tures of the “ Seven Ages," Zealand and its Inhabitants, taken, by by SMIRKE, which are now exhibiting permislin, from the MSS. of Lieutenant at Somerset House, propose to publish Governor King. prints from them, of the fize of the ori Mr. Allwoon, fellow of Magdalen gitals.

college, has circulated propofals for pub. Mr. JOHN IRELAND's firpplementary lishing by subscription, a work on “i The volume to “ Hogarth. Ilustrated,” will Literary Amiquities of Greece:" as devepolitively be delivered in a few days. loped in an attempt to ascertain princi.

Mr. CAPEL Loft writes to us from ples for a new analysis of the Greek Troston *, that after repeated oblerva- tongue; and to exhibit those principles

as applied to the elucidation of many * In his letter of last month, in a few palages in the ancient history of that copies, our reider; are reqseited, for “Bo- comtry. To which he proposes to add, for," to read Troston, and for «s filh," ts some obfervations concerning the origin scad diA.

of several of the literal characters in ule among the Grecians.



Englif Literature, &c.

291 The novel of Miss Clarke, the arts were never more fuccessfully cultigrand-daughter of the late Col. Frederic, vated in France than they are at the prewill be published in the course of the sent moment. month.

In the sitting of the National Institute, Mrs. ROBINSON has announced a com held 'at Paris on the 6th of last Octoplete edition of her poetical works, in ber, after reading the memoirs of the three volumes 8vo. The terms of lub- three classes, which were noticed at length {cription one guinea.

in the preceding numbers of the “ Montbly A third volume of the work under the Magazine," Citizen VILLARS, secretary title of “ The Comparative Display of to the third, and LASSUS, secretary to British Opinions rejpecting the French Revo- the first class, delivered a discourse in lusion," is preparing for the press.

honour of LOUVET and PELLETIER The firit volume of Mr. MILNER'S GUYTON read an interesting memoir History of Winchester is in confiderable upon vegetable substances, made use of for forwardners at press.

the purposes of dying; which was sucThe History of the City of Bath, by ceeded by a dissertation by Monges, on Mr. WARNER, author of “ An Hlujiro- the inscriptions of coins and medals. tion of the Roman Antiquities of Bath,' &c. ROEDERER, as the organ of the second enbellished with engravings, will be clats, delivered fome observations on the. ready for publication about Michaelinas price subject,Who are the most proper instruc

tors to regulate the morals of a nation? MOLE Miss Hays, the author of “ Emma read a dialogue between two journalists, Courtney', &c." has prepared for public on the application of the words monsicura cation a novel under the title of ic The and cilizia. LEBRUN terminated the fitViëtim of Prejudice.

tings with reciting two odes, one against Mr. THELWALL, in his retreat in anarchy, the other against royalty. Brecknockshire, is engaged upon a novel, The fittings were divided into two fefand also upon a history of his own life fions, to give an opportunity of publicly and times,

rewarding the pupils in painting, sculp-A very interesting journal of occur ture, and architecture, to whom the rences in the Temple, during the con- prizes had been adjudged in their respecfinement of Louis XVI. king of France, tive schools. The following is a list of is extracied from M. Cuery, the king's the prize lubjects, with the names of the valet de chambre, and the last and only successful competitors : fervant of the royal family. At the end 1. Painting. Subject, the death of of the work fac-similes will be given of Cato of Utica, in the moment when this the hand-writing of the queen, of the illustrious patriot recovers from his swoon, young King Louis XVII. of Madame puthes away the physician, opens his Royale, and of Madame Elizabeth, from wound with his own hands, and expires two notes written while they were con in the very act of tearing his entrails. fined in the tower of the Temple, to the The grand prize was adjudged to, l. prefent king of France, and to the count PIERRE BOUILLON, a native of Thi. d'Artois, now Monsieur.

viers, in the department of Dordogne, and Mr. BOOSEY has announced a new a pupil of MONSIAU. 2. TO PIERREand splendid edition of “ Glover's Leo- NARCISSE GUERIN, of París, a pupil nidas, to be printed in two volumes by of REGNAULT. 3. LOUIS ANDRE GAMr. BENSLEY, and to be embellished ERIEL BOUCHI, of Paris, a pupil of with fix engravings, executed in the most DAVID. The second prize was allotted finished manner by Messrs. Bartolozzi, to, 1. Louis HERSENT, of Paris, a pupil Heath, Holloway, Neagle, anu Deletre; of REGNAULT. 2. MATTHIEU IGNACE fron the designs of Melli's. Hamilton, VAN BREE, a native of Antwerp, in the Stothard, and Burney.

department of Deux-Nieuvres, and a We have seen in London, a copy of pupil of VINCENT. the first part of Didot's magnificent 1. Sculpture. Subject, Ulyfles and Virgil, and consider it, in respect to its N:optolemus purloining the bow and artypography and engravings, as standing rows of Hercules, to compel Philoctetes aitogether unrivalled. It will be com to accompany them in their expedition pleted in three parts, at nine pounds each againit Troy. The grand prize was for proof plates, or ato lix pounds each for plates which are not proof: the price to * A biographical notice of this excellent be advanced after the oth of May. chymist was given in the" Menckly Magazine" This work alon: serves to evince, that the for February iait.


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awarded to CHARLES ANTOINE CALLA- adopted in the adminiftrition of the perral MARD, of Paris, a pupil of PAjou. The code, by transporting, instead of execútferond prize, 1. TO AIME MILHOMME, ing the proscribed deputies, be adopted of Valenciennes, in the departinent of the likewise with respect to spiders ; and that North, and a pupil of ALLEGRAIN. their punithurent, when found in our rooms 2. TO JUAN LOL-is DUVAL, of Paris, a and houses, consist not in death, but in pupil of Bozor.

banishment to the Itables, or other approa ins, Architeclui?. Subject, plan of priate places.”—M. DISJONVAL has public gruaries for the fipply of a large subjoined to the above remarks, a very city, lituated on the banks of a river. curious fact, of which himself, together The ground prize was adjudged, 1. to with Citizen MERCIER, a member of Louis AMBROISE DUBut, of Paris, a the council of five hundred, and General pupil of LEDOUX. 2. JEAN ANTOINE BELJIR, were eye-witnesses. The spider, Coussin, of Paris, a pupil of the late it seems, is not only a prognoftieator of BELIZARD. Second prize, s. To Elor the weather, but likewise an amateur of LABARRE, a native of Ourfcamp, in the good music, and will leave his huking department of L'Oise, and a pupil of place, when an instrument is kilfully RAIMOND. 2. MAXIMILIEN HUR- played. A very large spider in the house TAVT, of Paris, a pupil of PERCIER. of M. DESMAINVILLES, near the barrier Thole pupils who obtained the Grend of Clichy, on hearing the found of muprize, are to set out for Italy to perfect fic, immediately left his retreat, and themseivts in the alts, at the expence of continued to traverse the Hoor of the the republic.

room, following exactly the motions of M. QUATREMER DISJONVAL, whose the performer. This experiment was seingenious discoveries in arancology we veral times repeated, and always with the noticed in our VARIETIES for January fame effect. Hence, instead of terming last, has, in a subsequent publication, the spider a noxious and offentive animal, treated of the great utility of spiders in we ought rather to join in the panegyric protecting caitle, and more especially bestowed upon this ingenious infect by horses, from the bite of flies and gnats. Ovid: sires a Pallade dottam. It is a coinmon prejudice, he observes, that spiders are noxious animals ; whereas, GUYTON, in the 71st number of the in fact, a ncre uictul appendage to a sta- Annales de Chemie has introduced the fol. ble, or a cow-house, cannot be found. It lowing interesting oblervations on the is well known, that horses which are kept acid of tin, and the analysis of its ores : in a stable during the summer months, sut- 'It has long, he says, been observed, that fer froin the gnats and fies, in an equal, the concentrated nitric acid oxidates withand cven in a greater degree, than those out dillolving tin: for this metal has so which are employed in the field, or for the strong an affinity for oxygen, that it impurposes of travelling. The reason of mediately decomposes the nitric acid into This is obvious: the vapours which exhale oxygen and nitrous gas. If the acid be from the animals, added to the strong mixed with water, the oxidation of the fineli of a stable or a cow-house, naturally metal is still more rapid, accompanied with attraet the flies in numbers to those places. the evolution of nitrate of ammoniac, proIf, therefore, spiders, initead of being duced by the hydrogen of the water, and Twept away and destroyed, were ra: heren. the azote of the nit. gas, united with a couraged, they would offer an effcctual small portion of nitrous acid. If nitrous remedy to this inconvenience, by station- acid be added, as long as it continues to ing themselves in ambush at the doors, the be decomposed, the oxide of tin at length. windows, and other apertures of places assumnes the characters of an acid, and is deained for the reception of cattle and converted into the stannic acit. If to a horses, and thus destroying their enemy solution of gold in nitro-muriatic acid, a at his very first oniet. M. DISJONVAL few drops of the Itannic acid be added, concludes in the following words: “I a purple powder is precipitated, formerly readily ackno-vledge, that spiders and called furple powder of caffius, and which, their webs are no proper appendage to in reality, is stannade of gold, produced by the habitations of men ; but I require, lingle elective attraction. In KLAP that they be left in full and undifturbed RO7H's analysis of the ores of tin, partia : posiefion of all places destined for the re- cularly that species which is called wood

ception of cattle and horfes. In a word, as tin, he was unable to cause any portion of revolution feems to be the order of the it to diffolve in the muriatic acid: this he. day, I demand, that the innovation lately attributed to an excess of oxygen in the


Interesting Chemical News.

293 ore, to get rid of which, he fluxed in a 5. That' plants, while vegetating in Glver crucible, a quantity of tin ore with the light, can support a dose of carbonic fix parts of pot-ash. Of this mixture he acid to itrong as to destroy them when in found that 0.91 were soluble in water, and the shade. capable of being precipitated and re-dilo

The following analysis of the pumicefolved by muriatic acid. By decompofing fone of Lipari, is translated into the the muriate of tin by carbonate of foda, jame work tiom the German of KLAPhe acquired an oxide very foluble in ROTI, by Cit. 'T ASSARET, with notes muriatic acid, and which, whey preci. by Guytos. The purice-itone is conpitated by zinc and heated in a crucible sidered by Bergman, Castheater, and Spalwith fat, gave a button of pure metallic lanzani, on account of its fibrous Itructin. According to KLAPROTH, therefore, ture, and the magnetia which it wis fupthe cause of the infolubility of tir ore in poled to contain, as an afbettos altered by muriatic acid, is owing to its being fuper- volcanic fre: to determine this, the fol. faturated with oxygen; it does not ap- lowing analysis was instituted: pear, however, that tulion with pot-aih

The greyish wiiite fibrous pumice of at all tended to de-oxidate it; for in Lipari, which foais on water, was pul. order that the mixture of tin ore and pot. verize and boiled for some time in water: alh should be foluble in water, it is necef

no porticn of it, however, appeared to sary that the firit should be in the extreme be diffolved; the water discovered, igstate of oxidation ; in other words, in the deed, on the addition of nitrate of wives, state of acid. To put the matter, how

a flight trace of muriatic acid. ever, beyond all doubt, a portion of tin

One hundred grs. of this stone reduced was dibiólved in nitric acid, evaporated to powder, were mixed with twice their to drynets, and repeatedly treated in the weight of pot-afh and fused: the mais fame manner with trefh acid; being thus appeared of a green colour, thewing the superfaturated with oxygen, and washed prelence of a little oxide of mangaieles well in distilled water, it was 'thrown when difudvci in water, it formed a into muriatic acid, and perfectly dissolved. . brownish liquor; this being faturated It is probable, therefore, that the great with weak inuriatic acid, deposited on degree of aggregation between the parts digestion 77.5 grs. of flex. A second of the ore, and which inple pulverization precipitate being the whole of what was could not overcome, wis the true caufe contained in the liquor, was obtained, of its infolubility in inuriatic acid, and by the addition of anmoniac : this prethat the action of the pot-aih was timply cipitate being digelted in a not solution of the overcoming of this aggregation.

pure pot-ath, re-diftulved the whole exIn the same valuable number we find cept 1.75 yrs. of oxide of jion. The an essay by M. DE SAUSSURE, jun. on alcaline liquor, containing-alumine, was the question, “ Is the formation of fuperfaturated by muriatic acid, and the carbonic acid fential to vigetation ?” alumine precipitated by carbonate ot potFrom several ingenious experiments en afh; when wather and dryed, it weighed vegetation in atmospheric air, mixed with 17.5 grs. It was evidently pure aludifferent proportions of carbonic acid, mine; for being re-diffolved in fulphuric and in atmotpheric air deprived of car- acid, with the addition of acetile of potþonic acid, Mr. De S. has deduced the ash, it grave cryitais of alum. The comfollowing laws :

pogledat parts, therefore, of the pumice of 1. That plants, like animals, are Lipari ale continually forming carbonic acid while

Silex 77.50 vegetating, either in the light or shade.

Alumine 17.50

Oxide of iron ' 1.75
That like animals, they for this
carbonic acid, by means of the oxygen of

A small trace vi manganese -
the atmosphere ; and that the realon why


The acids have no action on the simple the formation of this acid is not al. ways manitelt , is its being immediately pulverized ttore, except abstracting the

manganese, which inertnets arises from ylecomposed.

3. That the presence, or rather the the force of the aggregation of its conelaboration of carbonic acid, is necessary to light as to float on water, yet when

ftituent parts. Though the pumice is to vegetation in the light. 4. That light is favourable to vegeta specif. grav. is 2.142, er about :equal to

reduced to a moderately fine powder, its tion, by contributing to the decompos- that of the opal or pitchstone. : tion of carbonic acid,



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